Questions tagged [credit]

Fixed-income instruments whose price depends in large part upon judgments of the creditworthiness of a corporation or government.

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40 views

What is the “recursive moral hazard theory” of “trade credit”?

When reading a recently published paper, I saw the paragraph We construct a sample of over 200,000 supply chains to conduct a chain-based analysis of trade credit. Our study uncovers novel stylized ...
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1answer
50 views

US Market CDS Data during the Corona Pandemic for Bachelor Thesis

I need CDS spread data over the US market. I would need data for an exact period. I can't find the data I need through Bloomberg. Does anyone by any chance have CRSP or WRDS and could help me out?
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32 views

How to understand “OAS assumes the recovery rate of the bond is 0” and “OAS” does not include credit risk?

My confusion is, the OAS comes from Z-spread with adjustment on option value. Does it mean the z-spread is assuming that the bond never defaults so that it does not include the "credit risk"?...
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1answer
50 views

How to convert CDX spread to price?

Example: assume the current HY CDX is with 5% coupon. The spread is around 300bps, with a duration of around 4 years. Would you pls help me to understand why we can proxy the HY CDX price as 100+4*(5%-...
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1answer
44 views

How to write a javascript formula for the time to clear debt on a credit card calculator?

I have a web developer creating a credit card calculator in Javascript and need a formula to use for calculating the time to clear debt based on inputs of balance, APR, minimum repayment per month (%) ...
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35 views

Replication of “recovery bond”

I just started learning about credit products. Let $B_t^T$ be the price of a risk free zero coupon bond at time $t$. Similarly, let $C_t^T$ be the price of a zero coupon risky bond from some fixed ...
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1answer
24 views

estimate credit bond price out of trading hour

How to estimate a credit bond's price out of trading hour ? For example, how to estimated an U.S credit bond's price at 8am london time, when the US bond market is closed? We can decompose a credit ...
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34 views

Credit VaR for this portfolio assuming no default correlation and no recovery?

I am trying to estimate the Credit VaR for a portfolio of two risky bonds. The Credit VaR is defined as the maximum unexpected loss at a confidence level of 99.9% over a one-month horizon. Assuming ...
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1answer
50 views

Expected Loss on a Portfolio, which contains an asset and a default protection contract, due to credit defaults

A portfolio consists of one (long) 100 million asset and a default protection contract on this asset. The probability of default over the next year is 10% for the asset, 20% for the counterparty that ...
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1answer
45 views

Calculation Expecting Credit Loss from a Portfolio

I have the following question: An investor holds a portfolio of 50 million dollars. This portfolio consists of 'A' rated bonds (30 million dollars) and 'BBB' rated bonds (20 million dollars). Assume ...
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3answers
227 views

Comparing asset swap spreads

I am a bit confused when it comes to asset swap spreads of fixed rate bonds vs the same issuers floating rate bonds of the same maturity and issued at the same time. Should these not be comparable (if ...
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37 views

Books on loans (car, house, etc…), pricing and securitization?

I'm looking for a good book on credit analysis, lending, car loans, house loans, etc... I would like to understand the theory and practice behind it. Most books I google for are for the consumer like ...
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34 views

Vasicek credit loss for real portfolio

Consider the Vasicek limiting distribution for losses of a loans portfolio. Now, consider a real portfolio, made of 10 loans each with a different rating class; eg: LN#1 - rating A+ LN#2 - rating BB ...
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23 views

Forecasting credit returns

I am doing some "rough"/"back-of-the-envelope" estimation for 10-year credit returns based on some IG and HY credit indices (not specific bonds). My basic assumption is that the ...
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1answer
130 views

Can I calculate the CVA or DVA over a sovereign portfolio?

Hi I haven't understood if I can apply the CVA just for derivatives or I can estimate the PD from CDS spreads and apply these in a bonds portfolio for the CVA calculus. The CVA literature refers to "...
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109 views

quantlib isda cds time-series

I am trying to use quantlib from python to work with time series of cds quote, e.g I would like to evaluate the PV or PUF or other metrics on many different days. Each day has an associated yield ...
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2answers
888 views

Why would Basel III prevent price discovery at credit markets?

I'm referring to this interview with Michael Burry. He says: Central banks and Basel III have more or less removed price discovery from the credit markets. Why would Basel III cause this effect?
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3answers
346 views

Systematic credit “liquidity provider” strategy

I was reading a piece published by Bloomberg today, where it says the following: “A systematic process lends itself to providing liquidity rather than taking it because our models have views on ...
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21 views

Borrowing at a gain (negative rates on bank mortgages, Bloomberg news) [closed]

I have been very curious when I first read the Bloomberg news attached here that the Bundesbank considers such mortgages with negative rates conceivable and would not intervene against them What ...
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2answers
278 views

Correct Discount Curve for Exchange Traded (Centrally Cleared) Products

What's the correct discount curve to use for exchange traded products? Would these be discounted at the OIS rate (because of the central clearing house)? E.g. the E-Mini S&P500 Future @ CME: I'm ...
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57 views

Price moneyness vs spread moneyness for credit index options (CDX HY)

Is spread moneyness equivalent to price moneyness for volatility surfaces of CDX HY? In other words, is the ISDA converter a linear transformation? I have market data that I need to convert to input ...
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1answer
144 views

What are the best relative value frameworks for Corporate Credit?

Fixed Income (Credit) fair value models in the literature tend to be variations on cross-sectional regressions. For a recent example in a factor-model setting, see here. My understanding is that this ...
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76 views

CDS pricing using intensity models incorporating liquidity

I want to price a CDS using an intensity based model, but I want to account for liquidity as well. General model: The default time $\tau$ is the first jump time of a cox process, and the survival ...
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1answer
124 views

How do Repo traders use OIS and Fed fund rates

I would like to know how do Repo traders use FED Fund rates and OIS to cover themselves. For example assuming the repo trader bought paper(borrwed paper/lent cash) in the 1 year. How do they cover ...
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114 views

Developing Markov Transition Matrix

I’m working with historical credit performance data and would like to build a transition matrix to predict defaults and delinquencies. I can model the transition between states (ie current - ...
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1answer
86 views

Calculate the implied loss rate on a loan, given the interest charged

My bank has a retail credit portfolio of 100 million in loans. I know the payment history,balance history of all these loans since inception. Are there any tools to calculate an expected loss, a loss ...
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418 views

Need to solve the stochastic differential equation of Vasicek Model

How to solve the stochastic differential equation of the Vasicek model for the analysis of credit risk? I search in the article "The Distribution of loan portfolio value" (Vasicek) but he doesn't ...
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0answers
30 views

Flattening a Credit Loss Curve

I have a credit loss curve for 36 months and I want to transform that curve into a 20 months curve without changing its final loss. My credit loss vector is a % of unpaid principal balance in a ...
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2answers
56 views

Are Credit Default Swaps used by B2B Service providers or Vendors?

I understand CDS's are often employed in trading strategies between institutions - That is well publicized. What isn't as publicized is how other customers might look to use a CDS. I work in an ...
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2answers
855 views

“Where is my money”: CDS Sensitivities, Spreads and PnL Calculations

Trading CDS I experienced something unexpected: A half year ago I sold protection on a single name at a spread of 190bp The coupon was 5% and the contract had a maturity of five years. Using ...
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40 views

Collateral Mortgage Obligation Z-Tranches

I would like to inquire about a specific type of Z-Tranches used in CMOs As part of the different collateral mortgage obligation (CMO) structures, we see a specific type of tranches named "Z-Tranche"....
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1answer
1k views

Hedging Ratios for Fixed Income Instruments

If you buy a corporate bond and you want to hedge the interest rate risk, how would you know how many interest rate futures/swaps to hedge the bond with? The same with an MBS security, if you want to ...
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2answers
502 views

Relationship between BBB credit spreads and rising interest rates

A stylized fact in markets seems to be that there is a negative correlation between interest rates and corporate spreads - as interest rates rise, spreads tend to tighten and vice versa. I'm ...
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1answer
108 views

different Z-spreads for a same company

A same company has two different bonds. I expected the Z-spread to be close for both bonds (since my representation of the Z-spread is the spread due to credit-risk proper to the company). Here is an ...
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2answers
90 views

credit spread ajustment considering currency

I would like to understand what is credit spread basis currency ajustment. credit spread implied by a usd bond won't be the same as one implied by a chf bond, isn't it ? Do you have any elements (...
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4answers
301 views

Intuitively, why does liquidity premium contribute to bond yield?

According to the Wikipedia, "The upwards-curving component of the interest yield can be explained by the liquidity premium... Liquidity risk premiums are recommended to be used with longer term ...
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2answers
913 views

Bond recovery rate with coupon

Suppose a bond has annual coupon of \$1 and face value of \$100 and matures in two years. If recovery rate is $50\%$ and the bond defaults before the first coupon payment. How should we receive the ...
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1answer
105 views

Libor Swap Rates

In a 5 year Libor Swap, say fixed vs. 3 months Libor, what is the credit risk reflected by the fixed leg ? (I'm ignoring counterparty credit risk). Would the fixed leg reflect 3 month Libor quoting ...
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0answers
28 views

where can i get historical daily price data of counties (especially for turkey) CDS prices? [duplicate]

i need countries historical CDS prices (especially for Turkey) but i am failed to find. can anyone suggest me a website please?
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1answer
2k views

Mark to Market of a CDS Contract and Risky Annuities

From JP Morgan's Trading Credit Curves 1 and we have that: The MTM of a CDS contract is (for a sell of protection) therefore: $$\text{MTM} = (S_{\text{Initial}}-S_{\text{Current}}).\text{Risky ...
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2answers
2k views

Accrual in Default Derivation of Credit CDS Curve

In Trading Credit Curves Part I by JP Morgan we have that each point on a credit (CDS) curve represents: $$PV(\text{Fee Leg}) = PV(\text{Contingent Leg})$$ which is $$S_n \sum_{i=1}^{n}\Delta_i ...
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2answers
212 views

CDS Indices Query

I'm just getting into Credit derivatives at the moment but I'm having a bit of trouble with the technicalities of CDS Indices(CDX etc.) My question is. Given that CDS indices have fixed lifetime, is ...
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1answer
129 views

Simplifying an expectation function of default time and rates

I have the following expectation to calculate : $$ \mathbf{E}\left[ e^{\int_{t_0}^{\tau} r_s ds} \mathbf{1}_{\{\tau < T\}}\right] $$ More precisely, I want to show that : $$ \mathbf{E}\left[ e^{\...
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1answer
893 views

Markit recovery rates : assumed vs real

I often see two different recovery rates in Markit : real recovery rate and assumed recovery rate. What is the difference between them ?
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2answers
2k views

Why do we swap the bond value and par value at the beginning in the Asset Swap

I may asked this question before, but I still don't understand. We know that in a asset swap, A pays the fixed coupon on the bond B pays LIBOR + Spread The exchanges take place regardless of ...
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0answers
281 views

Negative correlation between interest rates and credit spreads - Why?

In fixed income markets a stylized fact seems to be that there is a negative correlation between interest rates and credit spreads: Spreads tend to widen as rates fall. Why is that?
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2answers
760 views

Importance of z-spread in CDS-Bond Basis trading

Consider the following: A bond with a 9% coupon and a price of $98. Let's say the zero swap curve is flat at around 7% (e.g. the zero swap curve is high because we're at the end of a business cycle). ...
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1answer
52 views

YTM of a Fixed-Income Loan?

I'm quite confused regarding the computation of a YTM. I got a Portfolio of Single Loans 30Y(like a MBS) which are not traded and hence do not have a market price. Now I want to compute the YTM in ...
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1answer
123 views

Literature on credit risk premia

I am looking for a comprehensive ressource describing known strategies of credit risk premia. Is there such kind of articles/books/websites?
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177 views

Credit quotations with which ISDA models?

I understand that single name liquid CDSs are (roughly speaking) quoted through either upfront+coupon, spread or price, and that for the pricing, the ISDA standard model is used : among other ...