Questions tagged [credit-ratings]

The credit rating is a qualitative evaluation of the credit worthiness of a borrower (consumer, company or government) done by a rating agency, a credit bureau or a bank that consists of an estimate of the borrower's capacity to to pay back the debt.

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1answer
193 views

Moody's, S&P, Fitch revenues per country

I need a variable which identifies the possible conflict of interests between credit rating agencies and countries, although they do not pay in order to be rated. Such a variable could be the ...
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1answer
33 views

Mapping internal ratings to external ratings for a scorecard

I am building an internal rating model for commercial loans relying on expert-based scorecards. The ultimate goal of the exercise is to develop the model so that it maps with credit rating agencies' ...
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41 views

What models are used to determine credit limits for credit cards?

I have an upcoming job interview as a statistician for a firm that sets credit card limits. In preparation, I'm trying to learn how credit limits are determined. I know that there are vast data-sets ...
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1answer
31 views

Calculate the implied loss rate on a loan, given the interest charged

My bank has a retail credit portfolio of 100 million in loans. I know the payment history,balance history of all these loans since inception. Are there any tools to calculate an expected loss, a loss ...
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2answers
65 views

Standardized numerical values for ratings

Is there a standardized way of transforming the ratings of any of the major ratings agencies (S&P, Moody's, Fitch) to a numerical value. Ideally, it might be possible to create a similar scale for ...
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1answer
318 views

Visualising credit rating stability

I am looking for a way to visualize credit rating stability results. Some background: Per rating class (e.g. AAA, AA+, AA, AA-, A+, ...), I look at the percentage of obligors that keep their rating ...
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43 views

ETF ranking/rating?

Is it possible to rank/rate ETFs from the standpoint of their riskiness? I am aware of Morningstar's star-based ratings, but based on my limited research they seem to take into account only returns ...
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0answers
79 views

PD validation in the low/no default setting

The topic of this question is the validation as prescribed in the Basel N ($N \ge 2$) framework. The task is given the probability of default $p_k$ for $K$ rating classes at time $t$ and the outcome ...
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1answer
2k views

How to calculate credit spread from rating

I've been trying to calculate the credit spread of a financial institution with a Fitch rate of A. By using the transition matrix (https://www.fitchratings.com/web_content/nrsro/nav/NRSRO_Exhibit-1....
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2answers
570 views

Probability of default

I have to calculate probability of default (PD) rates for our clients (I am working in a Bank) based on clients' financials. Could you, please, advise me how to do that? I think we have two Options: ...
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Three-state Markov Chain: Credit rating question

Consider a credit-rating system, with two solvency states (A & B) and a default state (D), and assuming recovery rate and interest rate are 0%. The one year credit spread for an A-rated company ...
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323 views

Altman Z-Score model for PD calculation [duplicate]

I am approaching you with one important for me question. I have a task to calculate probability of default for our clients. I used an Altman Z-Score model to calculate the Z-Scores for each client. ...
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7k views

S&P's Sovereign Ratings: Clarification on Definitions and Symbols

Similar to an earlier question, I am now looking at S&P's sovereign ratings. Here, as in the case of Moody's, a few things are unclear to me in terms of the definitions used by Standard & Poor'...
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Are public historical time series available for ratings of sovereign debt?

The nice list of free online data sources What data sources are available online? does not mention any data from ratings agencies. Are historical time series available for sovereign credit ratings (...
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1answer
13k views

How do I use machine learning to build a credit scoring model? [closed]

There are currently a lot of ways for credit scoring. The most popular one is the FICO score, and its variants. For my masters thesis, I would like to work on making my own credit scoring system using ...
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1answer
233 views

Time series of European sovereign credit ratings by the Big Three?

I would need time series, from 2000 to 2015 (if possible) of sovereign credit ratings by Moody's, S&P and Fitch. Could you suggest me a source or provide me such a dataset? Thank you very much!
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250 views

How do you quantify credit risk?

I am trying to figure out how to quantify the change in price on a bond for a change in credit risk. I'm not even sure how to quantify a change in credit risk, but I'm thinking possibly something ...
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49 views

Yield Curve Movement: Risk/Reward versus Safe Haven Demand & Monetary Policy Expectations

UK leaves Europe, credit rating get's downgraded. High uncertainty, higher perceived risk - based on just risk/reward, would expect yields on UK debt to increase. They did the opposite. UK government ...
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337 views

Who pays for sovereign ratings?

Does the "issuer-pay" model hold also for sovereign credit ratings? Do States pay for having their bond being rated?
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4answers
697 views

Could we have prevented the World Economic Crisis in 2008?

There is an expression - "Too big to fall." - which means that if a bank or a financial institution manages a sufficient part of the financial assets than the state can't afford that this bank or ...
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1answer
146 views

Sovereign Credit Rating

I am working on the determinants of sovereign credit rating. I am looking for the historical rating data-set for euro-zone ...
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39 views

Modeling credit utilization and stock market growth

I relatively new to financial mathematics but I am wondering if at all there exists a relationship between credit utilization (the rate at which the public accesses credit from financial institutions) ...
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164 views

Bayesian logit model in Psychometric or Behavioural Testing for Credit Scoring in Developing Countries

A lot of parameters in one title, I know. So there's credit scoring but not using credit history. Then there's using a Bayesian logit model. Then there's doing so in a developing country such as Haiti ...
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1answer
438 views

What structural model does Reuters use for default probability?

When using Reuters, for each listed company there is credit tab that shows relevant information in terms of credit default. There is also rating class as well as one year default probability. It is ...
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1answer
198 views

Fitting transition matrices in R by solving for coefficient

I'm using various matrices to impute a fitted transition matrix for credit ratings by solving for a variable [S]. Essentially the idea is to determine a base matrix and stress matrix to compare to a ...
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1answer
896 views

Term structure of default probabilities without market data

With the forthcoming new regulations, IFRS9, financial institutions will be required to model life time expected credit losses. Consequently, it is necessary to model the term structure of default ...
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4answers
3k views

Credit Rating or Probability of Default from Financial Ratios

Does anyone know of any papers about credit rating development or probability of default estimation done based on financial ratios that also include methodology and maybe good/bad criteria? Something ...
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1answer
84 views

Why Beta Distribution for Credit Migration

When modelling credit migration probabilities (e.g. AAA to AA), research has indicated the use of the Beta Distribution simply because it fits empirical data. My question is; What are some other pros ...
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2answers
421 views

Deriving credit spreads or migration matrices from prob of default

How do I derive credit migration/transition matrices or spreads from default probability? May you please provide references, or do you know what type of articles or authors to find?
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3answers
820 views

Interpolating probabilities of default

I have a table of cumulative probabilities of default of industrial bonds, in time and credit rating. It is similar to S&P whitepaper here. Basically, it looks like this (sample numbers): ...
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265 views

Credit Rating vs Bond Yield

I am looking for some references on quantifying the dependence between credit rating and bond yield. I have some data (found some Bloomberg indices which give average yield based on credit rating), ...
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1answer
1k views

Scaling of a transition matrix

I am working on a ratings transition matrix and I wondered how people scale it down to shorter time periods (although one should more or less stick to the estimation period i know). It is clear that ...
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1answer
290 views

How to perform significance test on transition matrices

Say you have in your hand a transition matrix published by Moody, and you also collected the rating information for a sample of bonds, which you use to form your own transition matrix. How can we use ...
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1answer
1k views

Moody's Sovereign Ratings: Clarification on Definitions and Symbols

I'm working with sovereign ratings at present. With regard to Moody's there are a few things unclear to me in their definitions. Both questions refer to the sovereign rating history in Bloomberg CSDR (...
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2answers
281 views

moody's credit ratings for senior unsecured bonds

Can 2 senior unsecured bonds from the same obligor have different moody's credit ratings? Or do they both have to have the same rating because they are in the same capital structure? Thanks
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412 views

Obtaining the default probability and recovery rate for each credit rating?

I have the following questions for obtaining the credit rating: Given that I have cumulative default probability of each credit rating from Global Corporate Average Cumulative Default Rates (1982-...
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1answer
111 views

Creditworthiness indicator for copula one-factor model

In this paper in equation 15 on page 261 dealing with one factor copula model, one is using creditworthiness indicator as one of a variables. It is defined as \begin{equation} Y_c = \sqrt{\rho_c} Z +...
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430 views

is there a mapping from Altman Z-score for private companies to bond ratings or probability of default?

On wikipedia, there is a formula to calculate the Altman Z-score for private companies: Z-score estimated for private firms: T1 = (Current Assets − Current Liabilities) / Total Assets T2 = Retained ...
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1answer
192 views

Do bond credit ratings suffer from “ratings inflation”?

A friend of mine who studies game theory suggested that credit ratings from the bond ratings agencies, such as Moody's, S&P, and Fitch, may suffer from a sort of "ratings inflation" similar to the ...
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701 views

How do I get the average transition matrix for three consecutive years?

I have a one year transition matrix for three consecutive years. Multiplying these three matrices together yields the three year transition matrix. I want to obtain the average transition matrix for ...