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Questions tagged [cva]

The Credit Value Adjustment, or CVA for short, is the difference between the risk free value and the value including counterparty risk of a contract or portfolio.

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Should one calculate CVA even when exposure is negative?

I have an example, where two companies have the bilateral nature of derivative contract. Companies have exchanged collateral a number of times, so at a certain point in time each sides holds some ...
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Change in CDS and counterparty

How can CDS contracts be used in order to hedge (neutralize) CVA charge movements with respect to changes in the underlying rates for a counterparty? In here CVA is a proportion that’s subtracted ...
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How does one make money from CVA (Credit Valuation Adjustment)?

I am new to Quantitative Finance but have been doing a lot of reading on Counterparty Credit Risk. I understand the definition of CVA being: "the difference between the risk-free portfolio value ...
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How to estimate market based PD and LGD for small enterprises?

I am estimating CVA/DVA for derivatives... How to estimate PD and LGD (or RR) based on market data for the small enterprises, if there is no external rating for them and they don't have bonds or ...
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CVA - Where does the default probability (PD) come from?

Some authors use CDS from the market to derive the implied default probability (from a risk-neutral point of view). I wonder: how exactly does a CDS reflect counterparty risk? Let me put an ...
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In CVA simulation, timesteps vs number of simulations?

On a CVA system with limited computational power. For pricing, What is best, More timesteps and less number of simulations or less timesteps and more number of simulations? for example with a whole ...
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Collateralized / uncollateralized swap

Is a fully collateralized interest rate swap considered free of counterparty credit risk? Or close to risk free? Therefore discounted by the rate that best proxies the risk-free rate (which is the OIS-...
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Why xVA is only applicable to derivatives contracts

I was wondering why xVA, according to its definition, is applicable only to derivatives contract. For example shouldn't be applicable to corporate loans as well? The counterparty who borrowed the ...
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248 views

Credit Value Adjustment

i'm struggling with the idea of the time default random variable in the Unilateral CVA. While the CVA in discrete model is only the sum of the discounted exposure of your financial position (the ...
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Can hazard rate intensity models be used with bonds?

We are trying to build a risk neutral PD Model for institutions without CDS. In Malz's "Financial Risk Management: Models, History and Institutions", Chapter 7, its said that we can extract the ...
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2k views

What is CVA (credit valuation adjustment)?

According to Wikipedia, CVA is defined as the difference between the risk-free portfolio value and the true portfolio value that takes into account the possibility of a counterparty’s default. What ...
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How to compute the CVA on a swap with SPV?

If we have a swap with a bank and Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV), and the swap is un-collateralized , how do we estimate Credit Value Adjustment on the swap? I will be able to get the Expected ...
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CVA formula for a call option

I have a very quick question. Suppose that I buy a European call option from party S with expiry $T$. I want to determine the general formula for the CVA of the option, at time $t$. If I let $T_1\leq ...
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Funding Valuation Adjustment (FVA) - understanding issues

Having trouble with understanding the logic of FVA. Let's assume that as a trader I trade with a client an uncollateralised fx forward. Then, I hedge my position with "risk-free" bank with which I ...
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191 views

cva for a collateralised swap

For a swap thats fully collateralised once a day, i suppose that the cva measures risk only for the intraday chance of counterparty default? Surely thats tiny enough to be neglible, or am i missing ...
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MVA, initial margin valuation adjustment for derivatives

I have read a number articles about MVA, this is the effectively the funding cost of the initial margin, which has become important because of the rise of central clearing and because new rules on ...
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Basel Basic CVA Approach Model Foundations

I am working on CVA (credit valuation adjustments). The Basel committee released consultative document reviewing the CVA Risk Framework 'Review of the Credit Valuation Adjustment Risk Framework (2015)'...
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903 views

Swaptions to calculate swap exposure for CVA

I am looking at using the swaption method to calculate the EPE and ENE on a swap over its life, to use in CVA/DVA calculations. I have a number of questions, how well does this method work in ...
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How to calculate the CVA of a forward contract?

I am having trouble calculating the CVA of a forward contract. The question is presented below Question: There exists a long forwards position underlying on gold with 2 years remaining. The ...
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Credit Valuation adjustment (CVA) Hedges

I need to understand once CVA Desk has CVA number(Bilateral or Unilateral) for a Counterparty, how does it take hedge position. for Eg: if CVA charge for my bank to JPM is 100K Dollars. What does ...
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437 views

CVA using difference between 2 counterparty's spreads

The approximation to calculate CVA as a spread is $CVA = Spread * Expected$ $Exposure$. I assume this means the counterparty's spread over a proxy for the risk free rate such as LIBOR or OIS. Is this ...
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481 views

CVA as a running spread - risk annuity calculation in the Monte Carlo framework

I have simulated future term structures in the one-factor Hull-White model and calculated the CVA of a particular trade (let's say, now I have it in absolute value, in dollars). However, I want to ...
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775 views

Why can't marginal CVA be used in pricing?

"Marginal CVA may be useful to breakdown a CVA for any number of netted trades into trade-level contributions that sum to the total CVA. Whilst it might not be used for pricing new transactions (due ...
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CVA for an inflation linked swap

I am trying to value an inflation linked swap and wish to calculate the associated CVA and DVA. I think the best way to approach this would be via a simulation. Suppose I wish to calculate CVA over ...
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1k views

How are netting sets determined for CVA calculation?

In his book, Gregory describes a netting set as a set of trades that can be legally netted together in the event of a default Obviously, the netting agreements (as per ISDA master agreement) ...
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How do right-to-break clauses affect CVA calculations

Does the presence of a optional/mandatory right-to-break clause affect CVA calculations, and if so, how? Given two (otherwise identical) 10y swaps with the same counterparty, one of which has a right ...
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How to estimate CVA by valuing a CDS of the counterparty?

I'm trying to estimate CVA of one of my derivatives by valuing a credit default swap (CDS) of my counterparty. However, I don't know how to set up the CDS deal (notional amount, maturity, etc.). ...
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CVA/CDVA - Worsened Credit Quality implies profit?

In the book Counterparty Credit Risk, Collateral and Funding by Brigo et al I found the following: credit quality of investor WORSENS $\Rightarrow$ books POSITIVE MARK TO MKT credit quality of ...
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209 views

CVA formula proof

I'm struggling to prove the CVA formula in this paper. Equation (3) is the result of computing the expectation of formula (1). Could you please show me how to prove that?
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208 views

CVA number used by Finance Team

What are different reasons, Finance Team will need CVA number for? Is there any specific regulatory reporting to be done?
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3k views

How is the default probability implied from market implied CDS spreads for CVA/DVA calculation?

From point 38 on P.17 the default probability can be implied from market implied CDS spreads. "Macro Surface" method is mentioned, but I cannot get any clue of what it is? Where do I get the acedemic ...
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266 views

Accrued Interest in Monte Carlo simulation for CVA/DVA computation

I'm implementing the CVA/DVA for some interest rates derivatives, with the short rate following a Hull-White model (one factor). Once I have calibrated the model and I get the results with the ...
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613 views

CVA DVA and Bilateral adjustment

I've already computed the CVA\DVA and now I would like to compute the bilateral adjustment. Does anyone know the relationship between the CVA\DVA with the bilateral adjustment? I mean a paper, ...
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Credit Valuation Adjustment Implementation

I am trying to help a friend with her thesis on Counterparty Credit Risk where she intends to have a somewhat lengthy treatment on Credit Valuation Adjustment (CVA). Specifically I am looking to help ...
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Basel CVA VaR with R/WWR

In Basel III the CVA VaR “is restricted to changes in the counterparties’ credit spreads and does not model the sensitivity of CVA to changes in other market factors, such as changes in the value of ...
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How to calculate a the PFE for a Swaption?

How do you calculate the Potential Future Exposure (PFE) for a swaption? Do you incorporate the dynamics of implied volatility when you are running your simulations? Is there a standard way to ...
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Recommendation for a book on CVA/Credit Risk and PD/LGD/EAD modeling?

I need suggestions for some good books on the following topics: Credit Value Adjustment (CVA) / Credit Risk Probability of Default / Loss-Given-Default / Exposure-At-Default modeling Any pointers on ...
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What is the role of Credit Valuation Adjustment (CVA) desks in investment banks?

What does a CVA (Credit Valuation Adjustment) desk do, and how are its activities different from other trading desks? Can you work as a quant for a CVA desk and consider your role "front office"?
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Credit Valuation Adjustments — computation issues

I'm currently working on my Masters project related to accelerating Greeks computations for CVA on mixed interest rate portfolios. I would like to know about the status of technology for CVA and its ...