# Questions tagged [delta-hedging]

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### When you are delta-hedging by using shares, what is used? FIFO or LIFO? (Natenberg example)

When delta-hedging and using shares to do so, which "accounting" method should one use via their brokerage when they are executing the said delta-hedging adjustments? FIFO (first-in-first-...
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### Quantity of risk-free asset in Black Scholes model

When the seller of a Call option hedges themselves, we know that they should buy $\Delta(t) = \mathcal{N}(d_1(t))$ amounts of the risky asset at time $t$. But what about the riskless asset? My ...
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### Option seller: Why is delta hedging required if I am long/short the underlying with same number of lots as the OTM options I sold?

Situation: Sold OTM call while long the underlying. Stock did not tank, it went up too much breaching the breakeven point (strike price+premium). If I sell 1 lot of call options and I am being long ...
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### Value in time of the bond in delta-hedging

I am trying to implement a simple delta-hedging strategy. The idea is that I want to verify that the covered position "1 option long + delta stocks short" is actually evolving as $e^{rt}$, ...
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### Hedging or Relative Value Strategies with Rho or Tau Correlations?

I understand that the Pearson correlation indicates the strength of linear relationship between two data sets. The applicability of this to hedging strategies is intuitive: If I can establish a linear ...
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### Why do replicating strategies delta hedge?

We have a simple BS-market of one risky asset $S_{t}$, a bond $B_{t}$ and a digital option $X$ on the risky asset with value process $V(t,S_{t})$. I was able to derive $V(t,S_{t})$ using risk-neutral ...
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### Why my delta position is increasing with increase in spot?

I am trying to take position in future as per the delta position of short put. My strike is 13794 for short put option, spot 10305.3 and volatility is 20.153 then I am getting 5890 position to buy and ...
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### Long positions (call or put) have positive gamma, and short positions (call or put) have negative gamma

I was reading a lot about the idea that long positions (call or put) have positive gamma, and short positions (call or put) have negative gamma. But I couldn't understand why. In "Bunds and Bund ...
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### Is there any way to check my delta hedging is implemented correctly?

When implementing a Black-Scholes delta-neutral portfolio using Python to perform delta hedging, I am not sure whether I implemented it correctly or not. Unlike coding binomial trees for European ...
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### Can a portfolio value consisting of longing a delta shares of stocks and shorting a call option greater than strike price?

While trying to implement Black-Scholes delta hedging for a European call option using Python, I came across the following phenomena: Given a portfolio consisting of longing a delta shares of ...
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### Variance swap = delta hedged strip of options

Is there a paper that explicitly shows/demonstrates that a variance swap can be replicated by delta-hedging a strip of options? Thus far I have not found anything: papers mention it in passing ...
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### FX Spot Delta market standard calculation (Trader View)

I am just writing my thesis about FX instrument and hedging and one question popped up which I can't solve. Maybe it is silly but cant find anything about it how the delta of a fx spot is defined and ...
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### In literature, is IV constantly adjusted during option delta hedging?

In a lot of literature, they like to compare the performance of buying an option, and then delta hedging either at that options implied volatility (IV) or the true future volatility. This is under ...
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### Market Maker ETF Hedging Strategy

Some thoughts about ETF hedging; feel free to leave comments! Scenario 1: An investor sells 1M ETF shares to a Market Maker(MM) at bid price. MM has a long position and will need to offload the ...
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### Why does it make sense to delta hedge a deep OTM option given the very low delta exposure? [closed]

I am not sure if this is actually done in practice as I'm not a derivatives trader, but I can only think of reducing the cost of the OTM option as a reason for delta hedging a deep OTM option, which ...
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### Books and techniques to hedge options that expire tomorrow?

Can anyone point me to books or resources that talk about best techniques to hedge ATM or close to ATM options that expire tomorrow. I am particularly interested on how to hedge if you are short the ...
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### transactions costs and leland modified volatility

When there are transactions costs, we are in a situation of incomplete market. What does the modified volatility of Leland (Option Pricing and Replication with Transactions Costs, 1985) bring us? can ...
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### Delta hedging theta pnl

Say I sell a swaption and delta hedge it, and the breakeven daily move in the underlying is $x$ bps. Then if on any given day the actual move in the underlying is $y$ bps $( y <x)$. Then I, as ...
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### How should one hedge option positions on the date of expiry?

Let's say we are looking at a non-liquid equity ticker and a slightly OOM option on it. The problem is that if we buy delta to hedge it, it could move the underlying market and push the option to be ...
456 views

### Delta hedging pnl to recover option price

In Black Scholes framework, assuming zero interest rates and realized volatility to be same as implied volatility, gamma pnl is exactly same and opposite of theta pnl. So if I buy an option and delta ...
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### Understanding delta based strike selection in an Iron Condor

I am reading a small book on the proper use of Iron Condors (link). I do not use these strategies as I have had a very hard time being profitable on them. This book mentions some strategies to ...
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### Implied volatility as break-even delta hedge volatility

There have been some posts on this topic, but not what I am looking for, so a new post on an old topic.. I think some/most of us here are familiar with the following formula expressing implied ...
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### When should we delta hedge?

Let's say I'm the seller of a European call option on a non-dividend paying stock. I pocket the premium $c_0$ of the call at $t=0$. If I start to delta-hedge right away, this is equivalent to ...
The overnight profit formula from a textbook (possibly Derivative Markets by McDonald) is the following: $$\Delta _{t}(S_{t+h}-S_{t})-(V_{t+h}-V_{t})-(e^{rh}-1)(\Delta_{t}S_{t}-V_{t}),$$ where Delta ...