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# Questions tagged [delta-hedging]

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### How to, from various hypotheses on the P&L, get known models (BS, Heston etc …)

Usually models in quantitative finance are taught by giving, let's say, stochastic differential equations, initial conditions, and then pricing, under the model, various derivatives written on the ...
11k views

### Delta of binary option

What is the Delta of an at-the-money binary option with a payo out $0$ at $<100$ dollars, and payout $1$ at $>100$ dollars, as it approaches expiry? This is from a sample interview exam. I ...
2k views

### Delta-Hedging Exotic Options

I have already figured out that Delta-hedging essentially turns European options into volatility products where you pay implied vol and get paid realized vol for long positions and you pay realized ...
18k views

### How to numerically obtain delta?

The delta in option pricing, also called the hedge ratio, is expressed as the sensitivity of the option price to the underlying price change. The analytical solution for the most common option ...
3k views

### Delta hedging frequency for plain vanilla European options under trading costs

I am looking for methods to select points in time when delta hedging plain vanilla European options under trading costs. It is easy to come up with ad hoc ideas such as Time-based: for example at ...
3k views

### Delta Hedging with fixed Implied Volatility or floating Implied Volatility?

When delta hedging an option until expiry at implied volatility, is it better to rehedge using the fixed implied volatility given by the option price upon its purchase (or sale), or to rehedge using ...
3k views

### What really is Gamma scalping?

How does Gamma scalping really work? It seems there is no true profit scalped. If we look at the simplest scenario, Black-Scholes option price $V(t,S)$ at time $t$ and the underlying stock price at $S$...
1k views

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### How do market makers hedge VIX index options?

With equity options, many market makers hedge by buying or selling the underlying asset in correspondence with the option's delta. For example, if the market maker wrote 1 call option with a delta of ...
1k views

### Gamma Imbalance / Exposure

I am currently writing my thesis about the lack of volatility / changing market structure we see nowadays on the financial market. I believe an important factor in this development is the delta-...
7k views

### Proof of gamma profit formula

http://www.volcube.com/resources/options-articles/gamma-hedging-trading-strategies-part-i/ I would like to have proven to me the above formula, mostly because I don't quite understand it. The formula ...
2k views

### Why doesn't a simulated delta hedging process go to zero?

I put together a simple simulation of delta hedging a set of options with an underlying and it seems that the fluctuations of the price still seem to affect the final outcome. The reason, I understand ...
5k views

### Delta Neutral / Gamma Neutral Positions

I've been trying to find out more about options positions which are both delta neutral and gamma neutral--created with some kind of calendar spread. Supposedly, such a trade will be perfectly hedged ...
4k views

### Effect of volatility on the delta of a call option

In the book 'Dynamic Hedging', Nassim Taleb writes: ...
272 views

### Expected value of delta-hedged portfolio

Consider portfolio in black-scholes world $\Pi = \Delta S - V$, where $S$ is the stock price and V is the price of the option. I have read that if we set $\Delta = \frac{\partial V}{\partial S}$ ...
204 views

### Option order imbalance

Currently studying the paper: HU, Jianfeng. Does Option Trading Convey Stock Price Information?. (2014). Journal of Financial Economics. 111, (3), 625-645. Research Collection Lee Kong Chian School ...
1k views

### Interpertation of delta hedge error in Black Scholes

I have spent some time to prove the delta hedge error as described in this paper paper page 16-17 by Davis. The proof is discussed here Deriving Delta Hedge error in the B-S setup (part 2) (a post by ...
94 views

### Using BS Delta to hedge in a LV Model

Why do some people use a Black Scholes Delta instead of the delta given by the Local Volatility model?
208 views

### When should we delta hedge?

Let's say I'm the seller of a European call option on a non-dividend paying stock. I pocket the premium $c_0$ of the call at $t=0$. If I start to delta-hedge right away, this is equivalent to ...
475 views

### Derivation of BS PDE problem using Delta hedging

I've always been confused with Delta hedging. It is well-known that for a (smooth enough) function of $(S,t)$ we have, due to Ito's lemma, that: \begin{eqnarray*} dC = \left(\frac{\partial C}{\partial ...
807 views

### Gamma/delta dynamics in the Black Scholes model and it's relation to PnL (Basic of option theory)

If we are in a Black Scholes setup and a I have a Call option and hedged it by shorting delta amount of its underlying. What does the second derivative of the call with respect to Price of the ...
102 views

Are all FX trades ( RR, BF, ATM)quoted in implied vol term delta neutral trades? If trades are not delta neutral at the initiation does that mean it is speculative trading? Why/ why not?
1k views

### Delta Hedging with fixed Implied Volatility to get rid of vega?

I'm wondering if i should use a floating IV or a fixed IV to delta hedge my options every day. I've read this post but would like different information : Delta Hedging with fixed Implied Volatility ...
633 views

### Why/How does a hedged portfolio make profits?

This is probably a very easy question but I am new to the field and couldn't find an answer. Assuming that I am building a hedged portfolio with a long option and going short delta on the underlying. ...
1k views

### Why is this delta-hedging/P&L example on a variance swap call correct?

I'm looking into this article about var swaps: http://sbossu.com/docs/VarSwaps.pdf and not sure how to correctly interpret Exhibit 2.1.1. "In this example an option trader sold a 1-year call struck ...
3k views

### backtesting options strategies in R

I would like to backtest an options strategy in R. I require the ability to delta hedge and rebalance to options in the portfolio at different frequencies (daily, monthly,etc.) What packages are the ...
286 views

### Basic practical question about Delta hedging

I am trying to understand a simple thing about Delta hedging in the Black-Scholes world. I know I'm doing something blatantly wrong, I just can't see it now. Let's say I write a call option and sell ...
246 views

### Floating Strike Lookback Delta Risk

I'm running through some delta hedging simulations of floating strike lookback call options (that is, I'm short the options) during a volatile (downside) period for the underlying and some very odd ...
4k views

### hedging barrier options

Consider Black Scholes dynamics for the stock price $$dS_t=\mu S_tdt+\sigma S_t dW_t$$ I have "heard" it is difficult hedging barrier options if the payoff suddenly is set to zero by the boundary ...
2k views

### Breakeven of a delta-hedged option

Basic question to which I surprisingly did not find an answer on here. What's the best approximation to the break-even (with respect to stock price) for an option that was hedged fully at point of ...
583 views

### Hedging - calculating option prices using implied volatility surface

To hedge a strategy is it accurate "enough" to price an option using an implied vol curve vs moneyness (strike/spot) assuming sticky delta? The moneyness can be read off the chart, its corresponding ...
93 views

### Uniqueness of the Hedging strategy

I am currently reading the book "Nonlinear Option Pricing" by Julien Guyon. In the book they defined an attainable payoff $F_T$ as a $\mathcal{F}_T$ measurable random variable for which there exists ...
1k views

### How does P&L of delta hedged option position accumulate over time?

Assume that I long ATM Call option on a stock at 20% implied volatility. This Call option will expire in 1 month. If, over this coming month, the underlying moves with 30% volatility and I delta-hedge ...
135 views

### Example of optimal delta hedging in G. Barles, H.M. Soner option pricing paper

There is a paper Option pricing with transaction costs and a nonlinear black-scholes equation by Guy Barles and Halil Mete Soner. And there is a section about optimal (delta) hedging, which I do not ...
166 views

### The role of Gamma in replicating a put

I am analyzing portfolio protection by replication of a put. Having my portfolio with value $V$ I could buy put giving me the payoff $P$ resulting in a call like pay-off scenario $C=V+P$. Say, I don'...
918 views

### Is it wrong to use 'real world' probabilities for option valuation?

Is it wrong to use 'real world' probabilities for option valuation, even when the market is not liquid enough to delta hedge the option? My instinct is that it is wrong, because the time value of ...
177 views

### Why don't we take the differential to the Delta in the Delta hedge-portfolio

For option $V(S,t)$ with underlying asset $S$, we have a hedge portfolio $$\Pi = V(S,t) - \Delta(S,t)S$$ I always confuse here, when we take the differential of $\Pi$ $$d\Pi = dV -\Delta dS$$ why ...
539 views

### Example of delta one products

Not sure if this is the right place to ask such question. How close to 1 should the delta be in order for the product to be classified as delta one. 2.What examples of delta one products are there?
124 views

### Why are vanilla OTC options are quoted in delta and vol?

Why do we quote options in delta bid-ask & volatility bid-ask & why not it is quoted in terms of option premium?
56 views

### duration hedging of illiquid bonds

Let's say that I have a totally illiquid 30Y bond that I want to hedge with short-dated bonds and that the market is liquid up to 10Y bonds. After 20 years, my 30Y bond will become a 10Y bond so I'll ...
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### Hedging a binary option close to expiry

I have been asked to prove mathematically that a binary option close to maturity should be hedged using a call spread with the same maturity. I understand that far from maturity, one would use delta ...
80 views

### A bug in delta hedging, when for a certain step dS=0

Suppose we are doing a delta hedging simulation according to Black Scholes, where the initial condition are [stockPrice, strike, timeToExpire ,riskFreeRate, dividend, sigma, isCall] = [100, 100, 1, 0, ...