# Questions tagged [delta]

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### Which is riskier: a call option or the underlying?

From Joshi's Quant Interview Questions and Answers: What is riskier: a call option or the underlying? (Consider a one day time horizon and compute which has bigger Delta as a fraction of value). I ...
72 views

### Why my delta position is increasing with increase in spot?

I am trying to take position in future as per the delta position of short put. My strike is 13794 for short put option, spot 10305.3 and volatility is 20.153 then I am getting 5890 position to buy and ...
42 views

### QuantLib convertible bond pricing generates strange delta

I am trying to generate equity delta for convertible bond using QuantLib(version 1.14) functions, but the deltas generated either using a repricing approach or by directly obtaining from the tree(code ...
74 views

### Delta Forward and Put Call Parity

Vanilla options are traded interbank with delta hedge. The instrument employed to a delta hedge is usually a forward with the same expiry (and opposite delta) as the option. This means that in effect ...
126 views

### Interest Rate Swap Delta ladder, under OIS Discounting

I've been looking on some information when it comes to vanilla Interest Rate Swaps, and building delta ladders under a multicurve environment. IR Swaps - Curve sensitivity at maturity node, this ...
232 views

### Price adjustment of Black-Scholes delta and gamma for a quanto option

A quanto option is a derivative with the underlying and strike price denominated in one currency, but the instrument itself is settled in another currency. This has consequences for the calculation of ...
64 views

### delta of synthetic forward of american options

For european options, we know the delta of a synthetic forward position (long call short put with the same strikes and maturities) because of the put-call parity. However the P-C parity does not apply ...
67 views

### Why would a 15Y swap index=EUR3M and discount=OIS, show only a EUR3M-delta at 15Y

When computing the index-delta for a swap in a multi-curve framework, only the last cash tenor seem to show sensitivity. Could anyone explain with formulas why it is the case ? For example a 15Y swap ...
74 views

### How does delta-gamma VaR work in practice and when can it be preferable to Monte-Carlo VaR?

So I will start off by just stating my understanding of the two methods through some examples and lead that into my question. Hopefully it is correct but if not then perhaps the answer to my question ...
72 views

### Macaulay duration of an IRS receiver [closed]

how can I compute the duration of an IRS receiver? and how can I use it to compute the Delta of IRS?
102 views

### Quantlib - exercise probability function?

I am using Quantlib to obtain the option value embedded in a convertible bond. I create an american option as follows: ...
93 views

### Option Volatility Smile vs Delta

I am new to options trading and have been trying to better understand the relationship between implied volatility, delta, and moneyness. I was wondering how a call option's implied volatility can go ...
83 views

### QuantLib (Python) Heston model delta

is it possible to obtain the delta for Heston model with QuantLib-python? I am using AnalyticHestonEngine and simple European option/payoff. I am aware of the possibility of calculating numerical ...
86 views

### Delta heding & PnL

Sorry if it's a duplicate but i didn't find an answer to my simple question in the other posts. Let say we short a call option on a stock. $K = 100$, $C = 1$, $S = 100$ and $\Delta = 0.5$. No ...
78 views

### Adjusting your delta hedge when the stock crashes and were originally delta hedged

You are long a call option on a stock and you are delta hedged. The stock crashes in price. How do you adjust your delta, do you buy or sell stock? Could answers please be quantitative (i am getting ...
129 views

### Calculating Delta of option portfolio using average of inputs

Trying to think through two options portfolio scenarios, which are highly similar. I'm wondering if you can take a portfolio of options, all written against the same underlying product, and use ...
155 views

### Is the vega of a portfolio of a long 0.5 delta and short two 0.25 delta calls positive or negative?

More specifically what I am trying to find out is whether the following relationship is always true or not. Same underlying for the calls, assume the most simplistic assumptions (interest rate = ...
50 views

### Hedging option delta

Let's say I am long 1000 50 delta call options. I need to hedge my deltas now. There can be infinite ways to do this. How should I think about proceeding wit this? My first thought was, if the ...
48 views

### Black-Scholes delta of a barrier (knock-out or knock-in) option

I'm trying to calculate the Black-Scholes delta of a barrier option given the following information: Whether it is knock-out or knock-in Barrier price Strike price, $X$ Current stock price, $S$ ...
370 views

Please explain the concept of premium Adjusted Delta in FX market. In EURUSD, why delta changes if premium currency is changed from USD to EUR and how this new delta is related to the old one with ...
895 views

### Possibility of delta greater than 1 [closed]

Can delta of an option be greater than 1? Please illustrate it with an example.
278 views

### Stochastic Volatility and Sticky Delta

"Stochastic volatility models can be thought of as sticky delta model. And Local volatility model as sticky Strike." Please help me understand how the author has reached this conclusion.
82 views

### About Dual Delta of FX option in the paper: FX volatility smile construction by Dimitri Reiswich & Uwe Wystup

In the paper: FX volatility smile construction by Dimitri Reiswich & Uwe Wystup. It mentions the computation of premium-adjusted spot delta as follows (Page 6): As a beginner of FX option, I ...
539 views

### Derivation of Call Delta from Black Scholes Model

How is call delta mathematically derived from Black Scholes Model (without approximation) ? Please help me understand each step mathematically. And how it is approximated to say that delta is the ...
272 views

### How to adjust delta hedging if stock price decreases?

Question: You are long a call option no MITCO stock. You have delta hedged your position. You hear on the radio that the CEO of MITCO has just been arrested for running a massive Ponzi scheme. The ...
92 views

### Pnl explain using adjusted SABR delta

When looking at SABR, the starting point for a swaption's delta is the usual: $\Delta = \partial V/\partial F$ However, since we have expressed our volatility $\sigma$ as a function of our ...
48 views

### How is $\phi_t = \Delta_t$ in the martingale approach to pricing under Black-Scholes?

In the martingale approach to derivative pricing, we show that there exists a replicating strategy $(\phi_t, \psi_t)$ which mimics the derivative payoff. My textbook then goes on to state that it is ...
85 views

### Black Sholes option pricing with all but Delta [closed]

I'm trying to setup a little option pricing model in excel. I have all the information for the inputs (interest rate, IVs for different deltas, time to expiry, strike price, underlying price) but what ...
112 views

### FX Spot Delta market standard calculation (Trader View)

I am just writing my thesis about FX instrument and hedging and one question popped up which I can't solve. Maybe it is silly but cant find anything about it how the delta of a fx spot is defined and ...
100 views

### What is the shape of the delta graph of the binary option?

I was wondering what the shape of the graph of the delta or the binary option would be.
596 views

### What exactly does shifting a barrier in a barrier option mean and how does it hedge delta?

How exactly is shifting the barrier to hedge delta implemented in case of barrier options. Is it just changing the barrier, if so, how does it hedge delta or is it making the barrier a range like a ...
157 views

### Understanding delta based strike selection in an Iron Condor

I am reading a small book on the proper use of Iron Condors (link). I do not use these strategies as I have had a very hard time being profitable on them. This book mentions some strategies to ...
1k views

### Delta Hedging/ Exchange for Currency Options

I'm looking at 2 cases of hedging EURUSD, using call spread or range forward. Lets say spot is 1.1300 and my buy call is at 1.1300 and sell call is at 1.1500. Hypothetically I'm assuming that this is ...
89 views

### Concentration risk in Rates

What are some good ways to assess the concentration risk for a rates curve or by currency when volumes traded by instrument are not easily available? For ex, if for some currencies, the PV01 at ...
56 views

829 views

### Conceptual explanation of the relationship between gamma and vega plotted against delta for a European call option

I recently plotted Gamma and Vega against Delta for a European call option and found that the graphs look very similar. This makes sense to me mathematically since the two formulas are pretty much the ...
582 views

### Portfolio Delta - long call, long put and short call

First and foremost, I'm trying to understand why you would construct a portfolio made up of long calls, long puts and short calls. I find this really abstract and confusing. I've tried drawing the pay-...
584 views

### Getting option volatility off vol surface

I am currently looking into FX options. I am given a delta-tenor vol surface and I want to get the volatility of an option given its strike and time to expiry. I am reading about the method used and ...
305 views

### Value-at-risk and Equity delta

How to validate value-at-risk calculation on an equity portfolio using equity sensitivities? I don't have trouble doing that for rates instruments or options but I don't know which underlying risk ...
568 views

### Delta-Gamma VaR question on inputs (do I need only one delta or the delta for the past 500 days?)

When calculating a VaR using the Delta-Gamma approach, I am supposed to use this formula: ∆(V) = Delta * ∆(X) + 0.5 * Gamma * ∆(X)² where: ∆(V) = change in value of the asset in portfolio ∆(X) = ...
393 views

### Delta neutral strategy using a combination of put and call options

I am learning about quantitative finance and currently learning about delta neutral strategies. The examples given are most of the times of the form: if you buy call options, you can hedge your ...
188 views

I am trying to price an ATMF FX (say Usdidr) straddle - the fxdelta for call and put leg are quite different with put fxdelta being higher than call delta. (Absolute values) Why would this be the case?...
955 views

### Different versions of sticky strike, moneyness and delta

I head a lot of versions of those three concepts: sticky strike, sticky moneyness and ...
478 views

### Black-Scholes: Delta/probability of exercise increases with volatility

The delta for an ITM call option with increasing volatility initially decreases, reaches a global minimum, and then increases. If we consider delta as a representation of risk-neutral probability of ...
113 views

### What vol to use when implying strike from delta?

I have a set of implied vols in delta space and want to derive for each delta the corresponding strike. I understand the procedure, but I am not sure what implied vol I should use, whether this has to ...
407 views

### Kirk Approximation and Exercise Probability

I have a question about spread options. I'm pricing a put option on two assets, with a strike value of 0: $max(K-(F_1-F_2);0)=max(0-(F_1-F_2);0)=max(F_2-F_1;0)$ I know this kind of options could be ...