Questions tagged [derivatives]

A financial contract whose payoff is linked to the evolution of an underlying security.

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1answer
178 views

Pricing an “equity protection” derivative: a practical example

This is the derivative security (its underlying index is the S&P 500): time to expiry $=4.8$Y; payoff calculation (0): on the expiry date, give a look at S&P 500 and let its price to be $S_{T}...
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2answers
2k views

why futures contract has no value

Can any one tell me, why futures contract has no value? We know that the value of future(Maybe I confuse the concept of ...
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1answer
77 views

Is it possible to approach finding the risk premium of this derivative using Ito's Lemma?

I understand the author's intended solution to the below problem, but I thought I would see if I could solve this using first principles and Ito's Lemma instead for practice. Let $V(S(t), t) = e^{rt}\...
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0answers
151 views

Valuing cleared cancellable swap

I have a cancellable swap to value, with the float leg payer being a clearing house. The cancellable term sheet states the interest rate swap has a Bermudan style optionality for early termination ...
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2answers
503 views

Prove that the vertical spread condition is bounded

I need to prove that vertical spread is bounded, by using no arbitrage condition. 0 > (C(T,K1 )- C(T,K2))/(K1- K2 ) >-e^(-r*T ) I have documented my ...
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1answer
167 views

Arbitrage problem [closed]

Question A share of non-dividend paying stock is trading at USD 30. The maturity of both options is 1 year from now. A put with a strike of USD 28 is trading at USD 1 and call with a strike of USD 29 ...
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346 views

Funding Valuation Adjustment (FVA) - understanding issues

Having trouble with understanding the logic of FVA. Let's assume that as a trader I trade with a client an uncollateralised fx forward. Then, I hedge my position with "risk-free" bank with which I ...
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1answer
145 views

Why is the implied volatility on Bank of Tokyo-Mitsubishi UFJ trending so high?

For the last few weeks, the 12-month ATM call implied volatility of MUFG (TSE 8306) has been trending around 30-35% (according to Bloomberg). This is by far the highest of the major Japanese banks by ...
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1answer
152 views

How to produce historical prices of an option?

Let's say we have an option with underlying stock X and 2 years until maturity. We work out its volatility from X's historical prices across 3 trading years (756 days). To price the option, I can use ...
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1answer
1k views

Bloomberg scripting language (BLAN)

Did anyone work with Bloomberg scripting language (BLAN is the name I guess). If so is it really flexible and is it competitive with other valuation services (say Super Derivatives). Does it enable ...
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0answers
143 views

Derivative and Credit Risk Modelling

I am looking at acquiring a system to help with multi-instrument modelling. Across the spectrum Equity/FI/Swap/Repo/CDS/FxSwap/Forward/Future/etc for vanilla and more complex derivatives. The modeling ...
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1answer
79 views

How to synthesize this derivative security using plain vanilla call options?

A derivative security pays a cash amount c if the spot price of the underlying asset at maturity is between K1 and K2, where 0< K1 < K2 and expires worthless otherwise. Q: how to construct ...
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416 views

Black Scholes biases

I have been doing some research regarding options pricing (particularly using B.S) and have come across two research papers which discuss how the Black Scholes model has a tendency to overprice and ...
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1answer
988 views

Probability distribution of maximum value of binary option?

A binary option with payout \$0/\$100 is trading at \$30 with 12 hours to expiration. Assuming the underlying follows a geometric Brownian motion (hence volatility remains constant), what ...
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1answer
601 views

Which models do Bloomberg/Reuters use to derive implied volatility for interest rate derivatives with negative forward rates?

can anybody tell me which models Bloomberg and Reuters ares using to derive implied volatility for interest derivatives with negative forward rates? I know that Black-76 is the standard model, and ...
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48 views

References on Pricing commodity forwards

Any good reference on pricing simple forward contracts with source code? Thanks
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1answer
117 views

Beginner question about basis risk

new to the area, and had a question about basis risk. If I entered into a receive fixed pay 1mo Libor swap, why is it good for me if the 1x3 month Libor widens and bad for me when it tightens. Also ...
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1answer
256 views

What is the filtration described?

What is the filtration $(\mathfrak{F}_t)$ encircled below? Is it $(\mathfrak{F}_t) = (\sigma(W_t)) = (\sigma(\tilde{W_t})), t \in [0,T]$? Or is it $(\mathfrak{F}_t) = (\sigma(\hat{W_t})), t \in [0,T]...
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3answers
600 views

How to hedge a derivative that pays the reciprocal of the stock price?

1) Suppose S is the stock price, how to hedge a derivative that pays $1/S_t$ at time $t$? 2) Suppose there will be a dividend of amount $d$ between $t$ and $T$, how to hedge a derivative that pays $...
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2answers
3k views

Long/Short Vega and Option Positions

Why do you get long vega when you buy an option and short vega when you sell an option? I would have thought that for both buying and selling options the vega would change according to whether the ...
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0answers
391 views

What is the intuition behind the equivalent martingale measure result?

"Suppose that f and g are the prices of traded securities dependent on a single source of uncertainty and define phi = f/g. The equivalent martingale measure shows that, when there are no arbitrage ...
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1answer
352 views

Interpretation of Open Interest for Options

Please define Option Open Interest, its interpretation, and why it matters? From my understanding, option open interest describes the net of long-short outstanding call or put options. But I do not ...
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1answer
71 views

How do option traders choose the strikes and maturities?

How do option traders choose their strikes and maturities ? Like why would one roll XX% puts in their protection leg instead of YY% puts, or why choose specifically XX%/YY% as the strikes in a ...
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84 views

Scaling Stock Price and Strike etc. by a Constant

Please provide steps to justify the below. 1) If the stock prices, strike and other price related parameters are scaled by the same constant, will the derivative price scale accordingly? I would ...
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1answer
69 views

Measuring Medium-term Inflation expectations and real interest rate from OIS and Inflation Swaps

In this speech by Mario Draghi, in section '2:Responding to high unemployment', and subsection 'Boosting aggregate demand', Mario states «Over the month of August financial markets have indicated that ...
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2answers
134 views

Is a linear hedge sufficient for most purposes?

I was in a lecture of Bruno Dupire's when he said something along the lines of a linear hedge being sufficient for most purposes. He gave a counter example as well: a corporation producing something ...
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3answers
12k views

What is a Constant Maturity Swap (CMS) rate?

I have been searching in books and on the internet for a basic definition and explanation of CMS rates, but I cannot find anything clear and simple. Can you explain (maybe with an example) what a CMS ...
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169 views

European vs American derivative securities, interesting question

Let us denote by $c^A(t, S(t))$ the price, at time $t$ of a certain American-style derivative security, whose instrinsic value, at time $t$ is denoted by $V(t)$.From the no-arbitrage principle, we ...
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1answer
489 views

Why buy/sell a forward starting option?

More precisely, in equity markets, why would one prefer to buy a forward starting option over a vanilla option ? What about the selling side ?
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1k views

Why Must Dividends Be Reinvested to Use Risk-Neutral Pricing?

Assume the price of a stock $S_t$ paying continuous dividend $a$ satisfies $$ dS_t = S_t\left((\mu - a)dt + \sigma dW_t\right). $$ The risk-neutral pricing formula states that if $\mathbb{Q}$ is any ...
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1answer
593 views

Derivative: Delta of a Down and Out Call Option with Barrier=Debt(K)

I am trying to compute the derivative of this function with respect to V0: This is the price of a down and out call option, assuming the barrier equal to the level of debt K. In other terms, I need ...
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2answers
1k views

What is the “inflation delta” of an option?

I'm preparing a report on the different Greeks used in risk measurement, and my boss mentioned the inflation delta within the first-order Greeks (and the Inflation Vega, but I guess that if I figure ...
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1answer
267 views

Equivalency of FX forwards and FX fixed for fixed swaps? Are they still the same under multiple curves environment?

I am encountering two approaches for valuation of FX swaps (fixed for fixed, e.g. fixed USD payments for fixed EUR payments) which seem to result into different values although in theory they should ...
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1answer
4k views

derive vega for black schole call from this formula?

Is it possible to get the right formula for vega of a call option under the black scholes model from this formula? $$\frac{\partial{C}}{\partial{\sigma}}=\frac{S_0}{\sqrt{2\pi}}{e^\frac{-d_+^2}{2}}(\...
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1answer
58 views

Fees on derivatives

Since it's obviously not at their fair value that derivatives are priced, how do investment banks compute the fees that they add on top of the risk neutral price ?
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2answers
3k views

Why is the SABR volatility model not good at pricing a constant maturity swap (CMS)?

I have heard that the SABR volatility model was not good at pricing a constant maturity swap (CMS). How is that?
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1answer
170 views

Relations between Call and Put

I am trying to solve a question in finance but I am pretty much stuck and would need your help :) Suppose you know the following information about a market: Future is at 66 70 strike straddle is ...
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1answer
1k views

What is the Difference Between a Credit Default Swap and a Bet

Reading the wikipedia page for derivatives on 00:02 E.S.T March 21 2016, a credit default swap (CDS) is summarized as being "A credit default swap (CDS) is a financial swap agreement that the seller ...
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2answers
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Is there any gamma in basis (i.e., floating for floating) interest rates swaps?

It is well known that vanilla fixed for floating swaps usually have a bit of gamma, but does a floating for floating (basis) swap have any? For the sake of simplicity, let's assume that both legs of ...
3
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1answer
186 views

Using Market Gamma to Predict FX Trading Environments

I want to test a hypothesis about using gamma to predict FX movements. Suppose that market makers will seek to be delta neutral given their portfolio of FX options. At any given time, market makers ...
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7answers
515 views

How is this financial product called?

I have only basic limited knowledge about financial derivatives and I did not find exactly what I was searching for. I found open end turbo call, knock outs, but I am searching for this: Underlying ...
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0answers
63 views

Literature to Learn about Different Instruments

What is a good source of literature to learn about the specifics of various instruments that are traded? For example, suppose I wanted to know more about MBS's, i.e. how exactly they are securitized, ...
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2answers
104 views

How to price jumps in payoffs

I specifically want to know how to model a jump condition while valuing a derivative.Example :- the jumps which are observed in digital product payoffs, or barriers and knockouts. Although a ...
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6answers
370 views

What is the Benefit of holding a short option?

i am new to corporate finance and ask myself why a investor is interested in being short on a Option? The only he can win is a premium but he can loose much more. I understand with being a short I can ...
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2answers
294 views

Greeks and Option Premium

If a linear sum of options is constructed such that the premium payout is zero, then does it mean that resultant greeks of the cumulated options positions will be nearly zero. For simplicity, lets ...
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2answers
164 views

Analysis of exercising a call option early

Most options traders sell their call options early instead of exercising them, as you would make a bigger profit this way due to being able to salvage some remaining extrinsic value. For example: ...
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1answer
228 views

Information on Weather Derivatives

I am looking for relevant information on the organization of the Weather Derivatives market. How is it organized? How information is shared? Where can we find historical database? I am aware of the ...
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1answer
271 views

Is an FX forward with delayed settlement still a derivative?

As an example: Trade date: 1/1/16 Maturity date: 2/29/16 Settlement (exchange of currencies) 3/31/16 Is the instrument between 2/29 and 3/31 still deemed a forward? The forward rate is determined so ...
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1answer
374 views

Question in “Computational Methods in Finance” by Ali Hirsa - Chapter 2: Derivatives Pricing via Transform Techniques"

Reference: "Computational Methods in Finance" by Ali Hirsa - Chapter 2: Derivatives Pricing via Transform Techniques" - Page 37* Background: The author prices call option using the Fourier Transform. ...
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1answer
128 views

Derivatives (Forex Forward) [closed]

Good day, Please, consult me about Forex Forward Swap (Ex. pair USD/RUB). I am trying to calculate and cant understand, how it works. For example: I have: USD/RUB Fwd points 3M - 19650/19950 IR - 10....