# Questions tagged [derivatives]

A financial contract whose payoff is linked to the evolution of an underlying security.

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### How do market makers chose the size that they quote?

A typical quote in the derivatives market may be 2.00 bid at 2.50 ask with a size of say 100x100. How do practitioners go about choosing the size of the market (how many contracts) to quote? It seems ...
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### Stochastic modelling of derivatives on dividends

I consider pricing and risk analysis of derivatives on dividends of the members of equity indices (such as Dow Jones EuroStoxx). There are options but I focus on futures. What are common stochastic ...
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### Calculate upper bound for put option prices?

I need to know historical option prices for backtesting. The problem is I don't have such historical data. Is there a way to calculate the upper bound for out of money (American) put option selling ...
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### Call price in case of AOA

I have this exercice, and for the last question, i tried to say that with lower bound, $C > S_0 - Ke^{-rT}$ which is $-8$ something but it doesn't make sense so i don't know what to do. Could we ...
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### Algorithmic trading strategies for financial derivatives

are there any strategies or considerations specifically designed for the algorithmic trading of financial derivatives, or textbooks that focus on this topic rather than underlying equities and ...
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### Quantlib gives error message when Valution date is backdate

Valuation Date As Backdate(12 November 2019) On calcuating Vanilla Swap, Quantlib gives error message as below ...
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### Quantlib: Getting error trying to price a Swap

I have bootstrapped my curve based on end-of-day data for 24th Nov, 2017 I am then using that to price a off-market swap as below: ...
166 views

### Is EONIA swap rate really credit risk free?

I have a question linked to the EURIBOR – EONIA spread (or OIS LIBOR spread). I understand that the EURIBOR - EONIA spread is a credit risk indicator of the interbank market. There is something I ...
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### What happens to both sides of an inflation swap agreement if there is deflation?

If there is deflation does the Inflation receiver not only pay the fixed leg but also receives a reduced CPI? I.e. does he lose twice?
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### Delta Hedging Example

I was reading Dynamic Hedging by N. Taleb and in the chapter dedicated to the delta, there is this example of a trader position in options (one-month European call, flat yield curve, forward is ...
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### What model do market makers in equity derivatives commonly use to price, hedge, and fit the IV surface?

What is the industry standard/common model used by market makers in equity derivatives to trade across the IV surface?
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### Relation between ATM, RR and BF

In FX derivative market, why does vol spread of ATM > RR > BF? ATM is the most liquid and intuitively it should have the lowest spread. Please help me in understanding the rational behind the above ...
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### Pricing of future options

I have the following question on futures options: There is a Black’s model, which is a variant of the Black-Scholes formula that is used to price stock options. The Black’s model prices future ...
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### Understanding the notion of future options

I am currently studying different types of option-related derivatives and I am quite confused about the notion of “futures options”. My textbook says that A futures option is the right, but not ...
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### Option pricing: Relationship between Theta and early exercise

I am confused about the following: For a European put option, the parameter $\Theta$ is given by $$\Theta= \frac{d V}{dt} = -\frac{SN'(d_1) \sigma}{2 \sqrt{T-t}} + rK e^{-r(T-t)}N(-d_2).$$ My ...
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### What models are used for pricing cliquet options (esp. for Asian Equity underliers)? How good is Bergomi model?

What are the most common models, actually used by trading desks for Asian underliers, for pricing cliquet options? I would like to know both - (1) the production model used for daily P&L, and ...
306 views

### Compute the price of a derivative

Consider the payoff function \begin{align*} f(x)=\begin{cases} 3 & \text{if }x\leq 30, \\ 33-x & \text{if }30<x<35, \\ -2 & \text{if } x\geq35. \end{cases} \end{align*} How would I ...
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### Finding todays price of a derivative

Today's market prices for European call options $c(T;K)$ and put options $p(T;K)$ with maturity T and any strike K. Let $B_t = e^{rt}$ be the price of the risk-free bond and St the price of the stock. ...
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### What is the name of these digital basket options?

Consider a basket of correlated assets $(S_1(t),\ldots, S_N(t))$, as well as a vector of strike prices $(K_1,\ldots,K_N)$, and let's look at the following European payoff types: An option that pays 1€...
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### When would open interest equal trading volume?

I know the difference between open interest and trading volume. Open interest is the number of contracts, long or short, outstanding. Trading volume is the number of contracts traded in a day. ...
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### Why would a buyer buy a Warrant vs an Option, both having the same economics

Assume you have a Warrant and an Option both with the same economics i.e strike, expiry, type etc. Also assume that the Warrant has been issued by a high grade reputed issuer (i.e there is a almost a ...
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### If short rates $r(t)$ do not determine the bond prices $P(t, T)$, then what is the basis for short rate models?

The question title says it all: We know that in general, specifying the short rate $r(t)$ does not specify the bond prices $P(t, T)$. So how can a model for short rates—for example the Vasicek model—...
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### Valuation of Total return swaps (TRS)

I have seen a TRS being valued which has an index as underlying on the asset side. It also has a coupon rate associated with it. Asset leg is calculated by taking ...
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### Difference between FRA and a zero coupon swap

Wanted to know the difference between an FRA and zero coupon swap with both legs having payment at maturity. If the zero coupon swap is forward starting, will it be equivalent to an FRA?
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### Difference in utility of cap/floor and FRA

What is the difference in utility for cap/floor and FRA? To me their function looks very similar. Are they used for different objectives. One thing I know in difference is that the pay off for cap is ...
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### Banks' use of written interest rate options

I study US commercial banks data. I look at the notional amounts of their different OTC interest rate derivatives for the recent years. When I look at non-dealer banks (i.e. end-users), I find that ...
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### Black Sholes option pricing with all but Delta [closed]

I'm trying to setup a little option pricing model in excel. I have all the information for the inputs (interest rate, IVs for different deltas, time to expiry, strike price, underlying price) but what ...
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### Pricing with local volatility for derivatives beside options

Say I have calibrated an local volatility mode to market data on a forward on stock X. Say I want to price a derivative Y that is NOT a call/put option. What is the (or one of many) general strategy ...
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### Swap Pricing - Using forward rates vs using par bond after first floating payment

There seems to be two different methods I have come across for valuing a Interest Rate Swap - specifically the floating leg. One method described by Hull: incorporates the cashflow from the first ...
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### Any good book recommendations for learning The Greeks?

I am interested in getting a good "feel" or intuition for the BSM Greeks. Specifically, i'm looking for a book which is light on the math (but not too light) and easy to read and understand. I am also ...