Questions tagged [equities]

Shares of stock traded in a stock market. Equities represent the residual claim or interest of the most junior class of investors in assets, after all liabilities are paid.

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1answer
65 views

Why would a stock price have frequent very short, very high spikes?

If I look at the five year price for GML on Yahoo Finance: https://finance.yahoo.com/quote/gml/ I see many strange spikes: What could cause such behavior?
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33 views

How to find the volatility indices corresponding to equity indices?

I have a list of equity indices that I got through Eikon API (with Python). I successfully got their time series but at this point I would need the corresponding implied volatility, which is not ...
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70 views

Simulating correlated Stock Prices python

has anyone tried simulating correlated stock prices via a geometric Brownian motion? I have done it in python but I have no idea if my code is correct since I can't compare it to anything. I would ...
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1answer
129 views

How do market makers make money

I was looking into market making and the common idea is market makers make money by capturing the spread. I am a little confused about how this works, since on an exchange if the stock is listed that ...
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9 views

Fama French 5 Factor Model - Indian Stocks [duplicate]

I'm looking to perform a Fama-French 5 factor model analysis for Indian stocks. Specifically, I'm looking for individual stock data which has information about month end prices, market capitalisation, ...
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27 views

Replication of the paper: “A Comprehensive Look at the Empirical Performance of Equity Premium Prediction”

I recently replicated the paper "A Comprehensive Look at the Empirical Performance of Equity Premium Prediction" and found out that my estimation of the equity premium differs from the data provided ...
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34 views

Question is about the data in the paper: “A Comprehensive Look at The Empirical Performance of Equity Premium Prediction”

I would like to ask a question if you download the data from the Amit Goyal website: http://www.hec.unil.ch/agoyal/ You will see that there are two columns "CRSP_SPvw" "CRSP_SPvwx", they are ...
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33 views

Value premium / HML - Long/short portfolio useful?

I'm currently working on a paper about the value premium. Right now I'm wondering if there's any reason why calculating the long-short portfolio return as a difference between the high B/E portfolio ...
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24 views

Appropriate Encoding for Stock Technical Indicators ? RSI

happy new year and i am new to machine learning + python.. so recently i am doing a project on my own to use machine learning models on technical indicators.. I have my technical indicators data ...
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3answers
204 views

Intuition for Stock Price Numeraire Drift

I would like to ask whether there is an intuition for the drift of price processes under the Stock numeraire. I find it intuitive that the martingale measure under the Money Market numeraire induces ...
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1answer
58 views

Trading after the close

Are there institutions that will fill stock trades after the close (from stock on there order book) at the official close price? If so would it be significant more expensive to execute a trade this ...
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1answer
48 views

Bloomberg code for last trade price before the closing auction

I would like to run a study on stock prices before the closing auction. I would like the study to look at prices once a day for each stock. I do not currently have access to a Bloomberg terminal so ...
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1answer
106 views

Stock price value as a continuous-time stochastic process

I am studying a mathematics textbook on the modelling of stochastic systems. The textbook uses the price of a stock as an example of a continuous-time stochastic process: If $X(t)$ is the value of a ...
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1answer
67 views

Adjusting your delta hedge when the stock crashes and were originally delta hedged

You are long a call option on a stock and you are delta hedged. The stock crashes in price. How do you adjust your delta, do you buy or sell stock? Could answers please be quantitative (i am getting ...
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34 views

Calculation of upper stochastic dominance bound of an option

I’d like to calculate, for a call option on a stock, the upper stochastic dominance bound as proposed by Constantinides et al. in their 2002 paper 'Stochastic dominance bounds on derivatives prices in ...
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0answers
36 views

Where could I get European non-dividend option data

I am pretty new to option pricing. I got a task asking me to price a stock option, which should be an European non-dividend option, and compare my price to its quote. I used to use TSLA data ...
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1answer
47 views

Recovering index weights via least squares regression on components

As an exercise, I wanted to re-construct the index weights for the Nasdaq-100 (^NDX) via linear regression. For these purposes I got the daily adjusted close of its 103 components from alphavantage.co ...
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35 views

Fama-Macbeth Regression: Weird Risk Premia

I just conducted a Fama-Macbeth regression where in the first step I calculated a time-series regression for each individual stock to get three betas (for mkt-rf, smb, hml) for each stock. Then I ran ...
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45 views

Option on Futures vs. Stocks

The Black-Scholes call on a Futures is valued as: $$ C_t=e^{-r(T-t)}[F_tN(d_1)-KN(d_2)] $$ It holds: $F_t=S_te^{r(T-t)}$. If I plug this back in, I get the Black-Scholes call on a stock: $$ C_t=S_tN(...
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1answer
50 views

Dollar/time weighted rate of return of Stock Investment

Question: Stock initially trades for \$120 per share. An investor decides to purchase 1300 shares. After 5 years, the portfolio is worth \$245,570.00. At that time, the investor decides to purchase an ...
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25 views

Pricing Data/Regressions in R

I'm working on a project for my econometrics class and trying to replicate a few papers relating to Fama-French factor models. I got data from CRSP and Compustat, but I'm a bit unsure how to ...
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19 views

Costly reversibility and countercyclical cost of risk - confusion

I'm currently working on potential explanations behind the value premium. As there're two school of thoughts, rational pricing describing fundamental risk in value stocks vs. irrational behavior, I ...
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22 views

How can I use both Stochastic and RSI in technical analysis?

Stochastic and RSI both are momentum indicator but they both show momentum in different way. It leading me to confusion how to use them in trading.
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60 views

Log returns vs normal returns with weekly prices

I am constructing equity factors and I am given weekly prices for several thousand stocks. Every year the portfolio should be rebalanced, so I am always calculating the returns for a single year. Now ...
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3answers
271 views

Intuitive explanation for the smile in FX

What is the intuitive reason for the smile in FX? For equities this usually down to crash risk.
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1answer
44 views

Value-weighted return: which date should the market-capitalization be based on?

I got a short question regarding calculating the value-weighted return of portfolios. Example: The portfolio is constructed based on the value of a certain criteria on date 31.1 (Jan 31st). The ...
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1answer
30 views

Value premium analysis - Equal or Value-weighted Portfolios?

I got a question regarding the analysis of the value premium in the U.S. stock market. The task is to use the market-to-book-value ratio to split the S&P500 in five portfolios (rank 1-100,101-200,...
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1answer
64 views

Downward-sloping volatility skew in equity prices

I’m learning the market price for FRM, and I’m having a hard time understand a question in the assessment: From my understanding, the volatility skew for equity is the graph on the right upper corner:...
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1answer
95 views

Why are changes in stock market wealth considered permanent?

Assume stock prices follow a random walk. If my investments go up by 1,000 dollars on the stock market today and I keep that money invested, in expectation, how much are my investments worth 1 year ...
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27 views

0 Delta on Forward starting Equity basket option

I wanted to confirm the inherent reasoning behind 0 delta on a weighted equity basket option. For instance, if we have a basket option with a forward starting initial fixing date, we can expect the ...
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3answers
237 views

List of all Russell 2000 Stocks

Anyone know where to find a list of all the stocks on the Russell 2000 index? I've Googled away on this one, but thus far, have only found a junk site (suredividend.com) that purports to have it, ...
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1answer
32 views

Shift from stocks to bonds in the 1987 crash [closed]

I read that a potential reason for the stock market panic of 1987 could be the rapidly increasing long term US interest rates: the yield of 30Y US Treasury Bonds increased from the low of the year, 7....
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2answers
80 views

Where to get historical price and fundamental data for global equities?

I'm looking for reliable research data on global equity fundamentals, but I'm not sure which vendor provides these (and preferably only these) features: Programmatic access of data. Coverage of ...
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Value Effect Analysis: Omit negative BE/ME companies or how to classify them?

I hope this question is allowed here, otherwise please delete it. Currently I'm working on a historic analysis of the value investment strategy. The foundation of this work is to classify the ...
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2answers
89 views

when we sell someone buys, why the price changes then [closed]

I have a silly question: if I buy stocks then someone sells it and vice versa. But then why does the price changes?
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2answers
148 views

Is it possible to measure the impact of financial news on stock prices?

Having a set of news articles (or press releases) about a company (including timestamps of publication) and a time-series of the related company's stock price (at a rather high-resolution, like 1-...
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1answer
80 views

Some interpretation on some plots / statistics

I have been playing with a model just for learning purposes (I don't expect to make any money from the model) but I wanted to get some opinions on what you think are "good" values and some opinions on ...
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2answers
309 views

Best topics to begin Quantitative Finance Research/Programming

I have a background in mathematics (Functional Analysis and Probability Theory) and am looking to acquaint myself with research in quantitative finance, particularly with a programming component. ...
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1answer
81 views

Backtesting a stock scoring model

I'm working on a simple stock scoring model consisiting of 3 factors: 1.market cap 2.liquidity of the stock 3.the value at risk we defined 3 intervals for each factor and we assigned the ...
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2answers
145 views

What is the stock price expectation?

The Hull textbook (and accompanying technical note) says that the expected stock price $\mathbb{E}[S_T]=S_0 \exp(\mu T)$. However, the answers to a British actuarial examination (Q4 for September 2018)...
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40 views

Pricing Equity Swaptions

Consider a swaption to enter into a standard equity swap as a fixed-rate payer, equity receiver, in which the notional principal is fixed. If the strike is K. the underlying swap starts at time 0=n ...
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1answer
64 views

Frankfurt stock exchange companies

I can't seem to find all the symbols for companies traded at Frankfurt stock exchange, presented as csv (or any downloadable format). Could you help me?
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72 views

Relationship between ROE and IRR

In the textbook I read the following: We can increase the present value of a share of common stock with a new investment only if $ROE > r$ , where $r$ is a discount rate (capitalization rate). ...
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0answers
42 views

Cheapest instrument choice for low frequency long/short equity

I am trading a market neutral long/short equity portfolio. Right now I am trading cash equities, but I am interested in replacing some or all of the cash equities with derivatives, either single stock ...
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49 views

Expected Yield to Maturity & Default Risk Premium

For a corporate bond, which natuarally has a default risk, the expected yield to maturity (EYTM) is defined as the probability-weighted average of all possible yields. Hence, for a 10-year zero-...
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1answer
46 views

How to calculate yield from holding companies like BRK?

We know Buffett's Berkshire doesn't pay dividends. But Berkshire owns many companies that pay dividends, say Wells Fargo and BofA. If one day, BRK decides to pay dividend, would their yield be around ...
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1answer
40 views

How to deal with intermittent NA values in a price series when calculating returns

Let's say a have a price series for a share for the year 2000. On the 27th of July 2000, there is a missing value represented by NA. This was not a holiday or any other non trading day as other shares ...
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39 views

How to backtest a sample of trades to optimize stop loss on losing trades and profit targets on winning trades?

I have a history of hundreds of executed trades. Given those trades, I want to know if there's a tool or framework that can help me figuring out: What would have been the most cost efficient stop ...
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0answers
38 views

Permanent stock referencer

I am building a data set of stock market data and was wondering how (what algorithm) to use (internally) to assign a key to each stock so that they key will remain the same always (tickers change and ...
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2answers
159 views

How does the securities lending market work?

After doing some research, literature suggests that "most" securities lending happens over-the-counter (OTC) as opposed to securities trading which is mostly done through a centralized electronic ...