Questions tagged [equities]

Shares of stock traded in a stock market. Equities represent the residual claim or interest of the most junior class of investors in assets, after all liabilities are paid.

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spinoff entity value / adjusted close of a spinoff

When company $A$ spins off company $B$ (i.e. $A = A'+B$), how do we know exactly the adjustment factor of $A'$ and $B$ before trading Note I am not asking to value the new companies. That's a whole ...
104 views

Price a contingent claim with payoff $(S_T-K)1_{\{S_T>K\}}1_{\{L\leq X_T\leq U\}}$

I'd like to price the following contingent claim using a copula model. $$V_T = (S_T-K)1_{\{S_T>K\}}1_{\{L\leq X_T\leq U\}}$$ where $S$ and $X$ are two stock price processes which follow a non-flat ...
187 views

Using geometric brownian motion for stock price forecasting [closed]

I am doing a dissertation in finance on a maths degree. I wanted to forecast stock prices using artifcial neural networks but none of my tutors are able to supervise so I'm having to do something else....
88 views

Copula analytic formula for $max(S_T^1 - K, 0) 1_{\{L<S_T^2<U\}}$

Consider the payoff function $$V_T = max(S_T^1 - K, 0) 1_{\{L<S_T^2<U\}} = (S_T^1 - K)1_{\{S_T^1 > K\}}1_{\{L<S_T^2<U\}}$$ where $S_T^1$ and $S_T^2$ are two GBM distributed stocks with ...
31 views

Why does historical equity ticks from Dukascopy.com not contain trade ticks?

I've found that ticks for equities (for example for companies from US market like Amazon or Apple) someone could name as "best bid/ask offer" (or Level 1 type of tick data) and them clearly ...
207 views

Backtesting Period Effect

I am backtesting a stock trading strategy. I tested it over two time periods: 2000-2020 and 2015-2020 and compared the results against a buy and hold strategy. To be clear, I only changed backtesting ...
43 views

Running a Hedge PnL Stress Test - how to?

I have a long only global equity portfolio hedged a by shorting an equity future. Say my portfolio is long USD100m equities and therefore I short USD100m of MSCI World future (assumed Beta of ...
151 views

Forecasts for the S&P 500?

Would anyone know of any monthly forecasts for the S&P 500, historical over a long time periods. Websites like estimize provide forecasts of all sorts of things likes stocks and the balance of ...
930 views

how to implement momentum strategy for stocks in R

Good morning, I'm implementing factor investing strategies to choose stocks to insert in a portfolio. I have calculated low volatility factor and now I would to calculate momentum of each stock so ...
39 views

How can I know the distribution of how many shares were bought in specific price?

Given a stock and any time $t$, is there a way to find the distribution $f_t$ $$f_t: \text{price}\ p \rightarrow \text{in current time t, how many shares were bought in price p}$$ For example, a ...
54 views

Complicated DCF valuation [closed]

Recently I tried to do a few valuation models. I searched a lot for information on the topic, but everything I found was pretty similar simplified models. Please recommend where I can look at more ...
25 views

Seed Values guaranteed convergence of Implied Volatility Calculation

Looking for good seed values for Newton Raphson to guarantee convergence of implied volatility calculation for a few models, all of which are for equities that have divs. 1) Bjerksund-Stensland 2002; ...
124 views

Sharpe Ratio Graphed Over Time

I looked and could not find a suitable answer to my question already, so: What is the best way to calculate the Sharpe Ratio over time, given I have about a decade's worth of 1-minute candlesticks? I ...
92 views

Longstaff-Schwartz for any optimal stopping

Let's say I have the stock of General Motors and I assume some fancy model for the price of this stock and I have to sell it within a month. Can I use Longstaff-Schwartz algorithm to determine the ...
55 views

Metrics to apply to trading strategies [closed]

Other than average gain, average loss, and accuracy, what other metrics might be helpful if you were to attempt a new trading strategy? Is there any oddities of mathematics that you would take into ...
67 views

What happened to direct access "electronic day trading" after 1998-2002?

I was looking through book catalogues and databases when I noticed something: most books about direct access "electronic day trading" for retail traders were published between 1998-2002, ...
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Are there research that suggests stock will open higher than average daily value?

I heard it somewhere that it is an academically documented behavior. I am quite skeptical about it. Are there relevant research that supports it or debunks it?
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Measuring Information Coefficient and Sharpe Ratio

I have been looking through / using Quantopians' Alphalens library to measure/create new factors, and I had some questions in evaluating the credibility of the factor. This is what I have: I have ...
97 views

The real reason behind discrepancy between Amazon low level of earing of and its staggering market value? [closed]

It is often said that, in the history of Amazon, the discrepancy between its low level of earnings and its staggering market value can be justified by its high level of free or operating cash flows(...
83 views

Is this the reason why stock prices on the broad average always rise?

According to the so called Dividend Discount Model (DDM), a particular, temporary stock price is the discounted sum of all future dividends resulting from the investment: $$P=\frac{D}{i-g}$$ $P$ is ...
41 views

Extract Qualitative information from annual report commentary and disclosure

Can anyone give idea on the value of latent information in annual report commentary and disclosure. It would be interesting to hear from analyst on how much time they spend reading through annual ...
70 views

Cross-listed stocks - how to get capital allocation per country?

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cross_listing Cross-listing (or multi-listing, or interlisting) of shares is when a firm lists its equity shares on one or more foreign stock exchange in addition to its ...
84 views

Why does an autocall on a linear payoff have vega?

Consider a (stochastic) linear index, say $I(t)$, in that it grows at the risk free rate (with some volatility of course). There exists a maturity date $T$ on which I receive $I(T)$; however there is ...
64 views

Change of the stock price dynamics while pricing using the Fourier transform techniques

Right now I am trying to understand how we can use the Fourier theorem in obtaining the formula for option pricing (from Zhu J., "Modular pricing of options"). While modeling the interest ...
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What is 'No. of Trades' in NSE's 'Security-wise achieves' web page?

Let's say we have a stock ABC trading in NSE (Nation stock exchange of India), let's assume only 10 shares get traded on a particular day (so, volume is 10). A person named 'X' sells 10 shares from ...
122 views

free equity screeners with export to excel

I am having a tough time finding a free equity screener that allows me to download the following data into excel: P/E or EV/EBITDA, Growth, Return on capital or any return measures would be helpful. ...
91 views

Non-Trivial ATM Volatility in Vol smile construction from Market data on US Equities

have 2 quick questions please help. Constructing vol smile (OTM puts & OTM calls) from US equity market data. for Parabolas fit or other methods, the choice/method for ATM vol is non-trivial, ...
215 views

Do stock returns show positive skewness?

Do highly liquid (blue chip) stocks exhibit positive skewness more than negative skewness? If so, would positive, rather than negative, skewness be an appropriate and intuitive prior when modeling ...
110 views

Inter-temporal structural stability of stock markets

For my bachelor thesis I am trying to determine structural stability of some stock market in the following way: Identify an ARMA model for the whole sample Split the sample in two parts, and estimate ...
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I have missing data on my portfolio weightings but it can be solved through stock prices - how can I code to find this? [closed]

firstly I would like to say sorry for the title - its not the best. In fact its crap. Here is my problem (I am new to coding btw - still learning) I am using Python on my MacBook - using Terminal. I ...
39 views

variance of asset returns linear for time

I am reading Wilmott's book, "Quantitative Finance" and try to understand the derivation that the variance of asset-returns, $V[\Delta S/S]$, is a linear function of the time step $\delta t$....
493 views

complete historical mapping of EDGAR Central Index Key (CIK) to stock ticker

I see a previous question Central Index Key (CIK) of all traded stocks mentioned https://www.sec.gov/include/ticker.txt contains the EDGAR Central Index Key (CIK) to ticker mapping. However, this file ...
156 views

where to find historical ticker data for securities no longer in s&p 500 index?

im looking for the complete intraday ticker data time-series for a number of securities that formerly were part of the s&p 500 index. eg. PGN, Progress Energy Inc, removed from index 2012 because: ...
50 views

Why no stock's amount data on us stock market?

In chinese stock market , every stock's traded volume and amount (price * volume) data was disclosed. Why in us stock market no amount data disclosed? There must be such 7 fields as ...
33 views

Combining multiple securities' Net Asset Value time-series into one total NAV series

I have a number of individual securities that each have a Net Asset Value (NAV) time-series. For example: ...
146 views

Continuous Percentage Profit and Loss calculation

I need to calculate a profit and loss for an equity timeseries. The position size (column D in the below table) is not binary (not moving from zero position to a position and then back to zero ...
65 views

Which features based on orderbook information could be relevant for price prediction?

I have some orderbook data, including 5 ask prices, 5 bid prices, amount of asks and bids for every price, and midprice which is equal to (best bid + best ask)/ 2. I would like to predict absolute ...
280 views

Risk free rate's role in CAPM

I don't understand what is the mathematical and financial role of risk free rate in the CAPM formula . Why do we need to add 10 years treasury yield to the formula then substract it again from the ...
151 views

How do leveraged ETFs achieve their investment objectives?

I am interested in the ways how those leveraged ETFs, e.g. TQQQ, achieve their leveraged investment objective. Questions are around, Do they use stock options of the underlying asset primarily to ...
198 views

Is it pretty easy to predict the stock market from price/sales?

Except the recent boom (entirely driven by tech) isnt the stock market just an oscillator around quarterly price to sales? I'm getting like 25% explained variance just from that. The returns are close ...
105 views

How can you use factor modelling to improve your current portfolio [closed]

Firstly let me apologise if this has been asked on on here before - I went through some of the factor modelling post on here but I've struggled to find the answers. I am new to the quant world and I ...
545 views

Has AlphaVantage stopped NSE stock quotes data? [closed]

I have been using AlphaVantage to get the historic data for NSE stocks (NSE= National Stock Exchange of India Ltd.). But since past 1 month the API has stopped returning data for NSE stocks. It ...
140 views

Affordable NASDAQ/NYSE Tick-By-Tick

I am looking for a place to get all NYSE/NASDAQ data for every trade (price/size) on a particular ticker. The data can be delayed by minutes/hours. I am a student and am trying to use this for a ...
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Does any corporate event that affects the stock price/shares outstanding happen during the trading session in vanilla US Common stocks or predominantly at night ?
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Difference between Order Expire and Order Done for Day (DFD)

Whats the difference between Order Expire and Order Done for Day (DFD) ? In general and from FIX protocol point of view.
159 views

Can someone help me understand the intuition of the following? The formula for calculating the nominal return is: I have the following problem for which I know the answer is A (5.4%). I was told it ...
375 views

I am looking for free historical intraday data (e.g., 30 mins, 1 hour) and I have came up to this website finam.ru, which is in Russian but it can be translated. The link to download the data is here. ...
188 views

How to download full daily historical data of MSCI AC Asia Index

I'm trying to download the daily historical data of the MSCI AC Asia Index. I've been testing different combinations of the following url: https://www.msci.com/eqb/esg/performance/110.0.all.html using ...