Questions tagged [equities]

Shares of stock traded in a stock market. Equities represent the residual claim or interest of the most junior class of investors in assets, after all liabilities are paid.

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9
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4answers
6k views

How google finance calculates beta of a stock

How google finance calculates beta of a stock - What is the proxy for the market? - What is the time period it uses for regression?
9
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4answers
5k views

How to normalize different instruments by volatility?

I'm trying to think on a way to normalize stocks to be on the same scale depending on their recent volatility. Is there some theoretical reference on the subject or and experience you can share?
9
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2answers
207 views

Permanent or long-term (months) market impact of large trades in stocks / equities

I need an estimate of the "permanent" long-term price impact of large institutional trades. When an investor makes a large trade, there will be a price impact due to the trade. Institutional ...
9
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2answers
900 views

Why do low standard deviation stocks tend to have superior future returns?

I've recently stumbled on something that really surprised me. These papers (1, 2) find that past standard deviation of returns is inversely related to future returns. That is, portfolio of low ...
8
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6answers
814 views

Kurtosis in asset logarithmic returns

Assets such as stocks usually display kurtosis in their logarithmic returns. However, their logarithmic returns in a time interval $n$ are the sum of smaller logarithmic returns in $1/n$ time ...
8
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4answers
12k views

Quick way to check what 'tape' a stock belongs to?

For the SIP feeds, there is the CTA and the UTP plan and they cover Tapes A,B and Tape C respectively. Is there an easy way to check on google what tape a stock would belong to? Particularly when it ...
8
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4answers
3k views

How to compute momentum from equity time series?

Let's say I have time series of stock prices for many stocks. What's the best way to sort the stocks based on which have been going up/stayed the same relative to others? Can this be done with a ...
8
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3answers
899 views

How to account for jumps in intraday data when calculating beta?

I am calculating betas on intraday trade data at 15-minute intervals. For simplicity sake, let's assume I am modeling \begin{equation} Y = \beta * X + c \end{equation} where $Y$ is the return of XLF ...
8
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3answers
332 views

Can Gaussianity of returns depend on the time frame?

I would be interested in knowing if the fact that returns are Gaussian is disproved on all time frames, or if, for example, the 5 minute intra-day time frame could exhibits Gaussian returns assuming ...
8
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1answer
297 views

Replicating a portfolio with a certain payoff function

Assume there are two stocks $S_1$ with price $p_1(t)$ and $S_2$ with price $p_2(t)$ where $t$ indicates time. Assume, there is a hypothetical derivative $D$, which is such that, price of $D$ at a time ...
8
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5answers
3k views

Thoughts on how quantitative hedge funds use machine learning to invest in the stock market (algorithms, examples of data, etc.)

I believe there are several post on this general topic but I thought I would start my own thread. I'm a former fundamental hedge fund investor (i.e. modeling a company's financials, forecasting the ...
8
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2answers
749 views

Should I use currency hedged or unhedged returns for a global equity allocation model?

I am building a global tactical equity allocation model. The model will help determine an optimal allocation amongst a number of major developed and emerging stock markets (represented for my purposes ...
8
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2answers
675 views

Why are we obsessed over normalizing financial data?

I have recently began work on some high frequency financial tick data. I have been told to 'normalize' the data as much as possible and run linear regressions through them. In fact, the data doesn't ...
8
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1answer
661 views

How to use binomial tree for portfolio of equity products

How can I use a binomial tree to price a European option that's based on a portfolio of equity products? I have volatility and correlation matrix of all underlying products? Looking for a formula ...
8
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1answer
217 views

Execution quality for illiquid securities

The SEC's execution quality statistics measurements (Rule 605) arguably does a poor job at measuring the execution quality of ...
8
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2answers
307 views

Testing for stock market herding over short periods

The literature has well established methods for testing stock market herding over a decent time window. Are there any ways that have appeared in the literature to test for stock market herding over ...
8
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1answer
321 views

Estimate price movement per unit of volume for daily data

I'm working on backtesting a number of stock trading strategies and need to estimate how much the execution price will likely deviate from the historical close price for that asset using daily data; ...
8
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1answer
340 views

How to assign equity analyst recommendations to a common, numeric scale?

Yahoo finance conveniently provides historic ratings from a number of analysts. Unfortunately, each analyst seems to use a different scale: buy/hold/sell, perform/outperform/neutral, overweight/equal ...
8
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3answers
451 views

What is an acceptable error on implied volatility?

Given an implied volatility surface (on equity indexes) and a calibrated model, what is the range of error on implied volatility a trader would accept ? This obviously depends on the model used to ...
8
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1answer
522 views

NASDAQ TotalView ITCH order reference number number characteristics

I am building a custom hash implementation for storing NASDAQ ITCH order messages. Obviously this is keyed on the order reference number and I am wondering if these numbers are sequential, random or ...
7
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2answers
425 views

Cochrane on Return Predictability

Being a lover of Sir Arthur Conan Doyle's work, I picked up a copy of Cochrane’s 2008 paper, The Dog That Did Not Bark: A Defense of Return Predictability and read: If returns are not predictable, ...
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4answers
1k views

Why should there be an equity risk premium?

After years of mathematical finance I am still not satisfied with the idea of a risk premium in the case of stocks. I agree that (often) there is a premium for long dated bonds, illiquid bonds or ...
7
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4answers
948 views

Do low volatility stocks outperform high volatility stocks over the long run?

A recent article from Forbes seems to indicate that low volatility stocks outperform high volatility stocks over the long run. Does anyone have any supporting or contradicting evidence to this claim? ...
7
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4answers
681 views

If I have found a way to predict stocks trend with 58% accuracy, is it good?

Say I have found a way through technical analysis to predict how stocks would behave with 58% accuracy, how good is this percentage?
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2answers
3k views

Data exported from Capital IQ, FactSet, Bloomberg, Compustat

I'm looking for reliable data on US equity fundamentals, but not sure which vendor provides these features: Unlimited data export Coverage of disbanded entities (bankruptcies, M&A) Financial ...
7
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2answers
347 views

What close price to assume for thinly traded stocks?

If a thinly traded stock has not traded for the last few days (volume=0), is it better to use the last known trade price (i.e. roll over last non-missing trade price) or use last known bid/ask/...
7
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3answers
4k views

How to calculate compound returns of leveraged ETFs?

Forewarning: this is a complete newbie question :-) I am starting to learn about ETFs by trying to do the numbers. When learning about the compounding effect in leveraged ETFs, I wanted to simulate ...
7
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2answers
384 views

Why do I have a statistically significant slope regressing R(t) on R(t-1)

I am reading Cochrane's lecture note here He mentioned that when you regress annual return on time t on that of time t-1, you will have neither statistically significant nor economically significant ...
7
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1answer
2k views

What exactly is an ISO order?

I have been looking this up and I feel like I keep running into different definitions. My understanding is that an ISO order is one which will get filled with the displayed quantity in a particular ...
7
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1answer
564 views

How do I convert order book data into OHCL( Open,High,Low,close) format?

The image represents the order book data with columns having following attributes: a0: Best ASK price (i.e. the lowest posted price at which someone is willing to sell an asset) b0: Best BID price (...
7
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1answer
253 views

How are dual class shares different from non dual class shares from a market makers' perspective?

Assume a stock Foo with a single share class. Furthermore, assume a dual class stock Bar with classes I and II with different voting rights. The shares in the different classes have equal cash flow ...
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3answers
3k views

Why are interest rates and stock prices positively correlated?

If I've been looking at graphs correctly, there is a strong positive correlation between stock prices (or P/B values) and interest rates over time, i.e. P/B values tend to be high when interest rates ...
7
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1answer
910 views

looking for regulations regarding stock symbol reuse in the US

in june 2009, GM has filed for bankruptcy. trading has moved from NYSE to OTC pink sheets, and the symbol changed to GMGMQ and later to MTLQQ. in november 2010 a new GM symbol started trading on NYSE. ...
7
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1answer
257 views

How do stock watch firms know who is buying and selling stocks before it is announced publicly?

The interview Warren Buffett Sells 30% Stake In IBM | Squawk Box | CNBC on May 5, 2017 mentioned that there exist "stock watch firms" that spotted Warren Buffett sold 30% of his stake in IBM before it ...
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2answers
1k views

Why is stock futures price much lower than spot?

What might be the reason for a futures price on a stock being much lower than the spot, i.e. stock price? Spot = 8.30 Futures M17 = 7.45 U17 = 7.23 The company does not pay dividends. No-arbitrage ...
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0answers
389 views

Why are my GARCH forecasts biased?

I've run an ARMA(1, 1)-GARCH(1, 1) model with normal density on log returns for twelve stocks. I computed the one-step-ahead out of sample forecast for daily volatility on a rolling windows for 500 ...
6
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4answers
689 views

How to calculate probability of touching a take-profit without touching a stop-loss?

How to calculate probability of touching a take-profit without touching a stop-loss (no-dividend stock, infinite time)?
6
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4answers
424 views

Why is the equity premium not arbitraged away?

The Equity Risk Premium Puzzle concerns the observation that equity returns are generally greater than bond returns. The puzzle is well known and widely studied, what is keeping investors from ...
6
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2answers
4k views

Which Database (MySql or NoSQL) for a Stock market App

I'm re-creating an app for Stockmarket Screening & Realtime charting Display. The database wireframe which i propose to design is as follows: 1. Company master - Where all the information of ...
6
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2answers
256 views

How do earnings estimates respond to changes in underlying fundamentals and economic conditions?

Sell-side analysts' earnings estimates for individual companies, typically reported by I/B/E/S, are a key ingredient to many quantitative models. However, revisions to analyst estimates tend to lag ...
6
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1answer
2k views

Backtesting with fundamentals

Recently I've read some books about quantative approach to fundamental investing: - What works on Wall Street - James O'Shaughnessy - Quantitative Value - Wesley Gray, Tobias Carlisle - Quantitative ...
6
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1answer
331 views

Control for non-synchronous trading in correlations

I am trying to replicate some results from the Betting Against Beta paper by Frazzini & Pedersen. In section 3.1, Estimating Ex Ante Betas, they illustrate their approach to correlations: [we ...
6
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3answers
783 views

Testing the validity of a factor model for stock returns

Consider the following m regression equation system: $$r^i = X^i \beta^i + \epsilon^i \;\;\; \text{for} \;i=1,2,3,..,n$$ where $r^i$ is a $(T\times 1)$ vector of the T observations of the dependent ...
6
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2answers
1k views

Non-negative matrix factorization for factor analysis of stocks

I stumbled over the term Non-negative matrix factorization in presentations such as Application of Machine Learning to Finance and this Big Data in Asset Management. The basic idea is to decompose a ...
6
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2answers
1k views

How can index futures trade 24/7 when the index doesn't change?

I have read that the E-Mini S&P 500 Futures trade 24/7, how is that possible? I mean the underlying stocks which form the index are traded from 9:30am-4pm - so outside of these hours the S&P ...
6
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0answers
324 views

How are quants able to verify whether their calculated prices are any good

This question is related to the discussion on Model Validation Criteria However it appeard to be very high level to me and I would like to go more into detail. Not working at a pricing desk the ...
6
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1answer
2k views

Commerical delayed stock quote feed that is redistributable?

I'm looking for a commercial delayed quote feed that will allow us to distribute delayed US stock market quotes to the public (ie. that will allow us to display US delayed quotes on the Internet). We ...
5
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2answers
364 views

What is the intrinsic value of a stock that doesn't give dividends?

From a philosophical standpoint, I'm trying to figure out where the intrinsic value of stock derives from, in the case of a stock that doesn't pay out dividends. That is, what is the value just in ...
5
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3answers
3k views

Does the debt load affect the volatility of equity?

Does the debt load of a company have an impact on the stock price of a company and its volatility? Also, how does the market react to the announcement of a company issuing bonds?
5
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6answers
619 views

Why can sometimes stock prices rise when interest rates rise?

Basic macroeconomics theory states that stock prices are inversely correlated with interest rates, i.e., when interest rates rise, borrowing is more costly, and thus companies with huge debt would be ...