Questions tagged [equities]

Shares of stock traded in a stock market. Equities represent the residual claim or interest of the most junior class of investors in assets, after all liabilities are paid.

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3answers
194 views

Intuition for Stock Price Numeraire Drift

I would like to ask whether there is an intuition for the drift of price processes under the Stock numeraire. I find it intuitive that the martingale measure under the Money Market numeraire induces ...
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166 views

Literature recommendation on extreme asset price movements

I'm looking for good papers and books covering extreme stock price movements and mathematical theories of stock market crashs.
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262 views

Can money technically flow in and out of stocks or asset classes?

For every buyer, there is a seller. Money can't 'flow' in and out of a stock, only the price changes. Is this applicable in the context of asset classes, for example, money market funds versus stocks? ...
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194 views

Indexes/stocks with flat implied volatilities

After the 1987 crash, the S&P500 index implied volatility changed from nearly flat to negatively sloped. According to Rubinstein the Black-Scholes model was not so wrong when applied to the S&...
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144 views

Probability of Closing Stock Price Over a Defined Period

$$ p(S,t;S',t') = \frac{1}{\sigma S'\sqrt{2\pi (t'-t)}} \exp\left(-\frac{(\log(S/S') + (\mu-1/2\sigma^2)(t'-t))^2}{2\sigma^2(t'-t)}\right) $$ I found this equation when I was reading "Paul Wilmots on ...
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1answer
1k views

Science behind options pricing into Earnings event

I am wondering about studies regarding the uncanny options pricing into public company's earnings reports. The phenomenon being that the price of a straddle before earnings costs near exactly the ...
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3answers
1k views

Equity short Interest data source

I'm looking for short interest data (those disclosed on 15 days basis to FINRA) As far as I know FINRA publishes only OTC data (http://otce.finra.org/ESI). Nasdaq.com contains only nasdaq traded ...
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2answers
278 views

Nasdaq trading under the scenes: market makers, ECNs, brokers. Who buys from and sells to whom?

U. S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) defines market maker as: "A market maker is a firm that stands ready to buy and sell a particular stock on a regular and continuous basis at a publicly ...
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1answer
236 views

Is Low-Volatility expensive these days? How can we analyze this?

Low volatility investing became somewhat fashionable in recent years. In general there are two approaches to this: Ranking stocks of a certain universe by either stand-alone volatility or by beta and ...
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3answers
631 views

How to hedge a derivative that pays the reciprocal of the stock price?

1) Suppose S is the stock price, how to hedge a derivative that pays $1/S_t$ at time $t$? 2) Suppose there will be a dividend of amount $d$ between $t$ and $T$, how to hedge a derivative that pays $...
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1answer
619 views

What is the relative performance of hard-to-borrow securities?

Is there any research on the equity return performance of hard-to-borrow securities? Many shops will simply screen for hard-to-borrow and eliminate these names from their short book. Anecdotally, ...
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1k views

call vs put open interest

I have been observing the data for US stock options. In general, it seem like there are more open interest for call rather than for put, is there a reason people like to write more call? at the ...
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List of TSX stocks with their sector and industry

Is there a website that offers free download or API where I can get an up-to-date list of all securities listed on the TSX along with their sector/industry? I could scrape individual screens for each ...
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1answer
317 views

How to calculate Skulls Financial Turbulence for one asset?

I have just read this paper http://www.cfapubs.org/loi/doi/abs/10.2469/faj.v66.n5.3 In the paper they define financial turbulence formula as: Could anyone help me calculate/understand this formula, ...
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2answers
342 views

What are “Autoquotes”?

I'm reading a 2008 JoFMarkets paper by Shkilko et al. with title "Locked and crossed markets on NASDAQ and the NYSE" in which the authors investigate the determinants of locked and crossed markets. ...
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2answers
183 views

Economic contagion to individual stocks (ideas for analysis)

I'm doing my undergraduate thesis on firm-level contagion. Specifically I look at a measure of performance over a financial crisis (e.g. raw stock returns), then run cross-sectional regressions with ...
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1answer
129 views

Fama and French 1997 Cost of Equity

Dear Quantitative Finance Members, I was wondering if you can clarify me the following issue. I am trying to estimate the cost of equity following "Industry costs of equity" (Fama and French, 1997). ...
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1answer
300 views

Interpret predictions weekly and monthly stock price returns [closed]

I have built a model in R that predicts weekly and monthly returns of stock prices using regression trees, roughly based on https://www.r-bloggers.com/using-cart-for-stock-market-forecasting/. In my ...
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1answer
544 views

Bloomberg & R: Accessing multiple securities with getBars() in R

I am attempting to access 1 minute trade data for 50 securities using Bloomberg API (rblpapi). Following is the code I got from the CRAN: ...
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1answer
391 views

Where to get Tobin's Q by country

I am trying to rank countries based on Tobin's Q ratio. US data can be easily gathered from FED's report and is available on multiple website. I want get data on other countries with high Index of ...
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1answer
428 views

In a covered call strategy, should I hold the call or sell/roll if the delta becomes too small?

I am tweaking a covered call algorithm. The short leg consists of out of the money call options. The goal is to collect the tim premium, but an equally favorable circumstance is when the call ...
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1answer
3k views

Basket equity swap

What are the advantages of buying basket equity swaps derivative compared to single equity swap? Will correlation play a role in basket equity swap? Thanks in advance
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518 views

How is this financial product called?

I have only basic limited knowledge about financial derivatives and I did not find exactly what I was searching for. I found open end turbo call, knock outs, but I am searching for this: Underlying ...
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552 views

Poker and Options Trading

Certain trading firms (i.e. Susquehanna International Group) believe playing poker can help a trader better perform in the market. What is the rationale behind this? How exactly does playing a card ...
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528 views

How can the market price of a stock be significantly lower than its Bid and Ask?

I was trading various stocks on the market, and I often see that stocks have their price, much higher or lower, than the Bid and Ask. Also, as the Bid and Ask move in real time, the price moves too, ...
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3answers
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EOD historical data

Apologies If I'm not posting in the right area. Currently I'm using eoddata.com to get pricing data for the US market. Although not always 100% in pricing, I'm quite happy with it. There is another ...
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3answers
1k views

Black Scholes and high dividend paying stocks

I understood there were 3 alternative methods of dealing with dividends in BS: 1) using a continuous dividend yield as an input; or 2) setting dividends to zero and subtracting the PV of divs from the ...
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255 views

Algorithmic Execution Literature/References

I am going to join the equity execution arm of an investment bank soon. I have minimal exposure to algorithmic execution, and am looking to increase my knowledge on the topic. Can someone provide a ...
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3answers
5k views

How do I calculate approximate equity liquidity?

I am a developer rather than a quant. I need to decide whether a given equity passes some basic liquidity threshold. It doesn't have to be precise, just good enough. I have a Bloomberg terminal data ...
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2answers
184 views

SPX Trading Capital: What happened on December 5, 2016?

(I am not certain if this is the correct Stack to post this question.) What structural changes, legislative or otherwise, took place in 2016, such that on Dec 5, 2016, the Trading Capital (Price*...
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168 views

How much money tracks the FTSE?

What methodologies are there for determining how much money tracks an index such as the FTSE100? Are there public estimates?
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1answer
2k views

Where can be found the tick size list for stocks traded in NASDAQ and NYSE?

Answering this question is relevant to assess the quality of a time series in order to observe whether the data vendor applies some rounding to the data or is more decimal are present than the actual ...
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2answers
1k views

Historical Financial Statement to Backtest in R

I would like to preface this by saying I am preparing for an upcoming internship this summer so I am extremely new to Quant Finance. At my university we have access to Datastream by Thomson Reuters ...
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1answer
199 views

Why does regression capture differences in volatility?

I read the following statement in the book python for data analysis, chapter 11, and I was wondering if someone could give me intuition about why regression has this effect? The purpose of the ...
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2answers
2k views

How to incorporate fundamental analysis in quantitative trading algorithm? [closed]

I want to write a quantitative stock trading program based on fundamental analysis. It would crunch through prices, financial reports to look for value stocks. It can support backtesting of strategy ...
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2answers
295 views

Best topics to begin Quantitative Finance Research/Programming

I have a background in mathematics (Functional Analysis and Probability Theory) and am looking to acquaint myself with research in quantitative finance, particularly with a programming component. ...
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1answer
433 views

Put pricing embedded in autocall

When pricing an autocall, there are 3 parts: Strip of coupon, Zero coupon bond, Put down and in. Probabilities of a call is given from the trigger level on call dates. However, let's say my ...
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2answers
16k views

How to normalize stock data

Please advise how can i normalize stock prices. Recently, I've been using such formulas: Log prices = Ln(Close(t)) Close(t)-Mean (Close(t)-Mean)/(StdDev) Ln(Close(t))-Mean Is there any other ways?
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1answer
133 views

Geometric Brownian Motion unable to model / predict jumps

In my finance course, we were talking about the flaws of modelling Stock Prices with the geometric Brownian Motion. According to my professor: "Since the geometric Brownian Motion has continous time ...
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2answers
212 views

Can you use GARCH-MIDAS for intraday data?

I'm working on a project to forecast volatility and I'm using intraday data (1 min). I want to include exogenous variables to the model that have daily frequency. I was wondering if GARCH-MIDAS can be ...
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2answers
1k views

Pricing Corridor Variance Spreads

Recently in the equity derivatives market there have been some trades on what are known as "Corridor Variance Spreads." The large equity derivative dealers and investment banks have been promoting it ...
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1answer
110 views

Is the Fama-French website data free of the serious selection bias pre-1962 where it's tilted toward big historically successful firms?

Fama and French use data starting in 1963 in both 1) "Common risk factors in the returns on stocks and bonds" (1993) and 2) "The cross-section of expected stock returns" (1992) and mention in (2) ...
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228 views

Estimating an appropriate haircut for illiquid stocks

I am trying to determine an appropriate haircut for a basket of illiquid stocks that barely traded during the year. Can someone suggest me an approach to estimate the risk? My dataset has a lot of ...
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3answers
406 views

Determining optimal trading signals (buy/sell) from past data

Let's say we have a stock which our only actions are buy, sell and hold (with or without shorting). If we have sufficient past data of the stock, how can you determine the optimal trading action ...
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3answers
670 views

Measuring historical earnings surprises, their frequency and severity

This is my first post to Quantitative Finance, so I hope my question is formatted the right way. I am starting to research the effects of earnings surprises on certain equity indices. Is there a ...
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3answers
295 views

Fundamental reasons for the stock price change

Let us start from the old times, where markets were less liquid. Suppose I hold some stocks of the company XYZ and I want to sell them. Why shall I expect that their price can rise in the next quarter ...
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1answer
193 views

Statistical Power and Active Management

I was reading an article recently that pointed out the dangers of using statistical inference in evaluating active managers as the power of statistical tests diminishes with the variance of the ...
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2answers
27k views

How to calculate equally weighted market portfolio

There's two studies that test the same thing in different markets (i.e. they apply the identical methodology). They state: 1) "$R_{mt}$ is the equally weighted average stock return in the dual-listed ...
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1answer
927 views

What is an appropriate hedge ratio for hedging a credit instrument with equity of the same issuer?

Given a bond and a stock issued by the same issuer, what is the appropriate ratio of bond-to-stock one should hold in order to minimize the specific risk to that issuer? Equivalently, what is the ...
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10k views

How to calculate daily risk free interest rates

I'm working on an assignment in which I need to calculate excess returns for six stocks plus the S&P 500. I have computed daily logarithmic returns for every stock and for the market, I now need ...