Questions tagged [equities]

Shares of stock traded in a stock market. Equities represent the residual claim or interest of the most junior class of investors in assets, after all liabilities are paid.

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1answer
164 views

Geometric Brownian Motion unable to model / predict jumps

In my finance course, we were talking about the flaws of modelling Stock Prices with the geometric Brownian Motion. According to my professor: "Since the geometric Brownian Motion has continous time ...
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2answers
457 views

Can you use GARCH-MIDAS for intraday data?

I'm working on a project to forecast volatility and I'm using intraday data (1 min). I want to include exogenous variables to the model that have daily frequency. I was wondering if GARCH-MIDAS can be ...
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2answers
2k views

Pricing Corridor Variance Spreads

Recently in the equity derivatives market there have been some trades on what are known as "Corridor Variance Spreads." The large equity derivative dealers and investment banks have been promoting it ...
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1answer
132 views

Is the Fama-French website data free of the serious selection bias pre-1962 where it's tilted toward big historically successful firms?

Fama and French use data starting in 1963 in both 1) "Common risk factors in the returns on stocks and bonds" (1993) and 2) "The cross-section of expected stock returns" (1992) and mention in (2) ...
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2answers
15k views

How to calculate daily risk free interest rates

I'm working on an assignment in which I need to calculate excess returns for six stocks plus the S&P 500. I have computed daily logarithmic returns for every stock and for the market, I now need ...
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3answers
477 views

Determining optimal trading signals (buy/sell) from past data

Let's say we have a stock which our only actions are buy, sell and hold (with or without shorting). If we have sufficient past data of the stock, how can you determine the optimal trading action ...
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3answers
914 views

Measuring historical earnings surprises, their frequency and severity

This is my first post to Quantitative Finance, so I hope my question is formatted the right way. I am starting to research the effects of earnings surprises on certain equity indices. Is there a ...
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3answers
340 views

Fundamental reasons for the stock price change

Let us start from the old times, where markets were less liquid. Suppose I hold some stocks of the company XYZ and I want to sell them. Why shall I expect that their price can rise in the next quarter ...
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1answer
195 views

Statistical Power and Active Management

I was reading an article recently that pointed out the dangers of using statistical inference in evaluating active managers as the power of statistical tests diminishes with the variance of the ...
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2answers
31k views

How to calculate equally weighted market portfolio

There's two studies that test the same thing in different markets (i.e. they apply the identical methodology). They state: 1) "$R_{mt}$ is the equally weighted average stock return in the dual-listed ...
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1answer
1k views

What is an appropriate hedge ratio for hedging a credit instrument with equity of the same issuer?

Given a bond and a stock issued by the same issuer, what is the appropriate ratio of bond-to-stock one should hold in order to minimize the specific risk to that issuer? Equivalently, what is the ...
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2answers
128 views

Optimal investment mix of equity and debt in a single company, HY vs IG

What is the optimal mix of equity and debt that an investor should invest in a single company? If an investor invests in both the debt and equity of a company, they are in effect de-levering the ...
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1answer
218 views

forecasting trading costs with end of day data

I am trying to create a model that forecasts trading costs (using end of day data, so no intra day data). My trading cost (also called Implemented Shortfall (IS) is defined as such for a single stock, ...
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3answers
580 views

Executions deep in the Limit Order Book?

I have some Level III (message level) data for equities and I have found several cases in which I register the execution of a Limit Order at a price "worse" than the best bid or ask. For example, ...
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2answers
1k views

Cointegration trading: Ignoring pairs that aren't economically related

Cointegration trading question What's the state of the art when it comes to choosing proper subsets of stocks/assets where cointegrating relationships aren't ignored as (likely to be) spurious? For ...
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3answers
291 views

Positive VaR when calculation on Total Return Indexes?

I recently saw a VaR calculation, and I was wondering whether that calculation made sense. Here the details: 1. Construction of a total return bond portfolio index. By total return I mean that the ...
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0answers
61 views

Change of the stock price dynamics while pricing using the Fourier transform techniques

Right now I am trying to understand how we can use the Fourier theorem in obtaining the formula for option pricing (from Zhu J., "Modular pricing of options"). While modeling the interest ...
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1k views

Newey-West standard errors in Fama-MacBeth regressions

I noticed that during the recent decade most of papers, which use Fama-MacBeth regressions compute Newey-West standard errors. I tried to find detailed description of this procedure in the books on ...
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2answers
967 views

Retrieval of MSCI factor index performance data from the web

I hope this question is on-topic. What is a convenient way to get MSCI index performance data from the web? I would be interested in daily performance data of the factor indices momentum, minvol, ...
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2k views

Meaning of cross sectional rank

This paper mentions the concept of rank which is defined as cross sectional rank. For e.g. one of the alphas (#3) is (-1 * correlation(rank(open), rank(volume), 10)) 10 is just the number of days ...
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72 views

Is there any index calculation methodology that is suitable when constituents change frequently?

Trying to create a custom stock sector index, however adding/dropping of the constituents will be frequent. Which kind of index calculation methodology (e.g. Price Weighted, Equal Weighted, Cap ...
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254 views

ERP and FF 3-factor model

In a more conservative estimate than a simple historical average, Fama & French estimate (US) equity risk premium at 3-4% (e.g., Equity Risk Premium, JF, 2002). This suggests that in an APT-like ...
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169 views

Risk factors for derivatives on dividends

I consider pricing and risk analysis of derivatives on dividends of the members of equity indices (such as Dow Jones EuroStoxx). There are options but I focus on futures. What are the main risk ...
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2answers
515 views

Does using adjusted closing prices constitute a lookahead bias?

One of my machine learning project involves the use of adjusted close prices (from Yahoo Finance, for better or worse) to determine the label – if a stock's adjusted close price increases by more than ...
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2answers
235 views

What drives the difference between M1 & M2 money supply (in the US)?

From what I understand the only entity that controls M1 in US is the Federal Reserve. Is it true that M2-M1( M2 minus M1; the part of M2 that is NOT in M1 like timed deposits) is controlled by the ...
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5answers
379 views

Technical Indicators reference

I have been looking for a good reference where I can find how technical indicators of stock market analysis are calculated. I have a dataset (time series) which I want to extract these indicators to ...
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2answers
250 views

How does the securities lending market work?

After doing some research, literature suggests that "most" securities lending happens over-the-counter (OTC) as opposed to securities trading which is mostly done through a centralized electronic ...
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5answers
1k views

Equity Forward Price calculation

In the book of John Hull, the price of an equity forward on a dividend paying stock is formulated as: $$F_0 = (S_0 - I)e^{rT} $$ where $r$ is the risk free rate and $I$ is present value of the stream ...
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4answers
345 views

Why not break the volume every day into buy and sell volumes?

In stock trading softwares, the volumes underneath the candlestick chart of stock prices are typically marked by one color, either green (buy volume) or red (sell volume), depending on if the closing ...
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2answers
825 views

What's the exact definition of alpha?

I am quite new to finance and I often hear people say 'I have 2 bps of alpha' or 'I have an alpha of two bps' I don't quite understand what does this mean For me alpha is about predicting power. At ...
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3answers
572 views

Latency and Delays across Exchanges

I have recently come across this paper by Battalio et al. "Can Brokers Have it all? On the Relation between Make Take Fees & Limit Order Execution Quality" and realized how little I know about the ...
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2answers
126 views

How do leveraged ETFs achieve their investment objectives?

I am interested in the ways how those leveraged ETFs, e.g. TQQQ, achieve their leveraged investment objective. Questions are around, Do they use stock options of the underlying asset primarily to ...
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2answers
292 views

Is there a way to tell if a time series price data is reversed?

Assuming you are given an array of values representing a stock's historical price, without timestamps, is there a way to tell if this array of prices has been reversed?
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279 views

Fund size and alpha

During my research I found that fund active returns (alpha), measured by Fama and French four factor model, decreases as the fund increases in size (asset under management). What are some reasons ...
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1answer
858 views

Why buy/sell a forward starting option?

More precisely, in equity markets, why would one prefer to buy a forward starting option over a vanilla option ? What about the selling side ?
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4answers
2k views

How to get Stock Fundamental time series data?

I need key Stock Fundamentals like in http://finance.yahoo.com/q/ks?s=KO+Key+Statistics But that page shows only the last quarter data, I need to analyze how that data has changed over past years. ...
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2answers
183 views

Global stock market valuations

I am looking for reasonably up to date resources on global stock market valuations by country, using e.g. CAPE and PE. In the past I have used this resource: starcapital.de, but the updates have been ...
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1answer
122 views

How to calculate the expected stock returns for an individual stock?

I know about CAPM. My question is if this method is also viable: Calculate monthly logReturns ...
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4answers
303 views

Predicting portfolio returns

I suppose there are roughly two approaches to predict portfolio returns. Either predict the returns of all underlying stocks and aggregate all individual stock predictions, or predict the portfolio ...
3
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1answer
418 views

Algorithmic Trading: Normalization and Selection of Technical Indicators for Artificial Neural Networks [closed]

I study on algorithmic trading for a while based on technical indicators. I started to learn about neural networks and want to use technical trading indicators in this approach. However, I am not ...
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2answers
2k views

Google Finance API, how to retrieve identical ticker symbols in python on two exchanges

Stock data retrieval form Google. Example: I want to retrieve the stock data for Infosys. Infosys has two listings with the same ticker symbol but on a different exchange and in different currencies (...
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1answer
238 views

Economics of spoofing

I am trying to understand the economics of spoofing (I am a lay person). I understand that from a risk point of view, aside from the legal risk, the main risk is that of having a limit order filled ...
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1answer
83 views

Equity Dilution Question

Prior to equity financing: Market Capitalization is $1B Current Share price: $50.00 Total Common Shares outstanding: 20,000,000 The company wants to raise 100M in equity through stock selling. I ...
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2answers
357 views

Pricing forward contract on a stock

Please tell me where I've gone wrong (if I did in fact make a mistake). I'm pricing a long forward on a stock. The usual setup applies: This has payoff $S(T) - K$ at time $T$. We are at $t$ now. $S(...
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1answer
124 views

MSCI World and MSCI World future: low correlation, how come?

Noticed today that hedging the MSCI World (NTR, div reinvested) by shorting it's very own future (same underlying index, also NTR) leaves a lot of active risk. This is explained by low correlation ...
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1answer
208 views

Stock price value as a continuous-time stochastic process

I am studying a mathematics textbook on the modelling of stochastic systems. The textbook uses the price of a stock as an example of a continuous-time stochastic process: If $X(t)$ is the value of a ...
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1answer
107 views

Why are changes in stock market wealth considered permanent?

Assume stock prices follow a random walk. If my investments go up by 1,000 dollars on the stock market today and I keep that money invested, in expectation, how much are my investments worth 1 year ...
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1answer
183 views

Rate of convergence between price and value

In my experience, there are two primary methods of alpha generation. In both cases, assume we know what price is. Method 1: Inference on what the price/payoff will be. Method 2: Inference on what ...
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2answers
250 views

Do underlying assets have a no-arbitrage price?

Can it be shown that the Fundamental Theorem on Asset Pricing (FTAP) applies to underlying assets -- namely bonds, equities, and commodities? FTAP says that assets have no-arbitrage prices equal to ...
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2answers
445 views

Papers on temporary price impact

Can anyone recommend papers that model how long temporary price impact last when you buy / sell a trade? This would fall under the TCA realm (Trade Cost Analysis). Thank you.

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