Questions tagged [equities]

Shares of stock traded in a stock market. Equities represent the residual claim or interest of the most junior class of investors in assets, after all liabilities are paid.

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1answer
195 views

forecasting trading costs with end of day data

I am trying to create a model that forecasts trading costs (using end of day data, so no intra day data). My trading cost (also called Implemented Shortfall (IS) is defined as such for a single stock, ...
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3answers
460 views

Executions deep in the Limit Order Book?

I have some Level III (message level) data for equities and I have found several cases in which I register the execution of a Limit Order at a price "worse" than the best bid or ask. For example, ...
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1k views

Cointegration trading: Ignoring pairs that aren't economically related

Cointegration trading question What's the state of the art when it comes to choosing proper subsets of stocks/assets where cointegrating relationships aren't ignored as (likely to be) spurious? For ...
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3answers
234 views

Positive VaR when calculation on Total Return Indexes?

I recently saw a VaR calculation, and I was wondering whether that calculation made sense. Here the details: 1. Construction of a total return bond portfolio index. By total return I mean that the ...
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0answers
763 views

Newey-West standard errors in Fama-MacBeth regressions

I noticed that during the recent decade most of papers, which use Fama-MacBeth regressions compute Newey-West standard errors. I tried to find detailed description of this procedure in the books on ...
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2answers
445 views

Retrieval of MSCI factor index performance data from the web

I hope this question is on-topic. What is a convenient way to get MSCI index performance data from the web? I would be interested in daily performance data of the factor indices momentum, minvol, ...
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1k views

Meaning of cross sectional rank

This paper mentions the concept of rank which is defined as cross sectional rank. For e.g. one of the alphas (#3) is (-1 * correlation(rank(open), rank(volume), 10)) 10 is just the number of days ...
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69 views

Is there any index calculation methodology that is suitable when constituents change frequently?

Trying to create a custom stock sector index, however adding/dropping of the constituents will be frequent. Which kind of index calculation methodology (e.g. Price Weighted, Equal Weighted, Cap ...
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239 views

ERP and FF 3-factor model

In a more conservative estimate than a simple historical average, Fama & French estimate (US) equity risk premium at 3-4% (e.g., Equity Risk Premium, JF, 2002). This suggests that in an APT-like ...
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166 views

Risk factors for derivatives on dividends

I consider pricing and risk analysis of derivatives on dividends of the members of equity indices (such as Dow Jones EuroStoxx). There are options but I focus on futures. What are the main risk ...
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5answers
4k views

Where to find historical stock news and other events?

So, I am working on a strategy that has pin-pointed some very interesting events in the form of extremely low volatility. The phenomena spans the past few years and a wide variety of symbols. Now, to ...
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2answers
1k views

Criteria to assess the possibility of corporate bankruptcies in U.S. equity exchange markets [closed]

Which criteria do you suggest to measure the susceptibility of bankruptcies (e.g., Chapter 11, 7) for a company in a U.S. equity exchange market (e.g., NYSE, ...
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4k views

An alternative to the Gaussian distribution to describe/fit market stock returns

After the financial crisis in 2008, many people (including me) don't really believe that stock returns can be described in terms of the normal distribution (Gaussian distribution). But besides the ...
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2answers
297 views

Does using adjusted closing prices constitute a lookahead bias?

One of my machine learning project involves the use of adjusted close prices (from Yahoo Finance, for better or worse) to determine the label – if a stock's adjusted close price increases by more than ...
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2answers
157 views

How does the securities lending market work?

After doing some research, literature suggests that "most" securities lending happens over-the-counter (OTC) as opposed to securities trading which is mostly done through a centralized electronic ...
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5answers
155 views

Equity Forward Price calculation

In the book of John Hull, the price of an equity forward on a dividend paying stock is formulated as: $$F_0 = (S_0 - I)e^{rT} $$ where $r$ is the risk free rate and $I$ is present value of the stream ...
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4answers
186 views

Why not break the volume every day into buy and sell volumes?

In stock trading softwares, the volumes underneath the candlestick chart of stock prices are typically marked by one color, either green (buy volume) or red (sell volume), depending on if the closing ...
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2answers
571 views

What's the exact definition of alpha?

I am quite new to finance and I often hear people say 'I have 2 bps of alpha' or 'I have an alpha of two bps' I don't quite understand what does this mean For me alpha is about predicting power. At ...
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3answers
246 views

Fund size and alpha

During my research I found that fund active returns (alpha), measured by Fama and French four factor model, decreases as the fund increases in size (asset under management). What are some reasons ...
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1answer
592 views

Why buy/sell a forward starting option?

More precisely, in equity markets, why would one prefer to buy a forward starting option over a vanilla option ? What about the selling side ?
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3answers
472 views

Latency and Delays across Exchanges

I have recently come across this paper by Battalio et al. "Can Brokers Have it all? On the Relation between Make Take Fees & Limit Order Execution Quality" and realized how little I know about the ...
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4answers
829 views

How to get Stock Fundamental time series data?

I need key Stock Fundamentals like in http://finance.yahoo.com/q/ks?s=KO+Key+Statistics But that page shows only the last quarter data, I need to analyze how that data has changed over past years. ...
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1answer
108 views

How to calculate the expected stock returns for an individual stock?

I know about CAPM. My question is if this method is also viable: Calculate monthly logReturns ...
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1answer
229 views

Algorithmic Trading: Normalization and Selection of Technical Indicators for Artificial Neural Networks [closed]

I study on algorithmic trading for a while based on technical indicators. I started to learn about neural networks and want to use technical trading indicators in this approach. However, I am not ...
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2answers
2k views

Google Finance API, how to retrieve identical ticker symbols in python on two exchanges

Stock data retrieval form Google. Example: I want to retrieve the stock data for Infosys. Infosys has two listings with the same ticker symbol but on a different exchange and in different currencies (...
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1answer
216 views

Economics of spoofing

I am trying to understand the economics of spoofing (I am a lay person). I understand that from a risk point of view, aside from the legal risk, the main risk is that of having a limit order filled ...
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1answer
80 views

Equity Dilution Question

Prior to equity financing: Market Capitalization is $1B Current Share price: $50.00 Total Common Shares outstanding: 20,000,000 The company wants to raise 100M in equity through stock selling. I ...
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1answer
4k views

Free stock split history data source?

Does anyone know of a reliable (free) source of historical stock split information? There's a YQL api for pulling down 'key stats' on a symbol but it only contains the LastSplitDate. Adjusted close ...
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2answers
334 views

Pricing forward contract on a stock

Please tell me where I've gone wrong (if I did in fact make a mistake). I'm pricing a long forward on a stock. The usual setup applies: This has payoff $S(T) - K$ at time $T$. We are at $t$ now. $S(...
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1answer
95 views

Why are changes in stock market wealth considered permanent?

Assume stock prices follow a random walk. If my investments go up by 1,000 dollars on the stock market today and I keep that money invested, in expectation, how much are my investments worth 1 year ...
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1answer
141 views

Rate of convergence between price and value

In my experience, there are two primary methods of alpha generation. In both cases, assume we know what price is. Method 1: Inference on what the price/payoff will be. Method 2: Inference on what ...
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2answers
213 views

Do underlying assets have a no-arbitrage price?

Can it be shown that the Fundamental Theorem on Asset Pricing (FTAP) applies to underlying assets -- namely bonds, equities, and commodities? FTAP says that assets have no-arbitrage prices equal to ...
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329 views

Papers on temporary price impact

Can anyone recommend papers that model how long temporary price impact last when you buy / sell a trade? This would fall under the TCA realm (Trade Cost Analysis). Thank you.
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421 views

Variance of a Stock price and relationship with volatility

A bit of background. I know that the forward price of a stock (or its expected price) is given by $\mathbb{E}[S_T]=S_te^{(r-q)(T-t)}$. Here, $r$ and $q$ are not constant, but follow a curve. I was ...
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1answer
112 views

Comparing Equity Funds

I am trying to compare 2 equity funds, I have 10Y of monthly returns (no knowledge of their share allocations) - and their index benchmark returns. They are both Value managers but I am not looking ...
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2answers
106 views

Correct Discount Curve for Exchange Traded (Centrally Cleared) Products

What's the correct discount curve to use for exchange traded products? Would these be discounted at the OIS rate (because of the central clearing house)? E.g. the E-Mini S&P500 Future @ CME: I'm ...
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2answers
113 views

Optimal investment mix of equity and debt in a single company, HY vs IG

What is the optimal mix of equity and debt that an investor should invest in a single company? If an investor invests in both the debt and equity of a company, they are in effect de-levering the ...
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1answer
215 views

How to model High/Low prices for Stocks with Monte Carlo

I'm using monte carlo simulation to model stock paths and measure risk, but I was wondering if there is a way to simulate the full bar/candle chart with open, high, low and close prices , as I'm only ...
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1answer
1k views

How can you determine the correct significance of the Shiller P/E regression?

The "Shiller P/E regression" refers to the regression of real stock market returns over the next 20 years on the Shiller P/E. When I did this OLS regression myself (based on the data from Prof. ...
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2answers
1k views

Conversion stock symbols Google Finance vs. Reuters

I'm working on a project that will fetch data from Google Finance and Reuters. In order to avoid keeping two separate lists of stock symbols, I'm looking for some kind of conversion or database or API ...
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3answers
886 views

Spread over LIBOR on a Equity Swap

Does anyone how banks determine the spread over LIBOR on a Equity Swap? Example: Party A pays the return on SPTR to Party B Party B pays 1M LIBOR + 40 bps to Party A Does anyone know how the 40 ...
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463 views

Validity of CAPM

I came across some literature regarding "Framing Theory" or "Prospect Theory", and the validity of CAPM. I was wondering if you could shed some light on a few questions I have in this regard: ...
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4answers
2k views

List of Stocks by Sector

Does anyone know where I can find a list of all stocks traded on the NYSE in a table that also includes what sector they are in? I want to look at some data using info both from the individual stock ...
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1answer
2k views

How to estimate market integration parameter in Singer-Terhaar model for E(r)?

Singer-Terhaar is part of CFA II and III curriculum. It estimates risk premium for some asset, traded at some local market, as weighted average of expected premiums for the case of (1) local market, ...
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1answer
202 views

Risk-neutral models for rights issues

A rights issue is the granting by a corporation to its shareholders of a right to purchase $N$ new shares for each $M$ shares they already hold at a (often discounted) price $K$. Thus, it ...
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1answer
227 views

At what volume would you move the price at the opening auction?

At many exchanges the opening price is set using an auction which takes place pre-opening (see here for example). During the auction you are allowed to place orders according to certain rules (you ...
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3answers
368 views

Leveraged and inverse leveraged ETFs - what is the exact defintion?

I just had a quick look at the daily returns for a few pairs of leveraged ETFs - it appears that the percent daily returns do not match perfectly. For instance, looking at FAS/FAZ, the returns for the ...
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4answers
203 views

Predicting portfolio returns

I suppose there are roughly two approaches to predict portfolio returns. Either predict the returns of all underlying stocks and aggregate all individual stock predictions, or predict the portfolio ...
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1answer
220 views

Why is it more accurate to simulate ln(S) rather than S?

Let's take a process $S$ that satisfies: \begin{equation} dS = \mu S dt + \sigma S dz \end{equation} with $dz$ a Wiener process, $\sigma$ the volatility of $S$, $\mu$ the expected return of $S$. From ...
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1answer
198 views

Option on index vs option on index future

Cash-settled options on the S&P 500 index existed before options on futures on that index. Where would the demand for options on futures have come from prompting the exchange to begin listing them,...