Questions tagged [exchange]

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5
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1answer
413 views

Is publication of Black-Scholes in 1973 and founding of CBEO in 1973 coincidental?

Apparently, CBOE was founded in 1973 and opened on 1st January that year (source = Google), to start trading listed options. The famous Black-Scholes paper was published also in 1973. I am wondering ...
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36 views

Options Exchanges vs Equity Exchanges

I appreciate help in understanding difference between Options exchanges and Equities exchanges, and the domain language used. Per The Options Clearing Corporation (OCC), I see they have exchanges ...
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104 views

Why exchange basis exist in swaps

For example, swaps traded in CME versus LCH are quoted with slight difference? how do we decide the theoretical boundary of the basis ? what factors need to be consider? I think the principal to ...
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31 views

What types of messaging middleware solutions are used by the biggest exchanges like Nasdaq, NYSE, ICE, NYMEX, Japan Exchange Group, Euronext, etc?

Exchanges are famous for having to deal with a huge amount of messages. For example, some years (decades?) ago Nasdaq has migrated their reliable UDP protocol from 32-bit, which could support sequence ...
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1answer
149 views

Exchange code used by Yahoo Finance

I see the following code in the exchange column of the lookup page. https://finance.yahoo.com/lookup/ Example tickers are in the parentheses. ASE (ZOM) * BTS (CBOE) * NCM (ZYXI) NGM (ZYNE) NMS (ZY) ...
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2answers
199 views

How to price the FX forward contract under stochastic interest rates?

Imagine that space Z is exposed to the FX risk (i.e., currency exchange rate risk ), and we aim to provide a hedging solution for that. One choice is to consider a currency-forward contract. I wonder ...
4
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1answer
267 views

Ensuring market order creation idempotency

I am trying to find a way of placing market orders on crypto exchanges in an idempotent way. Specifically, I want to ensure that retrying the same request does not cause another order to be placed. ...
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29 views

delta hedge asset exchange option with futures on spreads

say I have an option that exchange A with B. If I can only hedge it using futures on the spreads between them, how would I do it?
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2answers
132 views

Can you perform covered interest arbitrage when the forward rate is too low?

In covered interest arbitrage, if the forward rate is too high, you can (i) exchange domestic for foreign currency today (ii) invest at the foreign deposit rate (iii) exchange back to the domestic ...
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0answers
24 views

GET REAL TIME CURRENCY EXCHANGE RATE [duplicate]

I need to get currency exchange rates in real time, every seconds. On websites or when using APIs, the rates are only updated every minutes, or every 30s... Is there any way I can get these datas, ...
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0answers
60 views

How does Smarkets betting exchange actually work?

I have been wondering how betting exchanges like Smarkets actually work. If I back or lay a particular outcome, I have to wait until one other individual matches it by doing the opposite. For example, ...
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0answers
50 views

To what degree is volume correlated with price impact?

There is question from 2017 here but the answer given doesn't really go into any detail. How correlated is volume with price impact? Especially with regard to wash trading; For example, wash trading ...
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1answer
319 views

Using market microstructure and exchange-specific knowledge to design trading strategies

I stumbled upon this job offer for Microstructure Performance Researcher and I didn't understand the parts below. (https://www.optiver.com/working-at-optiver/career-opportunities/2551339/) The parts ...
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1answer
224 views

When will a stock exchange suspend trading because of a short squeeze?

I don't completely understand why the NYSE suspended Piggly Wiggly Co., because I don't think the NYSE suspends stocks for short sellign in general? I boldened the key sentence below. Will the NYSE do ...
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3answers
79 views

How to track dates when new strikes are added to option chain for any underlying

I believe exchanges try to maintain some range of ITM/ATM/OTM issues for a particular underlying/expiry pair. Eg minimum 5-1-5 to maximum 10-1-10, so there are atleast 5 OTM issues and maximum 10 OTM ...
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2answers
143 views

What's the difference between a stock trading on an exchange and a stock being listed on an exchange?

As I recently learnt, all U.S. stocks are part of either Tape A, Tape B or C. Stocks listed on the NYSE are on Tape A, NASDAQ-listed stocks are on Tape C and everything else is on Tape B. Of course, ...
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0answers
90 views

what is the exchange rate Expectation? I am confused about it

Suppose now the rate of EUR/USD is 1. and in half-year, maybe become 1.25EUR/USD, or 0.8 EUR/USD, the probability of each case is 0.5. what's the Expectation of EUR/USD in half-year? And, what's the ...
2
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1answer
165 views

D-Limit and Crumbling Quote Indicator

I've been following the development of the D-Limit order at IEX for some time. In the last couple of days I see the SEC has been sued by Citadel Securities for approving this order type. Can anyone ...
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1answer
133 views

How Crypto Exchanges handle overlapping orders when self trading is disabled?

I am unsure how a typical "matching engine" handles overlapping orders (in my case, Deribit). I would be just as interested in how any crypto exchange handles the situation. The user has ...
2
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1answer
125 views

What would be the point of Roll (1984) on measuring the effective bid-ask spread?

If you look at the original paper of Roll (1984), he explains that part of the transaction costs borne out by investors would be the bid-ask spread and that it was "fraught with measurement ...
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2answers
210 views

Exchangeability of random vector

I hope you can help me with this rather basic question that I asked myself. A random vector $(X_1,...,X_n)$ is said to be exchangeable if it has the same distribution as the permuted random vector $(...
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1answer
71 views

how to model the volatility of the currency exchange rate

I want to estimate/predict the volatility of the currency exchange rate. I have checked in literature a few models from very simple PPP to econometric factor model forecasting, to GARCH (for ...
2
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1answer
437 views

Where can one get data concerning ETF holdings and changes in their holdings?

I am trying to write my masters thesis in finance and my topic will be ETF related. I wanted to ask whether it is possible to find data for an empirical analysis for my thesis. I have been searching ...
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3answers
143 views

Volatility of Exchange Option

I got a question and its partial solution, and have some doubts about the volatility of its geometric Brownian motion process: Question: How would you price an exchange call option that pays $max(S_{...
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1answer
67 views

What does volume dimension means?

In an exchange documentation, I see a definition for Volume Dimension parameter, Volume dimension: Shares are normally traded in Quantity, bonds in Nominal. Ok I can understand quantity but what ...
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0answers
52 views

CME Futures used in building LCH USD swap curve

To build a LCH swap curves, common benchmarks include cash rates, euro dollar futures and swaps. However, the euro dollar futures only exist in CME. So when you use euro dollar futures (only exist in ...
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1answer
78 views

Why does an exchange (IEX) need connection to other exchanges (like information about average prices)?

I have read "flash boys". The author describes how the Royal Bank of Canada uses THOR and an own SIP against certain practices of flash traders. I understand why a bank or a broker can make beneficial ...
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0answers
55 views

API for Stock Exchange and their Indexes data like Bloomberg [duplicate]

Actually I am looking for an API for stock exchange and their indexes data, And want to show data like this https://www.bloomberg.com/markets/stocks I searched various API provider, like ...
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0answers
96 views

Does EFP (Exchange Futures for Physical) Involves Cash Exchange?

I am new to the concept of Exchange Futures for Physical (EFP). According to some sources (link), An Exchange for Physical (EFP) is a transaction involving the simultaneous exchange between two ...
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3answers
136 views

Would it be fair an exchange where priority in the order book is the fee paid per share in the order?

Instead of matching orders in the order book by price then time, what are the consequences if orders are prioritised by price then fee paid per share in the order? An idea similar to the way ...
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1answer
63 views

Do option contracts inherit the currency and exchange of the underlying?

Given an underlying (e.g. future or an index), would options on that underlying trade in the same currency and on the same exchange? For example, options on FTSE100 index itself would trade in GBP on ...
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1answer
301 views

How does an exchange guarantee both legs of a calendar spread are executed atomically to give a specific spread?

In commodities/oil you have monthly contracts for a given Future, e.g. on CME the Crude Oil Futures (CL) monthly contracts can be trades, and have Globex codes such as CLZ8(Crude Oil Dec18 Future), ...
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1answer
74 views

Is there any literature on how stock exchanges guarantee consistency?

How do we know that artificial shares of some stock aren't created (perhaps going untracked) on exchanges. After all being man made digital systems they are prone to errors. An example: Suppose a ...
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1answer
83 views

QQQ fillings history

I'm trying to find Invesco QQQ Trust fillings for 2001-2018 time period, at least top 10 by year, do you know where I should search?
3
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1answer
8k views

Finding ETF Symbols for alpha vantange

I'd like to use the api of https://www.alphavantage.co/ which is pretty well documented, in terms of avaliable functions (but not parameters). However, in order to get an API response, one needs to ...
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2answers
487 views

Why does the EUR/USD exchange rate is in fact USD/EUR from a mathematical point of view?, why finance does not use the mathematical notation?

I found this answers: https://www.quora.com/Why-is-the-EUR-USD-traded-like-that-and-not-like-USD-EUR, but I'm not quite satisfied, I still do not understand how arranging them according to "most ...
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0answers
15 views

Listed Company's Filing Deadline

Where could I get historical record of listed company's filing deadline that announced by SEC of Asia country & US? I could get the latest deadline from respective SEC websites, but not changes ...
4
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2answers
238 views

What is the priority of the waiting non-matched bets, when a match becomes available in Betfair?

Say the back price (odds) on a market is $2.5$. Then the following time sequence happens: Bettor $A$ places a back bet with price $2.6$, for $\$100$ (it will not match) Then bettor $B$ places a ...
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2answers
180 views

Literature recommendation on extreme asset price movements

I'm looking for good papers and books covering extreme stock price movements and mathematical theories of stock market crashs.
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5answers
27k views

Symbols for DAX from Alpha Vantage

I found the website https://www.alphavantage.co as an alternative for yahoo finance stock API. I am interested in the top 30 DAX symbols, but I seem to cannot find them on Alpha Vantage. Is there a ...
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2answers
110 views

Does all (or any) exchange eats the positive difference between a buy order and a ask order?

Say Alice asks for 100 for 5 stocks, Rob asks 101 for 5 stocks. Bob really wants to buy the stocks, so he bids $101 for 10 stocks. Does Bob actually pays 100 * 5 + 101 * 5 + fee, or 101 * 10 + fee? ...
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2answers
70 views

How Market Exchange and Vendor entitlements/permission works?

I would like to know how market data entitlement and permissions works at Vendor level and exchange level? if our firm receive Realtime data from Vendor or directly from exchange.. What permissions ...
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1answer
148 views

Where can I see the bid stack for FX?

In trading FX binary options on brief tenors like 1 hour, I frequently see the FX price bounce right on the expiry boundary, like hourly or 20 minute boundaries. I would like to figure out if these ...
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0answers
49 views

Are there any exchanges which match orders in timed intervals?

When an exchange works with an electronic order book and a matching engine, it usually tries to match orders in realtime during trading hours. That means when a new order comes in, it tries to match ...
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4answers
1k views

is there any alternative to FIX protocol

I have heard that FIX is one of the most widely used protocols for communication of securities exchange systems (correct me if its not!!). My question is: is there any other well known protocol like ...
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3answers
946 views

Black & Scholes doesn't give current option market price

I'm trying to use the Black & Scholes to calculate the price for some options on the CBOE, but I'm having a hard time matching what I calculate with what i see on the market. As an example I took ...
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1answer
233 views

What makes open-outcry preferable to electronic trading and what are its consequences?

I recently visited the trading floor of CBOE where especially the pits of SPX and VIX are relatively crowded and open outcry is still performed. I was surprised to hear that the traded volume is non ...
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1answer
185 views

How do exchanges decide the tick sizes?

How do exchanges decide the tick sizes? I wonder which factors are taken into account to make the decision. I know that from time to time tick sizes are changed, e.g. https://web.archive.org/web/...
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0answers
124 views

How do I estimate opening call auction order book for equities?

The opening call auction crossing order book is partially sealed, i.e. only the specialist can see quotes. Is there a stock exchange where this data is available later to simulate the matching ...
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1answer
199 views

Rationale behind trading exchange-traded vs OTC products?

Let's say I am running a fund and I want to place some bets on the market (i.e. speculate) or hedge my current positions. Starting from this, what would be my incentives to go for exchange-traded ...