Questions tagged [factor-models]

Econometric model that have the purpose to measure the effect of different risk measures on portfolio asset returns.

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39
votes
3answers
26k views

How to build a factor model?

Factor models such as Fama-French or the other ones that are partially summarized here work on the cross-section of asset returns. How are the factors built, how are sensitivities/coefficients ...
36
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2answers
9k views

Which approach to estimating fundamental factor models is better, cross-sectional (unobservable) factors or time-series (observable) factors?

There are many approaches to estimating fundamental factor equity models. I would like to focus on two traditional methods: The time-series regression approach of Fama and French. Factors are ...
27
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6answers
4k views

Most successful investors using academic-based framework?

What are the most famous/best performing absolute-return funds employing approaches based on mainstream finance theory (i.e., theory presented in Journal of Finance, AER, Econometrica, using typically ...
18
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3answers
4k views

Why do expected return models and risk models use different factors?

This is a question responding to weekly topic challenge. I happen to see an interesting question from SYMMYS by Michael Kapler. I always approached expected return and risk modeling as separate ...
18
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4answers
804 views

Variable Selection in factor models

Let's say you have a dependent variable and many independent variables. What are the preferred metrics for sorting and selecting variables based on explanatory power? Let's say you are not concerned ...
17
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1answer
1k views

Testing Valuation, Size and Momentum (proprietary factors) from 1988-2013: No evidence of driving cross-sectional returns

I am currently testing whether three proprietary factors - Valuation, Size and Momentum - explain cross-sectional returns. A sample of 3000 securities was tested using Fama-MacBeth two-pass ...
16
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1answer
972 views

Meta-view of different time-series similarity measures?

While I spend most of my StackExchange time on MathematicaSE, I'm in the business and follow the questions and answers on this site with great interest. Recently questions like the following (and ...
14
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4answers
9k views

R: Fast and efficient way of running a multivariate regression across a (really) large panel (First pass of Fama MacBeth)

I am attempting to run a rolling multivariate regression (14 explanatory variables) across a panel of 5000 stocks: For each of the 5000 stocks, I run 284 regressions (by rolling over my sample period)...
14
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1answer
773 views

Has any research used Bayesian networks to estimate risk factor betas?

Is there any published research on estimating the beta of a security with respect to one or more risk factors via Bayesian networks? I'd like to see if this is a promising angle of research.
14
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1answer
2k views

Optimization: Factor model versus asset-by-asset model

In portfolio management one often has to solve problems of the quadratic form $$ w^T \Sigma w + w^T c \rightarrow \min_{\omega} $$ with portfolio weights $w \in \mathbb{R}^N$ a constant $c \in \mathbb{...
11
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1answer
1k views

Fama-French 3-factor model: factors implying risk

The Fama-French three-factor risk model is given by $$ r=R_f+\beta_m(K_m-R_f) + \beta_s\cdot\mathit{SMB}+\beta_v\cdot\mathit{HML}+\alpha $$ where $r$ is the return, $R_f$ is the risk-free rate, $K_m$ ...
10
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4answers
4k views

How to perform risk factor calculation?

I am studying Arbitrage Pricing Theory (APT) and I have a question about calculating factor exposures. Assume: \begin{equation} r = \beta_1r_1 + \beta_2r_2 + ... + \beta_kr_k + r_e \end{equation} ...
10
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1answer
3k views

What are the steps to perform properly a risk factor analysis on a portfolio?

I have been asked to perform a factor analysis on a given portfolio, assume it's a Swiss portfolio in CHF. First step, I chose which factors I would like to see in my analysis. The first factors I ...
10
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4answers
1k views

Hedge Fund risk management on a daily basis

Since Hedge Funds/Fund of Funds report on a monthly basis usually within 10 days after the month end, monitoring and managing (hedging) potential risks is quite a difficult task. Having done some ...
9
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2answers
1k views

What are the main market anomalies/inefficiencies detected in quantitative finance?

I wondered about the existence of a complete list of the anomalies detected in quantitative finance. Generally, a market anomaly or inefficiency is a asset price and/or rate of return distortion on a ...
9
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1answer
6k views

How to test the 5 Factor CAPM of Fama & French (2014)?

I would like to conduct a study testing the 5 factor CAPM, using UK stocks. Does anyone have any suggestions of how I can do this? Could this task be as simple as regressing average returns for a ...
9
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2answers
780 views

Interpreting Fama-French factors for the German stock market

I calculated the Fama-French five factors myself for the German market. Most of my results align well with prior research, except one thing: When i do the calculations for the sub-period from 2011 to ...
9
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1answer
199 views

Are the causes of momentum uniform for various asset classes?

Is there any theory which is able to unify and/or falsify existing explanations on the causes of asset price/return momentum? The prevailing theory is that behavioral and cognitive biases lead to ...
8
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3answers
6k views

What's the meaning of the intercept in asset pricing model?

I would like to understand the role of alpha (intercept) in the regression-based asset pricing model or $n$-factor models; one of the most famous of those one is the Fama-French 3-factor model. ...
8
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2answers
503 views

The T+H Problem in Factor model forecasts

Suppose we train on M individuals consisting of T observations (i.e. TxM design matrix). The dependent variable is one-year return for each security (H = horizon of one year). In a factor model ...
8
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2answers
1k views

Distinction between “risk factor” and “market anomaly”

What are some of the general rules to decide whether a particular factor is a "risk factor" or "anomaly?" Naively speaking, can't you put any anomaly factor on the right-hand-side of the regression ...
8
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2answers
3k views

Using cross-sectional factor model (BARRA type) returns in a time series factor model (Fama-French type)?

This may be seen as a follow up question for the previous discussion on time-series vs cross-sectional factor models: Which approach to estimating fundamental factor models is better, cross-sectional (...
8
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4answers
2k views

Multi Factor Credit Risk Models

I am working in the area of building credit risk models. Upto this point, the model I have been focused on using the Asymptotic Single Factor Model, more popularly known as Vasicek Single Factor Model....
7
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3answers
1k views

Why are factor models so popular for risk analysis of portfolios?

As titled, my question consists on asking for why in the most of academic papers one almost always finds that when you try to model asset returns, one needs to adjust for risk factors before analyzing ...
7
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3answers
4k views

What is Quantitative Investing and how does it differ from Quantitative Trading?

I have worked in quantitative trading for a couple of years so I know what that space is about. I am curious to know what quantitative investing is all about. Based on what I have read and talked to ...
7
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1answer
974 views

Why is two-factor model so popular for bond futures?

Given that which bond in the basket becomes CTD depends massively on idiosyncratic moves among different bonds, should we not be always using N factor model instead of 2 Factor model? By using only ...
7
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3answers
4k views

How to interpret the French-Fama SMB factor?

I regressed ten portfolios on the Fama French factors and get significant loadings on the SMB factor. However, if I look at the actual average market cap of these portfolios, the portfolios with the ...
7
votes
1answer
288 views

Industry factors without GICS

I'm working through the Quantitative Equity Portfolio Management book by Chincarini and Kim. I'd like to build a basic industry-based fundamental factor model. As this is a pet project for ...
7
votes
1answer
310 views

Why is Weighted Least Squares necessary in fundamental factor model?

Why is Weighted Least Squares necessary in fundamental factor model while it is not in a standard Macroeconomic factor model? I understand that $\mathbb{E}[\epsilon^2_{it}]=\sigma_i^2$ varies across ...
6
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2answers
10k views

Could someone teach me how to construct the portfolios by compute (like using R, Excel or Eviews)

Recently, I am doing my dissertation that covers asset pricing theory. The empirical test of Fama 3 factors model is an important part of this dissertation. Please let me review the fama model. Fama ...
6
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2answers
1k views

Factor Model - Minimum Variance Portfolio [Complete Proof]

Can someone check my proof? I think there is something not quite right. I have found limited resources online for this as well so I think it might benefit others to get this on the internet. Assume ...
6
votes
1answer
5k views

Interpreting the coefficients of Fama-MacBeth regression

According to Fama & MacBeth (1973) two-step regression, you start with estimating the beta factors. When applying the Fama-French 3-Factor model, you first run the linear regression $$r_{i,t}=α_i+...
6
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3answers
800 views

Testing the validity of a factor model for stock returns

Consider the following m regression equation system: $$r^i = X^i \beta^i + \epsilon^i \;\;\; \text{for} \;i=1,2,3,..,n$$ where $r^i$ is a $(T\times 1)$ vector of the T observations of the dependent ...
6
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1answer
2k views

How to use factor models for prediction?

I was looking at this thread here, reading about how to run regressions and thereby construct factor models. Assuming these factor models are properly specified, I am trying to better understand how ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

Non-negative matrix factorization for factor analysis of stocks

I stumbled over the term Non-negative matrix factorization in presentations such as Application of Machine Learning to Finance and this Big Data in Asset Management. The basic idea is to decompose a ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

Factor model assumptions

I was reading on Factor Models in the book Quantitative Risk Management by McNeil, et al. In section 3.4.1 they introduce a linear factor model $$X = a + BF + \epsilon,$$ where $X \in R^d$, $F \in R^...
5
votes
1answer
7k views

How to get real-time data for Fama-French model?

For Fama-French model we need SMB (small[market cap] minus big) and HML (high[book-to-market-ratio] minis low). I want to ...
5
votes
1answer
858 views

factor models and using cross section regression

I have been doing some reading on factor models. In the literature it mentions that when creating a portfolio that maximises particular attributes it may lead to unwanted bias to other factors. I ...
5
votes
2answers
191 views

Modeling transaction cost with single-counted turnover ratio

Why do people use "Single-Counted" turnover ratio when modeling for transaction cost. I read a paper (Factor Investing in the Corporate Bond Market) which uses only the purchase side as turnover ...
5
votes
2answers
489 views

Quant/Stat Factor Performance Website/Distribution?

Does anyone know of a decent quant/stat factor website, distribution(public or private) or publication that tracks performance of "many" of traditional quant/stat factors? By that I mean would show ...
4
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2answers
1k views

Does Fama French Three Factor Model Work out of Sample (after 1993)?

Does anyone know if the Fama-French three factor model has been re-examined empirically after 1993, when the original paper was first published? I am asking because there seems to be considerable ...
4
votes
2answers
434 views

Why use market capitalization weighted index over PCA?

Why is it so popular to use market capitalization weighted indices instead of taking the first principle component that explains the most variation of the constituents? I haven't yet seen an academic ...
4
votes
2answers
293 views

Comparing Investment Style with Fama French 3 Factor Model

How do you evaluate this? I have tried searching online but there are no matching results. Is it just a simple average of the 3 Betas? And how do we determine the investment style aggressiveness? In ...
4
votes
3answers
28k views

How exactly do I calculate and interpret factors in Fama-French model?

Could anyone explain me how to interpret factors and what kind of regressions I should run? I have already calculated the factor returns as well as 6 Fama-French portfolio returns, the only problem ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

Rationale of Fama Macbeth procedure

I am confused about the rationale behind the Fama Macbeth regression methodology. I understand how to practically perform the two steps but not why one should do so. For instance, considering the ...
4
votes
3answers
445 views

Is there a way to meaningfully generate daily returns from monthly?

I have a set of 7 investments in a portfolio and I need to optimize the weightings based on some exposures to various markets/styles/economic factors. I was hoping to do some sort of simple exposure ...
4
votes
2answers
4k views

Portfolio Risk Decomposition - different methodologies

I understand that there are several methods for decomposing contributions to risk (be it variance, std dev, etc.) in a portfolio of assets. For example, a response in this post indicates that there ...
4
votes
2answers
822 views

pure factor return for factor model

I am reading a paper. The authors use the multivariate regression to calculate the pure factor return $\beta_F$ using the following equation: $$Return_{t+1}=\beta_F f_F + \beta_{RF_1} f_{RF_1} +⋯+ \...
4
votes
3answers
389 views

Where to find daily European value factor data?

Kenneth R. French website only provides monthly European factor data. I want to track this data daily. Here's what I tried: MSCI Europe Barra Value Index - it's long short 130/30, not 100/100. ...
4
votes
2answers
435 views

Best practice for international Fama-French analysis

First I have to admit that I have never been really good at thinking about the implications of investments in different currencies. I don't know why but it makes my head spin, this is why I am no FX ...

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