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Questions tagged [finance]

The tag has no usage guidance.

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0answers
29 views

Using CFNAI index for identifying sample periods

I'm doing my Thesis on Asset pricing models and I would like to find out the effects of business cycles on the performance of asset pricing models for industry portfolios. My initial idea was to ...
0
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1answer
33 views

Is there any banking theory that can be confirmed or refuted? [closed]

For example: There are many International relations theories. Depending on the object of study, the theory can be confirmed or refuted. I'm an intern in a bank. My responsibilities include data ...
3
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2answers
126 views

Verifying two properties of the Clayton Copula

So I'm trying to verify the first two properties of a copula for the Clayton model. The first two properties being: $C(u_1,…,u_d)$ is non-decreasing in each component, $u_i$ The $i^{th}$ marginal ...
1
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1answer
34 views

How to compute the Net Leverage Ratio for a mortgage [on hold]

In the introduction to the 4th video of lectures series Finance I on MIT Opencurseware (https://www.youtube.com/watch?time_continue=166&v=hyc8h5T76BE), Andrews Lo talks about the net leverage ...
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0answers
51 views

Credit default swap replication by corporative bonds

I want to get literature or information related with the topic of CDS replication for those counterparties that do not hold. But that have traded bonds (with different degree of liquidity). What could ...
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1answer
31 views

Holding Period Return [closed]

Bought stock for $12.00$/share. Sold 3 years later at $20$/share. Paid $1$ dividend each year for 3 years. Stock's value at the end of the first year was $18$ and $15$ at the end of the second. Find ...
3
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0answers
62 views

Why can the t-bill rate forecast stock returns?

The tbill rate is used as a predictor of the equity premium in a number of papers. Whilst there is not a general consensus about whether it is a significant predictor, it is still widely used. I ...
1
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3answers
158 views

What does Volatility Smile tell? [closed]

Could you please share your opinions about Volatility Smile? What does it tell us when it gets more convex or when its level changes over time or any other change on it. Any paper/work/blog ...
2
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1answer
70 views

Pricing an fx option in the same currency

Let imagine we have an option from EUR to USD priced in EUR, therefore the payoff for a call is: $$\frac{(S - K)^{+}}{S} = K (1/K - 1/S)^{+}$$ This is basically the payoff of a price of a put on 1/S ...
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0answers
13 views

Deriving sources of return (over.) extrapolation from surveys

I would like analyze what causes investors to extrapolate returns and there are several theories out there that aim to explain such behavior, such as for example the representativeness heuristic by ...
1
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0answers
29 views

estimate cost of equity (Re) / required rate of return using DCF [closed]

I'd like to estimate Amazon's after-tax cost of equity (Re) using both the DCF and CAPM approaches. Tons of info and resources on how to estimate Re using CAPM, but DCF, I see no relevant resources. ...
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0answers
48 views

Is it Possible to replicate SPAN?

I currently trade intraday Options on the nearest term expiry and futures. Both E-mini S&P. I am trying to replicate the SPAN margin calculation for the entire portfolio of options and futures. So ...
1
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1answer
68 views

Correlated stock prices and geometric Brownian motion

I have two uncorrelated stocks which follow geometric Brownian motion, as follows $$\begin{aligned} dS_a &= \mu_aS_adt + \sigma_aS_adW\\ dS_b &= \mu_bS_bdt + \sigma_bS_b dW \end{aligned}$$ ...
5
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0answers
81 views

Feller Condition (Cox-Ingersoll-Ross) source

For the Cox-Ingersoll-Ross model $$\text{d}r_t = a(b-r_t)\text{d}t+\sigma\sqrt{r_t}\text{d}W_t$$ the condition (referred to as "Feller condition") $$2ab\geq\sigma^2$$ ensures that the solution is ...
1
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1answer
85 views

Relationship between CML and SML

I am referring to the book Sharpe et al. (1998), Investments, 6th Edition. I am trying to wrap my head around some lines from the book, pertaining to Security Market Line. It reads: Earlier it was ...
3
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1answer
90 views

Data: Why is a firm stock delisted?

Shumway (1997) highlights that stock returns in cross-sectional portfolio analysis have to be adjusted for firm delistings. The CRSP database maintains a monthly delisting file (msedelist) with ...
1
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1answer
46 views

What preprint repositories are available online?

Besides data sources, what preprint archives are available for academics and practitioners in the fields of Quantitative Finance and Economics? I have subscribed Google Scholar alerts and regularly ...
4
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2answers
140 views

Relationship between diversification and standard deviation

Explain the relationship between diversification and standard deviation: There are two general principles that should govern investment behaviors in a world of efficient markets, where one has the ...
1
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1answer
143 views

How to calculate one-year forward one-year rate? [closed]

I'm just a little lost on how to calculate forward rates. I know this is an easy question, but, if we are given a one-year and two-year zero rate (let's say, for the sake of the argument, 2% and 3% ...
2
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2answers
59 views

Standardized numerical values for ratings

Is there a standardized way of transforming the ratings of any of the major ratings agencies (S&P, Moody's, Fitch) to a numerical value. Ideally, it might be possible to create a similar scale for ...
2
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0answers
77 views

Do you have any examples of 2 assets that are non linearly correlated? And any models that calculate portfolio risk based on non-linear correlation?

Do you have any examples of 2 assets that are non linearly correlated? And any models that calculate portfolio risk based on non-linear correlation?
1
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1answer
45 views

Why is there inconsistency in WACC vs unlevered return?

To evaluate an enterprise we can discount free cash flow by either the unlevered required rate of return or the WACC. With Tax we have: $WACC=R_e \frac{E}{E+D}+R_f\frac{D}{E+D}(1-t)$ where $R_e$ is ...
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2answers
117 views

Getting a list of all trading days?

I have a large dataset (taken from Kaggle: https://www.kaggle.com/borismarjanovic/price-volume-data-for-all-us-stocks-etfs/), and I would like to fill in the missing data. To do that I can (1) ...
1
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0answers
97 views

Some definitions in the BARRA Predicted Beta model

I'm studying the BARRA Predicted Beta model, and the common factor covariance between portfolio $p$ and the return on the market $m$ is defined as the product of the transposed vector of the factor ...
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0answers
40 views

Valueing a Short future contract with dividens [closed]

A forward of an underlying paying a yield $q$ can be priced with the equation: Price $= S_0 e^{(r-q)*t}$ or Price $= (S_0-I)e^{rt}$ Where $S_0$ = Spot price, r = interest, q = dividend yield, I = ...
4
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1answer
73 views

Barrier Option from binomial tree

What is the smallest information structure that is required for using the binomial tree to calculate the price of a barrier (up-and-in) option? My gut feeling is any node below the node that reaches ...
0
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4answers
91 views

How to test the linearity assumption of a model?

Let's say I want to have a model that projects income over a stressed period. I have a marked-to-market component that shows the P&L of trading book positions during this stressed period. Along ...
1
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0answers
32 views

Is there a quantitative definition of a Quiet, Moderate or Accelerate market conditions?

i know the StdDev price technical indicator which is the standard deviation but this one has an absolute value. The market conditions are: Quiet: lower oscillation of price around a constant ...
1
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0answers
23 views

Monthly Discount Rate in NPV Calculation [closed]

I have been offered 2 payment methods as I was buying some tools for a company I work for. I need your help to assess the best method. Here it goes, Total cost is $100 and I don't want to pay it all ...
2
votes
1answer
72 views

Which methods are there to determine the price of futures contracts?

Which method apart from the cost of carry model exists, and which works best in real life? How does the market expectations impact on the futures price?
1
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0answers
47 views

Arbitrage argument and Market Quotes [closed]

Good day, I wanted to ask for help with a question from one of my exercise sheets. For a share S the market quotes a given strike K in both european and american styles. Use an arbitrage ...
1
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1answer
42 views

Equal Weight better sharpe than Tangency portfolio

Could you explain to me what it means to have better Sharpe Ratio in Equal Weight portfolio than tangency portfolio (max sharpe). Thank you.
1
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1answer
46 views

Portfolio Variance - Explanation for equation : Investments by Zvi Bodie

Source: Investments 10th Edition by Bodie, Zvi. Page 227 Chapter 7 In Equation 7.17, the book breaks the variance into two parts. I can't seem to understand why the 1/n is represented outside the ...
0
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1answer
80 views

Mean Variance Investment problem

I attach a part of a paper explaining how the weights of a market portfolio are derived. I do not understand how equation 5 has been derived and, in particular, where the zero beta portfolio's return ...
-2
votes
1answer
161 views

Is R suited for a Quantitative Finance executable application

I wonder if a R-Shiny application works well for a production environment or the only option is C++. I make this question taking in account that R and C++ have a widely set of quant libraries that ...
5
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0answers
77 views

Merton's portfolio problem with constraints

Suppose the investor can invest in a Black-Scholes market with one risky asset $S$ with drift $\alpha$ and volatility $\sigma$ and a riskless asset $B$ with a riskless rate of return $r$, and the ...
0
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1answer
93 views

why bridgewater filing only shows 10 billion in AUM

bridgewater supposed to manage 200 billion, but it 13F filling only shows 10 billion in AUM https://fintel.io/i13f/bridgewater-associates-lp/2018-09-30-0 why is it?
2
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1answer
58 views

How to Parameterize a Bond Yield Curve?

Suppose I have a Bond Yield Curve (assume Semi-Annual Compounding), at term 1M, 3M... 1Y, 2Y... 10Y, 15Y ...30Y (x-axis is maturity / term). How should I parameterize this yield curve? Any ...
-1
votes
1answer
43 views

can a country replace its debt with a low interest loan?

Recently in my country, someone started a buzz in which he had plans to replace current debt of the country with low interest loans from other countries such as Japan. May I know if this is possible ...
5
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0answers
229 views

Interpreting Fama-French factors for the German stock market

I calculated the Fama-French five factors myself for the German market. Most of my results align well with prior research, except one thing: When i do the calculations for the sub-period from 2011 to ...
1
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1answer
174 views

Natural Gas Modelling

In job adverts for natural gas/power trading it states knowledge of supply and demands models for these commodities. Does anyone know of any good papers or primers on S&D modelling?
1
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1answer
455 views

Fama MacBeth cross-sectional Regression

I am deeply confused right now and hope someone can help me out a bit. I want to replicate part of a paper from Fama/French (2008), Dissecting anomalies, specifically, Table IV "Average Slopes and t-...
5
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1answer
187 views

Limit order book cancellations

Is there any practical and academic interest in predicting which orders in a limit order book will be canceled? From a policy point of view are people interested in detecting potential spoofing ...
0
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1answer
40 views

When estimating P/L through greeks based on zero rate curves, does it contain time (theta) PNL?

Suppose on day 1 we calculate a delta wrt. a point on an interest curve of zero rates, we then let 1 day pass, recalculate the interest curve of zero rates with the same bonds (though now day 20 bond ...
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0answers
24 views

Which stock price to take for historical ratios in stock screener (EPS etc.)?

We are currently testing a stock screener that we built and want to implement historical ratios in there too - this is working already for all ratios that don't require stock prices (so all ...
2
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0answers
78 views

Does Academic Research Destroy Stock Return Predictability?

McLean/Pontiff (2016) give evidence that portfolio returns are 26% lower out-of-sample and 58% lower after publishing an academic paper on variables, which are likely to predict cross-sectional ...
1
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1answer
876 views

What if CAPM cost of equity is negative?

Dear Community members, I calculate 5 years trailing beta using capm. After that I calculate estimated cost of equity. However, what I have is that most of the observations have negative cost of ...
3
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0answers
44 views

Headquarter Relocation and Stock Return - Influence of Universities

Scott Galloway states in chapter 8, The T Algorithm, in his book The Four: The Hidden DNA of Amazon, Apple, Facebook, and Google, that a successful strategy to become a "trillion dollar company" must ...
1
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0answers
130 views

Barrier Shifts - necessary for up-and-out call / down-and-in put?

Recently I came across the topic of barrier shift for barrier/digital options. I found that most examples centred around down-and-in puts / up-and-in call / digitals. I am wondering if we need ...
1
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1answer
94 views

Replicating portfolios [closed]

Prices of a stock are modeled using a two-period binomial tree, with each period being six months. The continuously compounded risk free interest rate is 7 % The stock pays 2 % continuous dividend. ...