# Questions tagged [finance-mathematics]

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### About buying and selling a cumulative parisian options

I ask my question here because I want to know more about the cumulative Parisian options introduced by M. Chesney, Mr. Jeanblanc-Picué and Mr. Yor in 1997, then developed by Hugonnier in 1999 and F. ...
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### The deflator of reinsurance market is unique

How to prove that the deflator $\phi$ of the reinsurance market is unique when working in the equilibrium model? That is, if we have a pricing function $\pi$, which satisfies: $$\pi(Y)=E(\phi Y)$$ ...
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### Why do most interest rate formulas, and indeed finance in general, add 1 to a rate and then subtract afterwards? [closed]

For example, in the formula that shows the relationship between the nominal and effective interest rate shown below, 1 is first added to in/m and then 1 is subtracted from the result. What is the ...
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### Hedging Value-Financial Mathematics

EXERCISE We consider a free from arbitrage financial market $(Ω,F,P,S_0,S_1)$ with $α<S_0^{1}\cdot(1+r)<β$,where $$0<α:=min_{ω \in Ω} S_1^{1}(ω), β:=max_{ω \in Ω}S_1^{1}, α<β$$ Let ...
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### Total Returns From Adjusted Close Prices

I'm trying to understand why the total return (return including dividends) that I get from calculating return using adjusted close price, does not equal the total return calculated in another manner. ...
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### Approximation of Forward Rates in discrete time

The forward rate from time $t$ to $T$ ($f_{t,T}$) can be approximated by: $$f_{t,T}= \left[ \frac{(1+r_T)^T}{(1+r_t)^t} \right]^{\frac{1}{{T-t}}}-1 \sim \frac{(1+r_T)^T-(1+r_t)^t}{T-t}$$ Why is ...
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### Replicating portfolios [closed]

Prices of a stock are modeled using a two-period binomial tree, with each period being six months. The continuously compounded risk free interest rate is 7 % The stock pays 2 % continuous dividend. ...
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### Pricing methods in the real world when there is more than one free arbitrage price

Perhaps this question sounds trivial and obvious, but I am starting to study this new field. When we are in a complete market without arbitrage opportunities there is only one risk-neutral martingale ...
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### Price of a stochastic game between an agent and the market

In the article Pricing via utility maximization and entropy from Richard Rouge and Nicole El Karoui, they define the value function of the optimization problem as \begin{align} V(x,C) = \dfrac{1}{\...
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In Python: ...
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### The duality of the free energy and relative entropy used to deduce deduce the stochastic game between an agent and the market

I am reading the article Pricing via utility maximization and entropy by Richard Rouge and Nicole El Karoui. They talk about the relative entropy of a probability measure $Q$ with respect to the ...
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### standard brownian vs brownian motion

We say Xt with paramters (µ,σ) is brownian process if (Xt-s - X t) ~N (µs,σ2 s) AMONG other conditons . Here we don't speak about any particular distribution for X t. We only say it is a brownian ...
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### Pricing caplet with Bachelier (normal dynamic) using forward measure

I'm trying to price caplet with Bachelier under forward measure, but I can't find any solution. Remind that Bachelier assumed rates follow a normal dynamic. So here what I was doing : $C_t(T,T+d)$ ...
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### Determine the right order size with market making strategy

In a market market strategy https://web.stanford.edu/class/msande448/2017/Final/Reports/gr4.pdf, how can we determine the right order size? Assuming I use a market making strategy and on a specific ...
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### Cash Flow News and Discount Rate News + Return

I will appreciate If someone help me to understand how the final expansion is made. Specifically, how CF & DR are drived. This model is introduced by Chen et. al. (2013).What Drives Stock Price ...
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### Utility Maximization on a finite Probability Space. Possible mistakes in a paper?

I am currently reading this paper on utility maximization in a financial market model. On page 5 the author starts with the case of a finite probability space and on page 19 he considers the ...
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### Struggling with tau in Black-Litterman

According to the omega formula in B-L tau is used in the Omega estimation to determine the degree of uncertainty given to views of the investor: So, if tau is given a low value then the inverse of ...
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### Dubious math in Thorp's magnum opus

I started reading Thorp's "Beat the Market" book and stumbled on a formula I can't figure out: https://imgur.com/a/xqfViKt What's the point in adding time to price and the whole probabilites ...
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### Market Making Strategies Found by Hamilton-Jacobi-Bellman Equation

Im working my way through the book "Algorithmic and High-Frequency Trading" (AHFT) by Cartea, Jaimungal and Penalva and i'm curious to see how the market making model with an exponential utility ...
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### Develop a pricing formula for an American digital put option

This problem comes from concepts and practice of mathematical finance by Joshi Chapter 8 problem 9. Develop a pricing formula for an American digital put option Joshi's solution - He states that ...
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### Bond price formula, redemption yield and no arbitrage

Given the 1 year bond with a price 98 and C as 8% on face value 100. I want to find the implied single compounding interest rate. I can solve for r via the bond price formula or I can just set up ...