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Questions tagged [finance]

The tag has no usage guidance.

0
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1answer
6 views

Holding Period Return

Bought stock for $12.00$/share. Sold 3 years later at $20$/share. Paid $1$ dividend each year for 3 years. Stock's value at the end of the first year was $18$ and $15$ at the end of the second. Find ...
-2
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0answers
13 views

Suppliers Lead Time [on hold]

I am calculating the suppliers lead time and I have the following doubt. An order placed today with delivery date March 31, but is actually delivered by the supplier on May 10. The lead time will be ...
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3answers
135 views

What does Volatility Smile tell? [on hold]

Could you please share your opinions about Volatility Smile? What does it tell us when it gets more convex or when its level changes over time or any other change on it. Any paper/work/blog ...
1
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1answer
44 views

Why is there inconsistency in WACC vs unlevered return?

To evaluate an enterprise we can discount free cash flow by either the unlevered required rate of return or the WACC. With Tax we have: $WACC=R_e \frac{E}{E+D}+R_f\frac{D}{E+D}(1-t)$ where $R_e$ is ...
3
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0answers
58 views

Why can the t-bill rate forecast stock returns?

The tbill rate is used as a predictor of the equity premium in a number of papers. Whilst there is not a general consensus about whether it is a significant predictor, it is still widely used. I ...
1
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1answer
50 views

Correlated stock prices and geometric Brownian motion

I have two uncorrelated stocks which follow geometric Brownian motion, as follows $$\begin{aligned} dS_a &= \mu_aS_adt + \sigma_aS_adW\\ dS_b &= \mu_bS_bdt + \sigma_bS_b dW \end{aligned}$$ ...
2
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1answer
69 views

Pricing an fx option in the same currency

Let imagine we have an option from EUR to USD priced in EUR, therefore the payoff for a call is: $$\frac{(S - K)^{+}}{S} = K (1/K - 1/S)^{+}$$ This is basically the payoff of a price of a put on 1/S ...
2
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1answer
58 views

Data: Why is a firm stock delisted?

Shumway (1997) highlights that stock returns in cross-sectional portfolio analysis have to be adjusted for firm delistings. The CRSP database maintains a monthly delisting file (msedelist) with ...
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0answers
13 views

Deriving sources of return (over.) extrapolation from surveys

I would like analyze what causes investors to extrapolate returns and there are several theories out there that aim to explain such behavior, such as for example the representativeness heuristic by ...
1
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0answers
29 views

estimate cost of equity (Re) / required rate of return using DCF

I'd like to estimate Amazon's after-tax cost of equity (Re) using both the DCF and CAPM approaches. Tons of info and resources on how to estimate Re using CAPM, but DCF, I see no relevant resources. ...
0
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0answers
43 views

Is it Possible to replicate SPAN?

I currently trade intraday Options on the nearest term expiry and futures. Both E-mini S&P. I am trying to replicate the SPAN margin calculation for the entire portfolio of options and futures. So ...
5
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0answers
74 views

Feller Condition (Cox-Ingersoll-Ross) source

For the Cox-Ingersoll-Ross model $$\text{d}r_t = a(b-r_t)\text{d}t+\sigma\sqrt{r_t}\text{d}W_t$$ the condition (referred to as "Feller condition") $$2ab\geq\sigma^2$$ ensures that the solution is ...
1
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1answer
66 views

Relationship between CML and SML

I am referring to the book Sharpe et al. (1998), Investments, 6th Edition. I am trying to wrap my head around some lines from the book, pertaining to Security Market Line. It reads: Earlier it was ...
1
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2answers
90 views

Distribution of data for GBM

I am running some Monte Carlo simulations with GBM on time series of commodity prices. First of all, the price data is annual between 1900-1950. I would firstly like to know if it is bad practice to ...
0
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4answers
89 views

How to test the linearity assumption of a model?

Let's say I want to have a model that projects income over a stressed period. I have a marked-to-market component that shows the P&L of trading book positions during this stressed period. Along ...
-1
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4answers
998 views

How to download bloomberg intraday data efficiently with API

so I would download a bunch of intraday data, for a bunch of securities, but we keep hitting our monthly cap limit. We don't want to upgrade to a more expensive package as this is simply a research ...
0
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1answer
167 views

Natural Gas Modelling

In job adverts for natural gas/power trading it states knowledge of supply and demands models for these commodities. Does anyone know of any good papers or primers on S&D modelling?
5
votes
1answer
263 views

Fama French (2000): Characteristics, Covariances and Average Returns - intuition behind sorting of the returns

I am in the middle of doing my graduate programme in Accounting and Finance. Right now, I am taking a ph.D level course in Asset Pricing, wherein our first assignment/task is to recreate some tables ...
256
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29answers
193k views

What data sources are available online?

What sources of financial and economic data are available online? Which ones are free or cheap? What has your experience been like with these data sources?
4
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2answers
130 views

Relationship between diversification and standard deviation

Explain the relationship between diversification and standard deviation: There are two general principles that should govern investment behaviors in a world of efficient markets, where one has the ...
1
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1answer
43 views

What preprint repositories are available online?

Besides data sources, what preprint archives are available for academics and practitioners in the fields of Quantitative Finance and Economics? I have subscribed Google Scholar alerts and regularly ...
1
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1answer
116 views

How to calculate one-year forward one-year rate? [closed]

I'm just a little lost on how to calculate forward rates. I know this is an easy question, but, if we are given a one-year and two-year zero rate (let's say, for the sake of the argument, 2% and 3% ...
2
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2answers
57 views

Standardized numerical values for ratings

Is there a standardized way of transforming the ratings of any of the major ratings agencies (S&P, Moody's, Fitch) to a numerical value. Ideally, it might be possible to create a similar scale for ...
2
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0answers
76 views

Do you have any examples of 2 assets that are non linearly correlated? And any models that calculate portfolio risk based on non-linear correlation?

Do you have any examples of 2 assets that are non linearly correlated? And any models that calculate portfolio risk based on non-linear correlation?
1
vote
2answers
115 views

Getting a list of all trading days?

I have a large dataset (taken from Kaggle: https://www.kaggle.com/borismarjanovic/price-volume-data-for-all-us-stocks-etfs/), and I would like to fill in the missing data. To do that I can (1) ...
1
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0answers
72 views

Some definitions in the BARRA Predicted Beta model

I'm studying the BARRA Predicted Beta model, and the common factor covariance between portfolio $p$ and the return on the market $m$ is defined as the product of the transposed vector of the factor ...
1
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0answers
39 views

Valueing a Short future contract with dividens [closed]

A forward of an underlying paying a yield $q$ can be priced with the equation: Price $= S_0 e^{(r-q)*t}$ or Price $= (S_0-I)e^{rt}$ Where $S_0$ = Spot price, r = interest, q = dividend yield, I = ...
0
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1answer
79 views

Mean Variance Investment problem

I attach a part of a paper explaining how the weights of a market portfolio are derived. I do not understand how equation 5 has been derived and, in particular, where the zero beta portfolio's return ...
4
votes
1answer
72 views

Barrier Option from binomial tree

What is the smallest information structure that is required for using the binomial tree to calculate the price of a barrier (up-and-in) option? My gut feeling is any node below the node that reaches ...
1
vote
0answers
30 views

Is there a quantitative definition of a Quiet, Moderate or Accelerate market conditions?

i know the StdDev price technical indicator which is the standard deviation but this one has an absolute value. The market conditions are: Quiet: lower oscillation of price around a constant ...
1
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0answers
22 views

Monthly Discount Rate in NPV Calculation [closed]

I have been offered 2 payment methods as I was buying some tools for a company I work for. I need your help to assess the best method. Here it goes, Total cost is $100 and I don't want to pay it all ...
2
votes
1answer
71 views

Which methods are there to determine the price of futures contracts?

Which method apart from the cost of carry model exists, and which works best in real life? How does the market expectations impact on the futures price?
1
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0answers
47 views

Arbitrage argument and Market Quotes [closed]

Good day, I wanted to ask for help with a question from one of my exercise sheets. For a share S the market quotes a given strike K in both european and american styles. Use an arbitrage ...
1
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1answer
42 views

Equal Weight better sharpe than Tangency portfolio

Could you explain to me what it means to have better Sharpe Ratio in Equal Weight portfolio than tangency portfolio (max sharpe). Thank you.
2
votes
1answer
98 views

Sovereign bond CDS data

Does anyone know where I can download from historical data for sovereign bond CDS (credit default swaps) rates? preferebly free?
1
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1answer
38 views

Portfolio Variance - Explanation for equation : Investments by Zvi Bodie

Source: Investments 10th Edition by Bodie, Zvi. Page 227 Chapter 7 In Equation 7.17, the book breaks the variance into two parts. I can't seem to understand why the 1/n is represented outside the ...
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1answer
1k views

What's state price vector?

What is state price vector?. Please explain me in detail is difficult to understand for me.
1
vote
2answers
49 views

Low-Cost Historical Corporate Financials Data?

For my finance textbook, I would like to recommend data sources that students can afford. Obviously, Compustat is not affordable. Are there any low-cost or free data bases that offer basic ...
-2
votes
1answer
133 views

Is R suited for a Quantitative Finance executable application

I wonder if a R-Shiny application works well for a production environment or the only option is C++. I make this question taking in account that R and C++ have a widely set of quant libraries that ...
4
votes
1answer
111 views

Fama and French 1997 Cost of Equity

Dear Quantitative Finance Members, I was wondering if you can clarify me the following issue. I am trying to estimate the cost of equity following "Industry costs of equity" (Fama and French, 1997). ...
5
votes
0answers
71 views

Merton's portfolio problem with constraints

Suppose the investor can invest in a Black-Scholes market with one risky asset $S$ with drift $\alpha$ and volatility $\sigma$ and a riskless asset $B$ with a riskless rate of return $r$, and the ...
0
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1answer
93 views

why bridgewater filing only shows 10 billion in AUM

bridgewater supposed to manage 200 billion, but it 13F filling only shows 10 billion in AUM https://fintel.io/i13f/bridgewater-associates-lp/2018-09-30-0 why is it?
2
votes
1answer
55 views

How to Parameterize a Bond Yield Curve?

Suppose I have a Bond Yield Curve (assume Semi-Annual Compounding), at term 1M, 3M... 1Y, 2Y... 10Y, 15Y ...30Y (x-axis is maturity / term). How should I parameterize this yield curve? Any ...
-1
votes
1answer
43 views

can a country replace its debt with a low interest loan?

Recently in my country, someone started a buzz in which he had plans to replace current debt of the country with low interest loans from other countries such as Japan. May I know if this is possible ...
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0answers
52 views

Pricing methods in the real world when there is more than one free arbitrage price

Perhaps this question sounds trivial and obvious, but I am starting to study this new field. When we are in a complete market without arbitrage opportunities there is only one risk-neutral martingale ...
1
vote
1answer
103 views

Cost of equity proper way of calculation

Dear Community members, I need to calculate cost of equity following the following description: (Please, correct me if I misinterpret the meaning) "The annualized cost of equity, re(t), is ...
5
votes
0answers
199 views

Interpreting Fama-French factors for the German stock market

I calculated the Fama-French five factors myself for the German market. Most of my results align well with prior research, except one thing: When i do the calculations for the sub-period from 2011 to ...
1
vote
1answer
354 views

Fama MacBeth cross-sectional Regression

I am deeply confused right now and hope someone can help me out a bit. I want to replicate part of a paper from Fama/French (2008), Dissecting anomalies, specifically, Table IV "Average Slopes and t-...
1
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1answer
668 views

What if CAPM cost of equity is negative?

Dear Community members, I calculate 5 years trailing beta using capm. After that I calculate estimated cost of equity. However, what I have is that most of the observations have negative cost of ...