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Questions tagged [finance]

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4
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1answer
109 views

Fama and French 1997 Cost of Equity

Dear Quantitative Finance Members, I was wondering if you can clarify me the following issue. I am trying to estimate the cost of equity following "Industry costs of equity" (Fama and French, 1997). ...
-1
votes
1answer
44 views

What is considered the risk free rate? [closed]

I see some place reference the S&P 500 index (SPY) as the risk-free rate and other place reference the 10-year Treasury yield as the risk-free rate. Which one is the correct one?
1
vote
1answer
128 views

Negative VaR equivalent Volatility (VEV) and its meaning?

Can a VaR equivalent Volatility (VEV) as defined by KID/PRIIPS law be negative and what does it mean if it has a negative value?
0
votes
1answer
59 views

Subset selection to identify independent variables that impact the market?

Given a lot of market-related features (~100 independent variables such as emerging market, developed market, s&p 500, tech sector returns, etc), I need to select a subset of them that are ideally ...
1
vote
1answer
76 views

Questions related to Sharpe's return-based style analysis

I have been reading about Sharpe's return-based style analysis, which tries to determine the manager's exposure/effective asset mix to changes in the values of the asset classes. It does so by using ...
1
vote
0answers
54 views

Zipline issue with SPY data

I have written a strategy to backtest in zipline, and every time I ran the backtest, and error is showed with the line: IndexError: index 0 is out of bounds for axis 0 with size 0 After a bit of ...
1
vote
0answers
49 views

European Call Option Modelling under 2 factor Hull White interest rates

I have modelled the yield curve through the two factor Hull White Model. Now I want to implement in Matlab the price development of a ATM-Call-Option (European). Has someone an idea how to combine ...
5
votes
1answer
250 views

How do I convert order book data into OHCL( Open,High,Low,close) format?

The image represents the order book data with columns having following attributes: a0: Best ASK price (i.e. the lowest posted price at which someone is willing to sell an asset) b0: Best BID price (...
3
votes
1answer
157 views

Ledoit Wolf shrinkage with constant correlation prior with tawny and Riskporfolios

I am trying to use R to perform the shrinkage of covariance matrix towards constant correlation as defined in 'Honey, I Shrunk the Sample Covariance Matrix'. I see there are two packages where this ...
5
votes
3answers
113 views

Measuring alpha (Academia vs the Industry)

During academia, I learned to evaluate the performance of a portfolio by calculating alpha as the following: $\alpha_{i} = (R_{it}-R_{ft})-[\beta_i(R_{BMK_t}-R_{ft})]$ where $\alpha_i$ and $\beta_i$ ...
2
votes
1answer
85 views

Explaining an Option product: SIX Discount Certificates

So I have the option with the important info above. I am trying to generate a portfolio that represents the option. However I am stuck on the first hurdle as I believe it is a call option as the ...
0
votes
0answers
20 views

How to get Financial Information of Stocks in R [duplicate]

I am trying to get financial Information like NAV, Dividends, Liabilities. I try to get all the stock information using quantmod package. But it is not working for <...
1
vote
2answers
119 views

Fractal market hypothesis testing

I would like to do an analysis on the AEX stock exchange index for the last 20 years, but I ran into some issues. It would be really appreciated if you can answer my questions: In order to apply ...
4
votes
1answer
500 views

Trading Strategy adapting to my trading frequency

We want to predict the direction towards which the price will change. In this work the term price is used to refer to the mid-price of a stock, which is defined as the mean between the best bid ...
-1
votes
1answer
46 views

How to find beta from the information given? [closed]

This is an exam question. I know that to find beta I need the covariance between the portfolio and asset A but don't know how to find it.
0
votes
0answers
50 views

Determine the payoff function P(ST) if a future contract

I am confused how to answer the following question. A forward contract on a stock is a financial derivative that guarantees the owner of delivery of one share at an agreed future time $T$ . The owner ...
0
votes
1answer
56 views

How to simulate a path through its solution and conditional expectation / variance

Hi I want to simulate in Matlab the following stochastic integral: $ x(t) = x(s) e^{-a(t-s)} + \sigma \int_s^t e^{-a(t-u)} dW_1(u)$ with $E[x(t) \vert F_s] = x(s) e^{-a(t-s)}$ $Var[x(t) \vert ...
1
vote
1answer
223 views

Modelling interest rate

Hi I want to model two stochastic integrals in Matlab, which is given by $ x(t) = x(s) e^{-a(t-s)} + \sigma \int_s^t e^{-a(t-u)} dW_1(u)$ $y(t) = y(s) e^{-b(t-s)} + \eta \int_s^t e^{-b(t-u)} dW_2(...
0
votes
3answers
814 views

How to download bloomberg intraday data efficiently with API

so I would download a bunch of intraday data, for a bunch of securities, but we keep hitting our monthly cap limit. We don't want to upgrade to a more expensive package as this is simply a research ...
0
votes
0answers
61 views

Should we use total return or OAS when comparing different bonds?

When comparing different bonds, for example corporate bonds and Treasuries, should we use total return or Option Adjusted Spread if we want to know one's return advantage over another? Some say ...
2
votes
1answer
52 views

Objective measure of highly leveraged firms using Debt-to-EBITDA ratio

I am looking for some kind of guidance what is generally considered a high or low ratio of Debt-to-Earnings before interest, tax, depreciations and amortisations (EBITDA). In a recent article by The ...
4
votes
1answer
141 views

What is the stambaugh bias? Why is it important for predictability regressions?

What is the Stambaugh bias? Why is it important for predictability regressions? Can anyone explain it in simple terms?
5
votes
2answers
355 views

What is time-varying risk premium? Forecasting stock returns

I am trying to understand the concept 'Time-varying aggregate risk premium'. Here is an extract from a Forecasting book, written by Rapach and Zhou, "However, rational asset pricing theory posits ...
0
votes
1answer
57 views

performance attribution - security selection= wB*(Rp-RB) or wP*(Rp-RB)?

Really confused. Finding various different ways of calculating security selection alpha. I believe it matters from whose perspective one is looking at. I am a portfolio manager and I want to know ...
0
votes
0answers
45 views

MOM-TOM effect, Replication strategy

I have several questions on Otto van Hemert paper "The MOM-TOM effect: Detecting the market impact of CTA trading" (link). In section 3 he proposes a replication strategy for the Newedge Trend Index ...
0
votes
0answers
28 views

Checking for Law of one price on example

I have a problem where I need to check if the law of one price applies to one specific example : There are three states with equal probability (1/3) and the securities are given by \begin{equation} ...
0
votes
1answer
36 views

Definition of a contingent claim X

I try to understand what a T-claim is and I am asking for an intuitive explanation? For instance. Let’s say I buy a zero coupon bond that will pay me 1 in two years. In terms of expressing as a T-...
0
votes
0answers
75 views

Comparing two models using Wald Test

I would like to use a Wald test to compare two models. To give a basic example, let: $Y_{t}=\alpha+{\phi_1x}_{t-1}+{\beta}_{1}x_{t-1}+{\beta}_{2}x_{t-1}+{\beta}_{3}x_{t-1}+\epsilon_t (A)$ $Y_{t}=\...
0
votes
0answers
109 views

DUNS number and the corresponding CIK number

I am trying to connect DUNS number to CIK (provided by SEC). In my document, I only have DUNS number. However I need to download 10K documents from SEC. However, SEC has CIK number. So my question is ...
3
votes
1answer
217 views

Fama French (2000): Characteristics, Covariances and Average Returns - intuition behind sorting of the returns

I am in the middle of doing my graduate programme in Accounting and Finance. Right now, I am taking a ph.D level course in Asset Pricing, wherein our first assignment/task is to recreate some tables ...
1
vote
1answer
77 views

Dividend Yield Goyal and Welch (2008)

Following the Goyal and Welch (2008) stock return predictability data, does anyone know how they calculate the dividend yield from the dataset that they provide on Amit Goyals website http://www.hec....
0
votes
0answers
21 views

Is investment income earned considered an additional cash flow in an IRR problem?

Having trouble thinking through the implications of investment income and discounting cash flows simultaneously. Let's say I have two projects to choose from, and I have some flexibility in when I ...
2
votes
0answers
170 views

Long term equity repo

Let's assume I have various European stocks and would like to somehow estimate their long-term (5y+) forward prices. As for repo rate for each individual stock, is it reasonable to assume that its ...
-1
votes
1answer
104 views

Increasing Annuities [closed]

Olga buys a 5-year increasing annuity for X. Olga will receive 2 at the end of the first month, 4 at the end of the second month, and for each month thereafter the payment increases by 2. The nominal ...
0
votes
0answers
47 views

Why is lagged return used as a proxy for market frictions and not irrationality?

Many studies use the return of the previous month as a proxy for market frictions, while I think it proxies for the reversal effect caused by an overreaction of the market to news announcements. What ...
1
vote
0answers
68 views

Idiosyncratic Volatility

I calculate monthly idiosyncratic volatility as the standard deviation of residuals of a Fama-French regression on daily returns. Now assume that within these daily returns there is a price hike due ...
0
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0answers
67 views

Portfolio Sorts: Different results for Fama French alpha than for returns

I sorted my panel data each month in to 5 portfolios according to the level of idiosyncratic volatility and subsequently calculated the average return of each portfolio. My result is the following: <...
8
votes
1answer
263 views

What drives the idiosyncratic volatility puzzle?

I am currently analyzing the idiosyncratic volatility (IVOL) puzzle. (Ang, Hodrick, Xing, & Zhang (2006) found that idiosyncratic volatility (IVOL) and next-month cross-sectional returns are ...
4
votes
1answer
591 views

How to choose a tangency portfolio without a risk-free rate

How do you choose an optimal portfolio from the efficient frontier if no risk-free rate is given? I know that if there exists risk-free asset, then you would combine a portfolio from the efficient ...
0
votes
1answer
66 views

World Stock Markets that went up in 2008

We all know that the US stock market(s) collapsed in price in 2008, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_bear_market_of_2007%E2%80%9309. I was wondering what countries' stock markets went ...
1
vote
4answers
348 views

List of ISIN for Options, Swaps, Derivatives?

In pages like isin.org or openfigi you can search by an ISIN and you will get information about the share, bond, fund... However, for options , derivatives the search returns 0 results. Is there a ...
2
votes
1answer
115 views

Price of European calls in Merton's Model

The stock price is modeled by $$S_t = S_0 e^{bt +\sigma B_t + \sum_{k=1}^{N_t} Y_k}$$ with $B_t$ Brownian motion, $Y_k$ iid $N(\mu,\delta^2)$, $N_t$ a Poisson process independent of $(B_t)$ and $Y_k$ ...
0
votes
1answer
47 views

What does “follow forwards” mean?

In the context of "if equity returns follow forward", what exactly does "follow forwards" mean? Thank you!
3
votes
1answer
154 views

Trying to replicate the Beta of Yahoo in R but am getting an answer that is way off

Yahoo calculates the Beta by using 3 years of monthly returns and using the S&P 500 as a market proxy but I cannot seem to replicate this or even get close using R. I downloaded the data from ...
1
vote
0answers
75 views

Valuation of a company

Alpha Corp purchases Beta Sub. Alpha Corp finances the purchase price of € 100 million by raising € 50 million in debt and € 50 million in equity issued by Alpha. The debt is risk free and the ...
0
votes
1answer
97 views

Question on EBIT Calculation [closed]

I am trying to calculate the EBIT and a few other financial calculations from the following Income Statement. What numbers would I have to correspond in order to calculate EBIT or EBITDA here? ...
1
vote
1answer
328 views

What rate to discount tax shield

On the appendix for Chapter 19 of Principles of Corporate Finance (BMA), it discusses the topic of "Discounting Safe, Nominal Cash Flows", in which case they argue that However, suppose we ask ...
2
votes
1answer
573 views

CAPM and factor modeling: Machine learning

Excuse my ignorance with this I am still trying to wrap my head around the interpretation of the Fama French 1992 factor paper. I come from a computer science background but I am interested in ...
2
votes
1answer
303 views

What discount rate to use when valuing binomial option with real probabilities

We all know that we can use the argument of risk-neutrality and the law of one price, to get the option value without the real world probability. However, suppose if we use the real world probability ...
0
votes
1answer
70 views

What is arbitraging without moving assets called?

I am currently trying to arbitrage across two markets A and B. My trading strategy is as follows: if the price between A and B differs by more than X%, then go long on the lower priced market, and ...