Questions tagged [finance]

Finance describes the management, creation, and study of money, banking, credit, investments, assets and liabilities as well as the systems to handle these instruments.

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3k views

Using ISIN to identify stock at yahoo finance

I'm collecting stock data for private analysis. I found a very excessive list of stock at https://www.xetra.com/xetra-de/instrumente/alle-handelbaren-instrumente/boersefrankfurt but the problem is ...
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67 views

General question regarding delta heding

I was wondering if I have to take the strike prices of options into consideration when doing a gamma and delta hedging. As an example, let's suppose that I have 2 positions: a long position call ...
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1answer
109 views

Fat tailed can be estimated through a t-distributions?

I have a simple question that makes me doubt a bit. In a multiple choise exam I ecountered this question: "if the stocks returns are not normally distributed, the fat tail effect can be estimated ...
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2answers
673 views

Where can I find detailed information of famous quant companies such as Renaissance Technologies?

I am doing a report about famous quant companies such as Renaissance Technologies. Where can I find information such as ranking of these companies and their fund's rate of return.
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1answer
47 views

Sharpe Ratio of a Long-Short Portfolio

I have a portfolio High and Low (according to the highest profit). From this I have formed my long short portfolio and calculated my Sharpe Ratio. How to interpret this correctly? Does a positive ...
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0answers
73 views

Quantitative interview questions - fixed income [duplicate]

I will pass a quant interview (fixed income). The interviewer said the questions do not have a right answer, they are not math exercises. He said the questions are like their job,the objective is to ...
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0answers
26 views

Corporate finance equity valuation question (First year question)

Hi, This is a question from a first year finance course and I'm having trouble come up with the answer. I get so close but just not there. I unfortunately don't have the answers with me but if anyone ...
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25 views

Finding historical data

I need T-bill rates in order to use it as risk-free asset from Jan,2003 t0 today.(monthly data) I don't know how to find it. Can you please suggest your idea about how to find it?
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2answers
187 views

Storing options EOD time series in Flat Files

I have purchased data for EOD settlements of options prices for USA futures for personal use. I will not need multiple user access or real time access. I am not an expert programmer but use C# and R ...
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1answer
57 views

Is Fungibility Dynamic or Static

I'm trying to work out if fungibility of financial assets / instruments is dynamic (i.e. it can be applied to a subset of the asset or instrument's properties) or is it static (i.e. it can only be ...
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0answers
30 views

For investment analysis, is it helpful to draw charts of present value (PV) against rate (%)

Background I prepared a prototype getting cash flow as input and drawing as output some charts like present value (PV) against rate (%). The points with big radius on chart of NPV against rate are IRR ...
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4answers
16k views

where can i get data for foreign exchange order flow

I need data for my thesis research on liquidity of foriegn exchange for order flow (aggregated daily) per currency traded for a period over the last 10-15 years. help!!
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29answers
225k views

What data sources are available online?

What sources of financial and economic data are available online? Which ones are free or cheap? What has your experience been like with these data sources?
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0answers
44 views

Different methodologies of building indices

Say have a basket of coupon bonds $B_i$ with $i \in \{1, ..., n\}$. Those bonds have different characteristics one from another. For example they differ in maturity, face value and coupon outstanding. ...
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1answer
32 views

in time series analysis or finance people use log return for inference but returns can take negative value [closed]

in time series analysis or finance people use log return for inference but returns can take negative value. but log cant take negative values. so why we use it when log is not defined on most of ...
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1answer
45 views

How do we analyse the future and option market on the base of the Fama-French model?

How do we analyse the future and option market on the base of the Fama-French model? Basically i want to know can we analyse derivative market on base of FAMA French or CAPM model ? e.g for stock we ...
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2answers
627 views

PortfolioAnalytics R package - Error with the function “create.EfficientFrontier”

Issue The function create.EfficientFrontier from the PortfolioAnalytics package is outputting an error message that reads: <...
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0answers
33 views

Fama and French HML and SMB factors

I am investigating the Fama and French model using a Bayesian selection procedure laid out by Barillas and Shanken (2018). When I plot the cumulative probabilities of each factor, I notice that for ...
3
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0answers
53 views

Why standard errors in macro-level variables are normally higher than that in firm-level variables?

From this dicussion, the commentor said Lastly, firm fixed effects may absorb more variation and likely reduced the size of their standard errors. In practice, I also mainly see that the standard ...
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116 views

Daily weights and returns of portfolio that rebalances monthly

I am to replicate the Betting against beta strategy by Pedersen and Frazzini. We use daily returns of the stocks and construct two portfolios based on their ranked betas. Weights is also based on the ...
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1answer
47 views

Show that the following result holds true for the variance of the return of a portfolio of shares

Start with a portfolio $p$ of $n$ shares, each with weight $x_i = \dfrac{1}{n}$ (for $i$ ranging from $1$ to $n$, discretely). Its return is given by: $$R_p=x_1R_1+\ldots+x_nR_n=\sum_{i=1}^{n}=x_iR_i\...
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0answers
80 views

Completing the financial investment disclaimer platitude with statistics terminology

Take the typical disclaimer often seen where investment products can be found. Here is a sentence from the fine print of BlackRock's fundamental equity fund page: Performance data quoted represents ...
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3answers
191 views

Low-Cost Historical Corporate Financials Data?

For my finance textbook, I would like to recommend data sources that students can afford. Obviously, Compustat is not affordable. Are there any low-cost or free data bases that offer basic ...
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1answer
61 views

Basic stock shorting question [closed]

So im just a little cloudy on how shorting a stock drops the share price. I understand that you borrow, or set aside shares from your brokerage to then buy later at the origional price. My guess was ...
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0answers
27 views

How to calculate NOPAT if the effective tax rate is 0 or negative

I am trying to calculate NOPAT for L S STARRETT CO. The effive tax rate I calculated for 2020 was -0.09% Operating Income was -5.3 mill. Using the NOPAT formula Operating Profit * (1 - tax rate) I got ...
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1answer
213 views

Black-Scholes equation Variational / Weak form

I am having difficulty deriving the weak formulation of the Black-Scholes Equation. I have multiplied it with a test function phi and integrated over Omega. But results on the internet suggest ...
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1answer
151 views

is it possible to get minimum variance line having only covariance matrix?

Hey I have covariance matrix: $$C=\begin{pmatrix} 0,01 & 0.01 & 0\\ \\ 0.01 & 0,02 & -0.01 \\ \\ 0 & -0.01 & 0,03 \end{pmatrix}$$ So the variance of porfolio is: $$\...
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1answer
90 views

return volatility calculation with respect to different time period

in the BS model, if an option has 3 year expiration periods, and if the time of maturity of that option is calculated( periods between the grant period 2011-9-15 and exercise periods 2014-9-15 ), and ...
2
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1answer
87 views

Question about CAPM Betas - Causes of Beta Movement Query

CAPM betas are measures of systematic risks, which include things like the exchange rate, inflation, interest rates, etc. What I'm confused about is described below: E.g. suppose I'm looking at one ...
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0answers
68 views

Is there a reliable International Currency Exchange rates provider in JSON format

I am looking for a currency exchange rate provider (preferrably) JSON format , that is free/open and also reliable. Anybody here have any experiences working with some solutions like this? Cheers!!
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0answers
42 views

Backtesting of outperformance of a benchmark using the Deflated Sharpe Ratio

I want to test whether, let's say, strategy A outperforms strategy B. In Marcos López de Prado's book Advances in Financial Machine Learning he presents the following statistics: The Probalistic ...
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0answers
16 views

Capital Charge or Capital add on for Concentration risk using Model-free measure standardised HHI (Herfindahl Hirschman Index)

I am looking to calculate the Capital Charge or Capital Add on for Concentration risk using standardised approach using HHI Below is the HHI index calculation What is procedure to calculate the ...
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1answer
44 views

How does a company increase its free cash flow? [closed]

I am new to the finance space. I read the goal of a company (Philips) is to increase its free cash flow to above 2 billion euros by 2025. I understand that free cash flow is the amount of disposable ...
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0answers
43 views

Should we include the industry variables when we control for year*industry fixed effects?

In panel data, we control for firms and years fixed effects even we also have some time-variant firm-level regressors. I am wondering whether it also happens at the industry level. If it is the case, ...
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0answers
28 views

Theoretical reasons for the difference in share price when estimated with DCF-Analysis and DDM

I saw that when estimating the share price with DCF-Analysis (Discounted Cashflow Analysis) and with DDM (Dividend Discount Model) the estimated share price happens to be different sometimes when ...
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1answer
24 views

Reason for difference in share price between DDM and ERM? [closed]

I've calculated the Share Price of a fictional company both using the Dividend Discount Model (DDM) and the Earnings Recapitaliazation Model (ERM). However, the share prices differ significantly ...
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1answer
99 views

Why continuously compounded interest a standard in finance? [closed]

Why is the "continuously compounded interest" the standard in finance? Many finance textbooks use the formula e^rt without justification. The assumption that the interest frequency is ...
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1answer
2k views

Forward Contract Price on Zero Coupon Bond

I'm trying to calculate the forward contract on a zero coupon bond where the forward contract matures at t=4. The zero coupon bond matures at t=10 and has a face value of 100. The price of that bond ...
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2answers
144 views

Pricing binary options

A binary option pays an amount of money if an event takes place and zero otherwise. Binary options are usually used to insure portfolios against large drops in the stock market. On March 25, 2021 the ...
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0answers
67 views

Expected value of P&L based on option prices

How can we compute the expected value of P&L assuming the option price is given? Do we need to have more information to calculate P&L?
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1answer
34 views

How to understand “OAS assumes the recovery rate of the bond is 0” and “OAS” does not include credit risk?

My confusion is, the OAS comes from Z-spread with adjustment on option value. Does it mean the z-spread is assuming that the bond never defaults so that it does not include the "credit risk"?...
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1answer
86 views

How to convert CDX spread to price?

Example: assume the current HY CDX is with 5% coupon. The spread is around 300bps, with a duration of around 4 years. Would you pls help me to understand why we can proxy the HY CDX price as 100+4*(5%-...
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1answer
386 views

what does “p&l leak ” refer to in finance?

I have saw "p&l leak" in book/paper more than once, especially when talking about hedging, etc. what does "p&l leak" exactly refer to? Thanks
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1answer
503 views

question about the market quote from bloomberg

I am a little bit new in finance. Perhaps it is not suitable to ask here, but still, I would like someone can help me. What I have now in hand are normal volatilities taken from Bloomberg for a ...
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1answer
84 views

ACT/360 and business day convention interest question

The question I've been stuck is: We have a deposit of 10 million on 2011-04-01 for 7 days at 4 percent, assume T+2 settlement, calculated with ACT/365 basis and following business day convention. (04-...
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1answer
57 views

Where can I find the list of companies in US that have defaulted

I am trying to find a list of US companies that have defaulted in the recent past .Any link for this?
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1answer
76 views

Regression analysis in finance - book recommendation

Hey I am looking for a good book about regression analysis in finance (e.g. credit risk). Could you recommend something? It would be great if this book will be connected with some programmic language ...
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1answer
52 views

Martingale problem on biased random walk

I am struggling to understand the martingale property of exponential of a biased random walk. For example, in the following problem how do I verify whether the following is a martingale, submartingale ...
4
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1answer
131 views

forward variances under rough bergomi

I have seen in several papers on rough volatility using the following expression for the forward variances $$ d\xi_t(u) = \xi_t(u) \eta \sqrt{2H} (u-t)^{H-1/2}dW_t $$ Can anyone explain to me how this ...
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0answers
69 views

Different tickers with the same ISIN are the same - even if stock price is different?

I'm a little confused about this. Say there's a ticker I'm interested in called A ("Company Holding AG") @ \$1.2. I search for ...

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