Questions tagged [finance]

The tag has no usage guidance.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
0
votes
1answer
28 views

How to deal with intermittent NA values in a price series when calculating returns

Let's say a have a price series for a share for the year 2000. On the 27th of July 2000, there is a missing value represented by NA. This was not a holiday or any other non trading day as other shares ...
3
votes
1answer
35 views

Show that $\frac{\partial c(t))}{\partial \sigma^2 }>0 \text{ if and only if } S(t)<Xe^{-r(r+\frac{1}{2} \sigma^2 )(T-t)}.$

Statement: if $c(t)$ is the price of the digital cash-or-nothing call option, then direct calculation (under Black-Scholes assumptions) shows that $$\frac{\partial c(t))}{\partial \sigma^2 }>0 ...
1
vote
1answer
41 views

Do not understand 'The gain (loss) on the stock position would then tend to offset the loss (gain) on the option position' [on hold]

Currently, I am reading John Hull's Options, Futures and Other Derivatives. On page 401, the author mentions the following: Suppose that the delta of a call option on a stock is $0.6$, stock price ...
1
vote
1answer
53 views

If the volatility is zero (i.e. σ=0), what is the call worth? After valuing the call, how to hedge the call (assuming you sold it)

Question: All Black-Scholes assumptions hold. Assume no dividends. The stock price is $100. The riskless interest rate is 5% per annum. Consider a one-year European call option struck at-the-money (i....
0
votes
1answer
41 views

Why would a lower stock price leads to higher value of a call option?

Currently I am reading Basic Black Scholes: Option Pricing and Trading by Timothy Falcon Crack. At page $47,$ the author mentions the following. Higher interest rates decrease the present value of ...
0
votes
1answer
20 views

Do not understand 'If an option position includes short American-style options, then the payoff-diagram may be misleading'

Currently I am reading Basic Black Scholes: Option Pricing and Trading by Timothy Falcon Crack. At page $42,$ the author mentions the following. If an option position includes short American-style ...
5
votes
1answer
125 views

When would open interest equal trading volume?

I know the difference between open interest and trading volume. Open interest is the number of contracts, long or short, outstanding. Trading volume is the number of contracts traded in a day. ...
1
vote
0answers
54 views

Different definitions of volatility (simple question)

I have a basic question on volatility that I wanted some clarification on. In finance books (such as Hull), there's a few different ways volatility is defined. One of them is the standard deviation ...
1
vote
0answers
52 views

Using ISIN to identify stock at yahoo finance

I'm collecting stock data for private analysis. I found a very excessive list of stock at https://www.xetra.com/xetra-de/instrumente/alle-handelbaren-instrumente/boersefrankfurt but the problem is ...
2
votes
0answers
29 views

How to conduct an event-study for a single index (i.e the DJIA) with multiple events

I am a postgraduate student writing my thesis. I am somewhat a novice in the field I have chosen to study, however this has undoubtedly broadened my horizons. I am attempting to evaluate the impact of ...
1
vote
1answer
52 views

How I can calculate index bond market

I know that some of the bonds on the market have been manipulated by investment funds. I could identify these bonds. I have classified similar bonds in terms of risk, maturity and Duration. I have ...
1
vote
0answers
32 views

How should I interpret the (insignificant) coefficients of Fama-French 3-factor model?

I am writing a mid-term thesis on the Fama-French factor model. I have built 5 portfolios sorted by the Book-to-Market ratio. The first portfolio is the lowest-BM group and the last portfolio is the ...
1
vote
1answer
55 views

How does buying a CDX and then taking a short CDS position generates alpha? [closed]

Can someone please explain to me how buying a CDX and then taking a short CDS position generates alpha? I am so confused.
1
vote
0answers
32 views

International Baccalaureate - Balance Sheet Format [closed]

I would like to transform Tesla's balance sheet (https://www.nasdaq.com/symbol/tsla/financials?query=balance-sheet) into the IB-balance sheet format (see below). In the current assets section, is it,...
0
votes
1answer
54 views

Clarification on certain finance terms surrounding bonds

Whilst revising for my upcoming financial mathematics exam I've been struggling to get to grips with certain terms/ phrases used when studying Bonds. I am very new to Finance and get confused very ...
0
votes
1answer
44 views

How do I calculate option payoff before its expiration date? [closed]

How do I calculate option payoff before its expiration date? For example, if I long a 6 month call with K = 11100, T = 0.5, p = 150, what would be the payoff of the option if I exercise it in 3 months ...
0
votes
1answer
57 views

Definition Of A Portfolio

I have very recently started studying quantitative finance on my own through a book called An Introduction To Quantitative Finance by Stephen Blythe. In chapter 6 of his book, he sets out to prove ...
-1
votes
2answers
48 views

List of European banks by assets and/or deposits

Does anyone know where I can find a list of European commercial banks that includes assets and/or deposits? I found this link on ECB's website: https://www.ecb.europa.eu/stats/financial_corporations/...
0
votes
1answer
56 views

Can MACD be calculated for values other than 12 and 26?

I am working on time-series classification problem using Convolutional Neural Networks in Python. The data-set used is financial stock market data (like yahoo finance). I am using some technical ...
1
vote
1answer
33 views

How to calculate a weighted payback rate and period?

I have a client who borrows and repays money at different times. Assume the following example What is the correct way to calculate the repayment rate and more importantly, the time until repayment (i....
0
votes
0answers
39 views

How to measure synchrony in financial time series

I have a multivariate time of series of monthly capital flows, the data is stationary and after plotting the all series together in one graph, the oscillatory was very clear in trends of the variables....
0
votes
0answers
18 views

Nasdaq price index, dividend yields and dividend

In a paper that I'm reading it says: We collect monthly observations on the Nasdaq composite price index (without dividends) and the Nasdaq composite dividend yields, and compute the Nasdaq ...
0
votes
0answers
20 views

Operational Risk Loss Distribution with Insurance

** Referring to part (c) First is 5000. Am I supposed to replace the 8000 with 5000 while maintaining its probability? For the second part, which includes the cost of insurance, do I add it to the ...
1
vote
2answers
104 views

Why is Delta Hedging a Hedge Against Short Position? [closed]

Consider the usual one-period binomial model. The delta-hedging formula, following Shreve's convention, is: $$\Delta_0=\frac{V_1(H)-V_1(T)}{S_1(H)-S_1(T)}$$ Shreve states: "The agent has ...
0
votes
1answer
55 views

intro book to learn trading desk basics like beta, gmv, Sharpe, etc [duplicate]

Are there any recommendations regarding these basic topics one might find on a systematic trading desk? Also basic hedging theory and basis trading would be appreciated as well.
0
votes
0answers
28 views

How Free Of Payment (FOP) trade works? How it impacts NAV and P&L?

I want to understand how the Free of Payment(FOP) trades work from accounting point of view. My questions are: What data we collect while capturing FOP trade? How it impacts NAV and P&L? e.g. say ...
1
vote
2answers
82 views

Find arbitrage opportunity in the given market model

Consider the following 3-period-market-model: The discounted price of the risky asset $S$: How can I find an arbitrage opportunity in this model? I know that there would be no arbitrage if we ...
1
vote
0answers
21 views

Calculating management fees paid during the last 12 months [closed]

I'm looking for a way to calculate the total management fees paid by a customer during the last 12-months. I'm taking the following assumptions: The total accumulation as of today is A The monthly ...
1
vote
1answer
77 views

Modeling mortgage loan defaults

I have a machine learning model trained with a list of mortgage features that include macro variables where the field to predict (the label) is "Mortgage Defaulted" = 1 or 0 (Yes or No). Now, I need ...
0
votes
1answer
50 views

Estimating monthly GDP growth based on quarterly data

Apologies for this newbie question. Given the following quarterly GDP growth: ...
0
votes
0answers
36 views

Determine same issuer from a list of ISINs?

I have a list of ISINs for all the securities that make up a fixed-income fund. Is it possible to tell from this which securities are from the same issuer? I have securities of which I know they are ...
1
vote
1answer
110 views

Brownian Motions theorems

I know that if $W$ and $W′$ are two independent brownian motions, then $dWt \ dWt′$ = 0. How can I prove/demonstrate this theorem? Additionaly, how can we prove that if $W$ and $W′$ are dependent, ...
0
votes
0answers
78 views

What exactly does shifting a barrier in a barrier option mean and how does it hedge delta?

How exactly is shifting the barrier to hedge delta implemented in case of barrier options. Is it just changing the barrier, if so, how does it hedge delta or is it making the barrier a range like a ...
0
votes
0answers
52 views

API returning company tickers found in provided news article

I'm looking for a REST API (paid or free) that accepts a string containing a news article (example below) as payload and returns an array of company tickers (eg TSLA for Tesla) mentioned in the ...
1
vote
1answer
121 views

Reducing pricing errors (Alpha) in the CAPM with Bitcoin

I have been trying to examine, using the CAPM, if Bitcoin belongs in the market portfolio or not. With 10 industry portfolios from http://mba.tuck.dartmouth.edu/pages/faculty/ken.french/data_library....
0
votes
0answers
31 views

Expected Payoff of stock using risk neutral Valuation

I recently saw a calculation where the expected 10-state-payoff-diagram of a stock with mean 6% and variance 20% was calculated through the risk neutral measure. The method was as follow: ...
1
vote
2answers
112 views

Financial Statement Analysis [closed]

So i have just completed a beginners course on understanding financial statements. As part of the final assignment, we are supposed to pick a real company, study its financial statements and conclude ...
1
vote
2answers
70 views

Question on earning per share

For 2009, Flamingo Products had net income \$ 1,000,000. At 1 January 2009 there were 1,000,000 outstanding. On 1 July 2009,the company issued 100,000 new shares for \$ 20 per share. The company paid \...
1
vote
0answers
13 views

Estimate the off balance sheet exposures of a banking book, based on limited data

I am doing an analysis on Off Balance sheet items on a bank. Only data I have is authorized amount and outstanding balance for all the loans the bank currently has. Can I simply take the difference ...
1
vote
0answers
26 views

Error in Yahoo! adjusted prices - The case of AAPL [duplicate]

One of my students reported that return for AAPL between April 30, 2014 and June 30, 2014 was different than what was shown in my class notes which were prepared in early 2016. I investigated the ...
1
vote
0answers
30 views

Using CFNAI index for identifying sample periods

I'm doing my Thesis on Asset pricing models and I would like to find out the effects of business cycles on the performance of asset pricing models for industry portfolios. My initial idea was to ...
3
votes
2answers
136 views

Verifying two properties of the Clayton Copula

So I'm trying to verify the first two properties of a copula for the Clayton model. The first two properties being: $C(u_1,…,u_d)$ is non-decreasing in each component, $u_i$ The $i^{th}$ marginal ...
1
vote
1answer
38 views

How to compute the Net Leverage Ratio for a mortgage [closed]

In the introduction to the 4th video of lectures series Finance I on MIT Opencurseware (https://www.youtube.com/watch?time_continue=166&v=hyc8h5T76BE), Andrews Lo talks about the net leverage ...
1
vote
0answers
85 views

Credit default swap replication by corporative bonds

I want to get literature or information related with the topic of CDS replication for those counterparties that do not hold. But that have traded bonds (with different degree of liquidity). What could ...
-1
votes
1answer
33 views

Holding Period Return [closed]

Bought stock for $12.00$/share. Sold 3 years later at $20$/share. Paid $1$ dividend each year for 3 years. Stock's value at the end of the first year was $18$ and $15$ at the end of the second. Find ...
2
votes
0answers
65 views

Why can the t-bill rate forecast stock returns?

The tbill rate is used as a predictor of the equity premium in a number of papers. Whilst there is not a general consensus about whether it is a significant predictor, it is still widely used. I ...
1
vote
3answers
360 views

What does Volatility Smile tell? [closed]

Could you please share your opinions about Volatility Smile? What does it tell us when it gets more convex or when its level changes over time or any other change on it. Any paper/work/blog ...
2
votes
1answer
76 views

Pricing an fx option in the same currency

Let imagine we have an option from EUR to USD priced in EUR, therefore the payoff for a call is: $$\frac{(S - K)^{+}}{S} = K (1/K - 1/S)^{+}$$ This is basically the payoff of a price of a put on 1/S ...
0
votes
0answers
16 views

Deriving sources of return (over.) extrapolation from surveys

I would like analyze what causes investors to extrapolate returns and there are several theories out there that aim to explain such behavior, such as for example the representativeness heuristic by ...
1
vote
0answers
38 views

estimate cost of equity (Re) / required rate of return using DCF [closed]

I'd like to estimate Amazon's after-tax cost of equity (Re) using both the DCF and CAPM approaches. Tons of info and resources on how to estimate Re using CAPM, but DCF, I see no relevant resources. ...