Questions tagged [finance]

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2answers
146 views

Fractal market hypothesis testing

I would like to do an analysis on the AEX stock exchange index for the last 20 years, but I ran into some issues. It would be really appreciated if you can answer my questions: In order to apply ...
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1answer
50 views

How to find beta from the information given? [closed]

This is an exam question. I know that to find beta I need the covariance between the portfolio and asset A but don't know how to find it.
0
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1answer
57 views

How to simulate a path through its solution and conditional expectation / variance

Hi I want to simulate in Matlab the following stochastic integral: $ x(t) = x(s) e^{-a(t-s)} + \sigma \int_s^t e^{-a(t-u)} dW_1(u)$ with $E[x(t) \vert F_s] = x(s) e^{-a(t-s)}$ $Var[x(t) \vert ...
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1answer
413 views

PortfolioAnalytics R package - Error with the function “create.EfficientFrontier”

Issue The function create.EfficientFrontier from the PortfolioAnalytics package is outputting an error message that reads: <...
2
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1answer
70 views

Objective measure of highly leveraged firms using Debt-to-EBITDA ratio

I am looking for some kind of guidance what is generally considered a high or low ratio of Debt-to-Earnings before interest, tax, depreciations and amortisations (EBITDA). In a recent article by The ...
15
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1answer
811 views

What is the most stable, non-trivial dependence structure in finance?

The highest rated answer to the question on What concepts are the most dangerous ones in quantitative finance work? is this one: Correlation Correlations are notoriously unstable in ...
2
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1answer
2k views

Computing Buy-and-hold abnormal returns (BHARs) $= \prod_{t=\tau_1}^{\tau_2}(1+R_{i,t}) - \prod_{t=\tau_1}^{\tau_2}(1+R_{m,t})$

I am doing an event study and wanted to know if was going about this correctly$$ \text{BHAR}_{i(\tau_1,\tau_2)}\quad=\quad\prod_{t=\tau_1}^{\tau_2}(1+R_{i,t})~-~\prod_{t=\tau_1}^{\tau_2}(1+R_{m,t}) $$ ...
4
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1answer
353 views

What is the stambaugh bias? Why is it important for predictability regressions?

What is the Stambaugh bias? Why is it important for predictability regressions? Can anyone explain it in simple terms?
4
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2answers
884 views

What is time-varying risk premium? Forecasting stock returns

I am trying to understand the concept 'Time-varying aggregate risk premium'. Here is an extract from a Forecasting book, written by Rapach and Zhou, "However, rational asset pricing theory posits ...
0
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1answer
77 views

performance attribution - security selection= wB*(Rp-RB) or wP*(Rp-RB)?

Really confused. Finding various different ways of calculating security selection alpha. I believe it matters from whose perspective one is looking at. I am a portfolio manager and I want to know ...
5
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0answers
1k views

Hasbrouck's information share

Given a cointegrated set of price series, I am trying to compute the Hasbrouck's information share, as described in page 12-13 of this article. page 7-8 of this article I have the vector error ...
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0answers
87 views

Comparing two models using Wald Test

I would like to use a Wald test to compare two models. To give a basic example, let: $Y_{t}=\alpha+{\phi_1x}_{t-1}+{\beta}_{1}x_{t-1}+{\beta}_{2}x_{t-1}+{\beta}_{3}x_{t-1}+\epsilon_t (A)$ $Y_{t}=\...
0
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1answer
49 views

Definition of a contingent claim X

I try to understand what a T-claim is and I am asking for an intuitive explanation? For instance. Let’s say I buy a zero coupon bond that will pay me 1 in two years. In terms of expressing as a T-...
3
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1answer
926 views

How to choose a tangency portfolio without a risk-free rate

How do you choose an optimal portfolio from the efficient frontier if no risk-free rate is given? I know that if there exists risk-free asset, then you would combine a portfolio from the efficient ...
1
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1answer
110 views

Dividend Yield Goyal and Welch (2008)

Following the Goyal and Welch (2008) stock return predictability data, does anyone know how they calculate the dividend yield from the dataset that they provide on Amit Goyals website http://www.hec....
5
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2answers
1k views

Predict Futures Prices based on weather + agricultural data

I’m working in the area of Data Mining and have come up with the following idea for my Masters project.The text may not be the best structured but it’s a working draft to give you a quick idea. ...
2
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0answers
256 views

Long term equity repo

Let's assume I have various European stocks and would like to somehow estimate their long-term (5y+) forward prices. As for repo rate for each individual stock, is it reasonable to assume that its ...
-1
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1answer
236 views

Increasing Annuities [closed]

Olga buys a 5-year increasing annuity for X. Olga will receive 2 at the end of the first month, 4 at the end of the second month, and for each month thereafter the payment increases by 2. The nominal ...
0
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1answer
67 views

World Stock Markets that went up in 2008

We all know that the US stock market(s) collapsed in price in 2008, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_bear_market_of_2007%E2%80%9309. I was wondering what countries' stock markets went ...
2
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1answer
755 views

CAPM and factor modeling: Machine learning

Excuse my ignorance with this I am still trying to wrap my head around the interpretation of the Fama French 1992 factor paper. I come from a computer science background but I am interested in ...
2
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1answer
145 views

Price of European calls in Merton's Model

The stock price is modeled by $$S_t = S_0 e^{bt +\sigma B_t + \sum_{k=1}^{N_t} Y_k}$$ with $B_t$ Brownian motion, $Y_k$ iid $N(\mu,\delta^2)$, $N_t$ a Poisson process independent of $(B_t)$ and $Y_k$ ...
0
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1answer
839 views

optimal portfolio with different lending and borrowing rates

I have 4 risky securities (have returns and var-cov matrix for monthly data), and I can lend at 1% per annum, but borrow at 5% per annum. If i wish to obtain the s.d. of 5%, what is the optimal ...
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1answer
49 views

What does “follow forwards” mean?

In the context of "if equity returns follow forward", what exactly does "follow forwards" mean? Thank you!
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1answer
215 views

Trying to replicate the Beta of Yahoo in R but am getting an answer that is way off

Yahoo calculates the Beta by using 3 years of monthly returns and using the S&P 500 as a market proxy but I cannot seem to replicate this or even get close using R. I downloaded the data from ...
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0answers
85 views

Valuation of a company

Alpha Corp purchases Beta Sub. Alpha Corp finances the purchase price of € 100 million by raising € 50 million in debt and € 50 million in equity issued by Alpha. The debt is risk free and the ...
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2answers
249 views

Duration vs. Convexity Contradiction

A lower coupon bond exhibits higher duration, which means higher price volatility with changing YTM. A lower coupon bond also exhibits higher convexity. However, with higher convexity, bond prices ...
0
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1answer
134 views

Question on EBIT Calculation [closed]

I am trying to calculate the EBIT and a few other financial calculations from the following Income Statement. What numbers would I have to correspond in order to calculate EBIT or EBITDA here? ...
1
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1answer
818 views

What rate to discount tax shield

On the appendix for Chapter 19 of Principles of Corporate Finance (BMA), it discusses the topic of "Discounting Safe, Nominal Cash Flows", in which case they argue that However, suppose we ask ...
2
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1answer
654 views

What discount rate to use when valuing binomial option with real probabilities

We all know that we can use the argument of risk-neutrality and the law of one price, to get the option value without the real world probability. However, suppose if we use the real world probability ...
4
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2answers
638 views

Fama and French data: Replicating research

Is there any data out there on the Fama and French (1993) paper? I am not talking about their factor data available on their website, I am interested in reproducing their factor calculations. I am ...
1
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1answer
78 views

What is arbitraging without moving assets called?

I am currently trying to arbitrage across two markets A and B. My trading strategy is as follows: if the price between A and B differs by more than X%, then go long on the lower priced market, and ...
2
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1answer
239 views

Feynman Kac Terminal value problem two variables

So, I need some help to move forward with this problem. $$ \begin{cases} \frac{\partial F(t,x,y)}{\partial t}+\frac{1}{2}\frac{\partial^2 F(t,x,y)}{\partial x^2}+\frac{9}{2}\frac{\partial^2 F(t,x,y)}...
5
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1answer
1k views

Financial economics vs finance [closed]

What is the difference between financial economics and finance? How does affect career options as well as academic opportunities?
1
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2answers
219 views

Log-periodic power law model: is it a continuous or discrete-time process?

Are the log-periodic power law models used to predict financial market crashes continuous or discrete-time processes?
0
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1answer
296 views

Estimate an AR(1) model from returns [closed]

I am studying share price log returns and AR(1) model. I downloaded data from $FTSE100$ and I used the Adj.close column to find the Ln returns: Now I am trying to understand how can I estimate an AR(...
1
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3answers
2k views

How to convert weekly data to monthly in r (or in Julia)

I have weekly series on financial risk index data as follows: DATE NFCIRISK 1/8/1971 0.58 1/15/1971 0.61 ......through 10/6/2017 -0.88 10/13/2017 -0.89 10/20/2017 -0.89 ...
2
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1answer
419 views

Types of programming languages used for optimization in finance

I'm currently taking graduate finance courses, and wish to pursue a career in finance - in particular $\textbf{optimization in finance}$. To date, I've only been taught the GAMS programming language (...
2
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3answers
12k views

where can i get data for foreign exchange order flow

I need data for my thesis research on liquidity of foriegn exchange for order flow (aggregated daily) per currency traded for a period over the last 10-15 years. help!!
0
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1answer
355 views

When does the CBOE Put Protection Index (PPUT) make profit?

In my question, as stated in the title, I aim to understand when the strategy of the CBOE Put Protection Index (PPUT) makes profit; particularly during which market conditions. Given the description ...
4
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1answer
606 views

Finding arbitrage opportunity

Find an arbitrage opportunity in this market. Can anyone explain how to mathematically solve this exercise with for example solving a system of linear equations?
5
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2answers
714 views

What is model-free finance?

I have run across the term "model-free finance" (e.g. there was a Thalesian talk in London recently), yet haven't found any real definition of it nor anything really substantial. Could you point me ...
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1answer
58 views

market Beta in fama french (1992) [closed]

i want to ask about the variable "market beta" which exist in the Fama and French article "the cross-section of expected returns (1992) . beta it does mean the measure of risk which we know it in the ...
1
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0answers
191 views

What is a “monetary non-event” for a corporation?

Not "non-monetary event" because that would make too much sense. I've never really seen this kind of a question before, but someone asked me that question because they didn't know what it meant either,...
3
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3answers
3k views

Step By Step method to calculating VaR using MonteCarlo Simulations

In trying to find VaR for 5 financial assets with prices over a long period of time(2000 days worth of data) how would I do the following: Carry out monte-carlo simulation in order to find a VaR ...
1
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1answer
186 views

Day count convention Actual/Actual AFB; Factor for Date1 = 2004-02-28 and Date2 = 2008-02-28

The Actual/Actual AFB day count convention is explained on Wikipedia here. I'll condense the rules here the way I understood them. Factor = Days(Date1,Date2)/DiY If 29th february is in date ...
1
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1answer
631 views

The R-squared of the four factor model.

Why does papers such as Fama and French (2010) and Barras et al. (2010) construct equal weighted portfolio of all funds when they analyse the aggregate performance of mutual funds? They both report ...
0
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1answer
41 views

Should the valuation decision of the following question be undervalued or overvalued?

The official solution to this question is B, but I don't understand that if the recommendation is given by the CAPM model, then the CAPM estimated return should be regarded as "fair" and benchmark for ...
0
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1answer
121 views

short selling with collateral accounting

I don't know how the accounting works for short selling with collateral: For example if a stock is \$10 a share and turn out to be $15 a share a week later. At time 0, you borrow and sell 10 shares ...
-1
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1answer
421 views

Carhart (1997) momentum factor loading

I am evaluating the performance of a sample of 1000 mutual funds over the period 2000 to 2017 using Carhart (1997) four factor model. As a way to test for robustness, I use two benchmarks. The CRSP ...
2
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1answer
181 views

Projecting a Thiele differential equation with Black Scholes returns

I am trying to solve the equation $\frac{d}{dt}V(t)=r(t)V(t)+\pi-\mu(x+t)(b_d-V(t))$ numerically using the R function 'ode'. This is a Thiele differential equation for a life insurance reserve with ...