Questions tagged [financial-markets]

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19 views

how can we calculate options profit and loss using volatility and implied volatility in a span margin calculation

complete the table below, mainly we have to use black-scholes model for implied volatility calculations which I am getting as 43 % but now how to make a gain and loss table using this implied ...
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0answers
92 views

Would betting on network node traffic or behaviour be considered illegal in the US?

While taking this intro Coursera class https://www.coursera.org/learn/financial-markets-global. There was a student which asked the professor if anyone can start an exchange and whether it would be ...
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40 views

By how much do specific asset correlations increase during a market downturn?

It is well-known that asset return correlations of stocks increase during market downturns. But are there any general properties derived from empirical observation or evidence regarding by how much ...
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30 views

Kyle-style models and empirical research

Kyle (1985) introduced a model of insider trading where an informed trader seeks to capitalize on their information by chosing the size of a market order. Of course, many variants thereof have been ...
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1answer
68 views

Equilibrium in the Kyle (1985) model

In his 1985 paper, Kyle presents 3 versions of the same model: a single period model, a multiple period model and the continuous time limit of the multiple period model. When he formalizes the ...
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0answers
40 views

Unique risk neutral measure for jumps or incomplete markets for jumps

I wanted to understand why the market is incomplete in jump-diffusion models. whereas if we have a model following geometric Brownian motion then we can get a risk-neutral measure and hence a complete ...
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1answer
62 views

More/less trading on Mondays and Fridays?

In market microstructure/high frequency finance, it is well known that the trading day has high activity in the opening hours and closing hours compared to mid-day. Can the same be said about the ...
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0answers
43 views

Concept of return for assets which don't have a well defined price

Much of financial theory seems to assume that assets have a price, for example the concepts of return or volatility. Is there any way to operationalize these concepts for assets which don't have a ...
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0answers
46 views

Modeling regulations of middlemen

I am searching for some paper that models the regulations of market makers in stock or OTC markets. Is there anybody who have seen some marekt microstructure paper for modeling regulations and what ...
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0answers
61 views

Anyone got references where we can find examples of codes for agent-based simulations of financial markets?

I'm looking for references with codes for trying out simple agent-based simulations for modeling financial markets. I mostly worked with MATLAB and R, but I know a bit of python and I am learning C++ ...
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2answers
919 views

Hull White help needed

I've been trying to calibrate Hull-White 1 Factor & 2 Factor model using Caps but I've some major doubts about my methodology, and would really appreciate some help. I am using these formulas ...
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2answers
93 views

Quantitative risk management for energy markets

I'm currently preparing an exam about energy markets. The knowledge of notions of quantitative risk management accounts for the 50% of the total exam. During my university education, though, I didn't ...
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0answers
14 views

Balance sheet items which might show exposure to hedging or the prevalence of forward contracts

I do have a panel data set on North American companies from Compustat covering balance sheet and income information. I am wondering if there is a possibility to use a balance sheet variable as an ...
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22 views

What are the factors affecting Pre-Market/overnight market prices

During the past few weeks, it seems to me, that there are different cohorts of people affecting the prices of, say, SPY--the S&P 500 ETF during normal hours and after-hours. This may be a ...
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0answers
36 views

What to choose after MBA finance major? [closed]

Particularly my younger sister is bit confused about what she can expertise in after doing MBA finance major. She has her final year this year, post which she wants some short term courses or ...
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2answers
173 views

Is there any book for practically teaching one to interpret market situations?

For example, if swap rates go higher, what exactly the market participants are doing or expecting? Is there a book which can teach us about these practical knowledge / experience? Thanks.
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34 views

How can I use both Stochastic and RSI in technical analysis?

Stochastic and RSI both are momentum indicator but they both show momentum in different way. It leading me to confusion how to use them in trading.
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1answer
710 views

Absolute and Relative Value at Risk

Is it correct to calculate the VaR as 99% max between loss and profit. E.g. if 99% VaR on the loss side of the distribution is -100, and on the positive side of the distribution there is a value ...
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0answers
16 views

What is the payoff matrix of a set of put option that completes the market?

For example, there are three states of nature but only one security yielding payoffs {1,2,3} in the three states. What would be the set of put options that completes the market? I know that if it his ...
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43 views

financial markets

Let's suppose the following model of financial markets : Market-Maker : the sell financial derivatives, the hedge all the risk after calculating their sensibilities to market risk factors. Thus ...
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1answer
255 views

Extreme Negative Gamma

I see Zero Hedge, talk about extreme negative gamma position of dealers all the time which it then ties back to market moves. I was wondering how do you calculate such market positioning based on ...
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2answers
153 views

Definition of an European Option

I'm a bit confused after reading an article from Henry-Labordere. He was giving an example of an European option whose payoff may depend on the whole path of the underlying : $f(S_{T_1}, S_{T_2}, ...,...
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146 views

How Free Of Payment (FOP) trade works? How it impacts NAV and P&L?

I want to understand how the Free of Payment(FOP) trades work from accounting point of view. My questions are: What data we collect while capturing FOP trade? How it impacts NAV and P&L? e.g. say ...
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0answers
30 views

Has there been studies done on changes in model performance post-crisis?

My question is, has there been done any studies on whether the efficiency and accuracy of pricing and risk-management of derivatives using different models and algorithms has changed after the ...
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0answers
133 views

Quantitative Finance books for Practitioners [duplicate]

Currently searching for some books on real options and option pricing. However, the vast majority of the books are quite theoretical, and if someone has been taught these subject in class, half of it ...
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1answer
115 views

Asian Options Vs Bermudan Options

Which of these options are more popular in practice/used in industry? And where exactly are they used? Also, I have been searching for listed Asian and Bermudan options, for volume data etc, but have ...
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1answer
95 views

Which methods are there to determine the price of futures contracts?

Which method apart from the cost of carry model exists, and which works best in real life? How does the market expectations impact on the futures price?
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0answers
62 views

Arbitrage argument and Market Quotes [closed]

Good day, I wanted to ask for help with a question from one of my exercise sheets. For a share S the market quotes a given strike K in both european and american styles. Use an arbitrage ...
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5answers
730 views

What actually drives a stock price up ou down?

Can someone please explain to me how stock prices go up and down? What are the underlying physical and information technology phenomena and algorithms that drive a stock up or down? Books just say ...
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0answers
65 views

Interpretation of Market Price of Volatility Risk

In option pricing with market model equipped with stochastic volatility, there are numerous times mentioning "market price of volatility risk" without even define or give any explanation regarding the ...
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1answer
53 views

Practical applications of financial instruments with infinite lifetime

In financial mathematics, mathematician sometimes consider financial instruments with infinite lifetime, e.g. bonds or options. I am curious how it looks in practice. Is the case of ​​an infinite ...
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1answer
3k views

Fama MacBeth cross-sectional Regression

I am deeply confused right now and hope someone can help me out a bit. I want to replicate part of a paper from Fama/French (2008), Dissecting anomalies, specifically, Table IV "Average Slopes and t-...
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0answers
94 views

How to calculate Market Return based on an own sample?

I have read several papers and am more confused than clearer about my problem after the reading. I am trying to validate my sample. I use the Schmidt et al. paper (2015) as a guidance to construct ...
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4answers
643 views

Determine the right order size with market making strategy

In a market market strategy https://web.stanford.edu/class/msande448/2017/Final/Reports/gr4.pdf, how can we determine the right order size? Assuming I use a market making strategy and on a specific ...
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1answer
108 views

End Dates of Financial Crises

I am analyzing past financial crises, comparing the correlation structure amongst 20 broad market indices (equities, FX, credit, commodities) during different crises using amongst other things PCA and ...
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1answer
155 views

Market, Limit and Cancellation orders

From the paper https://web.stanford.edu/class/msande448/2017/Final/Reports/gr4.pdf page 8, I need at least the limit and market order. I can easily find the full depth from dxfeed or algoseek, but I ...
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1answer
134 views

Separate market and limit orders from market depth/tick data

From the website https://www.algoseek.com/equities/, we can get a sample of the full depth market/tick data. From the paper https://arxiv.org/pdf/1710.03870.pdf page 8, I would like to extract the ...
3
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0answers
34 views

Utility Maximization on a finite Probability Space. Possible mistakes in a paper?

I am currently reading this paper on utility maximization in a financial market model. On page 5 the author starts with the case of a finite probability space and on page 19 he considers the ...
2
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1answer
103 views

Asset class dynamics differences

If we compare daily return dynamics of the main asset class time series (e.g. Stock indexes, bonds, precious commodities, etc) do we observe quantifiable differences? Are there some reference paper on ...
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0answers
18 views

When we look for equilibrium, do we set sum of portfolios equa to zero or equal to outstanding shares?

Let us say we have a market with $K$ agents who choose their portfolios $(\theta_k^i)$ of how many shares of each asset $i$ In equilibrium, my question is whether the condition is to say $\sum_k \...
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1answer
955 views

How do I convert order book data into OHCL( Open,High,Low,close) format?

The image represents the order book data with columns having following attributes: a0: Best ASK price (i.e. the lowest posted price at which someone is willing to sell an asset) b0: Best BID price (...
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1answer
223 views

Where can I find historical data for Europe listed ETFs?

I'm currently working on building a portfolio optimization tool for European ETFs such as: (SYMBOL/ISIN/description) IQQF / IE00B0M63730 / iShares MSCI AC Far East ex-Japan UCITS ETF EXW1 / ...
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1answer
71 views

World Stock Markets that went up in 2008

We all know that the US stock market(s) collapsed in price in 2008, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_bear_market_of_2007%E2%80%9309. I was wondering what countries' stock markets went ...
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1answer
304 views

Does margin trading affect market price?

Does supply and demand in CFD trading affect the actual price of financial market?
4
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2answers
848 views

Fama and French data: Replicating research

Is there any data out there on the Fama and French (1993) paper? I am not talking about their factor data available on their website, I am interested in reproducing their factor calculations. I am ...
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1answer
214 views

eurodollar future

I just found out about eurdollar futures and I am confused. A eurodollar future contract is defined as a cash settled future based on a Eurodollar Time Deposit having a principal value of USD $1,000,...
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2answers
773 views

Cross Currency Basis Swap

I understand that there exist a cross Currency Basis between euro and dollar of about 35 bps, which in my understanding can be arbitraged out by following principle of interest rate parity. However, ...
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1answer
2k views

Cheatsheet/summary of financial laws and regulations

I wonder whether there are or we can collect cheat-sheets for the various international regulations of the financial markets. There is e.g. the Dodd-Frank act for the US. Can we gather cheat sheets ...
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2answers
699 views

Convergence of Spot and Futures prices

Any explanation I've found explaining why future and spot prices converge over time seem to only focus the explanation on why the spot and future price must be equal at maturity. I understand that if ...
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0answers
49 views

How to hedge a MV portfolio against crises

I have constructed an adjusted Mean-Variance portfolio optimization method that optimizes the exposure in a set of X assets. The portfolio works perfectly fine during normal periods (even when there ...