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Questions tagged [fixed-income]

Securities which obligate the borrower/issuer to make payments on a fixed schedule. Fixed income securities include sovereign, corporate and municipal bonds, corporate loans, and securitized lending (e.g., ABS). "Fixed" refers only to the schedule of obligatory payments, not the amount, and may include inflation linked bonds, variable-interest rate notes, and the like.

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Fixed Income Attribution

Q: In the passage below, is the implied forward rates (expect return) considered the same as the market implied return from forward rates (unexpected return)? For instance, Expected return = Implied ...
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Calendar roll terminology (buy vs sell)

I am trying to get the direction/terminology correct in futures calendar trading. Let's say I have two calendar futures contract where the prices are 100 and 102 reflecting the front and back ...
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40 views

pricing deliverable vs non-deliverable fx forwards

I am trying to link these two questions together Pricing a regular FX forward This is a contract (say USD vs JPY) where you exchange 2 currencies at maturity at a pre-determined rate, while no ...
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65 views

Calculation of Bond returns

Given that I have a portfolio of High yield bond with USD 50. Duration : 5 years and Spread duration: 5 years CSI BARC Index (Barclay US Corp HY) is as below for the last 30 years. USGG10YR Index (...
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51 views

Is there an inverse relationship between (future-spot) price and yield?

If the difference between futures and spot prices rises will the yield for the current bond increase as well?
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53 views

How much senior debt could be issued? [on hold]

Is there a limit on how much senior debt could be issued? If a company issues a small amount of debt relative to its assets and wants to issue more could it still be called "senior" or it would have ...
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50 views

Bond spreads - SQASW

I posted this question in the finance/economics arm but someone suggested this would be a more relevant place. I have attached a photo of a list of bond issuance's in Australia. Could someone please ...
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29 views

bond yield forecasting

About the problem of interest rate forecasting I find various paper that address the problem from the perspective of risk premia and affine term structure model. For example Cochrane and Piazzesi (...
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1answer
76 views

How to quantify the coupon effect?

I'm reading Moorad Choudhry's book "Advanced Fixed Income Analysis" The first chapter briefly touches on the coupon effect which I understand from other sources is the effect of pricing an annuity (...
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1answer
32 views

Funding Treasury net basis trades and balance sheet

I am trying to extend my understanding of Treasury futures net basis trading by understanding the funding markets. If net basis is cheap, an investor can buy the basis. This means that the investor ...
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1answer
86 views

How to compute the Carry + Roll-down of a bond with QuantLib?

I’m new using QuantLib (I have no idea how to use it) and I would like to know how to calculate the C+R of a bond, say the current 30Y. The textbook definition of C+R is the P&L due to the ...
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Why is Plain-Vanilla Bond most common bond in the market? [closed]

I have very straigtforward question (in my perception): Is there any study/research/evidence that provides insights on the following question(s): Why is plain-vanilla most common bond in the market? ...
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1answer
40 views

Quarter-end repo spike (Why not lock in longer repo)

There has been a lot of discussion regarding quarter end repo spikes as dealers reduce their balance sheet. I've been reading it all over Bloomberg and I saw overnight GC as high as 3.6% on my screens....
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Credit default swap replication by corporative bonds

I want to get literature or information related with the topic of CDS replication for those counterparties that do not hold. But that have traded bonds (with different degree of liquidity). What could ...
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1answer
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Interest Rate Futures Question from Hull, 8e

There is this question 6.16 in Hull, 8e: Suppose that it is February 20 and a treasurer realizes that on July 17 the company will have to issue \$5 million of commercial paper with a maturity of 180 ...
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2answers
391 views

Quantitative strategies in the Fixed Income space

I'm looking to learn more about systematic strategies in the the fixed income space, particularly in Rates products (anything from simple cash to inflation or vol). I've been reading a couple of ...
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1answer
91 views

What is the intuitive explanation for the spot risk in an FX swap?

I am familiar with FX swap and the basis/IR risk they carry. However, know that they have a very small spot risk component which arises from the present value of future cash flows different from the ...
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39 views

Spread duration and spread risk for a T bill

How is the spread duration/ spread DV01 for a T bill computed. For a bond paying fixed coupons, the spread DV01 is generally taken to be the yield DV01 (yield sensitivity). But the bond equivalent ...
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66 views

stress testing zero coupon yield curve

i'm currently trying to stress test the zero coupon yield curve using daily observations from 2003 to 2019. Each Zero coupon yield curve originate from an actuarial curve with 37 tenors that range ...
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51 views

Spread Duration weighted OAS vs. Mkt Cap Weighted?

I am curious what the differences might be in rolling up OAS spreads across a portfolio by duration weighting vs. mkt cap weighting. @Alex yes I meant S.D. weighted not Duration weighted
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2answers
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Threshold to consider the daily change of a bond price unusual?

In the context of compliance and market abuse monitoring, what relative change threshold would you choose to decide if transactions should be looked into? For example, if a bond price had a relative ...
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1answer
76 views

Valuing an interest rate swap using a par swaps curve?

I've worked through this problem already and was hoping for some feedback on my approach. The problem description is: You have a notional amount of 100 million paying fixed coupons of 8% annually for ...
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2answers
220 views

Carry and Rolldown of a Premium bond

I'm hoping that you may help me understand how the pull to par of a premium bond impacts the carry and roll calculations over a year. I understand that carry = Coupon income - cost of funds and that ...
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0answers
57 views

How to calculate the fair value of a futures roll and what are the practical uses?

Last month, I spent some time calculating the fair value of a futures contract in preparation for the current futures roll period. I've backtested it and noticed that fair roll generally gives me an ...
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3answers
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How can we compute the daily drop in gross basis?

Background The implied repo rate (IRR) is essentially the carry for going long basis (buying the deliverable bond and selling the futures contract). For this reason, it rises in value day-by-day as ...
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2answers
58 views

Standardized numerical values for ratings

Is there a standardized way of transforming the ratings of any of the major ratings agencies (S&P, Moody's, Fitch) to a numerical value. Ideally, it might be possible to create a similar scale for ...
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Risk mapping a zero-coupon bond portfolio

I'm trying to understand example 2.6 taken from McNeil and Embrechts "Quantitative Risk Management". The example consists of obtaining the risk mapping of a portfolio of $d$ zero-coupon bonds. The ...
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1answer
88 views

How to derive and interpret the duration of a call option?

I read here that CFA students are taught that $$ D_{C} = \frac{\Delta_{C} D_{B} B}{C} $$ Where $D$ is the duration, $\Delta_{C}$ is the first derivative of the options price with regards to the ...
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1answer
177 views

CMS Pricing - Convexity Adjustment by Replication [closed]

I'm trying to learn CMS pricing, but didn't get the logic of this method. Previously cited articles about this method is pretty complex. I'd be glad if you can provide me with simpler articles or ...
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1answer
113 views

Measuring bond fair value (richness/cheapness) using basic regression models?

Background Due to the nature of the curve (bond curve, swap curve etc), bond traders typically have some model that allows them to measure the "fair value" (FV) of a bond vs other bonds on the curve. ...
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1answer
426 views

What is the trickiest thing to get right in Rates Quant recently (2019)?

What are the biggest challenges for Rates Quants in 2019? Most quants have been through a lot over the past years-shifting their SABR models in JPY swaptions, fixing the FVA models for negative rates, ...
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1answer
191 views

Trading Jargon - Interest Rate Swaps / Bond Trading

I was going through some reports but having hard time with the jargon. When I google them online I came across the page: http://volcurve.blogspot.com/2007/10/carry-and-roll-down-back-to-basics.html ...
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130 views

Interview question on interest rate spread trade

Consider this interview question: Tell me how you'd construct a risk neutral cross country trade on the 2 year – 10 year interest rate spread in Germany and the U.S. What does "risk neutral" mean ...
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51 views

Fixed Income portfolio type

Could someone kindly point me toward a primer that would cover the various type of fixed income portfolio strategies under modern portfolio theory ? In a nutshell, I would like to know what kind of ...
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2answers
101 views

Hedging treasury bond with Eurodollar futures

I was reading Interest Rates Markets by Jha, and on p. 214, he describes hedging a 5 year treasury bond with a ED future strip, as described below. He says the best hedging quantity can be generated ...
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Creating yield curve from exchange-listed products only?

For use in subset of my thesis, I’ve been given some exchange market data for several exchange-listed products, including Eurodollar rate futures as well US treasury futures and Fed Funds futures. I ...
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What are the trade offs when choosing a long term bond future to trade?

It seems that when trading long term bonds *** and choosing between the two offerings on CME one is presented with a Scylla and Charybdis decision. 1. VOLATILITY CONSISTENCY: Ultra U.S. Treasury Bond ...
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4answers
352 views

Bond ETF vs Bond Future for longer term holding

How would a long term investor go about evaluating the prospect of investing in a bond ETF vs a long position in a future of equal duration? Let’s asume this investment is in a taxable account. Let’s ...
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1answer
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Good References for Treasury Futures Spreads

I’m reading the excellent Treasury Bond Basis by Burghardt. I was wondering if there’s a similar quality book/paper about Yield curve spreads using treasury futures (i.e. NOL, NOB, FYT).
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1answer
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How can I approximate the hedge ratio for Inter Commodity Treasury Spreads?

Looking at the excellent CME Treasury Analytics tool, I can see that the hedge ratio for spreads betweend diff treasury futures is derived from the DV01 of each leg. I can get treasury futures data ...
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Getting security-level fund holdings, quarterly, from 1940 Act Funds (particularly Fixed Income)

Mutual funds of a sufficient size operating under the 1940 Investment Company Act are required to disclose their security holdings to the SEC on a quarterly basis. I understand that Morningstar also ...
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1answer
155 views

Positive convexity swaptions

Can I please understand why payer swaptions have positive convexity and receiver swaptions have negative convexity? I understand payer swaptions are akin to put options on bonds and put options have ...
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2answers
75 views

Why do constant maturity bonds account for modified duration?

One can create a constant maturity treasury (CMT) by building a zero coupon discount curve and generating constant maturity bonds from that curve. This allows one to look further back than is possible ...
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67 views

Yield Curve Trading Strategy Explaining Books

Recently I really enjoyed being here while getting great recommendations. Would like to thank you all. Could you please recommend some books/papers on trading strategies, lets say yield curve ...
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3answers
55 views

What's a reasonable way to extrapolate a bond curve?

I have a corporate bond curve which stops at 15 year maturity. I want to extrapolate the curve to 25 year maturity. I'm looking for a reasonable approach, not necessarily deeply technical. Thanks ...
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1answer
75 views

Bond Overall Return vs Yield to Maturity

I've been working on what I had hoped to be a simple model demonstrating that a bond "returns" its yield-to-maturity over its life. However, whatever data I use, I end up with a return that is a ...
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2answers
151 views

Why rise in repo rates leads to increase in forward bond prices?

Why repo rates increase is causing forward price of bond to increase. Confused with two arguments below Explanation 1 (Collaterizied loan) If repo rates are higher then it means that its very high ...
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2answers
103 views

Paper recommendation with examples

Could you please advise me some papers/working documents with applications mainly focused on Fixed Income/Financial Engineering (Numerical Methods) as the one in the link below? Preferably on Matlab, ...
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3answers
185 views

How does one price the market value and estimate the fair value of a bond futures roll?

Consider the current situation: we are entering December, meaning that the December futures are being rolled into the March futures (i.e. traders are selling their holdings of December futures ...
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Time to maturity of a bond not divisible by payment period

I am relatively new to the topic of quantitative finance - at the classes I got an exercise about "2.5 year bond payed annually". Therefore I have a question about the time of payment of interest. The ...