Stack Exchange Network

Stack Exchange network consists of 175 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers.

Visit Stack Exchange

Questions tagged [fixed-income]

Securities which obligate the borrower/issuer to make payments on a fixed schedule. Fixed income securities include sovereign, corporate and municipal bonds, corporate loans, and securitized lending (e.g., ABS). "Fixed" refers only to the schedule of obligatory payments, not the amount, and may include inflation linked bonds, variable-interest rate notes, and the like.

1
vote
0answers
22 views

How to apply multiplicative price seasonality to bond prices in quantlib?

Can someone please give a brief or any link which explains how to apply multiplicative price seasonality to inflation linked bonds in Quantlib using python modules. Have gone through most of the ...
1
vote
1answer
58 views

Calendar roll terminology (buy vs sell)

I am trying to get the direction/terminology correct in futures calendar trading. Let's say I have two calendar futures contract where the prices are 100 and 102 reflecting the front and back ...
0
votes
2answers
89 views

Is there an inverse relationship between (future-spot) price and yield?

If the difference between futures and spot prices rises will the yield for the current bond increase as well?
1
vote
1answer
61 views

Cross currency basis swap for bonds

Running a cross currency swap on a GBP issued 2.75% 7yr bond (i.e a bullet), with funding in USD so need to determine the equivalent in USD. The GBP bond trades at circa 180bps over the Gilt. ...
0
votes
0answers
20 views

Perpetual bond valuation between coupon dates

According to this Derive Perpetual Bond Price , I learned how to derive the formula of perpetual bond. However, I still have some questions. Firstly, do I need to change the formula when valuing the ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

Derive Perpetual Bond Price

It is known that a perpetual bond with coupon $c$ has price $$P=\frac{c}{r}$$ How do you get to this price? Is $r$ stated in discrete or continuous compounding?
0
votes
1answer
57 views

Treasury Futures Wild Card Option equation

I am confused about the equation on page 13 (upper right) from the CME: https://www.cmegroup.com/education/files/treasury-futures-basis-spreads.pdf The equation calculates the move in the CTD that ...
0
votes
0answers
41 views

Negative vega on IR swaptions mid curve

Why do IR bermudan options have negative vega on midcurve? Does it have something to do with mean reversion and a way of lower the price vs market prices?
1
vote
2answers
125 views

Choosing a proxy for asset credit event correlations

I'm interested in modeling the joint likelihood for rating changes and default events across a portfolio of bonds. To estimate the correlation between these assets, I can use a third-party factor ...
1
vote
2answers
284 views

Floating rate note value approximation

I was hoping somebody can assist me with a query. Would it be a valid approach to revalue a frn with a discount margin from a comparable bond as par minus the difference between the quoted margin and ...
1
vote
2answers
426 views

Bond fund's roll and carry

This is a question about modelling the returns of a bond index. Understand there's quite a bit about the roll and carry of an individual bond, but what about a bond index. Roll I would calculate the ...
1
vote
1answer
62 views

Why are KRDs calculated by shifting the par curve?

When we compute Key Rate Duration, why is the par curve the right curve to shift instead of the spot curve?
1
vote
1answer
95 views

stress testing zero coupon yield curve

i'm currently trying to stress test the zero coupon yield curve using daily observations from 2003 to 2019. Each Zero coupon yield curve originate from an actuarial curve with 37 tenors that range ...
0
votes
1answer
42 views

CDS Credit Default Swap PnL

I estimate daily pnl on a CDS position using the spread change times the CS01. However I would like to estimate the PnL for a longer trade that has gone from a 5Y CDS to a 4Y with associated coupon ...
1
vote
2answers
62 views

Possible first rate cut by Fed - spot vs forwards

This may be my first rate cut since I joined the industry. I've only see rate hikes and I've been reading through literature from back in 2007 when the Fed last cut rates to get a general feel for how ...
0
votes
1answer
70 views

Calculate forward discount factors and forward reference rate when discount factors are known

I am trying to learn how to value interest rate swap through portfolio of FRA's(forward rate agreement).But I have got stuck in calculation of floating leg. Here is the scenario as given below for ...
2
votes
1answer
91 views

Fair price of a coupon paying bond

Consider a coupon paying bond with a maturity of $3$ years, that pays coupon annually. Let $c$ be the coupon rate (percentage) and let $F$ be the face value. This means that the holder of the bond ...
0
votes
1answer
96 views

Calculation of Bond returns [closed]

Given that I have a portfolio of High yield bond with USD 50.
0
votes
3answers
75 views

Definition of the field YAS_RISK for bonds on Bloomberg terminal

The Bloomberg terminal has the following definition for the field YAS_RISK (SP190): "Indicates the price sensitivity given shifts in interest rates." It does not specify, however, what currency is ...
5
votes
2answers
466 views

Question about using binomial interest rate tree to value callable bonds

When we use a binomial interest rate tree to value callable bond, we work backward, right? If any computed bond value is larger than the call price, the bond will be called. The call price will ...
1
vote
0answers
206 views

State of Art - Nelson Siegel Modeling

My idea is to work with dynamic Nelson Siegel models(DNS) on my master's thesis. As I am finishing undergraduation this year I started researching on the subject. I wonder what is being discussed in ...
1
vote
1answer
49 views

Fixed Income Attribution

Q: In the passage below, is the implied forward rates (expect return) considered the same as the market implied return from forward rates (unexpected return)? For instance, Expected return = Implied ...
0
votes
1answer
54 views

pricing deliverable vs non-deliverable fx forwards

I am trying to link these two questions together Pricing a regular FX forward This is a contract (say USD vs JPY) where you exchange 2 currencies at maturity at a pre-determined rate, while no ...
9
votes
1answer
667 views

Issue with OLS Regression for Nelson Siegel Svensson parameters

I have been working on getting input parameters to the Non-Linear Optimization which gives the Nelson Siegel Svensson model parameters and am carrying out the OLS regression as described in this ...
0
votes
1answer
54 views

How much senior debt could be issued? [closed]

Is there a limit on how much senior debt could be issued? If a company issues a small amount of debt relative to its assets and wants to issue more could it still be called "senior" or it would have ...
4
votes
3answers
31k views

How is PnL calculated

In Fixed Income, I know that bonds PnL are evaluated depending on where the price lies on price/yield curve at the end of the day, compared to where it started from at beginning of the day. The ...
0
votes
1answer
87 views

How to quantify the coupon effect?

I'm reading Moorad Choudhry's book "Advanced Fixed Income Analysis" The first chapter briefly touches on the coupon effect which I understand from other sources is the effect of pricing an annuity (...
3
votes
0answers
52 views

Bond spreads - SQASW

I posted this question in the finance/economics arm but someone suggested this would be a more relevant place. I have attached a photo of a list of bond issuance's in Australia. Could someone please ...
2
votes
0answers
35 views

bond yield forecasting

About the problem of interest rate forecasting I find various paper that address the problem from the perspective of risk premia and affine term structure model. For example Cochrane and Piazzesi (...
3
votes
2answers
442 views

Fixed Income VaR: Yield Vol vs Cash Flow Mapping

I have come across two ways of measuring VaR for Fixed Income instruments thus far: Express the volatility in of basis points and the position in terms of sensitivity to a 1 basis point movement in ...
1
vote
1answer
103 views

How to compute the Carry + Roll-down of a bond with QuantLib?

I’m new using QuantLib (I have no idea how to use it) and I would like to know how to calculate the C+R of a bond, say the current 30Y. The textbook definition of C+R is the P&L due to the ...
1
vote
1answer
35 views

Funding Treasury net basis trades and balance sheet

I am trying to extend my understanding of Treasury futures net basis trading by understanding the funding markets. If net basis is cheap, an investor can buy the basis. This means that the investor ...
-2
votes
1answer
89 views

Why is Plain-Vanilla Bond most common bond in the market? [closed]

I have very straigtforward question (in my perception): Is there any study/research/evidence that provides insights on the following question(s): Why is plain-vanilla most common bond in the market? ...
2
votes
3answers
79 views

How can we compute the daily drop in gross basis?

Background The implied repo rate (IRR) is essentially the carry for going long basis (buying the deliverable bond and selling the futures contract). For this reason, it rises in value day-by-day as ...
1
vote
1answer
66 views

Quarter-end repo spike (Why not lock in longer repo)

There has been a lot of discussion regarding quarter end repo spikes as dealers reduce their balance sheet. I've been reading it all over Bloomberg and I saw overnight GC as high as 3.6% on my screens....
1
vote
0answers
53 views

Credit default swap replication by corporative bonds

I want to get literature or information related with the topic of CDS replication for those counterparties that do not hold. But that have traded bonds (with different degree of liquidity). What could ...
10
votes
2answers
434 views

Quantitative strategies in the Fixed Income space

I'm looking to learn more about systematic strategies in the the fixed income space, particularly in Rates products (anything from simple cash to inflation or vol). I've been reading a couple of ...
1
vote
1answer
87 views

Interest Rate Futures Question from Hull, 8e

There is this question 6.16 in Hull, 8e: Suppose that it is February 20 and a treasurer realizes that on July 17 the company will have to issue \$5 million of commercial paper with a maturity of 180 ...
6
votes
2answers
6k views

How to calculate US treasury total return from yield?

I'm struggling to understand the meaning of US treasury total return. What is easily available to get is yield data. Yield can be directly translated to the bond price at that time. In other words, ...
3
votes
3answers
3k views

Why is G spread bigger than Z spread theoretically?

I am checking a few bonds on the YAS page on Bloomberg and I can see that G is higher than Z spread (this applies to bonds with optionality and bullet, too). As Z is stripped from reinvestment risk, ...
2
votes
1answer
3k views

Z-Spread vs Discount Margin

I'm comparing two types of discounting: Z-Spread and Discount Margin. Reading the article by O'Kane Credit Spread Explained I found Z-Spread is used for fixed rate notes meanwhile Discount Margin, ...
2
votes
1answer
98 views

What is the intuitive explanation for the spot risk in an FX swap?

I am familiar with FX swap and the basis/IR risk they carry. However, know that they have a very small spot risk component which arises from the present value of future cash flows different from the ...
0
votes
0answers
47 views

Spread duration and spread risk for a T bill

How is the spread duration/ spread DV01 for a T bill computed. For a bond paying fixed coupons, the spread DV01 is generally taken to be the yield DV01 (yield sensitivity). But the bond equivalent ...
1
vote
0answers
59 views

Spread Duration weighted OAS vs. Mkt Cap Weighted?

I am curious what the differences might be in rolling up OAS spreads across a portfolio by duration weighting vs. mkt cap weighting. @Alex yes I meant S.D. weighted not Duration weighted
0
votes
2answers
150 views

How should we calculate the duration of a convertible bond?

For callable bonds we can use the effective duration to approximate the modified duration, since the future interest rates will affect the expected cash flows. For convertible bonds the underlying of ...
3
votes
1answer
223 views

Trading Jargon - Interest Rate Swaps / Bond Trading

I was going through some reports but having hard time with the jargon. When I google them online I came across the page: http://volcurve.blogspot.com/2007/10/carry-and-roll-down-back-to-basics.html ...
2
votes
1answer
91 views

How do you calculate or estimate the future gross basis of a treasury future?

Gross Basis for treasury futures = clean price - future price* conversion factor Is there a way to estimate the gross basis, say 10 days from now, given that you know what the forward bond price is? ...
-1
votes
4answers
1k views

How to download bloomberg intraday data efficiently with API

so I would download a bunch of intraday data, for a bunch of securities, but we keep hitting our monthly cap limit. We don't want to upgrade to a more expensive package as this is simply a research ...
20
votes
1answer
448 views

What is the trickiest thing to get right in Rates Quant recently (2019)?

What are the biggest challenges for Rates Quants in 2019? Most quants have been through a lot over the past years-shifting their SABR models in JPY swaptions, fixing the FVA models for negative rates, ...
1
vote
2answers
42 views

Threshold to consider the daily change of a bond price unusual?

In the context of compliance and market abuse monitoring, what relative change threshold would you choose to decide if transactions should be looked into? For example, if a bond price had a relative ...