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Questions tagged [fixed-income]

Securities which obligate the borrower/issuer to make payments on a fixed schedule. Fixed income securities include sovereign, corporate and municipal bonds, corporate loans, and securitized lending (e.g., ABS). "Fixed" refers only to the schedule of obligatory payments, not the amount, and may include inflation linked bonds, variable-interest rate notes, and the like.

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Pricing a preferred share

I am looking for references for models which price preferred shares. What are the classic pricing papers?
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113 views

What's the most accurate benchmark index for US corporate and treasury bonds

I'm looking for an index for US corporate bonds and US treasury bonds to benchmark my strategy. I could easily use some ETFs as the benchmark for the recent years but I need data for the time range <...
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88 views

Credit Spreads and Relative Value : floating vs fixed bond

I would like to study if, in these weeks during the italian credit crisis, floating govy bonds were more resilient than fixed govy bonds. For each floating issue (CCTS) I chose the fixed issue with ...
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60 views

A basic question about short-rate models

Sorry, if it's a very rudimentary question. I mainly practice tax but have to deal with financial transactions from time to time where I have to benchmark option prices. I have usually used Hull's ...
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1answer
63 views

Repo advantage relative value (Treasury) [duplicate]

If a Treasury issue is trading special (100bp repo advantage vs GC in overnight repo), and it's worth -10bp in carry (assuming duration is 10) and the error to the Treasury spline is -5bp, would this ...
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2answers
42 views

Australian Treasury Bonds - Price Calculation with Accrual

In this document ASX Interest Rate Derivatives (on page 7) the Australian Commonwealth Treasury Bond (paying semi-anually) is valued as $$ P = v^{f/d} \cdot \left(\frac{c}{2} + \frac{c}{2}\cdot\sum_{...
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2answers
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Relationship between BBB credit spreads and rising interest rates

A stylized fact in markets seems to be that there is a negative correlation between interest rates and corporate spreads - as interest rates rise, spreads tend to tighten and vice versa. I'm ...
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How to compute historical bond drawdowns from yields

I came across a very interesting article which shows a picture with the drawdowns bondholders would have faced by investing in Fixed Income since 1919. However, the picture I get looks a bit ...
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119 views

Bloomberg OAS model

What interest rate stochastic model does bloomberg use to construct the interest rate trees for the calculation of bond OAS. If the model used is lognormal, then how is the volatility calibrated for ...
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3answers
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What are the impacts of the discontinuation of benchmark Interest Rates?

I was wondering what the impacts of Interest Rates benchmarks (LIBOR/EURIBOR) discontinuation might be on the Quants side ? Do you know if there are articles/discussions providing an analysis grid of ...
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45 views

Extension of HJM to multiple factors

The HJM model calibrates the entire forward curve using the existing yield curve data and this results in the following expression for its instantaneous forward rate- $$df(t,T)=\sigma(t,T)\int_0^T\...
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1answer
149 views

How to compute bond drawdowns?

I came across a very interesting article which shows a picture with the drawdowns bondholders would have faced by investing in Fixed Income since 1919. The data is based on the Moody's seasoned AAA ...
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1answer
143 views

Calculating PnL on Swap Spread Trade

Say I am a long a 10Y US govt. bond and short (i.e., pay fixed) a 10Y US IRS. The swap spread moves, for example, from -0.25 to -0.3. What do I need to calculate P&L (approximately)? Are such ...
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1answer
53 views

Fallback Interest rate volatility for OAS model

The Bond OAS computation model used in our bank (The model was created in the 90s and the people who worked on it then are no longer part of the company) uses a fallback interest rate volatility of 27....
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81 views

Effect of volatility on Option Adjusted Spread

In the calculation of the Option Adjusted Spread, what effect will increasing the volatility have on the OAS number. The volatility only determines the ratio of the interest rates of different nodes ...
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2answers
195 views

why the implied repo rate is higher when choosing the last delivery date to deliver rather than first delivery date

there must be something very basic that I did not get.... I am reading a book. And it says the implied repo rate is defined as IRR = ( invoice price / cash bond price - 1) * 360/ n, where is the ...
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repo rate v.s. reverse repo rate

from a book, I read that repo rate is usually higher than reverse repo rate. i.e., the rate to financing a long security position is higher than the rate to lend cash using securities as collateral. ...
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54 views

OAS of a perpetual bond

How is the OAS (Option Adjusted Spread) of a perpetual bond with embedded option calculated? My specific point of doubt is the maturity that has to be used to construct the binomial tree for ...
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2answers
143 views

Difference Between FRA and IR Future pricing [closed]

[original question was to know the difference between IR fut and FRA] Turns out that FRA and IR Futures are just the OTC and Futures counterpart of the same underlying, that is, the interest rate. ...
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Adjusting for term structure of repo rates to get apples to apples picture

I'm looking at term repo rates and need to get a measure that removes the curve component so I can make an apples to apples comparison. I think the concept is similar to taking two Treasury bonds and ...
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2answers
601 views

How to adjust butterfly 2s5s10s swaps trade for directionality?

I am looking into a 2s5s10s swaps idea using a 50-50 weighting scheme, where it's 2 times the 5 year minus the 2 year and 10 year. However, there is a correlation between the butterfly spread and the ...
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1answer
116 views

why the financing cost of a bond is repo?

In a repo transaction, the cash borrower pays an interest in repo rate for borrowing the cash. On the other hand, the cash lender gets a bond as collateral. In this transaction, it looks like the ...
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1answer
76 views

what is the underling of treasury bond future contracts? and what determine/drives bond future's theoretical/market prices? [duplicate]

Am I right that the underlying is a basket of deliverable bonds? If this is the case, how is the bond future prices actually determined? If there was only one bond in the deliverable set, the bond ...
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Chat bot for traders [closed]

In the framework of my internship at a bank, I want to write a chat bot program in Python that allows our bond traders via their Bloomberg terminal chat box application to type in structured command ...
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1answer
297 views

What is the formula for the forward price of a inflation linked bond assuming there are coupons in the interim period and the deal is collateralised?

t2=forward settlement date P=Spot clean price AI0=Spot accrued interest r=repo rate t1=coupon payment date AIt2= accrued interest of the forward settlement date t0= now Proceeds Method: F(t2)=(...
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Bond Data on UK corporate

I have got data from FRED on Moody's Seasoned Aaa Corporate Bond Yield. Does anyone know where I can get such UK data on this? If not, would using exchange rates and the interest rate parity theorem ...
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1answer
58 views

Where can I download 10 year Treasury prices in OHLC format?

I'm looking for treasury prices (not yield) in OHLC format. On websites like this you can see it has intraday data, so we could drive an OHLC from it? But I can't find a website that lets me download ...
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2answers
136 views

How to change the YieldTermStructureHandle's referenceDate in QuantLib

Suppose we have already known the dates and rates of a spot rate curve, and I passed the data to the ZeroCurve class to construct a discount curve for bond pricing. What I wanna find is how to change ...
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3answers
115 views

Treasury spline curve, practical question

Wouldn't fitting a spline curve against 300+ Treasury bonds be similar across the street? I know there's different ways to fit/interpolate points to create a spline curve and I understand that every ...
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1answer
73 views

Macaulay's Duration with Zero Rates

The definition of Macaulay's Duration is the weighted average maturity of cash flows and is calculated as- $$D_{mac}=\frac{\sum_ttPV(C_t)}{V}$$ where $PV(C_t)$ is the present value of the cash flow ...
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0answers
75 views

Factor Model - Fixed Incom

I am reading Bloomberg's fixed income fundamental factor model doc. And they define their curve factor (motivation for this factor: most fixed income securities' prices are largely impacted by the ...
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1answer
122 views

Day Count Fraction specified as 1/1 (2006 ISDA section 4.16 a)

I have a hard time understanding the day count fraction specified as 1/1. I have never seen an example in which this is used and I have not been able to find any detailed explanation of how it is ...
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76 views

Calculating DTS only have Effective Duration

This is a relatively simple question but I have a global index of bonds and have been asked to calculate the DTS of each bond within the index. I have only the OAS and effective duration. I have no ...
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1answer
111 views

Using DayCounter ActualActual.ISMA in QuantLib

Suppose we have a semiannual coupon bond. The calculation date is 5/8 2017. The ex-coupon date is 4/20 2017 and next coupon date is 10/20 2017. ...
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2answers
277 views

Bond fund's roll and carry

This is a question about modelling the returns of a bond index. Understand there's quite a bit about the roll and carry of an individual bond, but what about a bond index. Roll I would calculate the ...
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66 views

How is the integral relationship between current yield curve and forward yield curve derived?

$$y(\tau) = \frac{1}{\tau} \int_{0}^{\tau} du \Big(f(u)\Big)$$ As far as I understand the forward rate is the future rate based on the expectation hypothesis. But it is unclear how many years into the ...
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82 views

Relative order of curve for coupons for Upward Sloping Yield

Why would the forward curve be above zero and coupon bond yield be at the bottom for a sloping up yield curve.
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How to find the maximum clean price during lifetime of a bond

I'm trying to find a solution to following question: If I'm buying a bond and assume an upward sloping yield curve, than this bond will (under certain circumstances) experience price gains during his ...
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1answer
320 views

Pricing fixed coupon bond with ytm in QuantLib python

I'm new to QuantLib and I'm confused about ZeroCurve in YieldTermStructureHandle The start date is Oct 20, 2001. Assuming the ...
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1answer
72 views

Derivative of Time Value of Money by time [closed]

I'm struggling with a (probably very simple) problem. What i like to do is the following: Lets assume we got a bullet bond (no calls, etc) which is currently trading above par. Under the assumption ...
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1answer
213 views

Why is the 1 month OIS rate so stable?

I was just playing around with bills prices data from CRSP. It is well known that short term bills rates tend to be lower than corresponding maturity OIS rates this is often attributed to some ...
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1answer
70 views

Portfolio duration

What is the correct way to calculate duration of a fixed income portfolio with long and short bond positions? And how to calculate portfolio YTM with long and short positions. For long only (or short ...
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0answers
21 views

Importing a zero coupon curve to RQuantLib

I am trying to use a zero coupon curve constructed elsewhere to price treasury bonds in RQuantLib. The issue is that DiscountCurve does not take zero coupon yields as inputs, but rather swap rates. I ...
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2answers
171 views

Corporate Bond Yield Curve

I am an intern in a mutual fund and they have asked me to create in house yield curve for different type bonds in their portfolio I need to know on what basis are different yield curves made. For ...
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47 views

How do you calculate or estimate the future gross basis of a treasury future?

Gross Basis for treasury futures = clean price - future price* conversion factor Is there a way to estimate the gross basis, say 10 days from now, given that you know what the forward bond price is? ...
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0answers
71 views

How should I interpret a forward rate?

Let $L(t, S, T)$ denote the forward rate from time S to T observed at time t, assuming t < S < T. A lot of modelling work is centered around this rate, but how is this rate useful? How are we ...
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1answer
372 views

Interest rate PV01 for a floating rate bond

I have seen this approach in my work and I would like to understand the theoretical justification behind this approach. To calculate the interest rate PV01 of a floating rate note. A synthetic bond ...
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1answer
48 views

Rate Converstion Using Different Day Count and Frequency

Can anyone help on this question? I failed to find any public material discussing this topic. I have rate, say 5%, quoted in Monthly payment, using Actual/360 basis. Now, I need to convert it to an ...
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28 views

What is callable leverage spread average floor and cap trade

Can someone please help to understand by breaking it to simplify. I only know cap and floor from this.
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1answer
121 views

get base asset price for bond future

Is it possible to obtain the base asset price (underlying price) for futures using the first and second periods future. like let's say we have $ FGBL_1 $ first future and $FGBL_2$ second future. $ ...