Questions tagged [forecasting]

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Determining confidence level of directional signals

With regards to technical analysis, are there ways of determining the confidence level of a directional signal? Taking a relative strength index (RSI) as an example, can the extent to which an asset ...
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2answers
118 views

How do companies forecast revenue and earning estimates for a quarter or year in advance?

I'm sure there are models and they have low and high estimates. But how to do they decide on the percentage growth? A bit of art + science?
5
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2answers
608 views

Predicting the Future FX Spot Rates

Say I need to predict what the spot rate between USD and CAD will be in 3 months. What will be the most accurate measure or model that I could possibly use? Does the 3 month forward rate necessarily ...
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0answers
31 views

What are appropriate algorithms for forecasting contract schedules to maximize profit?

Imagine a situation where a business negotiates contracts for the maintenance of widgets it sells. Situation Customer buys 20 widgets. Customer negotiates contract for widgets to be serviced/...
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1answer
539 views

Starting values for constrOptim() in R

I want to perform a constraint optimization for Maximum Likelihood Estimation in R to forecast volatility of returns. The probleme is that my initial values aren't in the permitted region. Is there ...
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3answers
2k views

Why is volatility said to be persistent?

Persistence in volatility of stock returns is one of the common 'stylized facts' when it comes to analyzing time series. However, I am wondering for theoretical arguments why (estimated) volatility ...
6
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3answers
1k views

Modelling and forecasting mixed frequency financial data

I was wondering if someone could provide some guidance to me. I would like to Combine various financial data of mixed frequencies (some daily, weekly, some quarterly) to a composite index. I have ...
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1answer
1k views

how to calculate RMSE, MAE, given ugarchforecast results?

Given S&P500 returns for the past 20 years I fitted an ARMA(1,1)-GARCH(1,1) model using the rugarch package, so using ugarchspec() and the ugarchfit(), with different innovations distributions, i....
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0answers
47 views

Relative merits of Adjusted versus Closing prices for market predictions

Basic question I am familiar with the data returned from Yahoo. For indices and the like (e.g. ETFs) there are seven columns of data: Date, Open, High, Low, Close, Volume, Adjusted. We only need ...
4
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1answer
2k views

Simulating returns from ARMA(1,0)-GARCH(1,1) model

I want to obtain a simulation of one-step ahead forecasts of stock returns process governed by ARMA(1,0)-GARCH(1,1) process. The returns are of form: $x_t = \mu + \delta x_{t-1} + \sigma_t z_t$ From ...
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0answers
339 views

Asset allocation and GARCH models

I am trying to solve an asset allocation problem and I am having some troubles grasping the concept. I am working with excess returns on 4 stock indices and I am obtaining the excess returns forecasts ...
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1answer
855 views

One-step ahead forecast of a AR(1) process (GARCH context)

I am using a Matlab toolbox for obtaining one-step ahead forecasts of the conditional mean from the ARMA(1,0)-GARCH(1,1) process and I have encountered a piece of code that contains, in my opinion, a ...
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0answers
86 views

How do I use common forecasting models to forecast FUTURE values? [closed]

I would like to forecast likely future demand based on historical demand. The problem is: I have no mathematical background and in relevant tutorials and even in literature formulas are used, that ...
1
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1answer
737 views

ARIMA Forecasting always converges?

I read an article about arima forecasting and i said that before we forecast arima model, its stationarity has to be checked. If the model is stationary, it is clear that forecasting converges to ...
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0answers
20 views

Reconciling forecasted growth of components and sum

I'm working with a very basic basic forecast model using Compound Annual Growth Rate and I need to reconcile the forecasts at different levels of detail. Suppose I have two business lines with ...
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1answer
98 views

Aggregating growth rates

I'm working on a simple forecast model that uses Cumulative Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) to project future growth, and I've run into an apparent paradox. The model includes multiple lines of business ...
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0answers
80 views

Cross-sectional moments

I got a seminar topic named Forecasting risk from cross sectional moments? Could at least someone tell me what should I write about and if there is any paper that I could read. Thank you very much in ...
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2answers
3k views

How to forecast high-frequency data?

Introduction: I have seen a plenty of articles/books regarding volatility forecasting applied to high frequency data, but none of them were dedicated to forecasting the actual prices (for example bid/...
8
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1answer
1k views

Density forecast of a GARCH model

I am currently working on developing a series of density forecasts and I am encountering some problems. I am working on weekly S&P 500 returns and the returns process is described as $r_{t} = \...
7
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1answer
916 views

How to use physics models in Time Series Analysis and Forecasting.

I have been studying methods of Technical Analysis for several years and I am disappointed. I actually do not consider it useful. I have not met anyone who can constantly win in the market using these ...
11
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1answer
855 views

Is volatility for the next day forecastable? To any extent?

In a more general way: is there 1) a methodological approach to quantify the correctness of a model that produces a probability distribution for the, say, S&P 500 index return for the next ...
2
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1answer
88 views

List of Economic Data for Index Forecast

What econometric symbol list (or tickers) could be used to forecast return of global stock market indexes (S&P500, TSX, CAC40, ...) and their subsectors? I'm aware of the answer to question: ...
2
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1answer
413 views

FORECASTING Model AR(1) in an Autoregressive Form The Pi´s Parameters

Ive been implementing a little exercise to obtain the first 2 forecasting points of an AR(1) process. And i want to have the forecasting ponts using the three forms: Im folowing this pdf http://www.le....
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0answers
1k views

Forecast of ARMA-GARCH model in R

I managed to forecast a GARCH model yesterday and run a Monte Carlo simulation on R. Nevertheless, I can't do the same with an ARMA-GARCH. I tested 4 different method but without achieving an ARMA-...
2
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2answers
789 views

Extracting Signal from Noisy Data

Consider a scenario in which Y_t represents the % change in price and we want to use X_t to predict Y_t. We assume that X_t is information we get before Y_t is revealed. Suppose that in reality Y_t =...
5
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2answers
152 views

Is there a relation between these two forecasting/estimation approaches?

When learning econometrics I have usually seen stuff from the following perspective: Assume $Y_t = f(X_t) + e_t$, where f is some function of $X_t$ (typically linear). For example, assume $Y_t = X_t *...
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1answer
517 views

Constant decreasing volatility, GARCH forecasting

I am trying to forecast the volatility using GARCH modelling in R. I fit an ARMA(1,1)-GARCH(1,1) model, but my sigma predictions are constantly decreasing. Anybody know why? ...
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1answer
2k views

Forecasting using GARCH in R

I am using the predict and ugarchforecast functions in R. When I fit my models and try to forecast, I get either only increasing or decreasing values for sigma, does anyone know why? Thank you ...
3
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0answers
700 views

GARCH modelling and forecasting

I have a few questions regarding GARCH modelling and forecasting and it would be great if someone could help me. I am modelling the log return of oil spot prices using various GARCH models: GARCH, ...
4
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1answer
2k views

Moving window forecasting in Python

I am looking to create some code that will out-of-sample forecast the HAR-RV model. The model itself is formulated as the following, and the betas are estimated through HAC-OLS or Newey-West. ...
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1answer
274 views

Machine learning to build top 3 price scenarios over n days

I have a time series of closing prices for a given stock. I would like to formulate possible future scenarios for the price. My intention is not to use these "likely" scenarios to take any position. ...
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1answer
1k views

How to forecast bond price with time series

I have the goal of being able to develop a model that can forecast the future prices of european government bond (or other private bonds), particularly from the historical prices and returns of the ...
2
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2answers
5k views

How to fit a SARIMA + GARCH in R?

I'd like to fit a non stationary time series using a SARIMA + GARCH model. I have not found any package that allow me to fit this model. I'm using rugarch: ...
2
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2answers
299 views

How to write a home task report which is part of the interview process for a quant position in a trading firm

I recently appeared in an interview for a quant research post in a trading company. As part of the interview, I was given a home-task to solve in a week. The inerviewer gave me a dataset consisting of ...
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1answer
320 views

How can I forecast future correlation?

There are some standard models for forecasting volatility (e.g., GARCH) and for forecasting returns (e.g., factor models). What kind of standard models exist for forecasting future correlation between ...
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0answers
41 views

Non-overlapping ranges of HCNN' observables and of state transition function

In the artcicle Forecasting and Trading the High-Low Range of Stocks and ETFs with Neural Networks HCNN is used for forecasting of nine time-series, namely: returns of the lows returns of the highs ...
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2answers
1k views

Using Technical Indicators for forecasting Financial time series using Machine learning models

Hi I am trying to use financial technical Indicators for forecasting, using machine learning models. The usual approach in time series cross validation is to use a moving window or growing window. ...
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4answers
3k views

Is there any way to easily estimate and forecast seasonal ARIMA-GARCH model in any software?

I use R to estimate a seasonal ARIMA(8,0,0)(5,0,1)[7] model for the seasonal differences of logs of daily electricity prices: ...
4
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1answer
2k views

ARIMA model, cannot get rid of low order ACF spike

I've gone through all the steps to fit a good ARIMA model - I plotted the data, I looked at the ADF tests, I looked at the ACF plot with no AR and MA terms just a constants. I came up with an ARMA(0,1,...
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0answers
466 views

Stationarity tests in the frequency domain for regression

Strict stationarity is the strongest form of stationarity. It means that the joint statistical distribution of any collection of the time series variates never depends on time. So, the mean, variance ...
2
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2answers
516 views

Normalization of Market Data in Time Series Correlation

Suppose we have 2 time series of market data, one for each security and we want to correlate between these 2 securities. My question is How do we handle gaps of missing data in the time series? ...
2
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1answer
1k views

HAR-RV, realized GARCH and HEAVY model for realized volatility

I don't have much experience with volatility modeling using intraday data but I'm in the process of collecting 5mins data. Currently I have ~6 months of data. Is it enough to use these models with ...
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1answer
2k views

Estimate rolling stochastic volatility forecast using stochvol in R

I want to use the R package stochvol to fit a SV model to a DAX training set and use the output to estimate a rolling one-step-ahead forecast: ...
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2answers
733 views

How To Account For Inflation Over Historical Data

I believe inflation is greatly affecting my sample data, even when using percent-changes for movements. I have read this post, which recommends the formula ((Current-Base Year CPI) * Price) / (...
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4answers
2k views

Implementing A 50/50 Prediction Model Strategy

Reworded the question for clarity (see edits for original post): How can one knowingly foresee where a 50/50 prediction model will be profitable? For previous posts: I understand that if I have a 50/...
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4answers
2k views

What Is A Good Success Rate Using Machine Learning For A Beginner?

I know this question will be quickly destroyed and my account summarily banned, but I just have to ask: For a trader using machine-learning algorithms (SVMs, ANNs, GAs, Decision Trees) for ...
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1answer
2k views

Why are multiple custom curves (swap) built for one desk?

Currently in a journey of learning and getting my hands a bit dirty with Interest Rate Swaps. Why there are multiple customized curves built by many even within one desk? For e.g. Short Rates desk ...
3
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1answer
617 views

How would you correct a GARCH model to deal with non mean reverting volatility?

I am currently attempting to model and forecast volatility of bitcoin but have not been able to find a GARCH model that fits the data appropriately. I've used tick data sampled at 1 hour intervals ...
2
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1answer
140 views

To understand FOMC events and its impact on the market

Last month when FOMC meeting decision went out that fed would start to exit QE3, immediately we saw a deleveraging effect: SPY went down, GLD went down, and LQD (bond) went down, but US dollars went ...
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6answers
11k views

How to estimate real-world probabilities

In the world of finance, Risk-neutral pricing allow us to estimate the fair value of derivatives using the risk free rate as the expected return of the underlyings. However, the behavior of ...