Questions tagged [forward]

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Simple question about an equity forward price

For some reason, this question has attracted controversy, so please humor me. Let's say a stock is worth 100 dollars today. There are two dividends at t=0.5 and t=1, both 1 dollar. Assuming zero ...
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175 views

Pricing of forwards contracts

Of the courses I am taking in college this semester, two are Financial Mathematics and Derivatives. In each course, we learn different formulas to calculate the forward price of a forward contract. ...
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31 views

Brazil FX market “cupom cambial” [duplicate]

I am trying to understand the role of cupom cambial (onshore dollar rate) in relation to the BCB swaps which are domestic NDF settled in real. "The cupom cambial is priced in basis points as an ...
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23 views

Future forward convexity adjustment as the expected profit from reinvesting margin payments?

Having looked at the formula for the convexity adjustment as a function of the covariance between rates accruing till maturity and asset price, I have an intuition that the difference between fair ...
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32 views

Is there a forward contract the underlying of which is another forward contract?

Is there a forward contract on a forward contract? Let us take a simple example: Persons $A$ and $B$ agree that $A$ sells $B$ some asset tomorrow at the fixed price $K_1$. This is a normal forward ...
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1answer
54 views

Odd Result from Computing Correlation Matrix from Kalman Filter Posteriori Covariance Estimate

I am using a Kalman Filter to estimate the return dynamics of a forwards curve on a particular commodity. My state space is the initial forwards values, and an initial guess of the drift functions for ...
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45 views

Delta of a forwards contract

in university's lecture notes, from what I understand using the replication of portfolio principle to price derivates, the forward price of a contract K should be: $K = P_0(1+r)$ where $P_0$ is the ...
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3answers
111 views

How does the term premium of the 10y20y Treasury forward rate relate to the 30y rate?

I'm reading recent research on Treasuries and to paraphrase, it says that long term 10y20y Treasury forward rates now have a positive term premium over the long run nominal funds rate (neutral rate). ...
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40 views

Carry & Roll, roll down current curve valid assumption?

The assumption for calculating the roll of a fixed income instrument is that you roll down the current spot curve. So if 10y rate is 2% and 9.5y is 1.8% the carry for the coming 6 month horizon is ...
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52 views

How to calculate the Net Present Value (Market-to-Market Value) of a plain vanilla FX forward?

I would like to understand the math/economics behind the calculation of plain vanilla FX forwards. Let's assume the following example: ...
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2answers
154 views

How does one calculate carry-roll-down theoretically assuming expectations of short-term rates are realised

I am not asking for an explanation that is hugely quantitative, but rather one that is more intuitive. I am aware that there are different assumptions that one could take when it comes to carry-roll-...
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36 views

Return of a bond held to maturity and realised forward rates

Let's assume that forward rates are realised as part of a carry-roll-down scenario. The gross return of a bond under the realised forward assumption to maturity is: $\frac{c(1+f(2))(1+f(3))...(1+f(T))}...
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106 views

what is the difference between an NDF and a FX Forward contract

Reference of NDF definition: https://www.investopedia.com/terms/n/ndf.asp For example, an NDF contract on Chinese Yuan and US Dollar is pretty much a CNH/USD fx forward contract, isn`t it ? In terms ...
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1answer
91 views

Is the pricing formula for FX Forwards the same for FX Swaps?

If I use fwd_price = S*(1+r_term)/(1+r_base) to determine the theoretical value of a forward, how should I tweak the formula to price a FX swap? Assuming swap = fwd-spot, swap_price = S*(1+r_term)/(1+...
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77 views

How does this formula for the price of a bond in terms of forward rates work?

I am currently reading Chapter 3 of Tuckman's 'Fixed Income Securities' and it states that we can write the price of a bond using its term structure in terms of forward rates but with periods of ...
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1answer
22 views

How does NDF contract pricing change on post trade events such as novation/termination [closed]

If NDF contract gets novated, will it change the pricing? If NDF contract gets novated, will it change the pricing?
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78 views

Swaption decomposition - forward options and option on options

I am following through the book "An Introduction to Financial Derivatives" by Salih Neftci. According to the book, a swap can be decomposed into cash flows from forwards and options. I am ...
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116 views

Forward EURUSD exchange rate for a Future date

Assume that on today's date as of 11/22/2020 the 1 year forward exchange rate for EUR/USD is ...
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42 views

Any resources or literature on interpolation schemes for future dates?

I have a whole stack of the popular option trading/modelling books (Natenburg, Sinclair, Hull, etc.) None of them however address the idea of pricing or modelling values at a point in the "future&...
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57 views

What is an industry standard to value FX Forwards with margining?

I could not find any reference on market standard approaches to value FX Forward with margining options. Is computing the present value of FX Forward with spot, swap margin is so trivial? My ...
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1answer
34 views

Futures and Forwards in Relation to No-Arbitrage Axiom

Is it possible to make an arbitrage profit by taking a long position in the futures contract and a short position in the forward contract when Forward Contract F(0,0) > Futures Contract G(0,0)? ...
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45 views

CME Metals Settlement methodology

I'm reading the docs on CME Metal's settlement methodology and looking at the examples section: https://www.cmegroup.com/confluence/display/EPICSANDBOX/Metals+Futures+Settlement+Algorithm+Examples For ...
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70 views

Price of a Forward Contract

I have the following, Let ${F_t,t\geq0}$ be the price process of the forward contract on the risky asset with maturity $T' > 0$. Since interest rates are deterministic, we have $$F_t=S_t\ e^{r(T^\...
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149 views

European Call Option on Forward Contract [closed]

I am doing a problem on pricing european call option on forward contract. The forward contract has maturity $T^{'}$ and the option has maturity $T < T^{'}$ with strike $K$. Assuming the underlying ...
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1answer
52 views

Is there an arbitrage opportunity if the forward price is different from the true expected value of the asset?

Assume an arbitrage-free market. Let's say that the current price of an asset is $100$, its forward price in 1 month is $110$ Is it possible that the true expected value of the asset is not $110$? ...
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63 views

What are the boundary conditions for the Forward contract PDE?

European call When solving the PDE for the value $V$ of a European call option under the Black-Scholes model using a finite difference scheme, we have that Initial/terminal condition. $V(S_T,T) = \...
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40 views

Forward contract on a defaultable coupon bearing bond

Notations : $P(t,T)$ : the $t$-price of a coupon bearing bond paying coupons $C_i$ at $T_i$ maturing at $T$ $B(t,T)$ : the $t$-price of a non defaultable zero coupon bond paying 1 at $T$ $P_r(t,T)$ : ...
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54 views

Forward contract on a given financial product $P$

I would like to know whether my reasoning is correct or not. Let $\pi_t$ be the price of a financial product $P$. The forward associated to a forward contract on $P$ that settles at time $T$ is given ...
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80 views

Can arbitrage arguments be rearranged to avoid selling? (Hull, Chapter 5)

Suppose forward contracts are traded on a consumption asset, so there aren't necessarily people ready and willing to sell the asset to jump on an arbitrage opportunity. Suppose the asset has no yield, ...
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1answer
100 views

forward contract on a defaultable zero-coupon bond

I'am trying to calculate the price of a forward on a defaultable zero-coupon bond. It is also true that the price will be given by Price a forward contract on a zero-coupon bond ? I guess the ...
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1answer
131 views

Why are some metals in contango (inverted) forward curve and some in backwardation (normal) forward curve?

I am scrolling through the various metals on lme.com and some are in contango and some in backwardation. For example: Copper: backwardation Aluminium: contango Further examination of other metals ...
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2answers
106 views

Why forwards are not traded in exchange market?

Why they are only traded OTC ? And why in general derivatives are all traded only OTC ? Why do banks prefer to trade OTC rather than exchange market ?
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98 views

Deriving forward rate

I want to price a 1 year future under the condition of no arbitrage and based on LOOP. At time T, I sell currency Z and buy currency L. At time $t$, we define the exchange rate as $ZL_t$. The 1 year ...
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83 views

What is the forward price of a futures contract?

We know how to calculate the theoretical forward price of a stock. But what is the theoretical forward price of a futures contract?
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95 views

Which is the “correct” 5Y5Y Inflation Expectation on Bloomberg, and what are the differences?

When the market talks about 5Y5Y expectation, is it referring to FWISUS55 Index, or G0169 5Y5Y BLC2 Curncy on Bloomberg? I ...
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2answers
94 views

Value Option with Forward Volatilities

That is probably a rather simple question but I got confused and would be very thankful for help. Imagine we are in 2015 and have an option that expires in either 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019, 2020 or 2021. ...
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243 views

Eurodollar future vs Eurodollar forward contracts

You are considering two contracts: a Eurodollar futures contract with six months to maturity, selling at 5%, settled on three-month LIBOR, marked to market every day; and a Eurodollar forward contract ...
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1answer
254 views

FX Forward rate agreement valuation in quantlib

I am trying to value an FRA in quantlib Python using the below code: ...
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2answers
60 views

Reliable weekend forex source that can act as credible data for Monday APAC morning forex trade

In general most of the forex market closes by 10:00 pm london time on Friday and opens back on Monday morning APAC time , somewhere around Sunday evening London time. I am interested in knowing if ...
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65 views

Futures vs Forward pricing with different interest rates using binomial model

I'm given the aforementioned parameters for a two-step binomial model where the underlying pays no dividend, $S_0=50$ and $T=2$. With this information I was able to calculate the risk-neutral ...
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1answer
85 views

Is the forward price equal to the future price?

If $f^{T_1}(t)$ is the price of a forward and $F^{T_1}(t)$ is the price of a future on some stock, both maturing at date $T_1$ and with the assumptions: no dividend constant interest rates no ...
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1answer
75 views

Hedging with forward contract

I am wondering what strategies that can be used in hedging with forward contracts in commodities market. I only need to buy the forward contract (long position), let's say a one month contract. So my ...
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15 views

Balance sheet items which might show exposure to hedging or the prevalence of forward contracts

I do have a panel data set on North American companies from Compustat covering balance sheet and income information. I am wondering if there is a possibility to use a balance sheet variable as an ...
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27 views

Market implied probability of central bank rate change

Recently, I've come across this article, which is offering a simple model for estimating the probabilities of interest rate cut/hike from the Central bank. This is done by using market data, ...
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1answer
45 views

Decomposing Co-variance of Two Assets Terminal Prices into Forward measures

Let $X_T,Y_T$ be the terminal values of two price processes following Continuous Gaussian Motion (I.E.) let us assume no jumps. Further assume the correct forwards/futures price is given by $F^X_{t,T} ...
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1answer
45 views

Back of the enveloppe forward irs pricing

trying to have a back of the enveloppe way of working out generic forward starting swap rates like 2y2y or 5y3y to put in a spreadsheet without too much loss of accuracy. Whats a good way to look at ...
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3answers
295 views

How can I use the Radon-Nikodym theorem to show that forward measure is indeed measure?

The following statements are taken from the Wikipedia page for forward measure. Let $$B(T)=\exp \left(\int _{0}^{T}r(u)\,du\right)$$ be the bank account or money market account numeraire and $...
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62 views

Application Itô's Lemma: Forward to Spot process

I am working on the following equation (I want to apply Ito's lemma on it): and I know that: and also and My problem is that I want the dynamic of F(S,T) without S because I need first to ...
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1answer
150 views

Difference between Price and Value in Forward and Futures

Consider forward and futures contract on a zero-coupon bond. Denote the time $t$ forward (contract) price on a $T_2$-maturity zero-coupon bond with delivery date $T_1$ as $F(t,T_1:T_2).$ Similarly, ...
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376 views

Are forward rates for an IRS computed between reset dates or between start dates?

In order to price the floating leg of an IRS I am computing forward rates for future coupons, but I'm not sure whether I have to compute such rates between reset dates or between start dates. My ...

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