Questions tagged [forward]

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2answers
37 views

Calculating bond forward rate/price

What's the difference these two methods on calculating the bond forward rate/price. First of all I'm assuming forward rate is the same as forward price in this context, if this assumption is false, ...
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1answer
104 views

What happened to future price if rates become negative?

Imagine the spot price of a non deliverable and not paying dividend asset is 100\$. With positive rate, the theoretical formula $F = S \cdot e^{rT}$ give us a future price higher, let's say 105. If ...
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5answers
111 views

Equity Forward Price calculation

In the book of John Hull, the price of an equity forward on a dividend paying stock is formulated as: $$F_0 = (S_0 - I)e^{rT} $$ where $r$ is the risk free rate and $I$ is present value of the stream ...
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0answers
30 views

Dimension reduction for worst of basket on $min(S_1, S_2)$

Suppose we want to price an exotic equity which is a function of $min(S_1, S_2)$. To do this, I'm trying to compute an implied volatility surface for $min(S_1, S_2)$ and then price the option using ...
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0answers
30 views

Negative drift when calibrating GBM parameters

Setup for question: Consider a basket of $N$ stocks $\{S^1, S^2, \dots, S^N\}$. For fixed strike $K$, each stock in the basket, $S^i$, follows the SDE $$dS_t^i = \mu^i(t) S_t^i dt + \sigma^i(K, t) ...
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0answers
61 views

Replication of a dividend swap

I wanted to know how banks replicate dividend swap, my best guess is to take the spread between a Total Return Swap and a Forward.
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1answer
50 views

Basic FX-Forwards trading Guide [closed]

What fundamentals or other factors should one follow to trade currency Forwards intraday?
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2answers
121 views

Interest rates impact on forward prices

In stock option markets, rising interest rates will increase the froward price, causing call values to rise and put values to fall. But my understanding is that rising interest rate will cause stock ...
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0answers
70 views

Constructing USD 1M Libor Forward Curve

Hope you are doing fine. I am pricing a 1month IRS. For that purpose in order tu build the forward curve i have to use the following. Since USD 1m instruments do not exist, one has to use basis ...
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1answer
124 views

Constructing an FX forward curve

A lot of our clients are currently using interest rate parity as a means of constructing an FX forward curve. For instance, to construct the USD-GBP FX Forward curve, they are using the USD LIBOR, ...
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2answers
157 views

Forward Volatility vs Spot Volatility in Option Skew Models

My question is regarding Volatility Skew Models and their inputs. I have noticed that a vast majority of models take as an input the forward of the underlying (even in the case of stocks - where the ...
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1answer
41 views

FX Forward last day first day premium

How exactly do you trade the turn of the year/quarter effect (also known as last day-first day effect). How do you track this data, is it directly quoted in the market or is it interpolated?
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1answer
37 views

Units of measurement for Minimum Variance Hedge Ratio

The minimum variance hedge ratio is given by $h=p*\frac{\sigma_S}{\sigma_F}$. I was wondering if you wanted to calculate the S.D yourself and the spot prices were in Dollars per barrel while futures ...
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2answers
177 views

Why are FRA/futures convexity adjustments necessary?

This would be my explanation for the reason that convexity adjustments must exist: Futures are margined daily, such that if a trader is paid a future and rates goes up then money is paid into their ...
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2answers
84 views

Gold forward price

In the Hull book, i saw the following exercice and its answer : Suppose the one-year gold lease rate is 1,5% and the one-year risk-free rate is 5%. Both rates are compounded annually. Calculate the ...
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1answer
72 views

Computing FX forward returns using spot returns and an existing term structure

Sorry for the naive question, I am new to the area. I have YTD spot returns on the USD/GBP pair and a forward yield curve. How would one go about computing the forward returns in 2 years using this ...
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2answers
71 views

Strategy if dividend is lower than expected

Here is a question I encountered: In 2009, a trader believes that dividends for a stock in 2011 will be lower than expected, what is the best strategy among: long/short 2010 forward, long/short ...
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0answers
69 views

How can we value NPV for a standard FX Swap?

hope you are all well! Was just wondering how we can value the NPV on the value date for a FX swap - i'm sure it's by evaluating the interest rate payable/receivable from the trade date until the ...
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1answer
132 views

Principal Components Analysis on overlapping contracts

I am conducting several PCAs on the gas forward curves (months, quarters, seasons, calendars) for hedging purposes which give me some rather reasonable and stable results. However, these contracts ...
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0answers
74 views

value of forward contract at inception

I am reading a derivation of the forward price $F$ of a forward contract. I think the author uses a circular argument to assume that "the value of the forward at inception is equal to 0" because the ...
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1answer
84 views

Pricing an Asian style forward contract with early exercise feature

Is there an analytic way to price or approximate a contract with payout $A_t - K$, where $A_t$ is the running average price of the underlying asset from $[0, t]$ and $K$ is (fixed) strike. If this ...
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0answers
48 views

FX Average Forward Pricing

Lookin for documentation on how to price FX Arithmetic Average Rate Forwards. Couldn't find any info on textbooks. Any help is very appreciated.
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1answer
186 views

Why are interest rate swaps the most popular interest rate derivatives [closed]

Interest rate swaps are the most popular interest rate derivatives. Is there a reason why they are more popular than other interest rate derivatives (e.g. forwards, futures)? Is it because they were ...
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1answer
124 views

What is the instantaneous FX rate and used for a FX Forward?

Could someone please explain me what the instantaneous FX rate corresponds to and why it is used in the valuation of an FX Forward trade? It is defined as: FX_Instantaneous= FX_Spot-(ON+TN) where ...
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1answer
737 views

Pricing Uneven FX Swaps

I'm trying to figure out how to price uneven FX swaps. I just started on a FX trading desk and have been told that the all-in rate for a 2-legged FX swap is equal to: 1) Quote for market side of net ...
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1answer
139 views

Difference between settlement of Eurodollars and FRA

I am going through J.C. Hull's chapter on FRA and EuroDollar Futures. Taking the case of FRA. I assume $T_0$ is the time when two parties entered into a FRA to fix interest rates they get on a ...
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1answer
105 views

When to Choose FX Swap or Forward

Assume we have an exporter who is looking to hedge their USD exposure. How would they decide between choosing a FX swap or a FX forward contract to do so? I understand that a swap has 2 exchanges, ...
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0answers
186 views

Forward implied vol vs Instantaneous vol

In the Discrete Stochastic Implied Volatility Model which is from the standard Heston Model, the model shows the evolution of forward implied volatilities with time. I thought forward implied ...
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2answers
163 views

How to calculate correlation between commodities with forward prices?

I'm trying to understand which is the correct way to calculate the correlation between 2 commodities with forward prices. My idea would be first bootstrap forward prices to have only spot prices for ...
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0answers
217 views

Quanto Factor - FX Forward

In the paper Quanto Options by Uwe Wystup the "quanto factor" $Q$ is used to describe forwards/options when quanto-ed into a different currency, e.g. $$\text{Quanto Forward Value} = Q \cdot e^{-r_Q T}...
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0answers
158 views

Extrapolating implied dividend yield

I have liquid option quotes for 1, 2, 3 and 4y expiries. I was able to imply the continuous dividend yield for all of those. How would you extrapolate such implied yield to 5 and 6y expiries?
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2answers
193 views

Stock forward price argument

Hi I am strangling to understand where is the mistake with the following strategy. Can anyone help me with the following argument? Assuming a stock price follows geometric Brownian motion then the ...
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2answers
733 views

Valuation of open FX-Forward

So called closed FX-Forwards are well known forward contracts where some amount of foreign currency is bought at a specified date in the future for a price fixed "today". Such contracts can be ...
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2answers
393 views

Futures and Forward Prices vs interest rates

Textbooks usually state that if an asset's prices are positively correlated with interest rate movements, then its Futures price is going to be greater than its Forward Price assuming the same ...
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0answers
80 views

Forward spot calculation for a dividend paying no-short sell ETF

I am trying to fit an implied volatility curve for options on the SSE 50 etf that has no borrow (no short selling allowed) and pays a single annual dividend. I originally thought I could use the ...
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1answer
121 views

Why is the value of a forward contract discounted to the present value?

I'm not sure if this question has been asked before, but it's a simple one. Let's consider a Forward contract on a non-income paying investment asset. We know that the Forward price on such an asset ...
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0answers
68 views

Financing of an equity forward

How reasonable it is to assume that the forwards (implied through call-put parity from European options) on easy-to-borrow European stocks will "grow" at Euribor/Eonia rate? In other words, is it ...
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1answer
2k views

MtM of FX Forward

I had a look at pnl calculation of FX forward but it didn't quite match my question. Say $X_{t,\tau}$ is the USDJPY FX Forward Rate as seen at time $t$ for expiry $t+\tau$. So $X_{t}^{spot} := X_{t,0}...
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1answer
155 views

Index implied repo gerater than the stock repo

I've observed that the repo rate implied from options on Euro Stoxx 50 is significantly higher than the repo rate implied from options on individual stocks that are constituents of the index. This is ...
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0answers
196 views

Reason for choosing the T-forward measure to calculate expected value of forward curves

Setup I read that when simulating forward curves $(r_t(s_i))_i$ at some future time $t>0$, one is supposed to center them not around $F(0;t,t+s_i)$, but around $$\mathbb E^{\mathbb Q_{t}}[r_t(s_i)]...
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3answers
494 views

how to simulate FX forwards

My question is how to do Monte Carlo simulation for FX forward contracts. Just imagine you have bought a bunch of FX forwards (in various currencies and various tenors) for hedging purposes and you ...
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0answers
63 views

Different versions of Put-Call Parity

Why is it stated sometimes that $C - P = F$ and in wikipedia it statest that $C - P = D(F-K)$, where D is the discount factor and K is the strike (of both the call and put?). Is this just affected ...
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0answers
98 views

why do forward contracts have varying sensitivity to yield, but futures contracts do not?

I just watched https://institute.cmegroup.com/courses/introduction-to-eurodollars/modules/understanding-convexity-bias as I understand it, if the yield rate of a futures contract increases, the price ...
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1answer
2k views

Mark to market forward contract

(All prices are in $) Say that at time $t=0$, $A$ goes long a forward contract with maturity $T$ on an underlying asset $X$ with forward price 100 \$, that is, $A$ agrees to buy $X$ for 100 \$ at ...
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0answers
149 views

Modelling roll-over and roll yield in a forward strategy

This is a post which serves as a follow-up question to Nature of short VIX strategies. I am trying to understand where the change in value in a synthetic strategy constructed from futures comes from: ...
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1answer
187 views

Confusion in forward contract pricing on a stock using the binomial model

In the financial engineering course I am taking we are studying how to use the binomial model to price derivatives, one of which is the forward. For this question it is related to a forward contract ...
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2answers
145 views

Nature of short VIX strategies

By now, we all pretty much know that the recent upsurge in the VIX Index caused the spectacular failure of some Exchange-Traded Products (ETPs) or Exchange-Traded Notes (ETNs) written on it. An ...
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1answer
248 views

Spot-Forward Relationship - Proof

Does anyone know of a decent proof for the spot-forward relationship of a currency? I've been looking on Google for hours and I'm not getting anywhere. My lecture notes are useless in that they don't ...
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2answers
585 views

Properly interpreting LIBOR curves?

I have a confusion regarding LIBOR curves. I understand what LIBOR means, but what exactly is meant by a LIBOR curve? I would imagine a curve where on the x-axis is time and y-axis the 6-month LIBOR ...
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0answers
249 views

Long term equity repo

Let's assume I have various European stocks and would like to somehow estimate their long-term (5y+) forward prices. As for repo rate for each individual stock, is it reasonable to assume that its ...