Questions tagged [forward]

A contract between two parties to make a transaction at a specified future time.

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Black and Scholes PDE in terms of Future Price [closed]

I was trying to understand why the Black and Scholes PDE for the value of an option, $V (F , t)$, with the forward price, $F$, as underlying is $$\frac{\partial V}{\partial t} + \frac{1}{2}\sigma^2F^2\...
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Standard methods to adjust the forwards

I see very frequently the notion of forward correction in the industry. However, I have not come across any paper or textbook that talks about a structured methodology for adjusting it in case of ...
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Forward on a stock with Dividends

I have seen the question here and have gone through the answer, but I still don't fully understand why the approach below, based on no-arbitrage, yields a different answer. To summarize: At time $t_0$...
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Accrued Interest and Forward Pricing of Bond with Quantlib

I'm working on a forward bond pricing engine so i can either calulate the repo rate, or the forward price of the operation. I'm using bloomberg as a reference to see if my values are right. First ...
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If the interest rate is constant, then the forward price and the futures price are equal? [closed]

I was going through the proof about the equality of forward and futures price (assuming constant interest rate) in a book. Somewhere, the authors used the fact that suppose we start with two capitals -...
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FX Average Rate Forward pricing in OVML

The help document says that "When settled in the foreign currency, the payoff is set by the difference between the inverse of the average rate of the spot and the inverse strike. The payoff is no ...
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Bond forward arbitrage relationships

I am trying to see if the following statement is true or not and I would really appreciate your help. The statement is as follows: $\forall $ Tradable Asset $V(t)$, $$ E[\frac{P(t,T_{i})P(T_{i},T_{i+1}...
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VaR on forward contracts

I am trying to calculate a historical VaR, let's say on a forward contract of Gas that has a delivery in December 2022 ( begin delivery = 1st December 2022 and end delivery = 31st December 2022). ...
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Asymmetry in cash and carry arbitrage with carry costs?

I'm a bit confused on the effect of carry in the cash-and-carry arbitrage scenario. Assume we have a commodity $C$. The spot price is \$100. Assume a 2% risk-free rate. Assume a 1% carry cost, no ...
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Crypto perpetual futures (swaps) pricing away from instantaneous moment of funding

Most perpetual futures offered by crypto exchanges employ a funding payment mechanism, that acts to periodically return the price of the perpetual to the underlying index price. The mechanism is ...
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Forward Equity Curve Computation

I have been thinking about how forward equity prices are usually computed. For the purpose of simplicity, let us take a share paying deterministic discrete dividends $(D_i)$ at times $(T_i)$ with a ...
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Forward returns measurment?

Is there a common approach to measure how a forward contract is performing? Here's what I'm thinking, each day you would price your forward with the next formula. $$ F_t = S_0 e^{-r_f T}-Ke^{-r T} = (...
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Short term implied fx rate

For context, I'm working towards constructing a FX implied rate curve based on the fwd points market. As you know, most of the spot rates usually settle in t+2. We can group fwd points in two types, ...
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Reasons for negative autocorrelation of forward prices

I am working on each trade day's forward prices of gasoline. I noticed that the autocorrelation at lag 6 is significantly negative. I know how to interpret negative autocorrelation in a statistical ...
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Understanding FX forward points and market usage

I've been trying to make sense of how the FX forward market works. Let's say today is June 13, 2022. And we have the next market info as seen in Bloomberg for the FX cross between USDMXN, assuming mid ...
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Trying to check this 1Y1Y forward treasuries calculation

here is a screenshot of the FWCM screen on Bloomberg: https://imgur.com/a/cO5kIOz I'm trying to check that I understand this by calculating the 1Y1Y which according to this matrix is 3.6877%. So the ...
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Is a swap fixed rate always a par yield?

I am learning about using the OIS fixed rate to value a plain vanilla LIBOR swap. I'm using Bond Math by Smith, and the accompanying online addendum. To bootstrap the discount factors, the author ...
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Jarrow and Turnbull (1997) Discrete time forward rate confusion

I'm reading Jarrow and Turnbull (1997). They defined $p(t,T)$ as the time $t$ price of a default free zero coupon bond paying a sure dollar at time $T$ where $0\le t \le T$ (in year). They also ...
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Why is the formula for the 5y5y inflation swap forward on bloomberg 2*USSWIT10 Curncy-USSWIT5 Curncy

If USSWIT10 Curncy is the expected average inflation for ten years and the USSWIT5 Curncy is the expected average inflation for five years, I don't know why that formula would tell me what the ...
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Implied forward rate with forward points

I've been studying the application and derivation of a domestic implicit rate in a FX contract when your input are the forward points and the foreing rate. Let's establish some with some ideas first. ...
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How to calculate the tom next / TN points for EURTRY, knowing that the spot dates differ, T+1 and T+2?

My input is the swap points curves for say EURUSD (spot T+2) and USDTRY (spot date T+1) as well as a spot rate reference. The general approach for crossing when spot dates are the same is to calculate ...
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How to compute portfolio weight of forward contract

how would one formally calculate the portfolio weight of a Forward position? Suppose I have 100 mio portfolio. I have 50mio in Tesla shares and I have 50mio in Microsoft shares, and I enter into a 1 ...
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Is there anyone trading Then-Current Treasury Forward?

The treasury forward traded for those on-the-run or off-the-run makes sense. You simply trying to hedge the treasury bond already issued by calculating the forward price of the bond. I was wondering ...
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Black option price formula and forward price (discrete dividends)

the price of a call option is $$C(0)=P(0,T)[FN(d_1) - KN(d_2)]$$ Now I want to calculate greeks of option price but with respect to spot price $S$ instead of forward price $F$. Can I assume any form ...
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How is VaR calculated for forward contracts accounting for European put options?

My initial idea is to create profit and loss using an equation like this: \begin{align} P\&L = & \text{European Put P&L} + \text{Forward P&L}\\ P\&L = & [(K-S_T)^+...
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Is Clark's Futures calculation incorrect?

I was working through Clark's Commodity option pricing: A practitioner's guide published 2014, and when I get to the Futures case study section 2.3.3, the answers I get differs from his (I tried to ...
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Forward volatility vs current volatility

I am working on a Quiz that asks why the 6 month forward volatiliy could be greater than the 6 month current volatility. I would first like to clarify if I understand the Question correctly. When we ...
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Forward Price from Spot Price QuantLib

Is there a way to compute the forward price of a bond from its spot price in QuantLib? Based on the documentation and on examples online, it seems that it is only meant to be used with a yield term ...
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Why is the forward price of an ETF that holds futures equal to the current price of the ETF?

I've seen some ETFs that only hold futures (and some cash) whose options are being priced with a forward price equal to the current ETF price, even for 1 year out options (at least according to ...
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How to derive forward price on stock with continuous dividend

Let $F_{t,T}$ be the forward price of a stock $S$ at time $T$ and $t$ be the current time. The stock pays a proportional continuous dividend at a rate of $q$ and the risk-free rate is $r$. How can I ...
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Why would one need forward prices to perform derivatives pricing?

I am trying to understand the purpose of inputs the software of my company is using. Amongst others it needs calibration instruments, a model type, initial values of the respective underylings and a ...
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Does change of futures price influence spot price to change as well?

There is no problem in understanding how the changes in spot price can cause the future price to change. For example, if we have a big changes in supply and demand (e.g. war breakout, unexpected heavy ...
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Should I train (and apply) a commodity forecasting model using nominal or real historical (futures) prices?

I am forecasting hourly power prices by applying Gradient Boosting to, among other variables, average monthly gas prices. The algorithm is currently trained on historical nominal monthly average gas ...
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Forward/futures contracts that satisfy $F=S\exp(rT)$

I am interested in estimating riskless rates from forward/futures data. The standard forward pricing formula is given by $$F=S\exp(rT).$$ From this we can solve the interest rate used in pricing as a ...
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How to calculate the theoretical price of a forward in CHF on a stock index future in EUR?

I am looking for a pricing model of the following contract, which is basically a forward contract, maturity in 3 month with some sort of strike on a (equally weighted basket of) stock index futures in ...
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3 votes
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A question about exercise from "Paul Wilmott introduces Quantitative Finance"

I am new on this forum and i have just begun my adventure with finances, so please be patient. I was solving exercises from "Paul Wilmot introduces Quantitative Finance" and i came across ...
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Pricing of a tracker certificate on basket of index futures

i'm new to Quant Stack Exchange but i already saw that the quality of the answers is outstanding, however, i have a question for which i haven't found an answer yet: I'm looking for a pricing model/ ...
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Replicating call option in market which only trades stock and forward contracts

I am having a bit of trouble with a problem I've been given. Consider a market which only trades a stock and forward contracts. There's only time 0 and 1. Initial stock price S_0 is 10, the forward ...
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Bergomi's model normalisation

On his book https://www.amazon.fr/dp/B019FNKQS8/ref=dp_kinw_strp_1 Bergomi derives a multifactor mean reversible volatility of the volatility such that : \begin{equation*} d \xi_{t}^{T}=\omega(\tau) \...
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Is “at the money” referent to the spot or forward price?

This may be a trivial question, but one I wasn’t sure about. Imagine I want to buy a 1 year ATM straddle. Does “at the money” imply buying closest to the current spot price, or does it mean to buy at ...
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Curve Trades - Forward Swap vs Swap(Payer and Receiver)

let's say I want to do a steepening trade. What would be the difference between entering a swap starting in 5 years and lasting for 5 years (5y5y) entering a payer swap with a tenor of 10 years and ...
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1 answer
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Why has cross currency basis become higher since the 2008 crisis?

The impact of cross currency basis on FX forward pricing has become more noticeable since 2008, diverging significantly from the interest rate differential, what are the fundamentals behind this ...
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About American Forward Pricing

I just want to know if there is an analytical solution about FX American forward. I recently get a solution that computes price for each τ-maturity forward contract and then take a maximum price. So, ...
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Compute forward swap rate from spot swap rate?

I am pretty new to interest rate swap and this question might sound silly. Why does 3y2y (3yr forward and 2yr tenor) swap rate roughly equal to (5*5y swap - 3*3y swap) / (5-3)? Any explanation would ...
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Calculation of annual yield for NDFs

I was wondering if someone can help me understand how to interpret the "annual yield" that is getting calculated below for NDFs. This is the way it's currently done in the place I work, but ...
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Is there a name for the common class of instrument which Spots and Forwards belong to?

I'm doing some database design where I'm modelling Forwards and Spots. They share the same schema, the only difference is that Spots have a settlement date of the time they were created at, while ...
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Can you perform covered interest arbitrage when the forward rate is too low?

In covered interest arbitrage, if the forward rate is too high, you can (i) exchange domestic for foreign currency today (ii) invest at the foreign deposit rate (iii) exchange back to the domestic ...
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Bid Price of a Forward?

Say I am a market maker. The ask (me selling it) formula is pretty common in textbooks etc by no arbitrage: $$F = S \cdot \text{exp}(r-d)$$ where $r$ is interest rate and $d$ -- dividend. Again, by no ...
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Pricing of forwards contracts

Of the courses I am taking in college this semester, two are Financial Mathematics and Derivatives. In each course, we learn different formulas to calculate the forward price of a forward contract. ...
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Brazil FX market "cupom cambial" [duplicate]

I am trying to understand the role of cupom cambial (onshore dollar rate) in relation to the BCB swaps which are domestic NDF settled in real. "The cupom cambial is priced in basis points as an ...
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