Questions tagged [forward]

A contract between two parties to make a transaction at a specified future time.

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Forwards/Futures Pricing [closed]

I have been trying to understand the basics of derivative pricing. While options was quite intuitive, I have a few doubts regarding forwards/futures. Forwards are contracts that aren't exchange traded ...
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Why would one need forward prices to perform derivatives pricing?

I am trying to understand the purpose of inputs the software of my company is using. Amongst others it needs calibration instruments, a model type, initial values of the respective underylings and a ...
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Forward Interest Rate Swap Calculation [closed]

There is a forward starting 6-year fixed-floating interest rate swap, where payments are exchanged at the end of years 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, and 10. Floating rate payments are based on the 1-year US ...
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Does change of futures price influence spot price to change as well?

There is no problem in understanding how the changes in spot price can cause the future price to change. For example, if we have a big changes in supply and demand (e.g. war breakout, unexpected heavy ...
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What is the convenience yield of Bitcoin?

Question What is the convenience yield of the cryptocurrency? Back-up Explanations According to the 4-page long research paper, Crypto carry, the widely varying funding rates of perpetual futures (...
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Simple hedging technique comparison question: forward market vs money market

I am trying to do some self studying and came across this question. I am not sure how I would analyze these hedging strategies to figure out which is better. Could you give me any help on how I could ...
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Should I train (and apply) a commodity forecasting model using nominal or real historical (futures) prices?

I am forecasting hourly power prices by applying Gradient Boosting to, among other variables, average monthly gas prices. The algorithm is currently trained on historical nominal monthly average gas ...
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59 views

Decomposing Co-variance of Two Assets Terminal Prices into Forward measures

Let $X_T,Y_T$ be the terminal values of two price processes following Continuous Gaussian Motion (I.E.) let us assume no jumps. Further assume the correct forwards/futures price is given by $F^X_{t,T} ...
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Units of measurement for Minimum Variance Hedge Ratio

The minimum variance hedge ratio is given by $h=p*\frac{\sigma_S}{\sigma_F}$. I was wondering if you wanted to calculate the S.D yourself and the spot prices were in Dollars per barrel while futures ...
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How to calculate the CVA of a forward contract?

I am having trouble calculating the CVA of a forward contract. The question is presented below Question: There exists a long forwards position underlying on gold with 2 years remaining. The ...
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144 views

Value Option with Forward Volatilities

That is probably a rather simple question but I got confused and would be very thankful for help. Imagine we are in 2015 and have an option that expires in either 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019, 2020 or 2021. ...
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Forward/futures contracts that satisfy $F=S\exp(rT)$

I am interested in estimating riskless rates from forward/futures data. The standard forward pricing formula is given by $$F=S\exp(rT).$$ From this we can solve the interest rate used in pricing as a ...
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Bid Price of a Forward?

Say I am a market maker. The ask (me selling it) formula is pretty common in textbooks etc by no arbitrage: $$F = S \cdot \text{exp}(r-d)$$ where $r$ is interest rate and $d$ -- dividend. Again, by no ...
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How to calculate the theoretical price of a forward in CHF on a stock index future in EUR?

I am looking for a pricing model of the following contract, which is basically a forward contract, maturity in 3 month with some sort of strike on a (equally weighted basket of) stock index futures in ...
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A question about exercise from "Paul Wilmott introduces Quantitative Finance"

I am new on this forum and i have just begun my adventure with finances, so please be patient. I was solving exercises from "Paul Wilmot introduces Quantitative Finance" and i came across ...
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Pricing Uneven FX Swaps

I'm trying to figure out how to price uneven FX swaps. I just started on a FX trading desk and have been told that the all-in rate for a 2-legged FX swap is equal to: 1) Quote for market side of net ...
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Pricing of a tracker certificate on basket of index futures

i'm new to Quant Stack Exchange but i already saw that the quality of the answers is outstanding, however, i have a question for which i haven't found an answer yet: I'm looking for a pricing model/ ...
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Replicating call option in market which only trades stock and forward contracts

I am having a bit of trouble with a problem I've been given. Consider a market which only trades a stock and forward contracts. There's only time 0 and 1. Initial stock price S_0 is 10, the forward ...
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Bergomi's model normalisation

On his book https://www.amazon.fr/dp/B019FNKQS8/ref=dp_kinw_strp_1 Bergomi derives a multifactor mean reversible volatility of the volatility such that : \begin{equation*} d \xi_{t}^{T}=\omega(\tau) \...
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Curve Trades - Forward Swap vs Swap(Payer and Receiver)

let's say I want to do a steepening trade. What would be the difference between entering a swap starting in 5 years and lasting for 5 years (5y5y) entering a payer swap with a tenor of 10 years and ...
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203 views

Is “at the money” referent to the spot or forward price?

This may be a trivial question, but one I wasn’t sure about. Imagine I want to buy a 1 year ATM straddle. Does “at the money” imply buying closest to the current spot price, or does it mean to buy at ...
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132 views

Can you perform covered interest arbitrage when the forward rate is too low?

In covered interest arbitrage, if the forward rate is too high, you can (i) exchange domestic for foreign currency today (ii) invest at the foreign deposit rate (iii) exchange back to the domestic ...
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Which is the "correct" 5Y5Y Inflation Expectation on Bloomberg, and what are the differences?

When the market talks about 5Y5Y expectation, is it referring to FWISUS55 Index, or G0169 5Y5Y BLC2 Curncy on Bloomberg? I ...
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71 views

Calculation of annual yield for NDFs

I was wondering if someone can help me understand how to interpret the "annual yield" that is getting calculated below for NDFs. This is the way it's currently done in the place I work, but ...
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182 views

Why has cross currency basis become higher since the 2008 crisis?

The impact of cross currency basis on FX forward pricing has become more noticeable since 2008, diverging significantly from the interest rate differential, what are the fundamentals behind this ...
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About American Forward Pricing

I just want to know if there is an analytical solution about FX American forward. I recently get a solution that computes price for each τ-maturity forward contract and then take a maximum price. So, ...
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When to Choose FX Swap or Forward

Assume we have an exporter who is looking to hedge their USD exposure. How would they decide between choosing a FX swap or a FX forward contract to do so? I understand that a swap has 2 exchanges, ...
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Compute forward swap rate from spot swap rate?

I am pretty new to interest rate swap and this question might sound silly. Why does 3y2y (3yr forward and 2yr tenor) swap rate roughly equal to (5*5y swap - 3*3y swap) / (5-3)? Any explanation would ...
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Is there a name for the common class of instrument which Spots and Forwards belong to?

I'm doing some database design where I'm modelling Forwards and Spots. They share the same schema, the only difference is that Spots have a settlement date of the time they were created at, while ...
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FX Option pricing on Forward vs. Spot

In a GBM world with riskless domestic and foreign interest rates, what would be the correct model for a FX plain vanilla option given the statement that this option is priced on the forward? I guess ...
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Covariance matrix for risk factors of a FX Forward contract

Does it make sense to calculate log-returns of interest rates from a zero curve? Context: I'm trying to build a variance-covariance matrix for the risk factors of a USDBRL FX Forward maturing in 1 ...
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Formula for forward price of bond

What is the formula for the forward price of a bond (assuming there are coupons in the interim period, and that the deal is collateralised) Please also prove it with an arbitrage cashflow scenario ...
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Price a forward contract on a zero-coupon bond

I'm trying to calculate the price of a forward contract on a zero-coupon bond (ZCB). The forward contract matures at $t_1$ and the ZCB matures at $t_2$. So is the price of the forwards contract just ...
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Value american forward as american put and american call

Can I value an american forward with strike K and maturity T as the sum of a bought Call and sold Put, both american with same strike K and maturity T? If not, why?
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Carry and expected return of a short bond basis position

If we assume net basis is 0, the bond trades above par, the bond’s yield > than the term repo rate, what is the expected pnl of being Short the ctd vs long futures? I would have thought the ...
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QuantLib forward dates not matching

I am getting forward swap rates from spot rates of various different curves (3M USD Libor, 6M GBP Libor, 6M Euribor, Fed Funds, SONIA & EONIA): ...
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Why are FRA/futures convexity adjustments necessary?

This would be my explanation for the reason that convexity adjustments must exist: Futures are margined daily, such that if a trader is paid a future and rates goes up then money is paid into their ...
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Pricing of forwards contracts

Of the courses I am taking in college this semester, two are Financial Mathematics and Derivatives. In each course, we learn different formulas to calculate the forward price of a forward contract. ...
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122 views

Forward EURUSD exchange rate for a Future date

Assume that on today's date as of 11/22/2020 the 1 year forward exchange rate for EUR/USD is ...
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Odd Result from Computing Correlation Matrix from Kalman Filter Posteriori Covariance Estimate

I am using a Kalman Filter to estimate the return dynamics of a forwards curve on a particular commodity. My state space is the initial forwards values, and an initial guess of the drift functions for ...
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Quanto Factor - FX Forward

In the paper Quanto Options by Uwe Wystup the "quanto factor" $Q$ is used to describe forwards/options when quanto-ed into a different currency, e.g. $$\text{Quanto Forward Value} = Q \cdot e^{-r_Q T}...
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Brazil FX market "cupom cambial" [duplicate]

I am trying to understand the role of cupom cambial (onshore dollar rate) in relation to the BCB swaps which are domestic NDF settled in real. "The cupom cambial is priced in basis points as an ...
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Future forward convexity adjustment as the expected profit from reinvesting margin payments?

Having looked at the formula for the convexity adjustment as a function of the covariance between rates accruing till maturity and asset price, I have an intuition that the difference between fair ...
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Is there a forward contract the underlying of which is another forward contract?

Is there a forward contract on a forward contract? Let us take a simple example: Persons $A$ and $B$ agree that $A$ sells $B$ some asset tomorrow at the fixed price $K_1$. This is a normal forward ...
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Delta of a forwards contract

in university's lecture notes, from what I understand using the replication of portfolio principle to price derivates, the forward price of a contract K should be: $K = P_0(1+r)$ where $P_0$ is the ...
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Valuation of open FX-Forward

So called closed FX-Forwards are well known forward contracts where some amount of foreign currency is bought at a specified date in the future for a price fixed "today". Such contracts can be ...
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How does the term premium of the 10y20y Treasury forward rate relate to the 30y rate?

I'm reading recent research on Treasuries and to paraphrase, it says that long term 10y20y Treasury forward rates now have a positive term premium over the long run nominal funds rate (neutral rate). ...
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Carry & Roll, roll down current curve valid assumption?

The assumption for calculating the roll of a fixed income instrument is that you roll down the current spot curve. So if 10y rate is 2% and 9.5y is 1.8% the carry for the coming 6 month horizon is ...
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How to calculate the Net Present Value (Market-to-Market Value) of a plain vanilla FX forward?

I would like to understand the math/economics behind the calculation of plain vanilla FX forwards. Let's assume the following example: ...

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