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Questions tagged [futures]

Questions about futures contracts

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Deliver Futures before last trading day

I found that for the exchange traded Futures, we can deliver the Futures before the last trading day, namely you can sell a Future then deliver it immediately, which definitely has a arbitrage ...
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1answer
61 views

Difference between timing option, end of month option and wild card option of bond futures

I cannot understand the difference between timing option, end of month option and wild card option of bond futures. i think they are all timing options which is optimal delivery. Only difference is ...
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How to hedge PLN account on Interactive Brokers

I know that you can't have PLN account on IB, the PLN input is exchanged into USD, GBP etc. currency. However I would like to hedge the other currency exposure against PLN, or at least find out how to ...
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51 views

SDE of futures price under non-constant interest rate and volatility process

I'm trying to figure out the form of the SDE of futures price under the risk neutral measure, when stock price follows GBM:             &...
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1answer
38 views

Why currencies and futures contracts can be considered as assets with known yields?

I understand why stock index can be considered as assets with known yields due to the dividends. But why currencies and futures contracts can also be considered as assets with known yields? In the ...
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2answers
59 views

What exactly is a contract's “trading class”?

Web searches for this are drowned in pages offering trading courses, and the InteractiveBrokers API doesn't expand at all on the term. So what are contract trading classes, and what are some examples,...
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2answers
70 views

Group name for currencies, equities and other financial products

I am working on a financial software system that deals with crypto currencies. This system has a model called 'Currency' that describes for example 'BTC' and market for which there is a 'base' and '...
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38 views

Calculating Risk of Portfolio of Futures/Future Options [closed]

all. I am looking into calculating margin on futures mixed with futures options. Say ES is trading at 2700 currently, I long 100 ES, 600k (Margin/risk). Then i buy 100 2680 puts. so Points Diff (...
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23 views

Does a shift in prices effect Margin on Futures and their options?

In regards to ES im wondering If theres a scenerio intraday (price shock) that will effect the amount of margin im carrying. Besides PnL Kind of a dumb question, as I guess its just a function of ...
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39 views

Valueing a Short future contract with dividens [closed]

A forward of an underlying paying a yield $q$ can be priced with the equation: Price $= S_0 e^{(r-q)*t}$ or Price $= (S_0-I)e^{rt}$ Where $S_0$ = Spot price, r = interest, q = dividend yield, I = ...
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1answer
42 views

When calculating theoretical futuresprices for oil, how do you calculate the storage costs?

I have read that the terminal cost can typically be 0,15-0,5 dollars per barrel, but are you also supposed to include the cost of capital (WACC) when calculating the total cost? Why? Why not?
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Is it possible to estimate the average convenience yield on brent crude oil for 2018?

If it is possible to estimate it, how does one do this, and what is it?
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49 views

What are the trade offs when choosing a long term bond future to trade?

It seems that when trading long term bonds *** and choosing between the two offerings on CME one is presented with a Scylla and Charybdis decision. 1. VOLATILITY CONSISTENCY: Ultra U.S. Treasury Bond ...
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4answers
327 views

Bond ETF vs Bond Future for longer term holding

How would a long term investor go about evaluating the prospect of investing in a bond ETF vs a long position in a future of equal duration? Let’s asume this investment is in a taxable account. Let’s ...
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1answer
88 views

Good References for Treasury Futures Spreads

I’m reading the excellent Treasury Bond Basis by Burghardt. I was wondering if there’s a similar quality book/paper about Yield curve spreads using treasury futures (i.e. NOL, NOB, FYT).
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1answer
59 views

How can I approximate the hedge ratio for Inter Commodity Treasury Spreads?

Looking at the excellent CME Treasury Analytics tool, I can see that the hedge ratio for spreads betweend diff treasury futures is derived from the DV01 of each leg. I can get treasury futures data ...
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1answer
71 views

Which methods are there to determine the price of futures contracts?

Which method apart from the cost of carry model exists, and which works best in real life? How does the market expectations impact on the futures price?
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61 views

pricing of futures

When pricing futures with the cost of carry model; When do you use continuous compounding and when do you just use simple compounding? AND WHY? Also, when deriving proof of no arbitrage with the cost ...
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1answer
86 views

how to derive the cost of carry formula

Can anyone explain why the cost of carry formula looks like this: $$F_0 = S_0 \cdot e^{(c-y)T}$$ ,where $S_0$ equals the spot price when $T=0$, i.e. today. $c$ denotes the cost of carry and $y$ the ...
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1answer
58 views

Getting rate from a share's given futures price, with known dividend information

Question was answered well by @Ezy, thanks for his help! Full answer in the comments below my question This seems to be a basic question, but mysteriously unsolvable as far as I can see. It ...
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1answer
65 views

Are bitcoin futures daily settled at T+1 or is there another mechanism?

As in the title, are bitcoin futures daily settled at T+1 or is there another mechanism? Both CBOE and CME
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0answers
36 views

What is the use of undiscounted Futures/Option Prices

Reading the great book of Gatheral on Vol Surfaces (link) I can't help but notice that throughout he uses undiscounted option prices (though he obviously never assumed rates to be zero). See e.g. ...
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2answers
55 views

Synthetic equity index futures calendar spread using options

I understand it is possible to synthetic a future using long call and short put ATM options which has the same expiry as the futures. Can we do the following to synthetic a future calendar spread? $...
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1answer
100 views

Derive a mathematical equation for Eurodollar future rate

If we suppose that r(t) follows a Vasicek model, which is: $$dr(t) = (\mu - \kappa r(t))dt + \sqrt\sigma dW(t)$$ How to derive an expression for Eurodollar future rate?
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1answer
40 views

Do option contracts inherit the currency and exchange of the underlying?

Given an underlying (e.g. future or an index), would options on that underlying trade in the same currency and on the same exchange? For example, options on FTSE100 index itself would trade in GBP on ...
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3answers
163 views

How does one price the market value and estimate the fair value of a bond futures roll?

Consider the current situation: we are entering December, meaning that the December futures are being rolled into the March futures (i.e. traders are selling their holdings of December futures ...
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1answer
59 views

Determining cost of carry for a future in Euronext.com [closed]

A snapshot from the trading book of the CAC 40 futures, on November 5 2018, is: Using the book prices, how can I compute the cost of carry implicit in the November and December contracts? Please ...
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1answer
126 views

Why are interest rate swaps the most popular interest rate derivatives [closed]

Interest rate swaps are the most popular interest rate derivatives. Is there a reason why they are more popular than other interest rate derivatives (e.g. forwards, futures)? Is it because they were ...
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46 views

Market Invariant for Commodity Futures

In the same sense that Meucci describes "compounded returns" as the invariant for equities and "changes in yield-to-maturity" as the invariant for fixed-income, what is the invariant for a commodity ...
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1answer
85 views

How does an exchange guarantee both legs of a calendar spread are executed atomically to give a specific spread?

In commodities/oil you have monthly contracts for a given Future, e.g. on CME the Crude Oil Futures (CL) monthly contracts can be trades, and have Globex codes such as CLZ8(Crude Oil Dec18 Future), ...
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1answer
322 views

Delta One Trading business [closed]

I don't really know what exactly Delta One desks are doing. So I was wondering if anyone was kind enough to share any papers, articles, blogs that kind of explains Delta One trading Desks activities ...
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1answer
58 views

Track an index with futures only: what to do with the cash?

Suppose your mandate is to track S&P500. Suppose the mandate size is $ 1,352,500. The contract size of the future is 50, today's index price is 2705. If I buy 10 contracts my exposure will be ...
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3answers
200 views

How to get historical fed funds futures data from Bloomberg?

I'm look for historical data on the 30-Day Federal Funds futures contract, in order to replicate the results of the following article: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/...
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1answer
95 views

Difference between settlement of Eurodollars and FRA

I am going through J.C. Hull's chapter on FRA and EuroDollar Futures. Taking the case of FRA. I assume $T_0$ is the time when two parties entered into a FRA to fix interest rates they get on a ...
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1answer
46 views

Futures options data [duplicate]

I've been looking into futures options data for my thesis. What are some sources to get futures options data for an affordable price?
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1answer
101 views

Cumulative Return on Futures

In my current backtesting, I am using log returns as a proxy for simple returns via the relationship $\ln(1 + r) \approx r$ for small enough r. This gives me wonderful properties like time additivity, ...
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1answer
43 views

Future expiry day of month rules

Some futures (most currencies, indices) expire on the 3rd Friday of the month. Are there similar rules for other futures like commodities, metals, energies, etc.? Regards,
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1answer
97 views

Why futures pricing not calculated like options?

I have read about futures and options ( from online resources ). I only have the basic understanding,not math heavy ( for eg. for Black Scholes I know only the intuitive idea from the khan academy ...
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1answer
61 views

Option price of a future

This must be a dumb question. Consider a European option $V$ on a (stock) futures $F$. The hedging condition seems to be the same as that for a stock $$d\Big(V-\frac{\partial V}{\partial F}F\Big)=r\...
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1answer
103 views

The leverage effect for futures contract

Given the daily price data of equity and government-bond futures contracts, how can I identify the leverage effect (when prices move down, the volatility of prices increases), and see if it is ...
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1answer
152 views

What is the formula for calculating fair value of currency futures?

Let's use AUDUSD 6A futures contract as an example. How does the interest rate between AUD and USD give rise to the fair value calculation of AUDUSD 6A futures contract? Besides interest rates, are ...
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0answers
102 views

Compo Feature in Asian Option on Futures

I'm pricing an Asian option on futures using Turnbull–Wakeman (other suggestions welcome) where the average is defined as $A _ { t _ { 1 } , t _ { n } } ^ { A , f } = \frac { 1 } { n } \sum _ { i = 1 }...
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39 views

Do you receive premium from selling VXTY futures?

I am having some difficulty understanding VXTY futures and how they are priced. The contract specs say it is priced off of OZN options (10yr UST futures options). I understand there is a premium ...
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1answer
112 views

Difference Between E-Mini SP500 Cash Future And Closest Expiring Contract?

What is the difference between the E-Mini S&P500 Cash Future (ESY00) and the closest expiring contract for the E-Mini S&P500 Future (prensently the ...
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1answer
157 views

Interpretation of PCA for commodity futures

I've done some PCA analysis of a portfolio consisting of futures on certain commodities. However, I am unsure of how to interpret the output as most of the information found online deals with fixed ...
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97 views

Modelling VIX futures backwardation

I have VIX futures trading algorithm and would like to perform Monte-Carlo simulation of VIX and understand how my algorithm performs on each simulation. In this case, not only VIX should be modeled, ...
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0answers
67 views

Replicating Futures from Forwards

Given we understand forward contract precisely with term structure of risk free rates, do we understand futures contracts as a continuous buying and selling sequences of forward contracts so that the ...
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2answers
238 views

why the implied repo rate is higher when choosing the last delivery date to deliver rather than first delivery date

there must be something very basic that I did not get.... I am reading a book. And it says the implied repo rate is defined as IRR = ( invoice price / cash bond price - 1) * 360/ n, where is the ...
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83 views

Dynamics of an option on a future

I have trouble understanding why $$V_s=exp(\int_s^t r_u du) \int_s^t exp(−\int_t^v r_u du)\theta_v dW_v$$ is the solution to the following SDE $dV_s=\theta_s dW_s+r_s V_s ds$. I tried of course with ...
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1answer
300 views

3M FRA futures convexity vs 3M OIS futures convexity adjustment

Let’s say I can trade 3M FRA va 3M futures, this will give me th level of 3M convexity (off the 3M curve). On the other hand, I can trade a 3M OIS swap (Sonia for example) va 3M Sonia futures (which ...