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Questions tagged [futures]

Questions about futures contracts

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704 views

Python Backtesting Framework Similar to Quantstrat

I use Quantstrat heavily for strategy research and optimisation. I have two Python developers about to join my team and would like to use it as an opportunity to diversify our research tools so we are ...
7
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314 views

What is the most convenient data structure for backtesting a model of futures options prices?

I have an empirical model for the dynamics of futures prices in a particular market that I have implemented using a long series of the front five contracts. (I account for the roll in my model.) I ...
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95 views

Estimating Number of “Day Trades” from Total Volume of Commodity Futures Contract

Looking at futures data I am trying to calculate/estimate the number of "day trades", i.e. positions that were initiated and closed during the same day, as distinct from those positions that were ...
5
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152 views

Dividend Index Futures

My question is dealing with the proportionality between Dividend Index Futures prices and Index prices. Indeed, we in the past we used to do a simple regression between these variables and use the ...
4
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380 views

Optimal f (position sizing) without look ahead bias

My goal is to identify a systematic way to position sizing in the futures market. Let assume that I'm an investor with log utility. In addition, let assume that I'm reluctant in estimating the ...
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523 views

The effects of “cost of carry” and “convenience yield” in pricing futures and forwards

I understand that time-varying interest rates, “cost of carry” and “convenience yield” will have an effect on forward and futures prices but why would it affect the prices of forwards relative to ...
4
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78 views

Are there academic papers on the 'term structure' of adverse selection for futures and options?

By term structure I mean a non-stationarity in the pattern of intraday adverse selection as a given instruments approaches its expiry. Note that I am interested in the adverse selection on the ...
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76 views

Is it important to equalize the minimum price fluctuation in pairs trading?

For example, suppose we were trading a strategy which buys one Brent contract and sells one Gasoil contract. The minimum price fluctuation for a Brent contract is \$10, and the minimum price ...
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120 views

Estimating two normal random numbers with one equation

Subtitle: Estimating the correlation of the shocks driving two commodities in two multi-factor models I am fitting two 2-factor models to electricity and gas futures, respectively. In order to ...
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160 views

CME Rate Hike Probability Calculation

First thing first, CME has a tool to calculate fed rate hike probability from here. As of 11/20/2017, their probability distribution was like this: I have checked a couple Q&A sections on this ...
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269 views

Is there really a negative roll yield for futures in contango?

I am trying to wrap my head around how ETFs that track futures work (whether its USO tracking WTI futures or VXX tracking VIX futures). I have read online about how for normal contango environments, ...
3
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56 views

Spurious regression between two futures with the same underlying highly correlated (cor=0.9)

analyzing the correlation between soybean and soybean meal futures in ECBOT, and making a linear regression in R between them I check with an ADF Test that the residuals are not stationary, so ...
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234 views

What is the best open source automated trading platform or options?

I would like a custom C++ Automated Trading Platform for Futures like Multicharts, or similar automated trading platform that I can put on my servers so its secure and fast. I have found this so far, ...
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69 views

why do forward contracts have varying sensitivity to yield, but futures contracts do not?

I just watched https://institute.cmegroup.com/courses/introduction-to-eurodollars/modules/understanding-convexity-bias as I understand it, if the yield rate of a futures contract increases, the price ...
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182 views

Assets cointegration: optimal inventory for futures market

I'm interested in HFT cointegration stratagies, and recently found interesting article "Algorithmic Trading of Co-Integrated Assets" The article describes mean-reversion strategy for N-assets. ...
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196 views

What is the highest frequency greek for options on futures on bonds?

I'm considering exchange traded options of futures on bonds. Options on bond futures are usually American, thus the Black model is out of question. Which is the most imporatant Greek with respect to ...
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40 views

Drivers of front Eurodollar front future price

I know the front Eurodollar is most closely tied to 3Mo LIBOR fix published daily, as that is what it settles to. I also know information that affects expectations of very short term rate hikes will ...
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93 views

Compo Feature in Asian Option on Futures

I'm pricing an Asian option on futures using Turnbull–Wakeman (other suggestions welcome) where the average is defined as $A _ { t _ { 1 } , t _ { n } } ^ { A , f } = \frac { 1 } { n } \sum _ { i = 1 }...
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38 views

Do you receive premium from selling VXTY futures?

I am having some difficulty understanding VXTY futures and how they are priced. The contract specs say it is priced off of OZN options (10yr UST futures options). I understand there is a premium ...
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70 views

VIX/SPX Realized Beta Calculation

In https://globalmarkets.bnpparibas.com/r/Volatility_Express_20171128.pdf?t=BG3REXwMP3NZJRN7wY5Vt&stream=true, it states that 3M VIX/SPX realized Beta calculation: Use a blend of 1st, 2nd and 3 ...
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42 views

How do you calculate or estimate the future gross basis of a treasury future?

Gross Basis for treasury futures = clean price - future price* conversion factor Is there a way to estimate the gross basis, say 10 days from now, given that you know what the forward bond price is? ...
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29 views

How to delta-one hedge a IRD sensitivity on an intra-day basis (using eg, FX or bond futures)?

I'm looking to hedge an interest rate differential sensitivity (the output from a statistical model of spot FX rates) on an intraday frequency. What is the best way to do it? Important factors ...
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112 views

Modelling roll-over and roll yield in a forward strategy

This is a post which serves as a follow-up question to Nature of short VIX strategies. I am trying to understand where the change in value in a synthetic strategy constructed from futures comes from: ...
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84 views

Monte Carlo Simulation of Spread Strategy. Two correlated assets vs One spread simulation?

I am trying to simulate paths of a certain spread strategy such as a calendar spread between two futures ( May Crude vs Aug Crude) using a Monte Carlo simulation. My questions is there a difference ...
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58 views

Price futures option via replication

I ran into some difficulties when trying to price a futures option via replication in a simple one-period binomial model. I am quite aware that this is easy with risk-neutral probabilities and ...
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56 views

Creating a synthetic future

Let's say we have a time series for an illiquid future and we would like to replicate this time series using two time series for liquid futures using daily rebalancing. What would be a good approach ...
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87 views

Net Exposure of FX Future

I'm a software developer currently working for an asset manager in their Risk department. I'm looking at Currency Futures and have a question I was hoping someone could put me right on. If I have a ...
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313 views

Extracting continuous futures prices on different dates with the ratio adjustment

I extract continuous prices for a set of futures contracts using Bloomberg. I select the Ratio as adjustment with the Bloomberg default settings. For instance, to extract the first/forward generic ...
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100 views

Are futures/forward contracts tradable in the middle of its life? If yes, how?

I think I'm having some trouble understanding what trading futures/forward contracts means. Assuming a market over the period $[0,T]$, for a European contingent claim $X_T$, my naive understanding is ...
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0answers
66 views

Deriving Cox, Ingersoll and Ross expression for the relationship between forwards and futures, how do they conclude a specific step?

I'm trying to derive a specific relationship about the relationship between forwards and futures from "The relationship between forward and futures prices", written 1981 by Cox, Ingersoll and Ross (...
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89 views

commodity futures options data

I am trying to get my hands on some historical commodity futures options data for about 35 commodity futures. So far in my search the only way I can get the data seems to be through the Commodity ...
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0answers
135 views

Why is shorting (oil) futures a bit of a negative gamma trade?

From this article, http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2017-01-22/oil-speculators-have-never-been-long, "I get what you're saying about the price risk which is always the danger of shorting crude oil it's ...
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70 views

Pricing defaultable asset with finite maturity

Assume a stochastic process $X_0 = 0$ and $X_t = \nu t + \sigma W_t$ where $W_t$ is standard Brownian motion and $\nu$ is a drift (can have $\nu \leq 0$ if necessary, but prefer it to be general), ...
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64 views

Forward Exchange Rate Data: Germany x US

Would anyone know where I can find historical forward exchange rate data between germany and US, yen and US to download? In Bank of England website i already found. Thanks
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74 views

Problem with overlapping data when testing futures market efficiency

In my case non-overlapping data would represent the scenario where futures prices (3 months) do not correspond to the futures spot prices in terms of delivery date. For example, futures settlement ...
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0answers
655 views

How to find or calculate 30-day constant maturity price of a future?

Question, pretty much says it. Is there a reliable place where this data can be found or, if not, is there a reliable place where the underlying data needed to calculate the constant maturity price ...
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37 views

Historical UK Gilt 2-year and 5-year data

Data on the Medium (approx. 5-years) and Short (approx. 2-years) futures contract listed on ICE only goes back to 2009. Is anyone able to point me towards where I can get a longer time series, perhaps ...
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222 views

Estimating the next tick movement in Chinese markets

I'm working on high frequency trading in the Chinese Futures market and I've been having a bit of trouble with getting orders to go through due to the lack of liquidity and large fluctuations. To ...
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79 views

For futures contracts, do we need to do price adjustment during live testing?

I am trying to do pair trading on a pair of future contracts, e.g. CME gold and silver. During the training of my trading model, I do forward adjustment on the pair of future contracts. Let the ...
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0answers
176 views

What's the link between EURIBOR3M futures volatility and rates volatility?

If I am not wrong, EURIBOR3M futures with maturity $T$, whose price is $F_{T}$, are quoted like contracts which express the underlying forward rates, $r_{T}$, as $$r_{T}=\frac{100-F_{T}}{100}$$ Now ...
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0answers
128 views

How do bond futures affect effective rate when used to hedge a bond's duration?

I'm trying to wrap my head around what happens to the net interest received when an invester goes short a bond future to fully hedge the duration of his long position in an actual bond. Does it ...
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0answers
836 views

How to think about dollar volume in Eurodollar futures?

This is a very basic question: Computing the notional volume for futures contracts usually consists of something like: $$V_F = N \cdot P \cdot M \cdot FX$$ Where $V_F$ is the dollar volume of the ...
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198 views

Market Exposure and Hedging

Normally the Market exposure associated with your stock/portfolio is your delta for that stock/ portfolio. Basic idea of hedging involved here is buying/selling respective futures depending upon ...
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156 views

Is there a general format for various sources of futures market-data?

I am developing a market-data engine that receives market-data from different futures exchanges. So I need a general format to deal with sources from different exchanges. Protocols like FIX only ...
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31 views

What is the use of undiscounted Futures/Option Prices

Reading the great book of Gatheral on Vol Surfaces (link) I can't help but notice that throughout he uses undiscounted option prices (though he obviously never assumed rates to be zero). See e.g. ...
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43 views

Market Invariant for Commodity Futures

In the same sense that Meucci describes "compounded returns" as the invariant for equities and "changes in yield-to-maturity" as the invariant for fixed-income, what is the invariant for a commodity ...
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74 views

Modelling VIX futures backwardation

I have VIX futures trading algorithm and would like to perform Monte-Carlo simulation of VIX and understand how my algorithm performs on each simulation. In this case, not only VIX should be modeled, ...
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53 views

Replicating Futures from Forwards

Given we understand forward contract precisely with term structure of risk free rates, do we understand futures contracts as a continuous buying and selling sequences of forward contracts so that the ...
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81 views

Dynamics of an option on a future

I have trouble understanding why $$V_s=exp(\int_s^t r_u du) \int_s^t exp(−\int_t^v r_u du)\theta_v dW_v$$ is the solution to the following SDE $dV_s=\theta_s dW_s+r_s V_s ds$. I tried of course with ...
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81 views

How to choose trades over time when capital is limited

Say I'm in the business of trading forward contracts. So at some point in time, I look at the markets, and determine a number of trades I could make. For each trade, I know the profit I expect to make,...