Questions tagged [fx]

The foreign exchange market (forex, FX, or currency market) is a global, worldwide-decentralized financial market for trading currencies. Commonly traded instruments include spot, forward, swaps, futures, and options. The FX market is the most liquid financial market in the world. There is no unified or centrally cleared market.

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57 views

FX convention and volatility calibration

In general, call/put options are quoted with respect to their Black-Scholes volatility. In the FX market we define the risk reversal volatility as $$\sigma_{25-RR} = \sigma_{25-Call} - \sigma_{25-Put}...
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Converting time bars to tick bars or volume bars in python

Recently I've started reading Advances in Financial Machine Learning by Marcos Lopez de Prado. In the second chapter the author defines some essential financial data structures, like tick bars, volume ...
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LIBOR OIS equation - Discount factor

I've seen this equation floating around : XCCY = FX OIS + USD LIBOR/OIS - EUR LIBOR/OIS. This equation is intuitive however there's a mention that discount factors between the two need to be taken ...
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FX ATM-volatility quotes

Is the implied volatility ATM the same for a currency pair as for the inverted currency pair. I.e, can I expect the same volatility quote ATM for (for an instance) EURUSD as for USDEUR? And does this ...
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FX quoting convention

I saw the quote as this: EUR/USD 1m ATM 0.3150/0.3190. I guess these are vol levels. What the units of these bid and offer quoted?
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What are CloseoutBid and CloseoutAsk Prices?

Using Oanda's streaming API I get typical output as shown below: ...
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Compute Forward Exchange Rates using Risk Free Rates

In the following image : I am not able to understand how, the final value of strategy B can be equal to $e^{r_{GBP}T}F(0,T)$ According to me it should be just $F(0,T)$ My reasoning is that when you ...
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Dollar basis calculation. Where do I miss the point?

I read that recently, due to the covid-19, the pressure on the dollar market has risen significantly on the demand side. That is why the dollar basis became largly negativ. https://www.bloomberg.com/...
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FX Smile Polynomial Fitting

I am unable to reproduce the example of FX polynomial smile interpolation on page 59 of the book FX Option Pricing by Iain Clark shown below. Consider just the ATM volatility as a specific case. I ...
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FX swap trade question

(a) today, say I did a fx swap trade: long PHP/USD spot and short 1m PHP/USD forward. Then if 1m PHP interest rate goes up, I should make money (meaning i locked in paying a lower 1m PHP interest rate ...
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51 views

How to calculate the Fx Forward Points for 3M

I'm trying to find the FX Forward Points for 3M, the same as in the table. However, in the conventional way (Forward points = Spot x (USD Rate - EUR Rate) x 90/360) I get a different result. Can ...
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Where does the 50.14348112 coefficent in the US Dollar Index formula come from?

The formula for the US Dollar Index (DXY) that every resource on the internet provides is: $$DXY = 50.14348112 × EURUSD^{-0.576} × USDJPY^{0.136} × GBPUSD^{-0.119} × USDCAD^{0.091} × USDSEK^{0.042} × ...
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FX Swap P&L question

I am currently trying to compute the P&L of a FX swap and to understand it's implications. Let's say when we sell 1M EUR spot eur/usd at 1.08 and at the same time buy a one month month forward ...
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STIR topics: Implied FX-OIS Basis and FX Forward/Swap Pricing

if someone could provide some clarity on the below: What is meant by 'Implied FX-OIS Basis'? For example: "ON JPY trading at parity, 1W implied OIS basis moved 70BP" and "3M Implied OIS basis moved ...
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Pips calculation based on trade units and Unrealized Profit

The OANDA API allows me to easily see the Unrealized/Profit Loss in units of my home currency (U.S. Dollars) on each trade and the number of units associated with the trade. What I am not able to ...
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Implied cost of borrowing USD via an FX swap

EURUSD is quoted at 1.0879/84. Lets say O/N forward points are quoted at +0.032/+0.332. Lets say based on these quotes I want to derive my implied funding cost (USD interest rate) if I wanted to ...
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Effect of lowering benchmark interest rates

On recent days, Yen appreciated 30 bps towards USD "after the Central Bank lowered its interest rates by 50 bps". Can someone explain me the economic rationale of the appreciation after a central bank ...
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ATM volatility for FX options

I am quite familiar with equity implied volatility and smiles. However, I find it quite confusing and unclear when it comes to FX. I read many materials but could not get a grasp of the notion of ATM ...
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65 views

Alternative strategies for hedging customer FX positions in spot market

Generally, if an FX broker decides to hedge a customers' position, it automatically hedges the customer's trade to Liquidity Providers when the trade occurs in the spot market. Let's say, the customer ...
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4answers
98 views

Where can I retreive the end of day fx prices?

I'm developing a reporting tool and I need a data source for end of day price data. For example, it should give me the XAUUSD price at a specific date, say 2019-12-05. Do you know such a data source? ...
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57 views

Link between spot and forward rates in no-arbitrage world

With reference to the forward exchange rate definition, let be: $S$: the spot rate $F$: the forward rate $r_d$ and $r_f$: respectively the domestic and foreign interest rates $DF_d$ and $DF_f$: ...
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38 views

What trading granularity has the strongest self-influence on Forex market?

As I understand, the effects that influence the Forex prices (for the major pairs) can be described as: inside effects - short term speculations by humans/robots real world events - larger scale ...
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Why is the hedging cost using forwards $\frac{F-S}{S}$ and how is this related to Carry?

I'm a bit confused about hedging a foreign exposure and how this is related to carry. I've read that the hedging cost $h$ is $$h=\frac{F-S}{S}$$ where $F$ is the forward and $S$ is the spot price. ...
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73 views

How do FX brokers decide to hedge or book a customer's trades?

FX brokers try to be more profitable by, - booking(b-book) the traders that are predicted to be losing money according to the trader profile or trading history. so, if the customer loses money, the ...
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271 views

Calculating FX Swap Points from various interest rate curves (and vice versa)

I have tried extensively to find the answer to this both on this website and externally. My question is 'how are FX swap points determined?' but would like to lay out my own understanding first (also ...
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Payment Gateways' market risk: where does it come from?

Companies like Square and Adyen and Paypal are flourishing. They facilitate payments between people and business in various currencies and provide small loans. However as they are not banks they are ...
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307 views

Why are some currency pairs more volatile than others?

Why for example GBP/JPY is twice volatile as USD/JPY ? ... and many more cases involving other major forex pairs here: full list. thanks in advance!
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90 views

How much to hedge if borrow in EUR to buy USD assets?

Suppose an investor borrows EUR1m to buy USD stocks. He wants to hedge away the currency risk through EURUSD futures. He should go long EURUSD to hedge this risk. The question is how much of EURUSD ...
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What is the actual instrument traded with retail FX brokers

This question may seem inappropriate for this StackExchange but it's the pricing and actual return dynamics that define the instrument so you guys seem the most knowledgeable on this topic. I was ...
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168 views

How would a FX price probability distibution function look?

I would like to see how the currency price levels are distributed in a probability function. But I don't even know if there is such a thing or if perhaps its just common knowledge and readily ...
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53 views

Extreme AUDJPY FX vols

I'm seeing levels of -12% of market strangle vol at 25 delta for AUDJPY at 20Y onward that is causing havoc with my pricing routines, the 10 delta market strangle is trading around -6% which is again ...
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3answers
303 views

Intuitive explanation for the smile in FX

What is the intuitive reason for the smile in FX? For equities this usually down to crash risk.
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What are “local” and “foreign” interest rate in this formula? [closed]

I found this formula to find fair value of a forex pair: FV = Spot × e(local interest rate−foreign interest rate) × T Taken for example AUDUSD, Spot is AUD per USD. T is the time to maturity of ...
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FX Volatility surface bid/ask

I have bid/ask vols (straddles, risk-reversals and market strangles) for FX pairs, I want to create a mid/bid/ask volatility surface in strike/maturity space after a consistent smile calibration ...
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How currency swap works for big companies bond and cash management

Suppose a big company A holds 10 Million USD at T+0, and A knows that it will pay 9.9 Million CHF to buy a bond at T+1, why would company A be willing to enter a currency swap to buy CHF and sell USD ...
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181 views

Why do big financial groups use fx swaps to manage cash?

Can someone help me with the logic that big companies' treasury department uses fx swap to manage their cash? An example would be much appreciated!
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what numeraire is used to price an FX forward contract

By non-arbitrage, it is easy to show the relationship between fx forward and fx spot via the domestic and foreign currency interest rates. I am wondering how we can express this in terms of the ...
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61 views

Example of an ATMF trade in FX market [closed]

Pls give an example of ATMF and how is it different from a regular ATM trade?
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90 views

Which currency to hedge a position in FX options?

Let's assume a bank sells to a client a put of \$1,000,000 dollars on USDJPY at 110 in 6 months. The delta of this put is -0.6, spot is 112. So to hedge its position the bank has to short \$600,000 ...
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152 views

Calculation cross-currency basis

I am trying to calculate cross-currency basis on the 3-month horizon for a certain set of currencies. The formula should be $ccb = F/S (1+y_{foreign currency}) - (1+y_{USD})$ where $y_{USD}$ is Libor ...
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124 views

FX option trading questions

Are all FX trades ( RR, BF, ATM)quoted in implied vol term delta neutral trades? If trades are not delta neutral at the initiation does that mean it is speculative trading? Why/ why not?
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FX option trading [duplicate]

Are all trades quoted in implied vol terms delta neutral trades? If trades are not delta neutral at the initiation does that mean it is speculative trading? Why/ why not?
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76 views

What is the difference between Cost of Currency Hedging and the Price of a Currency Pair Forward?

I am looking at Reuters Datastream and all they seem to provide is the settlement price of the CME EURGBP contract (which more or less equals current spot). But what does it actually cost me to ...
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72 views

About Dual Delta of FX option in the paper: FX volatility smile construction by Dimitri Reiswich & Uwe Wystup

In the paper: FX volatility smile construction by Dimitri Reiswich & Uwe Wystup. It mentions the computation of premium-adjusted spot delta as follows (Page 6): As a beginner of FX option, I ...
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57 views

FX Smile Curve Extrapolation

How a smooth smile curve is generated from 5 smile points : 10D RR, 25D RR, 10D SM, 25D SM and ATM? What are the commonly used extrapolation and interpolation techniques? I have seen people ...
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1answer
109 views

What does **Long Call EURUSD** mean?

What does Long Call EURUSD mean? Does it mean Long Call EUR and Short Put USD? When we draw payoff do we consider only w.r.t. to CCY1 i.e. EUR in this case?
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131 views

Smile Strangle and Market Strangle

What is the difference between Smile Strangle margin and Market Strangle Margin in fx derivative market? Is it just variation in convention or is there any mathematical relationship between the two?
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138 views

Relation between ATM, RR and BF

In FX derivative market, why does vol spread of ATM > RR > BF? ATM is the most liquid and intuitively it should have the lowest spread. Please help me in understanding the rational behind the above ...
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Should the targeted rate of return stay the same regardless of the currency?

I work for a european company which invests mostly in the euro zone but also in the UK. I'm in charge with calculating the hurdle rate targeted for these investments. The internal guidelines are for ...
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316 views

FX TARF hedging (target redemption forward)

Lets say client is buying from you eurusd tarf strike 1,16 sell eur buy usd notional per fixing 500k usd leverage 2 first expiry 1 month from now, 12 fixings in total (monthly) full final payout ...

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