Questions tagged [fx]

The foreign exchange market (forex, FX, or currency market) is a global, worldwide-decentralized financial market for trading currencies. Commonly traded instruments include spot, forward, swaps, futures, and options. The FX market is the most liquid financial market in the world. There is no unified or centrally cleared market.

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227 views

Carry trade by trading FX Futures

FX carry trade is pretty clear to me when one's trading currencies physically. The return for this trade will depend on the interest rate you're paying for the USD borrowed, the foreign interest rate ...
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213 views

Why would exchange rates follow a geometric brownian motion?

I'm reading Shreve's Stochastic Calculus for Finance. On page 382, he begins talking about exchange rates: Finally, there is an exchange rate $Q(t)$, which gives units of domestic currency per unit ...
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108 views

In FX markets, option can be expressed as either call or put. Explain

For example, if option contract has condition: $AUDUSD = 0.8$ at the maturity date, and current exchange rate is $1 AUD = 0.75 USD$. For this option, it could be considered a call option on $USD$, and ...
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49 views

Euro/Foreign Exchange Volumes

I'm trying to put together a financial analysis notebook as part of a data science program. One thing I am trying to find is the frequency of currencies that are traded with the Euro. I have looked at ...
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127 views

Triangular Arbitrage In FX Volatility

If I know the price of $GBPUSD$ and $EURUSD$, I can retrive the $EURGBP$ price simple by $EURGBP = \frac{GBPUSD}{EURUSD}$. Is there something equivalent to FX Volatility? Knowing the $\sigma_{GBPUSD}$,...
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Delta of FX Options, Different Currency in Trading Book - Trading Interview Question

Having done stochastic analysis in university, together with tons of other math courses, do never prepare you for an actual interview in trading. Stumbled on what I believe might be an easy question, ...
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Fx futures pairs

I want to setup a pairs trade with the Japanese yen as the quote currency and Mexican peso as the basis currency. (long MXP vs JPY) 2 /M6J contracts, notional is 1,250,000 JPY = 10966.5*2 = 21933 USD ...
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On paper profitable tp's are not triggering USDRUB + other funky things

I am trading USDRUB. I had a short position open today, and suddenly the pair trended downward and should have triggered a TP but didn't. I am using MT4 client with FxOpen as my ECN broker. Can anyone ...
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Rates arbitrage - practical trade example, is it actually risk free or can it burn?

The trade: Imagine a bank balance sheet as follows: One liability: GBP 100m deposit fixed term 6 month One asset: JPY 153m government bond maturing in 1 year (£100m equivalent, spot rate 153) ...
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147 views

Data source for FX options

I have daily quotes for the new york and london fixings of fx options on EURUSD. I can choose between two sources: BGN and CMPN. Apparently these are based on slightly different methods of aggregating ...
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126 views

FX option quotation in interbank market

I am looking at the different ways in which FX options (say EUR/USD option) are quoted in interbank markets. Is it quoted using the option chain? I also saw a piece where it is said that it is quoted ...
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314 views

Inflation effect on FX rates

With UK's inflation surging to 3.2% as per the published figures today reported by the FT, it is interesting to ponder the effect of rising inflation on FX rates. The article linked above points out ...
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56 views

sizing fx futures trades by targeting volatility

If I lever up a JPY/USD futures with a 6% volatility/contract 2x to meet my 12% volatility target, how many contracts should I buy per $100,000 I have in liquidity? How do I size my position based on ...
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52 views

FX option premium conversion from one currency to another

Suppose we have an FX option with the underlying FX rate $X^{FOR/DOM}$ and suppose we used a Black like formula to get the price, which is given in domestic currency. How can one simply convert the ...
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82 views

Interpreting an Order Book (example Kraken.com)

An (forex) Order Book (OB) for a trading (forex) pair (e.g. XBT-USD) has ASK and BID rows. Each row has PRICE and VOLUME (at least). Each row represents an offer for selling or buying a maximum of ...
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80 views

FX options: is convexity usually heavily overpriced?

I have access to daily vol quotes for EURUSD options from 2006 to today. I was playing around with them and constructed a "daily rolled backtest" for various options constructs, like ...
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Conventions for FX Options

I am looking for conventions (delta, atm, premium adjusted) related to FX Options. For popular currency pairs (e.g. USD EUR) they should be found in Ian Clark's Foreign Exchange Option Pricing. But ...
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How to find percentage of FX exposure hedged through financial statements

I am analyzing a company's annual report, and wish to find the percentage of FX exposure they have already hedged. I have the following information: The net FX exposure for 4 different years The ...
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51 views

What is 450 pips below spot for USD - JPY currency pair?

I'm new to FX derivatives and I'm trying to price a derivative of USD - JPY pair at 450 pips below spot for USD - JPY. Let's assume that the spot is 109.36; would this mean that 450 pips below spot is ...
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99 views

FX Asian Option Moment-matching in Harmonic case

I need to price a "foreign-paying" fixed-strike Asian (i.e., average) option. Thus, the payoff is: $$\left(\frac{A_T - K}{A_T}\right)^{+} = \left(1 - \frac{K}{A_T}\right)^{+} = K \left(\frac{...
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70 views

Implied cross currency curve

For EM countries without a liquid xccy curve, how I can imply it from local government bonds or swaps?
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205 views

Why has cross currency basis become higher since the 2008 crisis?

The impact of cross currency basis on FX forward pricing has become more noticeable since 2008, diverging significantly from the interest rate differential, what are the fundamentals behind this ...
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101 views

Realized Volatility + GARCH - can I use hourly realized volatility?

I hav minute bar FX data and I am trying to fit a realized variance GARCH model using rugarch. This normally works by providing daily returns and daily realized volatility to the model. Realized ...
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103 views

Equivalence of Call Option on $S_T$ and Put Option on $\frac{1}{S_T}$ in FX Markets

Part 1: I am trying to price an option in the FX world. It naturally pays in the domestic currency, but in this case the payout currency must be the foreign currency. For example, consider the payoff: ...
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102 views

Herfindahl-Hirsch-Index for FX Portfolios

Assume we have an FX portfolio with $n$ currency pairs, such that $w_i$ is the weight of currency pair $i \in \{1, \dots, n\}$ in the portfolio, and $\sum_{i=1}^n w_i = 1$. All pairs have USD as one ...
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56 views

JPYEUR Interest rate parity question

I have some questions related to an interest rate parity question. I have tried to answer them, but would really appreciate if you could let me know whether my answer makes sense or not. I am very ...
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211 views

How to price the FX forward contract under stochastic interest rates?

Imagine that space Z is exposed to the FX risk (i.e., currency exchange rate risk ), and we aim to provide a hedging solution for that. One choice is to consider a currency-forward contract. I wonder ...
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196 views

How is forex market Quote-Driven?

I am new to the field, and trying to understand structure of spot currency market. As it is stated here, Quote-Driven Market ... only displays the bid and asks offers for a security from designated ...
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82 views

Central bank of china foreign currency reserves

https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2021-05-31/china-moves-to-cool-yuan-rally-by-raising-fx-reserve-requirement?cmpid=BBD053121_NEF&utm_medium=email&utm_source=newsletter&utm_term=...
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146 views

Hedging Renminbi with EUR

Hedging Renminbi with EUR. What is the reason why FX traders sometimes go long EUR to hedge shorts in RMB?
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165 views

Trading OTC FX options: choosing expiries

For FX options that are traded OTC vol quotes are given on a standardised grid, e.g. expiries 1D, 1W, 1M, 3M, 6M, etc. maturity and for each of these expiries you have quotes for ATM, 25 delta Risk ...
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86 views

FX hedged investments

I was reading FX hedged investments do not have an impact on the FX rate. For example, a Japanese fund buying US treasuries fully FX hedged. I understand the hedging is usually done through short term ...
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148 views

Generate FX Carry Return Index

I would like to generate a daily carry return index for a given currency pair - lets take USDEUR as an example. I presume this involves something like taking the spot rate and the appropriate funding/...
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36 views

Futures positioning reported by CFTC

How is the net futures position calculated by the CFTC? For instance, GBPUSD net contract is positive in the CFTC report, what does it mean given that for each buyer there is a seller?
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70 views

India's FX foward market

https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2021-05-04/india-asks-state-banks-to-protect-dollar-assets-on-cairn-concern Based on this article USDINR forward premium has spiked as there is abundant USD ...
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149 views

How is forex price precision (of the actual floating point number) determined?

I wrote some python code that tries to calculate this by samplying 1000 forex prices using polygon.io's REST api. However, will the precision ever change or is it fixed by something. How do they ...
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423 views

FX Options price vs implied vol

From the screenshot below, what is the difference between the option price by strike in the table versus the implied volatilities by delta in the chart at the bottom? https://www.investing.com/...
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203 views

FX Hedging costs when using 3m FX Fowards vs XCCY swaps for an IG Bond

Suppose I want to hedge the FX exposure of an USD Corp Bond(held to maturity) to GBP and I can choose between rolling 3m FX Forwards and XCCY swaps. How can I estimate the difference in the hedging ...
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24 views

GET REAL TIME CURRENCY EXCHANGE RATE [duplicate]

I need to get currency exchange rates in real time, every seconds. On websites or when using APIs, the rates are only updated every minutes, or every 30s... Is there any way I can get these datas, ...
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149 views

Currency trades

I usually read statements as the below: "Bank A recommends long positions in the yuan against the Singapore dollar" How are these trades usually implemented? Borrow SGD and convert into CNY (...
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58 views

Covariance matrix for risk factors of a FX Forward contract

Does it make sense to calculate log-returns of interest rates from a zero curve? Context: I'm trying to build a variance-covariance matrix for the risk factors of a USDBRL FX Forward maturing in 1 ...
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107 views

How skewed are FX returns? Does this look like a plausible histogram of EURUSD?

I'm reading about volatility. I've charted the histogram of EURUSD and I am wondering if this looks plausible? What I've charted are the 1-hour percent change returns (not log returns). I've removed 0 ...
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52 views

How to compare or prove economic/statistical similarities between two models with differing independent and dependent variables?

I have two datasets: The relationship between Bitcoin prices and other cryptocurrencies. The relationship between EUR prices and other currencies. What would be the most appropriate way to prove ...
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80 views

Cocycle Condition for FX and SABR

I was wondering whether SABR model (or some of its modifications) is actually used by practionarers. Also, if one models the FX forward with SABR, would the cocycle condition be satisfied? That is, if ...
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174 views

Use of CNY and CNH derivatives

I was wondering what are the reasons why investors use USDCNH forwards vs NDF on USDCNY? Do you usually pick CNH for trade reasons, while CNY more for speculation as these are USD settled?
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38 views

Hedge Fund Leverage - FX exposure

how is leverage calculated for hedge funds that follow a global macro strategy. Specifically interested in knowing the FX exposure- forwards or spots. If it’s just Longs+Shorts, then leverage would be ...
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70 views

long position on futures

Now I am opening a long position of 1000000 USD on euro futures at a spot FX rate of $1.2568/€. Technically, this means that I am taking a credit of €795,671.55 (2dp) from my broker and immediately am ...
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158 views

Hedging with FX swaps

I am trying to get the mechanic of the swap rollover. Funds usually hedge FX risk of their long term foreign assets (eg UST) with short term FX swaps (usually maturity < 1yr), by rolling over fx ...
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236 views

How is calculated the futures/forward convexity adjustment for FX?

I could find lots of stuff online for IR derivatives but it seems there isn't too much on FX for this specific adjustment.
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64 views

FX rollover tomorrow next and spot next

One traded a fx spot position on day T (say T+2 settlement). If he wants to roll the fx spot on day T, he will use SPOT/NEXT. If he wants to roll the fx spot on day T+1, he will use TOM/NEXT. Is this ...

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