Questions tagged [fx]

The foreign exchange market (forex, FX, or currency market) is a global, worldwide-decentralized financial market for trading currencies. Commonly traded instruments include spot, forward, swaps, futures, and options. The FX market is the most liquid financial market in the world. There is no unified or centrally cleared market.

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30 views

Calculation cross-currency basis

I am trying to calculate cross-currency basis on the 3-month horizon for a certain set of currencies. The formula should be $ccb = F/S (1+y_{foreign currency}) - (1+y_{USD})$ where $y_{USD}$ is Libor ...
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2answers
3k views

Pricing of a Foreign Exchange Vanilla Option

To understand how Bloomberg prices foreign exchange vanilla options , I extract the following screenshot from its OVML function. The Black-Scholes formua for vanilla options are \begin{split} & P=...
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1answer
83 views

FX option trading questions

Are all FX trades ( RR, BF, ATM)quoted in implied vol term delta neutral trades? If trades are not delta neutral at the initiation does that mean it is speculative trading? Why/ why not?
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61 views

What is the difference between Cost of Currency Hedging and the Price of a Currency Pair Forward?

I am looking at Reuters Datastream and all they seem to provide is the settlement price of the CME EURGBP contract (which more or less equals current spot). But what does it actually cost me to ...
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49 views

FX option trading [duplicate]

Are all trades quoted in implied vol terms delta neutral trades? If trades are not delta neutral at the initiation does that mean it is speculative trading? Why/ why not?
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39 views

About Dual Delta of FX option in the paper: FX volatility smile construction by Dimitri Reiswich & Uwe Wystup

In the paper: FX volatility smile construction by Dimitri Reiswich & Uwe Wystup. It mentions the computation of premium-adjusted spot delta as follows (Page 6): As a beginner of FX option, I ...
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35 views

FX Smile Curve Extrapolation

How a smooth smile curve is generated from 5 smile points : 10D RR, 25D RR, 10D SM, 25D SM and ATM? What are the commonly used extrapolation and interpolation techniques? I have seen people ...
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1answer
91 views

What does **Long Call EURUSD** mean?

What does Long Call EURUSD mean? Does it mean Long Call EUR and Short Put USD? When we draw payoff do we consider only w.r.t. to CCY1 i.e. EUR in this case?
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32 views

Smile Strangle and Market Strangle

What is the difference between Smile Strangle margin and Market Strangle Margin in fx derivative market? Is it just variation in convention or is there any mathematical relationship between the two?
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1answer
31 views

Relation between ATM, RR and BF

In FX derivative market, why does vol spread of ATM > RR > BF? ATM is the most liquid and intuitively it should have the lowest spread. Please help me in understanding the rational behind the above ...
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2answers
38 views

Should the targeted rate of return stay the same regardless of the currency?

I work for a european company which invests mostly in the euro zone but also in the UK. I'm in charge with calculating the hurdle rate targeted for these investments. The internal guidelines are for ...
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FX TARF hedging (target redemption forward)

Lets say client is buying from you eurusd tarf strike 1,16 sell eur buy usd notional per fixing 500k usd leverage 2 first expiry 1 month from now, 12 fixings in total (monthly) full final payout ...
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1answer
69 views

What is FX theta in linear products?

While I understand theta (time decay) in options, I often see theta being computed for linear products as well (outright FX forwards). What is theta in this case then? And how is it different from the ...
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2answers
202 views

Is there an efficient method or technique to find an arbitrage between two FX dealers?

I was able to solve the following problem and find the arbitrage but only after spending a long time on it and trying out different possibilites. Is there a method or technique that can help me find ...
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1answer
369 views

Could banks move to continuous (rather than overnight) funding?

For a long time, the dominant tenors for money market and FX instruments were 6 months and 3 months, and banks slowly moved to commercial trades at those tenors but funding overnight. If this is a ...
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2answers
72 views

How do the following aspects lead to U.S. Repo shortfalls

A major theme in the markets this past week has been the repo rate hikes and the sudden disappearance of liquidity. Although most are confused as to the main reason, there seems to be a consensus on ...
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1answer
123 views

Hedging EURUSD with negative rates

I was reading an article and i saw this : Fund managers based outside the eurozone can profit from buying Europe’s negative-yielding government debt thanks to an uplift from hedging the currency. ...
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40 views

Currency exchange rate

I'm working with monthly data and I need to use FX rate in my model. I have daily data for exchange rate and not sure how to average it over the month. Should I compute simple arithmetic average over ...
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30 views

Why does change in Sight Deposits reflect Swiss National Bank FX action

I am confused of how the Swiss National Bank's famous FX interventions are reflected in the change in Sight Deposits. Against the backdrop of the ECB meeting, it is said that the SNB has taken ...
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119 views

FX Correlation Risk from cross ccy pairs

Suppose you are long a TRYJPY call option. And lets say you can delta hedge using USDTRY, AUDJPY, and AUDUSD. In this case I would delta hedge by buying USDTRY, selling AUDJPY, and buying AUDUSD. If ...
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How to backtest a sample of trades to optimize stop loss on losing trades and profit targets on winning trades?

I have a history of hundreds of executed trades. Given those trades, I want to know if there's a tool or framework that can help me figuring out: What would have been the most cost efficient stop ...
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1answer
67 views

USDEUR instead of EURUSD futures for euros owner

If you own euros and you want to be long on EURUSD, wouldn't it be more logical and with less fees to open a position on USDEUR and do a margin deposit directly in euros instead of convert the euros ...
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2answers
129 views

Calculating Cross Currency basis swaps

I am trying to calculate cross currency basis swaps for personal use. I generally understand what they are (essentially swapping one currency for another currency on a floating interest rate basis) ...
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2answers
89 views

Expected currency depreciation given sovereign default

A country may default on its government debt (in any sense, e.g. miss a payment) within the next year. How would one estimate the expected (under the risk-neutral measure) currency depreciation by ...
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Carry Trade vs synthetic Carry Trade using forward contracts

When it comes to foreign exchange carry trade strategy, the definition is straightforward: an investor borrows 1 US-\$ in the US (low interest country) and invests that \$1 to AU (high interest ...
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1answer
66 views

real time tick data source

Hello i am looking for a free real time tick by tick data for training and analyzing and plotting forex charts but i am searching a lot and i couldn't find any good data feed provider why there is no ...
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482 views

In FX trading, is the risk for long positions higher than for short positions, or vice versa?

Having done FX trading as a hobby for nearly two years now (and having made some profit overall), I now have got a fundamental question which I think I already have the answer to, but I would like to ...
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2answers
286 views

How to hedge two currency positions

Having two spot currency positions, short EUR/USD long GBP/USD We are looking for a way to diminish the risk of the spread going against us. The basic idea is ...
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1answer
54 views

Framework for hedging fx and utilizing correlation between asset returns

Can anyone point me in a direction (research paper, books, ..) which developes a framework/strategy for hedging currency exposure for an international bond portfolio? This paper finds optimal ...
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1answer
148 views

How is FX cross rates options are priced?

Say I have market for EUR/USD and also USD/CAD, how would EUR/CAD would be priced and hedged in practice? What are good papers/book chapters to read on that? (Assuming basic knowledge already on ...
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2answers
690 views

Calculating Fx Swap from Cross Currency Swap

I am trying to calculate Fx Swap points of a currency pair from the corresponding Cross Currency Swap rate on the same maturity. I.e if I know that my USD/TRY 5Y rate is 16% and my USD/TRY spot rate ...
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58 views

FX Spot Delta market standard calculation (Trader View)

I am just writing my thesis about FX instrument and hedging and one question popped up which I can't solve. Maybe it is silly but cant find anything about it how the delta of a fx spot is defined and ...
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1answer
425 views

Implied AUD Interest Rate from USDAUD FX Swap and USD Interest Rate

Can someone help me understand how to derive the implied interest rate or spot rate in BBG FXFA? I actually get why the Forward rate, F_Ask and F_Bid are derived using the formula in the picture. ...
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2answers
386 views

FX hedging: forward rate and implied forward rate

In this paper (box 1 page 24): https://www.rbnz.govt.nz/-/media/ReserveBank/Files/Publications/Bulletins/2000/2000mar63-1brookeshargreaveslucaswhite.pdf It is argued that the forward rate that a ...
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1answer
777 views

Pricing Uneven FX Swaps

I'm trying to figure out how to price uneven FX swaps. I just started on a FX trading desk and have been told that the all-in rate for a 2-legged FX swap is equal to: 1) Quote for market side of net ...
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1answer
30 views

How to understand interest rate bid/ask and apply client mark-up in Tom/Next Rollover Swap Point Calculation

When I am reading materials in swap point calculation for FX Tom/Next Rollover, I am confused with the market interest rate bid/ask. Using an example: I traded on ...
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1answer
789 views

FX Hull-White model

A model for FX, presented in Interest Rate Models, Brigo and Mercurio (2006), has the following dynamics: \begin{align} dr_t^d&= \lambda_d(\theta_d(t)-r_t^d)dt+\eta_d dW_t^d\\ dr_t^f&= [\...
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48 views

Cancelable Forward

How I could modeling a break forward or cancelable forward? Could I use Swaption model or only by montecarlo simulation? I have (X-F) for 2Y but I have option to cancel in 0,5Y by a premium price
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6answers
2k views

Which data sources are available for cryptocurrencies?

I am primarily looking for price and market cap histories for cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin, Ethereum, zcash, ... What are some good data sources and APIs where I can download history as well as get ...
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1answer
43 views

FX Forward last day first day premium

How exactly do you trade the turn of the year/quarter effect (also known as last day-first day effect). How do you track this data, is it directly quoted in the market or is it interpolated?
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1answer
95 views

FX Futures pricing formula

I'm reading Paul Wilmott's Introduces Quantitative Finance and stuck a bit with formula $F = S(t)e^{(r-r_f)(T-t)}$ for FX futures pricing. I don't get how to incorporate $r_f$ into the formula, could ...
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2answers
832 views

How could I become a market maker in forex/equity market?

By being a market maker, I mean when I post a limit order, someone could take your order. For example, suppose during this second the bid-ask is 1,1.01 constantly and I posted a limit order to buy at ...
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0answers
28 views

FX Options Greeks: Is there a meaning in converting the sensitivities values in different currencies?

Suppose you have a Call on JPY, domestic currency is USD The price will be in USD Let's say delta = 0.93 Does it make sense for any reporting reasons to convert this value into JPY ? What is even the ...
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1answer
51 views

Basic FX-Forwards trading Guide [closed]

What fundamentals or other factors should one follow to trade currency Forwards intraday?
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1answer
142 views

Constructing an FX forward curve

A lot of our clients are currently using interest rate parity as a means of constructing an FX forward curve. For instance, to construct the USD-GBP FX Forward curve, they are using the USD LIBOR, ...
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3answers
287 views

Options Delta Meaning of Term [closed]

not able to understand delta in options. Whilst I understand, it is how much the option moves when the underlying moves by 1 unit, I fail to understand, when someone books a currency option, why does ...
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1answer
565 views

Are there any software libraries for backtesting FX algorithms against tick data?

I've read question, however it doesn't appear as if any of those libraries work for FX data. A Google search for python forex backtesting turns up this project, ...
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0answers
55 views

How would one go about pricing a FX future?

What model/equations would I require to calculate the price for a foreign exchange future? This is in an attempt to mitigate foreign exchange risk. Also, how could one measure a business's exposure to ...
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2answers
188 views

Understanding Forex Positions

I am new to forex trading and using an Oanda free practice account to play with it. However, I'm not understanding a few things. When I buy or sell a currency pair, am I buying/selling a currency or ...
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3answers
1k views

Effective Euro-USD (EURUSD) Exchange Rate Prior to Euro's Existence

Motivation: I am running a quantitative analysis that requires long-term, exchange rate data. Problem: Does anyone have methods for dealing with the EURUSD exchange rate prior to the Euro's existence?...