Questions tagged [fx]

The foreign exchange market (forex, FX, or currency market) is a global, worldwide-decentralized financial market for trading currencies. Commonly traded instruments include spot, forward, swaps, futures, and options. The FX market is the most liquid financial market in the world. There is no unified or centrally cleared market.

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Cross Currency Swap Pricing in nowadays environment

Multicurve setting has now become the new paradigm for vanilla swap valuation. For the record I give here (without getting into too much details) the methodoloy for pricing Euribor3M swaps in this ...
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How do I compare implied and historic volatility?

what would you suggest are the starting points for comparing, in an easy, visual way, implied and delivered volatility surfaces? I'd like to see what the differences are between the historic surfaces, ...
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21 votes
4 answers
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Is statistical arbitrage on FX possible?

Do you know of any papers which consider pairs trading (or statistical arbitrage) on foreign exchange? I couldn't find any. I asked this question on several forums and got no reply. Thus, I guess ...
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17 votes
4 answers
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How to generate synthetic FX data for backtesting?

I want to generate synthetic forex data for the purpose of backtesting my trading algorithms. I have some rough ideas in mind on how to do this: Start with a curve representing a trend, then randomly ...
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17 votes
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Could banks move to continuous (rather than overnight) funding?

For a long time, the dominant tenors for money market and FX instruments were 6 months and 3 months, and banks slowly moved to commercial trades at those tenors but funding overnight. If this is a ...
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16 votes
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Why using 3 months forward to hedge fx risk on a fund of funds portfolio?

In my previous job, a fund of funds, they used 3 months forward FX contracts (renewed every 3 months) to protect their portfolio against currency risk. If I do understand why forwards are useful for ...
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15 votes
0 answers
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Markov-Switching Multifractal and FX Rates

Is there a better model than Markov-Switching Multifractal (MSM) for detecting regime shifts in FX rates across multiple time horizons? I am especially interested in the different aspects of the ...
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14 votes
3 answers
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Effective Euro-USD (EURUSD) Exchange Rate Prior to Euro's Existence

Motivation: I am running a quantitative analysis that requires long-term, exchange rate data. Problem: Does anyone have methods for dealing with the EURUSD exchange rate prior to the Euro's existence?...
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13 votes
3 answers
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How do I eliminate developed currency funding cross rate risk in an EMFX position?

Back in the "old days" (ie 5-10 years ago) when we wanted to be long or short an emerging currency (say the ZAR, BRL, or TRY) we simply did everything against the pre-eminent currency of the day, the ...
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13 votes
1 answer
529 views

Currency Hedged ETFs

At work we were talking about currency hedging our equity index exposures but I am struggling to understand how this happens in a typical iShares ETF. If we take the Japan ETF IJPN then we see this ...
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12 votes
1 answer
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How should FX options be priced when a currency is artificially capped?

The question is inspired by yesterday's (06/09/11) historic announcement by the Swiss National Bank that it would impose a ceiling on the franc of 1.20 against the euro. I would like to know if there ...
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11 votes
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Processes used in quant finance

What are the main stochastic processes (and their SDE) used in quant finance? For example to model currency prices, stock prices, etc.
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11 votes
3 answers
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Pricing of a Foreign Exchange Vanilla Option

To understand how Bloomberg prices foreign exchange vanilla options , I extract the following screenshot from its OVML function. The Black-Scholes formua for vanilla options are \begin{split} & P=...
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11 votes
2 answers
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FX forward with stochastic interest rates pricing

I would like to extend the following question about FX Forward rates in stochastic interest rate setup: "Expectation" of a FX Forward We consider a FX process $X_t = X_0 \exp( \int_0^t(r^...
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11 votes
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how do you evaluate an FX market EMS?

My firm is investigating FX EMS systems to see if we can reduce execution costs for our trading strategies that involve FX (not low latency). The liquidity providers are a few major banks. We're ...
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10 votes
6 answers
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Which data sources are available for cryptocurrencies?

I am primarily looking for price and market cap histories for cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin, Ethereum, zcash, ... What are some good data sources and APIs where I can download history as well as get ...
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10 votes
2 answers
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FX Tick Data question

Anyone can tell me what the first column and the last column in this FX tick dataset mean? The first seems like some kind of ID, and what D in the last column mean? 368412956 AUD/CAD 12/30/2007 ...
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10 votes
2 answers
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Why does this Co-integrated basket look too good to be true?

You need quantmod & tseries in R to run this: ...
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10 votes
2 answers
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Why FX Vanilla Options are quoted in volatility

I've been curious why vanilla options are quoted (and traded) in terms of volatility. Considering that every financial institution has its own options pricing model, volatility as an input would cause ...
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9 votes
4 answers
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Where can someone get free (or very cheap) high frequency tick forex data?

I am currently working on a large data set (approx 80 million data points over 10 years). I would like another set of data that has one currency in common. Eg, I have EUR/USD and would like USD/CNY or ...
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9 votes
1 answer
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Implied interest rate from FX swap

This is not homework. I am trying to calculate the implied interest rate of one currency (C2) using an FX swap and the interest rate of another currency (C1 - base). I have the following: Spot: 7....
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9 votes
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Interpolating FX forward points

When computing an FX forward rate for an expiry that is not explicitly quoted, it seems to me that a reasonable way to do it is log-linear interpolation of the two nearest outright forward rates, ...
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9 votes
1 answer
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How should you manage lot sizes in this situation?

Imagine that prior to entering the market you know beforehand the profit factor of similar situations. For example: ...
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8 votes
4 answers
2k views

Is this how stock trading works?

I was told to move this question here from Money Stack Exchange, where some people have already provided some feedback. This is a very basic question about the Stock Exchange, and I was looking for ...
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8 votes
3 answers
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How is historical data for forex collected or computed?

I'm looking at four sources of forex data, as compiled in the question, What data sources are available online? And I think I must be misunderstanding something, perhaps something fundamental, but I'm ...
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8 votes
2 answers
842 views

Looking for Research Paper on Creation of Currency Baskets

I came across a paper, not sure it originated from academia or a blog or such, that reported on applying principal components to build currency baskets from a set of individual currency pairs and to ...
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8 votes
1 answer
715 views

Distribution of profit/loss for retail traders in FX

I've heard that 90% of retail investors in FX lose money. I want to analyze this in more detail. Question: Is there some literature that describes the statistics of profit/loss for retail traders in ...
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8 votes
1 answer
418 views

How to perform Empirical Mode Decomposition?

I am trying to use the EMD applied to EURUSD open price to train a machine learning algo (RVM). I have run only once the EMD on my training set and once on the training+test set. The results on the ...
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8 votes
1 answer
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Back office processing for FX trades

Can someone provide (or point me to) a summary of back office processing nuances specific to FX trading? For example, I know that there are several FX-specific risks that must be managed. They include ...
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7 votes
2 answers
2k views

Statistical models for exchange rates?

What stochastics processes (if any) are used to model currencies exchange rates and how good are such models ? References on subj. are also highly welcome.
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7 votes
3 answers
928 views

Transaction Costs for Currency Pairs

I have been aggregating some tick data from Oanda's streaming API to try and get an idea of the relative cost and best time to trade different currency pairs. The idea was to plot the spread of the ...
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7 votes
1 answer
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Understanding the GDAX price chart [closed]

I'm a beginner looking at the USD-BTC price chart on gdax: https://www.gdax.com/trade/BTC-USD It looks like this: I'm trying to work out what the top graph means. Can anyone tell me what each of ...
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7 votes
2 answers
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How to derive appropriate volatility for a binary option (with strike/term) from market data?

I am valuing a binary FX option (european) with a defined strike and term (2Y). I'm using a closed form solution based on Black-Scholes framework. How can I derive the appropriate volatility to use ...
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7 votes
2 answers
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VaR mapping - Forward Foreign Currency Contract

I have a question about VaR mapping for FX forwards. Please bear with me while I outline the problem. Philippe Jorion's book discusses VaR mapping; a means to break down complex instruments into ...
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7 votes
3 answers
3k views

Valuation of open FX-Forward

So called closed FX-Forwards are well known forward contracts where some amount of foreign currency is bought at a specified date in the future for a price fixed "today". Such contracts can be ...
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7 votes
1 answer
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compute time from FX forward, how use DEPO rates?

assume I have following delta-term vol data from broker: ...
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6 votes
2 answers
3k views

Why do we usually use normal distribution and not Laplace distribution to generate stochastic process?

When working with a stochastic process based on brownian motion, the increments have normal (gaussian) distribution. However, it seems that a Laplace distribution, with density: $$f(t) = \frac{\...
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6 votes
3 answers
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Computing FX forward delivery dates

I'm looking for a precise definition of how FX outright delivery dates are computed. Chapter 1 of the book 'Foreign Exchange Option Pricing: A Practitioners Guide' (this chapter can be found here) ...
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6 votes
1 answer
253 views

CNY Devaluation: Why EUR up, USD down?

The second unexpected devaluation of the Chinese currency CNY caused some turbulent market movements in currencies today. I was surprised that the EUR went to a 1-week high against the USD up by ...
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6 votes
1 answer
631 views

OpenGamma's Strata - Computational Overhead

I've been looking at the open-source library Strata (maintained by OpenGamma), which is written in Java. Now, upon inspection of the FX Forward Pricer and Payment Pricer I noticed two things: All ...
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6 votes
1 answer
524 views

Known Forex Market Trends

As the title implies, is there anywhere I can find (or would anyone be kind enough to make) a [obviously far from comprehensive] list of known connections between a currency’s trends and world markets....
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6 votes
1 answer
767 views

FX option history

I am testing my model and I am interested in options prices on EUR|USD for Jan, 2011. The history can be even daily - but I have never had a deal with fx options, so I don't know where start to look ...
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6 votes
1 answer
838 views

FX Forward pricing with correlation between FX and Zero-Cupon

I would like to extend my question about about FX Forward rates in stochastic interest rate setup: FX forward with stochastic interest rates pricing We consider a FX process $X_t = X_0 \exp( \int_0^t(...
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  • 181
6 votes
1 answer
760 views

How to compute returns and daily VaR of a currency position?

I have a Forex trading account with a base currency USD. I am holding a position in EUR/JPY and would like to estimate my daily VaR. If I compute the EUR/JPY returns using the historic prices this ...
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5 votes
3 answers
6k views

Why do FX Swaps have Interest Rate Risk?

I know that FX Swaps have FX Risk, but why do FX Swaps have Interest Rate Risk as well? Need some guidance on this.
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5 votes
2 answers
665 views

Dynamics of FX rate

I've see a couple of places where a FX rate, denoted $X$, such as EURUSD (quoted as "the number of USD needed to buy 1 EUR") is modeled with a diffusion process / Geometric Brownian Motion ...
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5 votes
2 answers
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FX forward curve building

Can someone explain which curves are used to calculate FX forward rates? I have the idea that it involves using the local OIS curves for both currencies, but my calculation shows that it is not the ...
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5 votes
2 answers
7k views

Calculating Cross Currency basis swaps

I am trying to calculate cross currency basis swaps for personal use. I generally understand what they are (essentially swapping one currency for another currency on a floating interest rate basis) ...
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5 votes
5 answers
1k views

Forex ECN for Algorithmic Trading

I'm looking for a forex brokerage that allows me to: add limit orders to the order book and trade against other clients However, when I look at the looks of fxcm, alpari, robofx, ... it appears all ...
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5 votes
4 answers
765 views

In FX trading, is the risk for long positions higher than for short positions, or vice versa?

Having done FX trading as a hobby for nearly two years now (and having made some profit overall), I now have got a fundamental question which I think I already have the answer to, but I would like to ...
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