Questions tagged [fx]

The foreign exchange market (forex, FX, or currency market) is a global, worldwide-decentralized financial market for trading currencies. Commonly traded instruments include spot, forward, swaps, futures, and options. The FX market is the most liquid financial market in the world. There is no unified or centrally cleared market.

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1answer
85 views

FX ATM-volatility quotes

Is the implied volatility ATM the same for a currency pair as for the inverted currency pair. I.e, can I expect the same volatility quote ATM for (for an instance) EURUSD as for USDEUR? And does this ...
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Hedging With Zero Coupon Bonds from The Concepts and Practice of Mathematical Finance by Mark Joshi

In section 2.5 he describes an example of arbitrage-free pricing (attached below). I have a pretty solid understanding of how we arrived at $K' = K\frac{1+d}{1+r}$, but I got a little lost when he ...
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31 views

Is the differential between risk free rates the drift of an exchange rate only in the risk neutral world?

Take for example this passage from "Monte Carlo Methods in Financial Engineering". Is this a result of the risk neutral world or is this the real world drift as well? I've never seen the explicit ...
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43 views

Is “time value of currency” to be accounted for in returns calculation?

A simple question: When exchanging currency in order to finance an investment, is it standard/best practice to adjusted for exchange rates when calculating the NPL of that investment? For example: I, ...
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1answer
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FX convention and volatility calibration

In general, call/put options are quoted with respect to their Black-Scholes volatility. In the FX market we define the risk reversal volatility as $$\sigma_{25-RR} = \sigma_{25-Call} - \sigma_{25-Put}...
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Converting time bars to tick bars or volume bars in python

Recently I've started reading Advances in Financial Machine Learning by Marcos Lopez de Prado. In the second chapter the author defines some essential financial data structures, like tick bars, volume ...
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30 views

LIBOR OIS equation - Discount factor

I've seen this equation floating around : XCCY = FX OIS + USD LIBOR/OIS - EUR LIBOR/OIS. This equation is intuitive however there's a mention that discount factors between the two need to be taken ...
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4answers
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Is statistical arbitrage on FX possible?

Do you know of any papers which consider pairs trading (or statistical arbitrage) on foreign exchange? I couldn't find any. I asked this question on several forums and got no reply. Thus, I guess ...
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1answer
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Dollar basis calculation. Where do I miss the point?

I read that recently, due to the covid-19, the pressure on the dollar market has risen significantly on the demand side. That is why the dollar basis became largly negativ. https://www.bloomberg.com/...
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42 views

FX quoting convention

I saw the quote as this: EUR/USD 1m ATM 0.3150/0.3190. I guess these are vol levels. What the units of these bid and offer quoted?
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128 views

Real-time tick data source

I am looking for a free real time tick by tick data for training and analyzing and plotting forex charts, but I am searching a lot and I couldn't find any good data feed provider. Why there is no ...
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What are CloseoutBid and CloseoutAsk Prices?

Using Oanda's streaming API I get typical output as shown below: ...
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1answer
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Compute Forward Exchange Rates using Risk Free Rates

In the following image : I am not able to understand how, the final value of strategy B can be equal to $e^{r_{GBP}T}F(0,T)$ According to me it should be just $F(0,T)$ My reasoning is that when you ...
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60 views

Implied cost of borrowing USD via an FX swap

EURUSD is quoted at 1.0879/84. Lets say O/N forward points are quoted at +0.032/+0.332. Lets say based on these quotes I want to derive my implied funding cost (USD interest rate) if I wanted to ...
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44 views

FX Smile Polynomial Fitting

I am unable to reproduce the example of FX polynomial smile interpolation on page 59 of the book FX Option Pricing by Iain Clark shown below. Consider just the ATM volatility as a specific case. I ...
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2answers
991 views

Calculating Fx Swap from Cross Currency Swap

I am trying to calculate Fx Swap points of a currency pair from the corresponding Cross Currency Swap rate on the same maturity. I.e if I know that my USD/TRY 5Y rate is 16% and my USD/TRY spot rate ...
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1answer
51 views

How to calculate the Fx Forward Points for 3M

I'm trying to find the FX Forward Points for 3M, the same as in the table. However, in the conventional way (Forward points = Spot x (USD Rate - EUR Rate) x 90/360) I get a different result. Can ...
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FX swap trade question

(a) today, say I did a fx swap trade: long PHP/USD spot and short 1m PHP/USD forward. Then if 1m PHP interest rate goes up, I should make money (meaning i locked in paying a lower 1m PHP interest rate ...
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2answers
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ATM volatility for FX options

I am quite familiar with equity implied volatility and smiles. However, I find it quite confusing and unclear when it comes to FX. I read many materials but could not get a grasp of the notion of ATM ...
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1answer
65 views

Alternative strategies for hedging customer FX positions in spot market

Generally, if an FX broker decides to hedge a customers' position, it automatically hedges the customer's trade to Liquidity Providers when the trade occurs in the spot market. Let's say, the customer ...
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1answer
282 views

Calculating FX Swap Points from various interest rate curves (and vice versa)

I have tried extensively to find the answer to this both on this website and externally. My question is 'how are FX swap points determined?' but would like to lay out my own understanding first (also ...
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2answers
576 views

FX hedging: forward rate and implied forward rate

In this paper (box 1 page 24): https://www.rbnz.govt.nz/-/media/ReserveBank/Files/Publications/Bulletins/2000/2000mar63-1brookeshargreaveslucaswhite.pdf It is argued that the forward rate that a ...
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1answer
81 views

Where does the 50.14348112 coefficent in the US Dollar Index formula come from?

The formula for the US Dollar Index (DXY) that every resource on the internet provides is: $$DXY = 50.14348112 × EURUSD^{-0.576} × USDJPY^{0.136} × GBPUSD^{-0.119} × USDCAD^{0.091} × USDSEK^{0.042} × ...
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4answers
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Where can I retreive the end of day fx prices?

I'm developing a reporting tool and I need a data source for end of day price data. For example, it should give me the XAUUSD price at a specific date, say 2019-12-05. Do you know such a data source? ...
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1answer
1k views

Pricing Uneven FX Swaps

I'm trying to figure out how to price uneven FX swaps. I just started on a FX trading desk and have been told that the all-in rate for a 2-legged FX swap is equal to: 1) Quote for market side of net ...
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2answers
6k views

Strike / delta relationship for FX options

I am trying to find out how to go from delta to strike. If we look at the Bloomberg I am looking at 1M ATM volatility. I have included the Bloomberg data as a picture where we have following ...
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1answer
82 views

FX Swap P&L question

I am currently trying to compute the P&L of a FX swap and to understand it's implications. Let's say when we sell 1M EUR spot eur/usd at 1.08 and at the same time buy a one month month forward ...
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STIR topics: Implied FX-OIS Basis and FX Forward/Swap Pricing

if someone could provide some clarity on the below: What is meant by 'Implied FX-OIS Basis'? For example: "ON JPY trading at parity, 1W implied OIS basis moved 70BP" and "3M Implied OIS basis moved ...
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Calculating Cross Currency basis swaps

I am trying to calculate cross currency basis swaps for personal use. I generally understand what they are (essentially swapping one currency for another currency on a floating interest rate basis) ...
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Pips calculation based on trade units and Unrealized Profit

The OANDA API allows me to easily see the Unrealized/Profit Loss in units of my home currency (U.S. Dollars) on each trade and the number of units associated with the trade. What I am not able to ...
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27 views

Effect of lowering benchmark interest rates

On recent days, Yen appreciated 30 bps towards USD "after the Central Bank lowered its interest rates by 50 bps". Can someone explain me the economic rationale of the appreciation after a central bank ...
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1answer
701 views

Using QuantLib Python to value FX options using stochastic volatility

I would like to use QuantLib (and in particular the python wrapper) to value FX option using the Heston model. Thanks to http://gouthamanbalaraman.com and all of the articles therein : in particular ...
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1answer
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Link between spot and forward rates in no-arbitrage world

With reference to the forward exchange rate definition, let be: $S$: the spot rate $F$: the forward rate $r_d$ and $r_f$: respectively the domestic and foreign interest rates $DF_d$ and $DF_f$: ...
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What trading granularity has the strongest self-influence on Forex market?

As I understand, the effects that influence the Forex prices (for the major pairs) can be described as: inside effects - short term speculations by humans/robots real world events - larger scale ...
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3answers
201 views

Why is the hedging cost using forwards $\frac{F-S}{S}$ and how is this related to Carry?

I'm a bit confused about hedging a foreign exposure and how this is related to carry. I've read that the hedging cost $h$ is $$h=\frac{F-S}{S}$$ where $F$ is the forward and $S$ is the spot price. ...
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2answers
267 views

Understanding Forex HFT Arbitrage with different counter parties/ Brokers/ ECN

I came across this in a online lecture. But couldn't wrap my head around it. Lets say I have accounts with two brokers/ECN/STP. Now consider the following scenario for currency pair USD/JPY Broker1: ...
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2answers
5k views

Pricing of a Foreign Exchange Vanilla Option

To understand how Bloomberg prices foreign exchange vanilla options , I extract the following screenshot from its OVML function. The Black-Scholes formua for vanilla options are \begin{split} & P=...
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0answers
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How do FX brokers decide to hedge or book a customer's trades?

FX brokers try to be more profitable by, - booking(b-book) the traders that are predicted to be losing money according to the trader profile or trading history. so, if the customer loses money, the ...
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3answers
310 views

Why are some currency pairs more volatile than others?

Why for example GBP/JPY is twice volatile as USD/JPY ? ... and many more cases involving other major forex pairs here: full list. thanks in advance!
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Payment Gateways' market risk: where does it come from?

Companies like Square and Adyen and Paypal are flourishing. They facilitate payments between people and business in various currencies and provide small loans. However as they are not banks they are ...
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1answer
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How much to hedge if borrow in EUR to buy USD assets?

Suppose an investor borrows EUR1m to buy USD stocks. He wants to hedge away the currency risk through EURUSD futures. He should go long EURUSD to hedge this risk. The question is how much of EURUSD ...
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3answers
1k views

Why doesn't the candlestick bodies align to open/close?

Studying some candlestick theory, I'm repeatedly confronted with pictures where the previous (or subsequent) open/close bodies does not align with what is found before (or following after). This is ...
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What is the actual instrument traded with retail FX brokers

This question may seem inappropriate for this StackExchange but it's the pricing and actual return dynamics that define the instrument so you guys seem the most knowledgeable on this topic. I was ...
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2answers
169 views

How would a FX price probability distibution function look?

I would like to see how the currency price levels are distributed in a probability function. But I don't even know if there is such a thing or if perhaps its just common knowledge and readily ...
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3answers
3k views

Forex brokers with free API compatible with Node.js

I have a Forex trading signal generator written in Node.js and now I am looking for a Forex broker with a free Node.js compatible API. The requirements are simple: be able to send new trade orders ...
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1answer
695 views

Implied AUD Interest Rate from USDAUD FX Swap and USD Interest Rate

Can someone help me understand how to derive the implied interest rate or spot rate in BBG FXFA? I actually get why the Forward rate, F_Ask and F_Bid are derived using the formula in the picture. ...
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Extreme AUDJPY FX vols

I'm seeing levels of -12% of market strangle vol at 25 delta for AUDJPY at 20Y onward that is causing havoc with my pricing routines, the 10 delta market strangle is trading around -6% which is again ...
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3answers
305 views

Intuitive explanation for the smile in FX

What is the intuitive reason for the smile in FX? For equities this usually down to crash risk.
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1answer
68 views

What are “local” and “foreign” interest rate in this formula? [closed]

I found this formula to find fair value of a forex pair: FV = Spot × e(local interest rate−foreign interest rate) × T Taken for example AUDUSD, Spot is AUD per USD. T is the time to maturity of ...
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1answer
75 views

FX Forward last day first day premium

How exactly do you trade the turn of the year/quarter effect (also known as last day-first day effect). How do you track this data, is it directly quoted in the market or is it interpolated?

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