Questions tagged [fx]

The foreign exchange market (forex, FX, or currency market) is a global, worldwide-decentralized financial market for trading currencies. Commonly traded instruments include spot, forward, swaps, futures, and options. The FX market is the most liquid financial market in the world. There is no unified or centrally cleared market.

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72 views

USDEUR instead of EURUSD futures for euros owner

If you own euros and you want to be long on EURUSD, wouldn't it be more logical and with less fees to open a position on USDEUR and do a margin deposit directly in euros instead of convert the euros ...
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553 views

Calculating Cross Currency basis swaps

I am trying to calculate cross currency basis swaps for personal use. I generally understand what they are (essentially swapping one currency for another currency on a floating interest rate basis) ...
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2answers
99 views

Expected currency depreciation given sovereign default

A country may default on its government debt (in any sense, e.g. miss a payment) within the next year. How would one estimate the expected (under the risk-neutral measure) currency depreciation by ...
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2k views

Carry Trade vs synthetic Carry Trade using forward contracts

When it comes to foreign exchange carry trade strategy, the definition is straightforward: an investor borrows 1 US-\$ in the US (low interest country) and invests that \$1 to AU (high interest ...
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1answer
80 views

real time tick data source

Hello i am looking for a free real time tick by tick data for training and analyzing and plotting forex charts but i am searching a lot and i couldn't find any good data feed provider why there is no ...
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4answers
521 views

In FX trading, is the risk for long positions higher than for short positions, or vice versa?

Having done FX trading as a hobby for nearly two years now (and having made some profit overall), I now have got a fundamental question which I think I already have the answer to, but I would like to ...
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2answers
297 views

How to hedge two currency positions

Having two spot currency positions, short EUR/USD long GBP/USD We are looking for a way to diminish the risk of the spread going against us. The basic idea is ...
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1answer
63 views

Framework for hedging fx and utilizing correlation between asset returns

Can anyone point me in a direction (research paper, books, ..) which developes a framework/strategy for hedging currency exposure for an international bond portfolio? This paper finds optimal ...
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1answer
165 views

How is FX cross rates options are priced?

Say I have market for EUR/USD and also USD/CAD, how would EUR/CAD would be priced and hedged in practice? What are good papers/book chapters to read on that? (Assuming basic knowledge already on ...
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68 views

FX Spot Delta market standard calculation (Trader View)

I am just writing my thesis about FX instrument and hedging and one question popped up which I can't solve. Maybe it is silly but cant find anything about it how the delta of a fx spot is defined and ...
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1answer
84 views

How to understand interest rate bid/ask and apply client mark-up in Tom/Next Rollover Swap Point Calculation

When I am reading materials in swap point calculation for FX Tom/Next Rollover, I am confused with the market interest rate bid/ask. Using an example: I traded on ...
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1answer
864 views

FX Hull-White model

A model for FX, presented in Interest Rate Models, Brigo and Mercurio (2006), has the following dynamics: \begin{align} dr_t^d&= \lambda_d(\theta_d(t)-r_t^d)dt+\eta_d dW_t^d\\ dr_t^f&= [\...
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62 views

Cancelable Forward

How I could modeling a break forward or cancelable forward? Could I use Swaption model or only by montecarlo simulation? I have (X-F) for 2Y but I have option to cancel in 0,5Y by a premium price
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Which data sources are available for cryptocurrencies?

I am primarily looking for price and market cap histories for cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin, Ethereum, zcash, ... What are some good data sources and APIs where I can download history as well as get ...
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1answer
164 views

FX Futures pricing formula

I'm reading Paul Wilmott's Introduces Quantitative Finance and stuck a bit with formula $F = S(t)e^{(r-r_f)(T-t)}$ for FX futures pricing. I don't get how to incorporate $r_f$ into the formula, could ...
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2answers
869 views

How could I become a market maker in forex/equity market?

By being a market maker, I mean when I post a limit order, someone could take your order. For example, suppose during this second the bid-ask is 1,1.01 constantly and I posted a limit order to buy at ...
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36 views

FX Options Greeks: Is there a meaning in converting the sensitivities values in different currencies?

Suppose you have a Call on JPY, domestic currency is USD The price will be in USD Let's say delta = 0.93 Does it make sense for any reporting reasons to convert this value into JPY ? What is even the ...
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1answer
58 views

Basic FX-Forwards trading Guide [closed]

What fundamentals or other factors should one follow to trade currency Forwards intraday?
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1answer
309 views

Constructing an FX forward curve

A lot of our clients are currently using interest rate parity as a means of constructing an FX forward curve. For instance, to construct the USD-GBP FX Forward curve, they are using the USD LIBOR, ...
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3answers
449 views

Options Delta Meaning of Term [closed]

not able to understand delta in options. Whilst I understand, it is how much the option moves when the underlying moves by 1 unit, I fail to understand, when someone books a currency option, why does ...
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0answers
61 views

How would one go about pricing a FX future?

What model/equations would I require to calculate the price for a foreign exchange future? This is in an attempt to mitigate foreign exchange risk. Also, how could one measure a business's exposure to ...
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2answers
209 views

Understanding Forex Positions

I am new to forex trading and using an Oanda free practice account to play with it. However, I'm not understanding a few things. When I buy or sell a currency pair, am I buying/selling a currency or ...
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3answers
1k views

Effective Euro-USD (EURUSD) Exchange Rate Prior to Euro's Existence

Motivation: I am running a quantitative analysis that requires long-term, exchange rate data. Problem: Does anyone have methods for dealing with the EURUSD exchange rate prior to the Euro's existence?...
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33 views

Option price with underlying growth rate distinct from discount rate

Consider a European style option. The price equation is $$\frac{\partial V}{\partial t} + \frac{1}{2}\sigma^2 S^2 \frac{\partial^2 V}{\partial S^2} + rS\frac{\partial V}{\partial S} - rV = 0 \tag1$$ ...
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1answer
82 views

Covered Interest Rate Parity with FX Spot-Adjustment

The Covered Interest Rate Parity for FX is often quoted simplistically as $$ X_T \quad=\quad X_S \cdot \frac{D^{base}_T}{D^{quote}_T} $$ where $X_t$ is the (projected) FX rate at time $t$ (denoted as $...
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0answers
23 views

Parametric Simulation of FX forwards

I need to simulate FX forwards for risk management (VaR) purposes. The problem is that the FX forwards are derived from : 1) Spot 2) int rates 3) and the basis. So the question is how do you ...
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0answers
37 views

Can you derive fx correlations given the historic correlations of base pairs

Say for USDJPY and GBPUSD, I have the historic data and calc the volatility and correlation between these pairs. Because GBPJPY = GBPUSD x USDJPY. Can I calculate the correlation for GBPJPY directly ...
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1answer
1k views

FX Option strikes from ATM, RR, BF quotes

I am trying to replicate the results in Consistent Pricing of FX Options, A. Castagna and F. Mercurio. However, when I calculate the strike prices for 25-delta put and call and ATM I cannot get the ...
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1answer
82 views

Computing FX forward returns using spot returns and an existing term structure

Sorry for the naive question, I am new to the area. I have YTD spot returns on the USD/GBP pair and a forward yield curve. How would one go about computing the forward returns in 2 years using this ...
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1answer
148 views

pricing deliverable vs non-deliverable fx forwards

I am trying to link these two questions together Pricing a regular FX forward This is a contract (say USD vs JPY) where you exchange 2 currencies at maturity at a pre-determined rate, while no ...
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4answers
5k views

Place to get free live Forex quotes via API?

Are any free Forex data APIs available? There are a ton of historical data repositories that are freely available but what about a live, streaming data API? 1 minute updates or tick data would be ...
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1answer
71 views

Achieving desired fx exposure with using minimum pairs possible

Let say my algorithm tells me to get the following positions through opening fx positions: CUR NET POSITIONS GBP 236.96379 USD -310.58000 CHF 0.02000 There are 2 ways to achieve this: Long ...
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54 views

Replicating PNLS of FX Portfolio [closed]

I need to enter a USDCHF position and the size is 1000. However I want to replicate the same portfolio pnl by using USDEUR and EURCHF. I know that due to triangular arbitrage USDCHF=USDEUR*EURCHF as ...
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5answers
1k views

Forex ECN for Algorithmic Trading

I'm looking for a forex brokerage that allows me to: add limit orders to the order book and trade against other clients However, when I look at the looks of fxcm, alpari, robofx, ... it appears all ...
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0answers
64 views

Performance Call on a Futures

I'm not a 100% on when a margin call is on a group of future contracts... The contract attributes were: ...
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1answer
54 views

How to optimize a series of equations whose outputs are a variable of the subsequent equatinos

The basic question is, given $f(x) = y$ and $f(y) = z$, how can you find $x$ such that $z$ is at its maximum? I can optimize each equation independently, but I do not know how to optimize when ...
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1answer
296 views

LSV model calibration with only few quotes per maturity

At this link I have asked what is the market standard when pricing options in different asset classes. Based on the answers, the standard for FX and equities seems to be the local-stochastic ...
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3answers
209 views

Risk-neutral density from spot prices?

I am currently working on a university project and I hope someone can help me out with a rather silly question :-) I want to analyse the change in the shape of risk-neutral density functions of spot ...
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0answers
112 views

How can we value NPV for a standard FX Swap?

hope you are all well! Was just wondering how we can value the NPV on the value date for a FX swap - i'm sure it's by evaluating the interest rate payable/receivable from the trade date until the ...
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1answer
192 views

What is the intuitive explanation for the spot risk in an FX swap?

I am familiar with FX swap and the basis/IR risk they carry. However, know that they have a very small spot risk component which arises from the present value of future cash flows different from the ...
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1answer
94 views

Pricing an fx option in the same currency

Let imagine we have an option from EUR to USD priced in EUR, therefore the payoff for a call is: $$\frac{(S - K)^{+}}{S} = K (1/K - 1/S)^{+}$$ This is basically the payoff of a price of a put on 1/S ...
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0answers
31 views

Granger Causality Equation between daily Carry Trade returns and daily Stock Market returns [closed]

Could someone please kindly help me in regards to a question on the Carry Trade. What is the most widely used equation for the carry trade including the funding and investment currency and what ...
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1answer
106 views

Volatility surface tenors

I don't think this has been asked before, but are the tenors on a volatility surface out of spot date for the currency pair or out of value T+0?
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2answers
82 views

Group name for currencies, equities and other financial products

I am working on a financial software system that deals with crypto currencies. This system has a model called 'Currency' that describes for example 'BTC' and market for which there is a 'base' and '...
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0answers
63 views

Do Reuters or Eikon have intraday exchange rate data for minor currencies?

I need historical intraday exchange rate data (for a minor european currency - EURRSD) for my thesis. Not necessarily tick by tick - just prices at any interval below an hour will work. I guess there ...
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0answers
70 views

FX Average Forward Pricing

Lookin for documentation on how to price FX Arithmetic Average Rate Forwards. Couldn't find any info on textbooks. Any help is very appreciated.
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3answers
539 views

Industry standard for interpolating FX volatilities

I'm looking to replace the FX vol interpolation scheme at my firm, and was wondering what the industry standard was. We used to do vanna-volga, but it only takes 3 points (25dp, atm, 25dc), and so ...
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2answers
93 views

how to trade interest rates outside G10

G10 currencies markets have active FRA markets and apart from NOK, SEK and NZD one can also speculate on interest rates through exchange-traded futures. What's the best liquid way to speculate on ...
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2answers
704 views

Changing timezones with historic forex data (Interactive Brokers API IBPy)

I would like to be able to change the timezone for my requests to the IB API, how can I do this? I am writing in Python, and thus use the IBPy wrapper found here. How to reproduce the problem: ...
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2answers
9k views

Why FX Vanilla Options are quoted in volatility

I've been curious why vanilla options are quoted (and traded) in terms of volatility. Considering that every financial institution has its own options pricing model, volatility as an input would cause ...

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