Questions tagged [fx]

The foreign exchange market (forex, FX, or currency market) is a global, worldwide-decentralized financial market for trading currencies. Commonly traded instruments include spot, forward, swaps, futures, and options. The FX market is the most liquid financial market in the world. There is no unified or centrally cleared market.

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1answer
326 views

Equivalency of FX forwards and FX fixed for fixed swaps? Are they still the same under multiple curves environment?

I am encountering two approaches for valuation of FX swaps (fixed for fixed, e.g. fixed USD payments for fixed EUR payments) which seem to result into different values although in theory they should ...
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0answers
313 views

EUR/PLN and EUR/USD delta-term-vol surface quoting convension

does anyone know for sure what is the FX market convension to quote delta-term pairs for EUR/PLN, for EUR/USD. I know that for EUR/PLN it should be delta p.a forward, for EUR/USD it should be delta ...
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3answers
5k views

Why do FX Swaps have Interest Rate Risk?

I know that FX Swaps have FX Risk, but why do FX Swaps have Interest Rate Risk as well? Need some guidance on this.
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3answers
4k views

Why are exotic options most popular in FX?

I was reading Derman's latest blog post on Vanna Volga pricing, which, according to the linked Wikipedia article, is used mostly for pricing exotic options on foreign exchange (FX). This Willmott ...
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1answer
129 views

FX option trading questions

Are all FX trades ( RR, BF, ATM)quoted in implied vol term delta neutral trades? If trades are not delta neutral at the initiation does that mean it is speculative trading? Why/ why not?
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2answers
2k views

Calculating Cross Currency basis swaps

I am trying to calculate cross currency basis swaps for personal use. I generally understand what they are (essentially swapping one currency for another currency on a floating interest rate basis) ...
4
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1answer
582 views

Black model: Delta - strike relationship regardless of expiry?

While wandering through some QuantLib experimental classes for FX trading, I've found this Black Delta Calculator. By reading its .cpp, it seems that no use of ...
4
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1answer
246 views

Hedging EURUSD with negative rates

I was reading an article and i saw this : Fund managers based outside the eurozone can profit from buying Europe’s negative-yielding government debt thanks to an uplift from hedging the currency. ...
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3answers
724 views

Volatility and Counterparty risk for FX Forward

How does the change in FX volatility affect the counterparty risk of an FX-forward? Should it not be riskless since the forward itself is "protecting" the exchange rate fluctuations?
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1answer
213 views

U.S. Rate Hike Prediction

In a recent ft.com video an analyst mentioned that markets postponed their Fed rate hike expectation from September to around November 2015 due to the CNY devaluation, based on the "shift" of some "...
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2answers
1k views

How to use the Black-Scholes formula with LIBOR rates?

I want to price an FX option using the Black-Scholes model, but I don't know the risk free rate, nor the volatility. I only know the LIBOR rates, the strike, and that the expiration day is 87 days ...
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3answers
543 views

How to most optimally perform currency conversions when backtesting on portfolio level?

I am currently expanding my own strategy profiling and testing platform which partly consists of a portfolio backtesting module. The backtest engine processes tick based data (quotes for currencies, ...
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2answers
2k views

Multi asset option portfolio risk management (greeks and FX exposure)

I am running an options book containing listed options across multiple products. I trade mostly equity and index related options - with a preference for European expiration products. I trade products ...
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1answer
165 views

Existential question about currency exchange Risk Factor

Ciao All, I'm working to a problem about sensitivities for products with several ccy and this questions came out. For simplicity consider a linear product (a simple cash flow) w.r.t. the ccy ...
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2answers
130 views

Calculating probability of Yuan's slump from options market

http://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2016-01-06/if-options-traders-are-right-the-yuan-s-slump-is-far-from-over Contract prices indicate a 79 percent probability that the currency will weaken ...
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3answers
224 views

Modelling currency exchange rates timeseries data across re-denomation dates

I am working with data for an exotic currency, that has been re-denominated a couple of times during the twenty years of data that I have. What is the best way of 'normalising' the data, so that I ...
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1answer
8k views

Equivalency of FX forwards and FX basis swaps for risk-management purposes

Can one deem an FX float-to-float swap and a FX forward equivalent on dates immediately after repricing? The reason I am asking, I am hedging something that can be modeled via an FX forward, I was ...
4
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1answer
129 views

How to check if relationship between two variable changes over time?

I am working on a commodity-exchange rate model as part of my thesis. My dependent variable is log of first difference of exchange rate of Colombia and my independent variable is log of first ...
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2answers
770 views

Changing timezones with historic forex data (Interactive Brokers API IBPy)

I would like to be able to change the timezone for my requests to the IB API, how can I do this? I am writing in Python, and thus use the IBPy wrapper found here. How to reproduce the problem: ...
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2answers
292 views

Simple question about FX carry trade

I have been reading online about the FX carry trade and how this can be profitable (in general). From my understanding, the idea is to be long (lend) the currency with higher interest rate and short (...
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2answers
156 views

Longer term average probabilities of fills at fx ECNs?

I am wondering whether anyone can share experiences and longer term average probabilities of fills when quoting inside the spread at various fx ECNs. I need to make an assumption of the probability of ...
4
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1answer
353 views

Markov chain Monte Carlo Analysis of FX Options

I recently stumbled upon a paper titled "Markov Chain Monte Carlo Analysis of Option Pricing Models" thanks to another post on this site (see: link). I have the ultimate goal of implementing a MCMC ...
4
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1answer
842 views

How trading in currency pair works, underlying techniques and mechanisms

I am somewhat experienced in Forex trading, but I have a question which has bothered me for quite some time. If we for instance go back in time four months, to before the beginning of value loss the ...
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0answers
2k views

Carry Trade vs synthetic Carry Trade using forward contracts

When it comes to foreign exchange carry trade strategy, the definition is straightforward: an investor borrows 1 US-\$ in the US (low interest country) and invests that \$1 to AU (high interest ...
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2answers
2k views

Usefulness of simultaneously buying triangular and multiple arbitrages on the Forex

I have a limited financial background but I'm trying to figure out the usefulness of buying size-n arbitrages (n > 3), and I wonder the kind of risks - if any - associated with such a strategy. Say ...
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4answers
6k views

Does Yahoo/Google no longer support web-scraping of FOREX data?

I use Python 3.6 to develop quantitative FOREX trading strategies. I used to use Yahoo or Google in conjunction with pandas.datareader in order to collect forex ...
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3answers
13k views

where can i get data for foreign exchange order flow

I need data for my thesis research on liquidity of foriegn exchange for order flow (aggregated daily) per currency traded for a period over the last 10-15 years. help!!
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3answers
2k views

Cross Currency Swap

1) What is the difference between Cross Currency Swap and Cross Currency Basis Swap? Appreciate if this can be explained in layman's terms. 2) Could you advise me which swap rate to be used for the ...
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4answers
2k views

Pricing foreign currency bonds - which approach is more theoretically “sound”?

You own a fixed rate corporate bond in foreign currency (let's say JPY). Your domestic currency is USD. Which of the these two approaches do you consider theoretically better? Discount JPY cash flows ...
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2answers
82 views

How do the following aspects lead to U.S. Repo shortfalls

A major theme in the markets this past week has been the repo rate hikes and the sudden disappearance of liquidity. Although most are confused as to the main reason, there seems to be a consensus on ...
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2answers
128 views

Expected currency depreciation given sovereign default

A country may default on its government debt (in any sense, e.g. miss a payment) within the next year. How would one estimate the expected (under the risk-neutral measure) currency depreciation by ...
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4answers
7k views

Place to get free live Forex quotes via API?

Are any free Forex data APIs available? There are a ton of historical data repositories that are freely available but what about a live, streaming data API? 1 minute updates or tick data would be ...
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2answers
6k views

FX forward curve building

Can someone explain which curves are used to calculate FX forward rates? I have the idea that it involves using the local OIS curves for both currencies, but my calculation shows that it is not the ...
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3answers
228 views

Risk-neutral density from spot prices?

I am currently working on a university project and I hope someone can help me out with a rather silly question :-) I want to analyse the change in the shape of risk-neutral density functions of spot ...
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1answer
5k views

Spot/Next and Tom/Next FX forward swaps

could somebody please tell me what is the main difference between Spot/Next and Tom/Next FX forward swaps? I know that both are used to roll spot FX position settlement to 1 day forward but I really ...
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2answers
199 views

Why isn't a quanto adjustment needed in this case?

Suppose we have a contract with payoff $P_Y$ in currency $Y$, where $P_Y$ on a variable in currency $Y$. To calculate the value in $X$, we take the expected payout under $Y$-numeraire $E_Y(P_Y)$, ...
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1answer
178 views

What are recommended recovery techniques in arbitrage when one order doesn't fill?

Let's say you are running an arbitrage strategy in the Forex market. You see an opportunity to buy USD/JPY at 100 on exchange A, and sell USD/JPY at 105 on exchange B. You submit the buy and sell ...
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1answer
175 views

Why is spot FX standard if overnight forwards are available?

A spot FX transaction means agreeing to an FX rate to settle on a T+2 basis. Though there are transactions that deliver/settle overnight/T+1. Why is spot, therefore, the standard benchmark trade, and ...
3
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1answer
950 views

Change of numeraire in options with currency exchange features

FV of an EUR denominated option under "COP" risk measure is given by: $$V_t^{COP} = D^{COP} \mathbb{E}_t^{COP} \left[X_T(S_T -K)^+\right]$$ where $X_T$ is the exchange rate COP/EUR. Pricing the ...
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1answer
356 views

Papers and books related to “Forex” market microstructure

There are lots of papers and books on this topics but haven't seen much specific to forex markets nowadays. Any recommendation on recent papers or books?
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1answer
863 views

Garman-Kohlhagen (Black-Scholes) Formula vs. Bloomberg OVML Calculator

I'm trying to price a European call option on USDJPY. We have that $S = 112.79, K = 112.24, \sigma = 6.887\%, r_d = 1.422\%, r_f = -0.519\%, T = 0.25$. My model, based on Black-Scholes, returns the ...
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2answers
5k views

How to calculate FX hedged bond yield?

How does one go about calculating a 10 year US treasury yield hedged back to EUR? I vaguely understand this but I think there's two methods 1) Calculate 3-month annualized hedging cost 2) Calculate ...
3
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2answers
1k views

Where and how can I get FX intraday data for use it in R?

I need FX data (the most accurate possible) for use in R. Right now I have developed a script in Java to download the CSV file (from Oanda) and use this file to read it in R, but I think that is a ...
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2answers
248 views

Is there an efficient method or technique to find an arbitrage between two FX dealers?

I was able to solve the following problem and find the arbitrage but only after spending a long time on it and trying out different possibilites. Is there a method or technique that can help me find ...
3
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2answers
747 views

Test .mql4 (meta trader 4 editor) when the fx market offline

I am coding some simple .mql4 program, you know, the fx market is offline on weekend, and the market will be not shown in Meta trader 4 platform. I wanna test my program in meta trader 4 on weekend. ...
3
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1answer
617 views

Are there any software libraries for backtesting FX algorithms against tick data?

I've read question, however it doesn't appear as if any of those libraries work for FX data. A Google search for python forex backtesting turns up this project, ...
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1answer
284 views

FX Futures pricing formula

I'm reading Paul Wilmott's Introduces Quantitative Finance and stuck a bit with formula $F = S(t)e^{(r-r_f)(T-t)}$ for FX futures pricing. I don't get how to incorporate $r_f$ into the formula, could ...
3
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1answer
376 views

LSV model calibration with only few quotes per maturity

At this link I have asked what is the market standard when pricing options in different asset classes. Based on the answers, the standard for FX and equities seems to be the local-stochastic ...
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1answer
884 views

Using QuantLib Python to value FX options using stochastic volatility

I would like to use QuantLib (and in particular the python wrapper) to value FX option using the Heston model. Thanks to http://gouthamanbalaraman.com and all of the articles therein : in particular ...
3
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3answers
751 views

how to simulate FX forwards

My question is how to do Monte Carlo simulation for FX forward contracts. Just imagine you have bought a bunch of FX forwards (in various currencies and various tenors) for hedging purposes and you ...

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