Questions tagged [fx]

The foreign exchange market (forex, FX, or currency market) is a global, worldwide-decentralized financial market for trading currencies. Commonly traded instruments include spot, forward, swaps, futures, and options. The FX market is the most liquid financial market in the world. There is no unified or centrally cleared market.

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2answers
416 views

Stock Correlation Matrix, Multiple Currencies

If i have a portfolio of stocks from different currencies and i want to generate a correlation matrix from the stocks, how is the correct procedure ? Imagine a portfolio which the base currency is ...
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0answers
384 views

How to balance two Forex crosses correctly to do a linear regression?

I have two cross and an account in EUR: EUR/USD GBP/USD I would like to do a balanced linear regression using R. With "balanced" I mean that I would like to normalize it by calculating the ...
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2answers
2k views

Usefulness of simultaneously buying triangular and multiple arbitrages on the Forex

I have a limited financial background but I'm trying to figure out the usefulness of buying size-n arbitrages (n > 3), and I wonder the kind of risks - if any - associated with such a strategy. Say ...
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3answers
271 views

Intuitive explanation for the smile in FX

What is the intuitive reason for the smile in FX? For equities this usually down to crash risk.
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2answers
142 views

How would a FX price probability distibution function look?

I would like to see how the currency price levels are distributed in a probability function. But I don't even know if there is such a thing or if perhaps its just common knowledge and readily ...
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2answers
491 views

FX Option with Different Premium Currency

When valuing an FX option with some model M, e.g. Garman Kohlhagen for a call on GBPUSD spot, with a different premium currency, say CHF, is it correct to simply multiply the obtained option price (in ...
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1answer
94 views

Pricing an fx option in the same currency

Let imagine we have an option from EUR to USD priced in EUR, therefore the payoff for a call is: $$\frac{(S - K)^{+}}{S} = K (1/K - 1/S)^{+}$$ This is basically the payoff of a price of a put on 1/S ...
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2answers
82 views

Group name for currencies, equities and other financial products

I am working on a financial software system that deals with crypto currencies. This system has a model called 'Currency' that describes for example 'BTC' and market for which there is a 'base' and '...
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1answer
491 views

What is the formula for calculating fair value of currency futures?

Let's use AUDUSD 6A futures contract as an example. How does the interest rate between AUD and USD give rise to the fair value calculation of AUDUSD 6A futures contract? Besides interest rates, are ...
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2answers
972 views

What is Toxic FX Flow debate?

So, basically I want to debate and find out the real reason behind being flag by ECNs and venues as "toxic". How to avoid being flagged? What kind of strategies are toxic and why? Below is an article ...
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3answers
194 views

Forex buying 2000+ pip difference [closed]

I did a mistake just now and bought 2000+ pip difference USD/RUB. (I tought Its 2.0 but 2,0) I can't contact to forex office because its 2 AM here. now It shows 5k+ USD loss. I am in panic right now. ...
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3answers
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Forex brokers with free API compatible with Node.js

I have a Forex trading signal generator written in Node.js and now I am looking for a Forex broker with a free Node.js compatible API. The requirements are simple: be able to send new trade orders ...
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3answers
135 views

Is this type of currency index a thing already?

I was considering making some sort of free index data set that would basically attempt to estimate changes in the value of a currency against all other currencies. So I came to thinking if I took ...
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4answers
2k views

Pricing foreign currency bonds - which approach is more theoretically “sound”?

You own a fixed rate corporate bond in foreign currency (let's say JPY). Your domestic currency is USD. Which of the these two approaches do you consider theoretically better? Discount JPY cash flows ...
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2answers
388 views

Exchange rate model and Martingales

In exchange rate model explanation, "...If under the domestic risk neutral measure $Q_d$, the process $X(t)$ satisfies $\displaystyle \frac{dX(t)}{X(t)}=\sigma dZ_d(t)$ Since $Z_d(t)$ is $Q_d$-...
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1answer
115 views

Forex Market Timezones

I need to store OHLC data from the Forex Market. I live in the UK which is presently in British Summer Time +1. The Forex Market EST, which is normally -5 from GMT. I'm not sure how Eastern ...
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4answers
191 views

Where can I get json currency data feeds every millisecond?

I have been looking for free or paid json data feeds on currencies for long. I have come across: currencylayer.com Oanda XE The problem is that I really need millisecond based updates. Can someone ...
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2answers
22k views

how to calculate a cross-currency swap in basis pt?

This question has been bugging me for awhile now and I've been trying to find a definite answer, however, no avail... My question, in specific, relates to the USD/CNH CCS rate. From what I understand ...
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141 views
+50

Why are some currency pairs more volatile than others?

Why for example GBP/JPY is twice volatile as USD/JPY ? ... and many more cases involving other major forex pairs here: full list. thanks in advance!
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1answer
157 views

Implied volatility of inverse quote

Suppose I have a quote of INR/USD and the implied vol surface is also given. Is it theoritically correct to use to same implied vol for analysis of the inverse quote, i.e. USD/INR. Correct me if I am ...
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1answer
155 views

FX Price aggregation method

Lets say we are receiving tradable FX market depth(bid/ask prices and amounts for each level) from several Liquidity Providers and we want to aggregate the market depths in to a single bigger market ...
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3answers
540 views

The relation between exchange rate SDE and respective interest rates

The exchange rate between a domestic currency money market and a foreign currency money market can be expressed as $$ dQ(t) = (r_d - r_f)Q(t)dt + \sigma Q(t)d\tilde{W}(t) $$ where $r_d$ is the ...
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1answer
130 views

Should a strategy backtested against three years of tick data continue to produce positive results?

Let's say we have a Binary Options 5-minute trading strategy that relies on multiple indicators and exploits price reversals in currency pairs. Now let's say there is a combination of inputs for the ...
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2answers
414 views

Forex trading scenarios - calculating units

I'm trying to build an automated forex trading system and I'm trying to understand how to calculate the number of units I should specify for each trade in different scenarios. Say for example I have ...
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1answer
120 views

Relationshiop between central bank official currency rates and spot forex

Central banks publish official figures for domestic interest rates, as well as spot currency rates for a few select countries (largest trading partners). To prevent arbitrage, I "expect" that in the ...
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2answers
3k views

FX Delta Conventions

I'm currently reading Iain Clark's book Foreign Exchange Option Pricing and I got stuck at one sentence in the beginning of Section 3.3 that I feel is important to understand. He writes: FX ...
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4answers
8k views

C# Broker API for FX Trading

I am looking for a broker who provides a free trading API for FX. The goal is to develop at-home algorithms in C# (possibly Qt) to run on a fake portfolio, and then later on real money with ...
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1answer
2k views

hedging two bonds in different currencies with FX forward

Is there a way to make a hedged portfolio using two bonds, one is in EUR, the other one is in USD and FX forward contract? Assume that FX rate follows geometric Brownian motion movement.
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1answer
100 views

What does **Long Call EURUSD** mean?

What does Long Call EURUSD mean? Does it mean Long Call EUR and Short Put USD? When we draw payoff do we consider only w.r.t. to CCY1 i.e. EUR in this case?
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1answer
86 views

What is FX theta in linear products?

While I understand theta (time decay) in options, I often see theta being computed for linear products as well (outright FX forwards). What is theta in this case then? And how is it different from the ...
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2answers
438 views

Calculating Cross Currency basis swaps

I am trying to calculate cross currency basis swaps for personal use. I generally understand what they are (essentially swapping one currency for another currency on a floating interest rate basis) ...
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1answer
81 views

Computing FX forward returns using spot returns and an existing term structure

Sorry for the naive question, I am new to the area. I have YTD spot returns on the USD/GBP pair and a forward yield curve. How would one go about computing the forward returns in 2 years using this ...
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2answers
343 views

synthetic currency pair

I want to generate price of a synthetic currency pair. For example, I have EURGBP, GBPUSD prices and I want to generate EURUSD price. I preferred to use these already existing currency pairs to verify ...
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2answers
4k views

How to calculate FX hedged bond yield?

How does one go about calculating a 10 year US treasury yield hedged back to EUR? I vaguely understand this but I think there's two methods 1) Calculate 3-month annualized hedging cost 2) Calculate ...
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1answer
92 views

Where can I see the bid stack for FX?

In trading FX binary options on brief tenors like 1 hour, I frequently see the FX price bounce right on the expiry boundary, like hourly or 20 minute boundaries. I would like to figure out if these ...
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1answer
498 views

Calculate Exponential Moving Average for a specific time frame

I am writing code to calculate and plot the Exponential Moving Average(EMA) for different chart timeframes(tick/1M/5M/1H etc). I found the formula for calculating EMA: EMA = Price(t) * k + EMA(y) * ...
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1answer
634 views

FX volatility quotation

I am attempting to calibrate my SV(heston) model to market data. My intention is to minimize the difference between market IVs and my model's IVs. I use Bloomberg to get the data, however fx options ...
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1answer
414 views

SABR model: from calibration to mapping the smile/skew in a graph

Let's say that I have a calibrated SABR model in FX market (eg for Eurodollar options). So I have estimated values of beta, rho, alpha, and vol of vol. How do I map the calibration in a (strike, vol)-...
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1answer
2k views

Pricing of swaps

I have a (hopefully) elementary question about forex swaps. Most feeds will have a near and a far leg (or more legs for more exotic swaps). I appreciate that "buying the swap" involves locking in ...
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3answers
219 views

FIX latency and clock syncronization

We are trying to see latency from our server to different LPs . For that we are checking sendingtime value (from them) and current clock in our server. What we saw is difference of +-20ms between ...
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1answer
158 views

How does trade deficit affect the economy of a country

How does trade deficit for a prolonged period(say 10-15 years) affect a country's economy? I have read that it should affect it adversely, but the US trade deficit has been negative since the mid 1960'...
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2answers
192 views

How current prices is formulated in markets?

I can't understand how immediate prices are formulated in stock & currency (Forex) markets. I have been informed that every tick means one new deal that closed in current price, but this can't be ...
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2answers
584 views

One bar look-ahead backtesting

Suppose you backtest the EUR/USD (or GBP/USD) forex pair with this system on the 1min timeframe: 1) Enter the market at any time n: go long if the "future" bar n+1 has a higher close as the close ...
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1answer
112 views

Calculation cross-currency basis

I am trying to calculate cross-currency basis on the 3-month horizon for a certain set of currencies. The formula should be $ccb = F/S (1+y_{foreign currency}) - (1+y_{USD})$ where $y_{USD}$ is Libor ...
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1answer
151 views

FX Futures pricing formula

I'm reading Paul Wilmott's Introduces Quantitative Finance and stuck a bit with formula $F = S(t)e^{(r-r_f)(T-t)}$ for FX futures pricing. I don't get how to incorporate $r_f$ into the formula, could ...
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1answer
180 views

What is the intuitive explanation for the spot risk in an FX swap?

I am familiar with FX swap and the basis/IR risk they carry. However, know that they have a very small spot risk component which arises from the present value of future cash flows different from the ...
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1answer
256 views

Choosing the Correct Periods for Yang-Zhang Volatility

I am implementing the formula for YZ Volatility using this link. I am testing it on hourly Forex charts and I'm getting some strange numbers. Taking the 14 day YZ volatility using ...
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3answers
579 views

how to simulate FX forwards

My question is how to do Monte Carlo simulation for FX forward contracts. Just imagine you have bought a bunch of FX forwards (in various currencies and various tenors) for hedging purposes and you ...
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2answers
144 views

Is order amount related to base or quote in a currency pair?

Say I have a currency pair GBP/USD at rate 1.45, buying 1 GBP costs ...
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1answer
238 views

Traders view on hedging of FX Futures with FX Forward

I would like to get a trades view on hedging a FX Forward with a FX Future by just moving the (1) FX_Spot rate and ignore the other risk factors (2) ccy1 DV01 risk, (3) ccy2 DV01 risk, (4) basis swap ...