Questions tagged [fx]

The foreign exchange market (forex, FX, or currency market) is a global, worldwide-decentralized financial market for trading currencies. Commonly traded instruments include spot, forward, swaps, futures, and options. The FX market is the most liquid financial market in the world. There is no unified or centrally cleared market.

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pnl calculation of FX forward

i am trying to clarify the correct method of computing pnl (in base ccy) on an FX forward. let's assume the following notation: S(t) = spot rate at time t df(base,t) = base ccy discount factor (USD ...
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2answers
536 views

Beta in foreign exchange market

Would it make sense to use a regression to calculate beta for returns on a foreign exchange currency (regressed on a market average of all currencies)? Would the beta make sense? (why/why not) ...
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862 views

How could I become a market maker in forex/equity market?

By being a market maker, I mean when I post a limit order, someone could take your order. For example, suppose during this second the bid-ask is 1,1.01 constantly and I posted a limit order to buy at ...
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137 views

hedge a USD index into EUR

Say I have the daily index levels for the S&P. It is then very simple to calculate the daily returns. I however want to calculate the hedged returns into Euros. I have the daily exchange rates ...
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1answer
300 views

Fx Firm market making

I've been doing market making on forex using the last look feature so far. Now we are moving to do on firm making, but I'm kind of lost. To do firm making we need to post resting orders (currenex ...
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2answers
3k views

Why is “Deferred revenue” a non-monetary liability?

Why is "Deferred revenue" treated as a non-monetary liability during temporal method FX translation while "Accrued Expenses" is treated as a monetary liability?
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3answers
369 views

Estimate of fx trading volume

I understand that there are no official figures of fx trading volume per currency, but are there any good estimates? Is there any fx exchange that is particularly forthcoming with its volume data, ...
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1answer
4k views

VaR for FX forwards

I am trying to figure out some of the commonly used approaches to deal with FX forwards (in a currency portfolio containing spots, forwards and swaps) that would allow me to calculate the one day VaR ...
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1answer
393 views

compute FX forward from broker's data

assume I have following delta-term vol data from broker: ...
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1answer
64 views

What is the difference between Cost of Currency Hedging and the Price of a Currency Pair Forward?

I am looking at Reuters Datastream and all they seem to provide is the settlement price of the CME EURGBP contract (which more or less equals current spot). But what does it actually cost me to ...
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2answers
38 views

Should the targeted rate of return stay the same regardless of the currency?

I work for a european company which invests mostly in the euro zone but also in the UK. I'm in charge with calculating the hurdle rate targeted for these investments. The internal guidelines are for ...
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1answer
71 views

USDEUR instead of EURUSD futures for euros owner

If you own euros and you want to be long on EURUSD, wouldn't it be more logical and with less fees to open a position on USDEUR and do a margin deposit directly in euros instead of convert the euros ...
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123 views

When to Choose FX Swap or Forward

Assume we have an exporter who is looking to hedge their USD exposure. How would they decide between choosing a FX swap or a FX forward contract to do so? I understand that a swap has 2 exchanges, ...
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498 views

Implied AUD Interest Rate from USDAUD FX Swap and USD Interest Rate

Can someone help me understand how to derive the implied interest rate or spot rate in BBG FXFA? I actually get why the Forward rate, F_Ask and F_Bid are derived using the formula in the picture. ...
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1answer
30 views

Comparing account equity vs maintenance margin on large number of positions

Forex brokers will start liquidating your positions when your account's equity falls below the maintenance margin set by the broker. ...
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1answer
361 views

On a FX volatility smile, Is a-delta put volatility equal to (1-a)-delta call volatility?

On a FX volatility smile in terms of delta, If I want 95-delta put vol, Is this volatility equal to a 5-delta call vol, and viceversa? Thanks.
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3k views

Valuation of an FX Swap

What is the value of an FX swap? As far as I understand, a typical example of an FX swap would be the following: company A agrees to lend 1000,000.00 euros to B and in exchange B agrees to lend 1000,...
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768 views

Risk of FX Targeted Accrual Redemption Note

What is the risk of investing in FX Targeted Accrual Redemption Note (FX-TARN) ?
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208 views

Is there any good academic references for Forex inefficiency? [closed]

I am PhD in computer science, and I am pretty much clueless where can I look for good journals or conferences for Forex that talked about its inefficiency. Is there any good journals, conferences that ...
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845 views

FX Hull-White model

A model for FX, presented in Interest Rate Models, Brigo and Mercurio (2006), has the following dynamics: \begin{align} dr_t^d&= \lambda_d(\theta_d(t)-r_t^d)dt+\eta_d dW_t^d\\ dr_t^f&= [\...
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1answer
38 views

Data on morocco exchange reserves

i'm trying to do some tests on exchange market pressure of morocco Where can i find data on morocco exchange reserves thanks
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2answers
290 views

How to hedge two currency positions

Having two spot currency positions, short EUR/USD long GBP/USD We are looking for a way to diminish the risk of the spread going against us. The basic idea is ...
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3answers
218 views

ARIMA model coefficients from discontinuous data series

Stock prices are not stationary processes during all week or all day. For example EURGBP has low variability at night in Europe but during working hours is changing much more dynamic because of market ...
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1answer
52 views

construct portfolio offering risk free profit

Have trouble understanding this question, seems quite open ended. Assume that $S(0)$ is the current rate of exchange for foreign currency. Assume that and $K_n$ and $K_f$ are rates of return on home ...
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1answer
657 views

FX Rate dynamics

Let's suppose USD/EUR price in USD follows a GBM with $$ dS_t = rS_tdt + \sigma S_tdW_t $$ What process does EUR/USD follow in EUR?
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58 views

Basic FX-Forwards trading Guide [closed]

What fundamentals or other factors should one follow to trade currency Forwards intraday?
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68 views

FX Forward last day first day premium

How exactly do you trade the turn of the year/quarter effect (also known as last day-first day effect). How do you track this data, is it directly quoted in the market or is it interpolated?
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75 views

Covered Interest Rate Parity with FX Spot-Adjustment

The Covered Interest Rate Parity for FX is often quoted simplistically as $$ X_T \quad=\quad X_S \cdot \frac{D^{base}_T}{D^{quote}_T} $$ where $X_t$ is the (projected) FX rate at time $t$ (denoted as $...
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101 views

Volatility surface tenors

I don't think this has been asked before, but are the tenors on a volatility surface out of spot date for the currency pair or out of value T+0?
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160 views

How is FX cross rates options are priced?

Say I have market for EUR/USD and also USD/CAD, how would EUR/CAD would be priced and hedged in practice? What are good papers/book chapters to read on that? (Assuming basic knowledge already on ...
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179 views

Why does the EUR/USD exchange rate is in fact USD/EUR from a mathematical point of view?, why finance does not use the mathematical notation?

I found this answers: https://www.quora.com/Why-is-the-EUR-USD-traded-like-that-and-not-like-USD-EUR, but I'm not quite satisfied, I still do not understand how arranging them according to "most ...
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1answer
129 views

Interact with FX Connect

I have little to no programming background so please bear with me. I work for a firm that executes our FX trades via FX Connect. I would like to program some logic into FX Connect so that trades that ...
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1answer
271 views

Price series for an FX forward contract

Let's assume I am buying a NZD/USD 1Y forward for $1000000 on the 20/02/2017. The NZD/USD 1Y forward point is currently -270 and spot rate is 0.8325. (Example taken from here). Now I want to have a ...
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3answers
1k views

Fx Currency Pairs Roll over dates

Is NZD/USD the only currency pair with a different value date roll-over time? Where do you see this? The only information I found so far is from http://www.londonfx.co.uk/valdates.html
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84 views

Futures hedging for FX

What is the risk that occurs if an investor hedges a short OTC foreign exchange forward sale with a long exchange traded foreign exchange futures with different maturities. And how can the residual ...
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1answer
51 views

book of options hedging case of floating rate

i'm an intern in bank at Morocco that sells vanilla options on EUR/USD , EUR/MAD , USD/MAD , it s using delta hedging strategy to cover they're position . But because of the switch to floating ...
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122 views

What are some of the most important/interesting Risk measures to watch?

I am wondering what are some of the more important/interesting risk measures to watch, particularly in FX markets. So far I'm watching the following: Greeks Tail moves AKA VaR (left and right tail ~ ...
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1answer
69 views

Choosing an exchange rate in a macroeconomic panel data set

I am constructing an investor sentiment index to determine the impact of investor sentiment on stock market crises. I am following the methodology in this paper, http://121.192.176.75/repec/upload/...
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2answers
85 views

Initiating new orders with active “order-session” only?

Is it a must to establish "quote-session" & subscribing to quotes/market data before initiating a "New Order-single(Market-GTC)"? I actually can't see any use of quote-session for trading ...
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1answer
720 views

Getting quote stream via fix-api 4.3

I'm new to FIX api,so far i did following (on QUICKFIX) logged on to quote-session subscribed to market data sent "single-message" quote-request for an instrument (EUR/USD for example) ...
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2answers
98 views

EUR issuance using forwards to hedge FX risk

Trying to think about the right way to hedge a EUR denominated issuance from FX risk only. Say I have an annual pay 20-year EUR bond and I want to hedge the FX risk but take the interest rate risk. I ...
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1answer
306 views

Is an FX forward with delayed settlement still a derivative?

As an example: Trade date: 1/1/16 Maturity date: 2/29/16 Settlement (exchange of currencies) 3/31/16 Is the instrument between 2/29 and 3/31 still deemed a forward? The forward rate is determined so ...
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2answers
79 views

Trying to understand how to convert profit to home currency

I'm looking at example 2 here: http://fxtrade.oanda.ca/analysis/profit-calculator/how ...
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1answer
65 views

How to effectively hedge a Fixed-Term deal in a foreign currency?

Assume my firm is based in USD and agrees with some counterparty to buy, at time $T$, some quantity $Q$ of asset $A$ for a fixed price $K$. Assume also that $A$ prices and $K$ are denominated in EUR. ...
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89 views

Where can i get a feed for country specific economic announcements?

I am looking for a feed for country wide economic announcements. For example CPI announcements etc. I currently use http://www.fxstreet.com/economic-calendar/ but I have to manually go there and "...
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2answers
474 views

what data to use to compare the interest rate among different currencies?

Very new to fixed income signals. I am a little confused about which data to use to compare interest rate among different currencies. For example, I am interested in compare interest rate in the ...
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718 views

Lease Accounting / FX Embedded Derivatives: How to Value Floor / Cap Optionality Features

Suppose you have a lease agreement where the functional/domestic currency is RUB and the currency on which the lease is written USD. Let $S$ be the USD/RUB exchange rate (# of rubles per 1 dollar). ...
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2answers
807 views

Impact of NZD mid-day EST Roll forward

Was taking a look at an NZD spot deal that was traded on a Friday for value the following Tuesday (t+2). Somehow this trade became classified as a forward by our back office systems (dealer says they ...
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3answers
852 views

How often do banks update forward points?

My understanding is that forward rates are calculated by comparing interbank interest rates of the 2 currencies for a currency pair, with the points being the difference between spot and the forward ...
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1answer
145 views

Analysing FX Data

When analysing currencies, the data always comes in pairs so it is hard to normalise a multivariate time series of data e.g. if I have GBPvsUSD, EURvsUSD and CADvsUSD then changes in the US economy ...