# Questions tagged [garch]

Generalized Autoregressive Conditional Heteroskedasticity (GARCH) model is used for time series in which the conditional variance is time-varying and autocorrelated. The conditional variance is a linear combination of lagged conditional variances and lagged squared errors. The conditional variance equation in GARCH models is deterministic, in contrast to Stochastic Volatility (SV) models.

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### BEKK Garch for time-varying beta in python

I am currently trying to analyse stocks of the S&P500 for their time-varying beta using BEKK Garch in python(jupyter). Unfortunately, I can't find any good packages and the documentation for bekk ...
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### Can you approximate stochastic volatility processes using GARCH processes?

Let me specific. Suppose that you have the following process: \begin{align} z_t &= \sigma_t \epsilon_t \\ \sigma_t &= \sigma \exp \left( \frac{v_t}{2} \right) \end{align} where $v_t$...
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### Python arch_model package last_obs vs. for loop rolling window slight differences

i am using the GARCH package in Python to forecast volatility of the SPX Index. According to the documentation, there are two arguments "first_obs" and "last_obs" first_obs({int, ...
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### how to interpret the results of a GARCH model fit R/python

I have got the following output from a gjrGARCH model, and I need help to interpret it in order to decide whether it is already a good model and proceed with the forecast. ...
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### “ugarch” roll from “rugarch” not working in source()

I have an automatic rolling GARCH forecast using the rugarch package in R. It is stored in a file GARCH.R. When I try to run the code using source('GARCH.R'), I get ...
107 views

### Modelling Geometric Browian Motion price model with stochastic volatility

I'd like to generate scenarios (simulate several paths of the process) for several stocks using multinomial Geometric Brownian Motion under Stochastic volatility assumption. I'm going to use it in my ...
49 views

### Modelling volatility for higher frequency data

I'm doing some academic work on volatility forecasting. I've got 1-minute bar data. It is not clear to me what model is best suited for forecasting volatility when higher frequency data is available. ...
33 views

### Non-Linear Time-Dependent Volatility

My data consist of monthly electricity futures contracts. Unlike other commodities, electricity is delivered throughout a month (rather than on a specific date), which means that, as the active month ...
50 views

### Garch models - are they useful for hedging? If so how?

I understand that Garch models are useful to predict volatility. But are they useful for hedging in practice? If I want to hedge volatility, why shouldn't I just use a Variance Swap? In other words, ...
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### A simple question about the dummies of structural variance (ICSS) breaks on GARCH

The question related to How to implement dummy variables into GARCH(1,1) model from structural breaks (ICSS) I have a simple question about that. Suppose my series have two breaks on t=2 and t=5 for ...
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### Ratios or combinations of risk measures

In finance, alternative risk measures such as value-at-risk (VaR) and GARCH are introduced as replacements to standard deviation volatility. Is there any application or value where several risk ...
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### How to obtain one-step ahead forecast in Python based on GARCH?

I am trying to produce one-step ahead forecast using GARCH in Python using a fixed windows method. I ultimately want to put the code below in a for loop, but this code snippet does not perform as I ...
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### What is the difference between parametric and non-parametric models?

I'm reading about volatility modelling and I came across the concept of parametric and non-parametric models. For example, GARCH is a parametric model and Realized Volatility is a non-parametric model....
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### GARCH(1,1) forecast plot in R with training data

I've fit a GARCH(1,1) model in R and would like to create a plot similar to the one in this question: Is this the correct way to forecast stock price volatility using GARCH Could someone direct me to ...
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### Do you need to simulate the entire stock path for option pricing with GARCH?

I'm trying to price European options with a GARCH volatility model. What I have is a program that calibrates the GARCH volatility process for a stock which I intend to use to value a derivative on the ...
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### Backtesting conditional VaR

I'm writing a thesis about conditional VaR of Standard & Poor's 500 index. I have fitted my log-returns with GARCH(1,1)-proces and then made some conditional VaR-forecast (500 observations) with ...
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### How to predict realised variance?

I am trying to predict the realised daily close to close variance of an equity index. I checked the literature on volatility forecasting and tried a bunch of things on a dataset for the S&P 500....
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### n day ahead forecast for assymmetric DCC model

I am working on forecasting covariances with the use of MGARCH models. I was wondering if anyone knows how to implement a n-day ahead forecast of the aDCC (assymmetric DCC) model in R. The rmgarch ...
56 views

### Implied volatility surface modelling in filtered historical simulation

What is the best way to model implied volatility surface in filtered historical simulation (other than keeping it constant)? Is it appropriate to apply GARCH-like model to every point on the surface? ...
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### White noise in ARCH model

I am looking at the ARCH model where we have $\hat{\varepsilon}_t^2=\alpha_0 + \alpha_1\hat{\varepsilon}_{t-1}^2 + \alpha_2\hat{\varepsilon}_{t-2}^2 + \cdots + \alpha_q\hat{\varepsilon}_{t-q}^2 +v_t$ ...
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### The residuals of GARCH model reject Engle’s Test despite large parameters

I'm trying to build a model to predict the volatility for a financial asset with ARIMA-GARCH model. (I use log returns as data) I fit my ARIMA model with AIC and I did Engle’s Test to ensure there is ...
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### Maximizing a GARCH likelihood: Good practice on constraining solutions and initial values

I am currently working on option pricing model and I'd like to include a method for maximizing the likelihood of returns under the P measure. I am using the Heston and Nandi (2000) model: \begin{align}...
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### Suggestions for choosing an optimization algorithm for fitting custom GARCH models by QMLE in R?

I am trying to fit a custom GARCH model by QMLE in R. I have written out the log likelihood function and am now working on optimizing it. However, choosing an optimization algorithm has proven to be ...
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### I would like to fit a CARR model using the 'rugarch' package in R - what should I include in the specification?

I know I have to specify a GARCH model for the square root of range without a constant term in the mean equation - just unsure how to apply this in the rugarch function.
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### Value at Risk with Monte Carlo using DCC-Garch in R

So I was trying to compute the 1- day Value at Risk of a hedge portfolio (consisting of 1 stock and one future) with a DCC-Garch model in R. So what I did is since I had historical data of 10 years: ...
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### Why is volatility unobservable even ex post?

I am looking into how to measure volatility, and I am not sure if I have confused myself too much in my research. So now I really need your help. So please either confirm my understanding of ...
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### Problem with the maximum likelihood for a GARCH-type of model

I'm currently working with the following GARCH process from Heston and Nandi (2000): \begin{align*} r_{t+1} - r_f &= \lambda h_{t+1} - \frac{h_{t+1}}{2} + \sqrt{h_{t+1}}z_{t+1} \\ h_{t+1} ...
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### How do you handle implied volatility performing a VaR Monte-Carlo simulation using a stochastic volatility process calibrated on the underlying

Say you have a portfolio consisting of options each having a market implied volatility. If you now use some stochastic volatility model like GARCH to calibrate the real world volatility of the ...
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### Correlation in GARCH model

I don't think I have ever come across the concept of stochastic correlation so I imagine it's not very widespread, but I had the idea to implement a Monte Carlo VaR model for a portfolio of stocks by ...
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### VARX DCC GARCH in R for volatility spillover

I have 5 series for which I want to analyze volatility spillover (to and from the series) via VARX DCC GARCH for both dynamic and comtemporaneous effect. Moreover, I would like to analyze seasonal ...
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### Can ARMA and GARCH models be estimated separately in ARMA/GARCH？

Can I use the residuals of the ARMA model to build a GARCH model(with Zero mean)? If so, does this mean that this GARCH model(with Zero mean) has no effect on ARMA's estimates. For example, if I want ...
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### What stochastic volatility models are industry standard for option pricing and how do they work?

I've started reading up on stochastic volatility models and it seems very difficult to discern which ones are used in practice and which have been mostly left alone in theory. What are the popular ...
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### Pricing options using the IG component GARCH model of BCHJ(2018)

Babaoglu, Christoffersen, Heston and Jacobs (2018) introduced a component GARCH model with inverse Gaussian innovations and an exponentially quadratic pricing kernel back in 2018. The article shouldn'...
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### GARCH(1,1)-M MLE optimization with fmincon in R

I've searched thru dozens of papers and did not find in any of them satisfying and enough theoretical answers to my concerns. So I've combined everything what I found below. Please indicate if my ...
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### Evaluating Markov switching garch models with R

Hello I have been working on a Markov switching GARCH model my intention is to use it to trade options volatility . I have created a Markov switching garch model using the MSGARCH package in R and in ...
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### Fitting a non-stationary GARCH model

I'm very new to financial time series. I have a dataset containing the daily simple returns of the Dow Jones Industrial Average and I want to model a (univariate) GARCH model for the daily logreturns. ...
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### Extract the short-run and long-run volatility of any time series with component sGarch (rugarch)

I try to estimate a component sGarch model with the rugarch package in R. My goal is to extract the short-run and long-run volatility components of any time series. I am not interested in the ...
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### How to project 1 Year ATM Implied volatility for SPX 500 1Year from now? Final goal is to calculate 1 Year Call prices on SPX 500 1 year from now?

I have the historical data for 1Year ATM Implied Volatility on SPX 500. I want to simulate the 1 year call option prices 1 year from now. What methods and approaches do I need to use? (Heston,GARCH, ...
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### Expected Shortfall for ARMA-GARCH Model

I need to find an analytical solution for the 99% confidence expected shortfall (CVaR) for a long position of 100 dollars at time $t$ for an asset with returns modeled by an ARMA(1,1)-GARCH(1,1) model ...
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### Forecasting Volatility using GARCH in Python - Arch Package

Disclaimer: Posted this on stackoverflow, but maybe here should be the right place to ask something about GARCH I'm testing ARCH package to forecast the Variance (Standard Deviation) of two series ...
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### Is this regression suitable for fixed income products (negative interest rates)?

I am currently looking at a regression which tries to model EWMA volatility in the presence of negative interest rates. The regression is as follows and uses absolute return instead of relative in ...
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### evaluating garch models

I used ugarchroll to backtest my garch model on S&P returns this is my code ...
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### How to fit AR(1)-GARCH(1,1) model in R? [closed]

I am currently working on the AR(1)+GARCH(1,1) model using R. I am looking out for example which explains step by step explanation for fitting this model in R.
110 views

### Error message when backtesting GARCH in R

I am trying to backtest my ARCH model using ugarchroll from rugarch package in R, but I am getting this warning message ...
159 views

### Pros and cons of mean equation equal to zero in a GARCH model

I fitted a standard GARCH model. The mean equation has no AR or MA terms. All the coefficients in the variance equation are significant at 5%. However the mean equation has a constant term equal to ...
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### How can I estimate a dynamic GARCH model using a Kalman filter methodology in R or MATLAB?

Does anyone know of any R or MATLAB packages for estimating GARCH models using Kalman filtering or any other state-space methodology? I would like to estimate a GARCH so that not only the variance, ...
230 views

### Manually calculating and backtesting VaR and CVaR from DCC-GARCH R

I estimated a GARCH fit to the log returns of three series (CAC 40, a french real estate index and french T10 bond yield series) using rugarch. I then manually ...
220 views

### Duan (1995) GARCH Option Pricing Model with MATLAB

This is the MATLAB code that replicates the option pricing model proposed by Duan in his paper "The GARCH Option Pricing Model". However, the parameters estimated in the file do not match with the ...