# Questions tagged [hedging]

Financial strategy used to offset potential monetary losses or volatility.

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### Two types of hedge : impacts on position carry

Think of an IG bond purchase, financed at 3M Euribor, in an inverted curve environment. The yield on the bond, Y, is below the 3M Euribor, at purchase. The investor is looking to lock in a spread over ...
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### Constructing a monthly option from quarterly options and monthly futures

Say we have quarterly options and monthly futures where the strike price is based on the average price of spot during the corresponding period. There are no monthly options. Can I effectively ...
3k views

### Hedging a trade for PCA component neutrality

Suppose I am given a set of financial instruments, e.g. {1Y, 2Y, ..., 30Y} interest rate swaps or {Barclays, Lloyds, .. } FTSE100 companies. It doesn't matter which so let's go with IRS. I have ...
1 vote
468 views

### Gamma smoothing of vanilla options

I want to ask a question about the answer provided here: https://quant.stackexchange.com/a/35211/61083. I'm wondering if there is mathematical proof as to why it is working. Meaning if I reprice a ...
76 views

### Long Bond & Interest Rate Futures Hedge - is it carry negative?

The situation is the following : A bank treasury book, finances its cash bond liquidity portfolio at Euribor 3m flat. The Euribor curve is deeply inverted. The bank invests in bonds with a positive ...
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### About Hedging of One-touch Options

The pricing of American Digital Call (one-touch Calls) has the following formulas, taken from P13, the textbook \begin{aligned} C_{\mathrm{d}}^{\mathrm{Am}}(S, t ; E) & =\left(\frac{S}{E}\right)^{\...
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### Are these two hedging strategies equivalent?

I am looking at two strategies for hedging interest rate risk, and I need some help to show whether they are equivalent or not. The aim of the hedging programme is to hegde the 10yr risk free rate in ...
93 views

### Can you hedge against a short squeeze with call options?

https://finance.zacks.com/high-short-interest-ratio-potential-sizable-short-squeeze-3371.html claims you can hedge against being squeezed out of your short position by buying call options with a ...
1 vote
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### A decent model to calculate hedges

Is there an option pricing model that wouldn't be too time consuming to set up in Python (for example) and that would provide better delta hedges than Black-Scholes? This would be mainly for equity ...
2k views

### Simple strategies for tail risk hedging that retail investors can use

Universa Investments run by Mark Spitznagel popularized the idea of portfolio insurance (also known as tail hedge) protecting the investor against severe market declines (tail risks). By using this ...
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### equities hedging betas for a cross-sectional risk model

This question is on equities risk models. I would like to know how to define betas when using a cross-sectional regression approach, rather than the time series approach. My goal is beta hedging of a ...
44 views

### In a CRR model, find the Initial investment of the hedging strategy

Given a Cox-Ross-Rubinstein model with $T=10$, $u=1.1$, $d=0.9$, $r=0.02$, $S_0=100$ and a European call option with Strike $K=220$, find the initial investment of the hedging strategy. I know how to ...
3k views

### Static and Dynamic Hedging of Vol/Var Swaps

Why can a variance swap be perfectly statically hedged whereas a volatility swap requires dynamic hedging? Possible reference request to the corresponding literature.
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### How do energy companies measure the magnitude of the risks of buying energy at a variable price and selling it at a fixed price?

Power and gas retailers are exposed to a variety of risks when selling to domestic customers. Many of these risks arise from the fact that customers are offered a fixed price, while the retailer must ...
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### What is your exposure when you sell a binary option

I recently made a post that was closed right away because it wasn't focused and asked too many questions. In that post, I asked five questions that were related but different. It looks like stack ...
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### Fixed vs float swap interest rate risk

I have some technical questions about what are the best settings in Bloomberg to calculate the interest rate risk of a swap. When Bloomberg calculates the DV01, it simply bumps the par swap curve by +/...
447 views

### Relationship between options open interest and spot price movement

The hypothesis that I am mulling over (and more so, its effect on stock price movement) is the following. Hypothesis: Buyers of options do not hedge (as they don't need to) while sellers usually hedge ...
56 views

I have some experience trading both sides of an order book, but not simultaneously in the same security (and certainly not at the size large market makers do.) I've searched pretty extensively for ...
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### Hedge by shorting stock

Is it possible to explain to me why the formula is $r_A-hr_B$? My interpretation is that, you short stock B (by selling it), and then you use the money to buy stock A. Thus we have a $r_A$ term there....
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### Where am I going wrong with the calculation of conitnuous PnL from delta hedging?

I am trying to work out the PnL of continuous delta hedging. I saw This link to an answer here, however, I obtained a different answer without resorting to Black Scholes, which I will outline below. ...
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### Dynamic Hedging

I am reading page 126 (Chapter 8) of the book "Option Volatility and Pricing 2E" by Sheldon Natenberg and have two questions I seem to be stumped on. (The bulleted text below the charts in ...
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### Should one use the 30y bond alongside shorter tenors to hedge a MBS book?

Say I build a US treasury curve or swap by bootstrapping 2/3/5/7/10/20/30y on the run bonds. Say I have a prepayment model and an OAS model and I can generate key rate dv01s for the book as dBookNPV / ...
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### Why reduce number of short contracts to reduce beta, and take long positions to increase it?

My question is about chapter 3 in the ninth edition of "Options, futures and other derivatives" by John C. Hull, subchapter 5 under the heading "Changing the Beta of a Portfolio". ...
1 vote
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### Conditions for market completeness

We know that a market is called complete if it is possible to replicate any future payoff trading in its securities. Is there an exhaustive list of requirements that when satisfied imply market ...
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### Unhedged factor models in trading

Suppose I have a factor model that takes in unemployment and GDP as $X_1, X_2$ respectively in estimating the fair price of asset $Y$. Say I observe that the market price of $Y$ has deviated ...
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