Questions tagged [hedging]

[Think of it as insurance. When people decide to hedge, they are insuring themselves against a negative event. This doesn't prevent a negative event from happening, but if it does happen and you're properly hedged, the impact of the event is reduced. So, hedging occurs almost everywhere, and we see it everyday.](http://www.investopedia.com/articles/basics/03/080103.asp)

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
3
votes
5answers
731 views

bank issuing structured products

"The investment banks supplying structured products were effectively buying options from investors" How to understand this quote from this source? I would think the investors are usually had (long) ...
0
votes
1answer
353 views

How to hedge PLN account on Interactive Brokers

I know that you can't have PLN account on IB, the PLN input is exchanged into USD, GBP etc. currency. However I would like to hedge the other currency exposure against PLN, or at least find out how to ...
19
votes
3answers
3k views

Hedging Covid-19 and other low probability high loss risks

Covid-19 and similar risks are low probability, high loss events. Does it make sense to utilize options to provide hedges for such events? For example, should one utilize long positions in deep out-...
0
votes
0answers
28 views

Forecasting accuracy in one month and hedging

I am working on predicting the daily data of a financial time series $[Y(t+1),...Y(t+j)]$ =$f(X_1(t),...X_1(t-i),.....,X_n(t),...X_n(t-i))$ where $Y$ is a commodity price $X_i$ are predictor variables ...
6
votes
2answers
190 views

How to price, hedge ESG-dependent products?

I read with interest news about Netherlands bank trading several novel products in which a counterparty pays floating cash flows linked to the counterparty's ESG (environment, social, governance) ...
2
votes
0answers
212 views

Bond Hedging: PCA and regression based hedge ratios

This is my first question and I would very much appreciate any help. For a project I am trying to compare different hedging techniques for hedging a long portfolio of bonds. I have a history of ...
1
vote
2answers
132 views

What is the cheaper IR hedge: Futures or IRS?

Let's take the following idea: Your objective is to hedge interest rate risk. You decide between Futures and IRS: You can sell bund futures (10Y bond equivalent): Price 177.70 Theoretical coupon: 6%...
25
votes
5answers
8k views

Why hold options when you can dynamically replicate their payoff?

When holding vanilla options, you can cancel out, theoretically, all risk with dynamic (delta) hedging. Then you earn the "risk free rate of return". Why would you make such a portfolio when you can ...
3
votes
1answer
400 views

Replicating a put option when short selling the underlying is not allowed

Suppose we sell a put option with maturity $T$, strike $K$ and fee $P_t=v(t, S_t, T, K, ...)$. The replicating portfolio consists of holding $\alpha_t = \frac{\partial{P}}{\partial{S}}=:\Delta_t$ ...
1
vote
1answer
72 views

Measuring Hedge Effectiveness

So I was trying to estimate the performance of a static hedge vs dynamic hedge in the electricity market and I came up with some weird findings. When I used the minimum variance hedge approach using ...
1
vote
0answers
64 views

Dupire Vomma and Stochastic volatility

Suppose that you are short an option on asset $X_t$ following a pure diffusion. Suppose you are hedging your position using (Dupire) Local volatility model. Suppose that the option is concave with ...
0
votes
1answer
137 views

Is it possible to construct a hedge that matches value Delta Gamma and Vega?

Given a strike price, current price, risk free rate, dividend yield and volatility, I have been asked to calculate: - a hedge which matches the value Delta and Gamma - a hedge which matches the value ...
6
votes
0answers
139 views

Intuition behind the Carr and Wu (2014) static hedging for ordinary options

Let $(S_t)_{t \geq 0}$ be the price of an underlying asset, $r$ be the risk-free rate of return, $q$ the dividend yield, $C_t(K,T)$ is the price of a call option written on $S_t$ at time $t$ with ...
1
vote
1answer
73 views

Can a delta hedge be negative for all values at one time, and positive for all values at another time?

I have a problem that states there was a formula for the hedge $\delta(t, S_t)$ for a contingent claim whose value depends on only the stock value when $T=20$. In this hedge, $\delta(t, S_t)<0$ at $...
7
votes
1answer
260 views

Gamma-Vega Neutral Portfolio Not Possible with Only 3 Options

Let's say we have sold a call option, x, on a share and we have 2 other call options, y & z, with different strikes and maturities to try and achieve a portfolio that is both Gamma and Vega ...
1
vote
1answer
250 views

Hedging Interest rate swaps in practice

Suppose we have a portfolio of i terest rate swaps that we wish to delta hedge. we build a delta ladder by shocking the instruments used to build the forecasting and discouting curves (Eurodollar ...
3
votes
0answers
84 views

Motivation for hedging volatility using VIX ETNs

I wondered what the motivation for professional investors could be to trade in VIX ETNs. Why would they even think about trading this kind of product? (They normally should have access to VIX options,...
9
votes
0answers
5k views

Bridgewater's Daily Observations

Bridgewater Associates send out Daily Observations to their clients, but I haven't found many traces of these publications online. The series started some 40 years ago by Ray Dalio, and there're just ...
2
votes
2answers
65 views

Why aren't ETNs always listed with an inverse ETN?

Exchange Traded Notes (ETNs) are often issued to give buyers exposure to an index that cannot be easily constructed from liquid securities. (If an index can be constructed from liquid securities it ...
0
votes
3answers
333 views

Why is the hedging cost using forwards $\frac{F-S}{S}$ and how is this related to Carry?

I'm a bit confused about hedging a foreign exposure and how this is related to carry. I've read that the hedging cost $h$ is $$h=\frac{F-S}{S}$$ where $F$ is the forward and $S$ is the spot price. ...
0
votes
1answer
122 views

Delta heding & PnL

Sorry if it's a duplicate but i didn't find an answer to my simple question in the other posts. Let say we short a call option on a stock. $K = 100$, $C = 1$, $S = 100$ and $\Delta = 0.5$. No ...
1
vote
0answers
172 views

How do FX brokers decide to hedge or book a customer's trades?

FX brokers try to be more profitable by, - booking(b-book) the traders that are predicted to be losing money according to the trader profile or trading history. so, if the customer loses money, the ...
2
votes
3answers
130 views

How do I derive a blend of a 3Y future and 10Y future risk?

So I have a portfolio of Govt. bonds that I'm trying to hedge with futures. Let's take one of the bonds out of the portfolio as an example. In bloomberg, every bond and its future counterparts has a ...
0
votes
0answers
123 views

Hedging with implied volatility

I am reading this article by R. Ahmad and P. Wilmott: Which Free Lunch Would You Like Today, Sir?: Delta Hedging, Volatility Arbitrage and Optimal Portfolios Let $V^{i}$ the market value of an ...
3
votes
1answer
3k views

How to tail a hedge? (Question 3.26 from Hull, edition 10)

I am new to finance so I apologize if my question is really basic (which it probably is). If this is not the right "stackexchange" group for this, kindly refer me to the right one. Let's say you own ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

What are Market Makers hedging?

I know that the target of the market makers is to provide liquidity to the markets. Right now I'm working as a developer in a quite large project of F.I. I know that they are providing liquidity for ...
3
votes
2answers
548 views

How to adjust delta hedging if stock price decreases?

Question: You are long a call option no MITCO stock. You have delta hedged your position. You hear on the radio that the CEO of MITCO has just been arrested for running a massive Ponzi scheme. The ...
0
votes
1answer
97 views

Deriving investment amount for one asset of a two asset minimum-variance portfolio

Suppose I bought $100 worth of stock A and I want to hedge it by shorting stock B, they have correlation of rho and respective standard deviations. How do I know how much of Stock B to sell? that's ...
0
votes
1answer
58 views

EBA Stress Test Arbitrage

The EBA stress test defines specific shocks to yield curves that are applied to positions as at year end. There is no account for cashflows - it is simply an immediate shock. Suppose the interest ...
17
votes
4answers
2k views

Hedging stocks with VIX futures

It seems that VIX futures could be a great hedge for a long-only stock portfolio since they rise when stocks fall. But how many VIX futures should I buy to hedge my portfolio, and which futures ...
1
vote
0answers
570 views

Hedging the duration and convexity of a bond portfolio

I'm trying to work through this homework question, but not sure how to approach it. You recently took over as the manager of a bond portfolio. Your total assets under management – all consisting of ...
2
votes
1answer
761 views

Hedging a trade for PCA component neutrality

Suppose I am given a set of financial instruments, e.g. {1Y, 2Y, ..., 30Y} interest rate swaps or {Barclays, Lloyds, .. } FTSE100 companies. It doesn't matter which so let's go with IRS. I have ...
1
vote
0answers
55 views

Why does the price of a butterfly spread increase are rate exponential [closed]

I know that stock prices are assumed to be Stochastic processes that follow Geometric brownian motion. The expectation of stock prices at time T given stock price at time 0 is: $e^{-rT}S_0$. However, ...
1
vote
1answer
151 views

Which currency to hedge a position in FX options?

Let's assume a bank sells to a client a put of \$1,000,000 dollars on USDJPY at 110 in 6 months. The delta of this put is -0.6, spot is 112. So to hedge its position the bank has to short \$600,000 ...
2
votes
0answers
765 views

Replicating portfolio with stock, bond and call option

I am trying to interpret: I am having trouble interpreting the replicating strategy: Context: $\phi$ is a generic payoff function, 0 < S < $\infty$, assumed throughout to be twice ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

Hedging with interest rate futures, different duration

This is from Hull, problem 6.16. Suppose that it is February 20 and a treasurer realizes that on July 17 the company will have to issue \$5 million of commercial paper with a maturity of 180 days. If ...
1
vote
1answer
180 views

Delta hedging: theoretical value vs actual price

One way to derive the Black-Scholes PDE is via the Delta-hedging argument: Suppose that $V_t = V(t, S_t)$, for some function $V: [0,T] \times \mathbb{R} \to \mathbb{R}$. We construct a portfolio by ...
2
votes
0answers
66 views

what is the state of the art method for hedging barrier options?

I want to create my own Barrier options for some security, I want to trade. I did some literature review, and found a static replication method, and many dynamic replication methods. I want to know ...
-2
votes
1answer
59 views

HEDGING WITH A PUT OPTION

In the following example, for 3rd question and 4th question why do we have to add (Stock price in three months - Current stock price) to put option profit? Thank you in advance.
1
vote
1answer
44 views

Do not understand 'The gain (loss) on the stock position would then tend to offset the loss (gain) on the option position' [closed]

Currently, I am reading John Hull's Options, Futures and Other Derivatives. On page 401, the author mentions the following: Suppose that the delta of a call option on a stock is $0.6$, stock price ...
1
vote
0answers
58 views

Simple 3 way delta hedge

Consider 3 futures contracts: A BTC/ETH, settled in BTC B USD/ETH, settled in ETH C USD/BTC, settled in BTC As the markets aren't efficient, sometimes these ...
3
votes
2answers
129 views

Using cumulative returns to hedge against the overall trend

I am curious about a hypothetical strategy where you are long for a given period (like a year), and at the same time you hedge against the overall trend by going short everyday and accumulating the ...
2
votes
0answers
197 views

Optimal Hedging of Options - asymmetry between long and short vol positions

Going over Zakamouline's Approximation method for optimal delta hedging of options, it is claimed that the result remains valid for both buying options (long vol positions) or selling options (short ...
2
votes
1answer
605 views

How to measure effectiveness of CDS hedging

In a fixed income emerging markets portfolio investing in Sovereign and Corporates, CDS on governement bonds are used for hedging credit risk. To be clear CDS are used to hedge both the exposure of ...
23
votes
7answers
9k views

When does delta hedging result in more risk?

A question from an interview book: When can hedging an options position make you take on more risk? The answer provided is the following: Hedging can increase your risk if you are forced to ...
1
vote
2answers
350 views

How to hedge two currency positions

Having two spot currency positions, short EUR/USD long GBP/USD We are looking for a way to diminish the risk of the spread going against us. The basic idea is ...
1
vote
1answer
77 views

Framework for hedging fx and utilizing correlation between asset returns

Can anyone point me in a direction (research paper, books, ..) which developes a framework/strategy for hedging currency exposure for an international bond portfolio? This paper finds optimal ...
1
vote
0answers
35 views

Hedging Strategies involving Forwards and Options [closed]

"An investor or business with long exposure to an asset can hedge exposure by either entering into a short futures contract or by buying a put option. An investor or business with a short exposure to ...
5
votes
2answers
297 views

Currency Hedged Excess Return

In the famous article "Global portfolio optimisation" of Black and Litterman, the authors defined the excess return on currency-hedged assets as the following : $$ E_t = 100 \frac{P_{t+1}X_t}{P_tX_{...
1
vote
0answers
318 views

To calculate the Hedge Efficiency and Optimal Hedge Ratio with BEKK in R

I estimated an MGARCH-BEKK model (using the R package BEKK, i.e. Baba, Engle, Kraft and Kroner; see Engle and Kroner (1995)) on time series of spot and futures ...

1 2
3
4 5
8