Questions tagged [hedging]

[Think of it as insurance. When people decide to hedge, they are insuring themselves against a negative event. This doesn't prevent a negative event from happening, but if it does happen and you're properly hedged, the impact of the event is reduced. So, hedging occurs almost everywhere, and we see it everyday.](http://www.investopedia.com/articles/basics/03/080103.asp)

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How to tail a hedge? (Question 3.26 from Hull, edition 10)

I am new to finance so I apologize if my question is really basic (which it probably is). If this is not the right "stackexchange" group for this, kindly refer me to the right one. Let's say you own ...
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What really is Gamma scalping?

How does Gamma scalping really work? It seems there is no true profit scalped. If we look at the simplest scenario, Black-Scholes option price $V(t,S)$ at time $t$ and the underlying stock price at $S$...
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1answer
473 views

Floating Strike Lookback Delta Risk

I'm running through some delta hedging simulations of floating strike lookback call options (that is, I'm short the options) during a volatile (downside) period for the underlying and some very odd ...
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How to calculate FX hedged bond yield?

How does one go about calculating a 10 year US treasury yield hedged back to EUR? I vaguely understand this but I think there's two methods 1) Calculate 3-month annualized hedging cost 2) Calculate ...
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2k views

How to calculate a future contracts price?

I have the following question from Hull, problem 6.17: On August 1 a portfolio manager has a bond portfolio worth $10 million. The duration of the portfolio in October will be 7.1 years. The December ...
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1answer
1k views

How does one calculate the Libor future contract price?

I have the following question from Hull, problem 6.16: Suppose that it is February 20 and a treasurer realizes that on July 17 the company will have to issue \$5 million of commercial paper with a ...
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1answer
181 views

If spot prices tends to be higher than futures prices, then long hedges are particularly attractive - Why?

Explain why If spot prices tends to be higher than futures prices, then long hedges are likely to be particularly attractive Supposed logic behind this is that if spot prices are likely to be ...
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1answer
225 views

eurodollar future

I just found out about eurdollar futures and I am confused. A eurodollar future contract is defined as a cash settled future based on a Eurodollar Time Deposit having a principal value of USD $1,000,...
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What strategies benefit from EURO (ECB) interest rate hike(s) long term? [closed]

I would like to know which strategies would perform well if the ECB hikes interest rates? Alternatively, what is a good strategy to hedge a loan in EUR against interest rate hikes?
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Hedging Options [closed]

Scenario: stock trading at 100 today, 80% chance it will trade at 110 tomorrow, 20% chance it will trade at 90 tomorrow A new 100 strike call option on this stock is worth 8 today (assuming no ...
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Need some suggestion about short vxx long vx future strategy

I read a post by M. Avellaneda trading volatility At page 59-62 there's Strategies with VIX futures to hedge short VXX I'd like to reproduce the result. I am not sure how to do it. Some key points ...
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296 views

Traders view on hedging of FX Futures with FX Forward

I would like to get a trades view on hedging a FX Forward with a FX Future by just moving the (1) FX_Spot rate and ignore the other risk factors (2) ccy1 DV01 risk, (3) ccy2 DV01 risk, (4) basis swap ...
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Delta hedging on Barrier/Digital Options

I would like to adress a question I have in mind and I didn't found a clear answer online. When we deal with Barrier or Digital Options we have a discontinuty in the payoff, so that the derivatives (...
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Tracking error Black Scholes

Suppose an asset follows the SDE $$ d S_{t}^{1} = \mu S_{t}^{1} dt + \sigma_{t} S_{t}^{1} d W_{t} $$ Furthermore assume that $r = 0$ and a trader who uses Black-Scholes for pricing and hedging with ...
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188 views

Reference for why a derivative is a derivative and not say an insurance contract

I recently spoke to an options trader that tried to demonstrate option pricing by considering a random walk of balls dropping down a lattice so the underlying stochastic process is a simple random ...
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368 views

Replicating a portfolio with a certain payoff function

Assume there are two stocks $S_1$ with price $p_1(t)$ and $S_2$ with price $p_2(t)$ where $t$ indicates time. Assume, there is a hypothetical derivative $D$, which is such that, price of $D$ at a time ...
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Option price in a neutral risk world is the same as in the real world. I can not understand! [closed]

Good evening. I know there are several posts on the subject but unfortunately I can not fully understand this concept and I hope you can help me. To price the option the fundamental assumption ...
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Hedge by shorting stock

Is it possible to explain to me why the formula is $r_A-hr_B$? My interpretation is that, you short stock B (by selling it), and then you use the money to buy stock A. Thus we have a $r_A$ term there....
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The difference between hedging and replicationg methods of deriving option prices

For deriving, say European, option prices, is there a difference between the replication approach and the hedging approach? More specifically, is there a situation where the hedging approach will not ...
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304 views

Super Hedging in incomplete Trinomial Tree

I have a question concerning the super-replication of a call in a trinomial tree which has the following characteristics: Suppose we have one risky asset $S_t=2+\sum_{k=1}^tZ_i$, where $P(Z_i=0)=P(...
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1answer
142 views

What is the best trading simulation platform for futures, swaps, options, etc.?

I've just started studying derivatives from the "Options, futures, and other derivatives - J.C. Hull" and I'd like to see how to do hedging and trading transactions through a simulation platform or a ...
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167 views

Isn't this modified stop-loss strategy an arbitrage?

In John Hull's The Book, section 18.3 he briefly discussed a stop-loss strategy for writing a call option: buy one share of stock whenever $S_t>K$ and sell it otherwise (except at time $0$: if $S_0\...
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198 views

Is this the correct way to hedge two securities against each other?

Let's say I believe that $ts_1$ and $ts_2$ move together and I would like to pairs trade them. Am I correct in understanding that to hedge them against each other I would get their $Var_1$, $Var_2$, ...
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1answer
1k views

How to “Standard Beta Hedge”?

Let's say I have 2 time-series, how would I "standard beta hedge" them against each other? For example, what if the position in 1 timeseries is 100 shares at 16 USD per share. Another time-series is ...
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Continuous delta hedge formula

When we buy a call and continuously delta hedge using some implied volatility $\sigma_i$, what is the formula for our aggregate profit given that the actual realized volatility is $\sigma_r$? Say $...
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1answer
651 views

Example of delta one products

Not sure if this is the right place to ask such question. How close to 1 should the delta be in order for the product to be classified as delta one. 2.What examples of delta one products are there?
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1answer
118 views

How does gamma trading depend on $K$?

If we think realized vol > implied vol, then we might go ahead and delta hedge a call, hoping that profits from gamma outweigh the decay. Question: What should $K$ be on the call? ATM? If so, why? ...
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97 views

Futures hedging for FX

What is the risk that occurs if an investor hedges a short OTC foreign exchange forward sale with a long exchange traded foreign exchange futures with different maturities. And how can the residual ...
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Delta hedging and PF-value

Imagine buying a call option and shorting the delta. After some time $dt$, the stock price changes, and so does the delta and the call option value. We re-adjust our hedge using this new delta. ...
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1answer
55 views

book of options hedging case of floating rate

i'm an intern in bank at Morocco that sells vanilla options on EUR/USD , EUR/MAD , USD/MAD , it s using delta hedging strategy to cover they're position . But because of the switch to floating ...
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2answers
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Dynamic Hedge of Quanto Options

Can anybody explain to me step-by-step how can I dynamically hedge and/or replicate a quanto option with the foreign underlying asset, the foreign cash account and the domestic cash account as ...
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1answer
117 views

Hedging equities portfolios with vol products

Quote Hedging with variance is not comparable to puts Due to the lack of convexity of a variance swap hedge, we believe it is best to compare long variance hedges to hedging with futures rather than ...
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Delta hedging frequency, Gamma PnL

I want to know the expectation and the variance of the Gamma PnL for different hedging frequencies. Let's say the return of the underlying follow a normal process: $dr= \sigma*dW$, the market trades ...
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0answers
190 views

Relative Value Trading of American Style Options on Futures, Calcuating hedging ratios?

I am interested in Relative Value Trading of American style options on futures and have not found a whole lot of literature on it. The best resource I have discovered so far is a few pages in Colin ...
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1answer
132 views

Is there evidence that delta-hedging of large investors affects markets?

I would expect that many traders hedge their exposure before market closing based on their positions. In order to determine the timing of readjustment, there should probably two channels affect the ...
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148 views

Beta Hedging through factor model

Is there any way to reduce Beta exposure to a single factor in the factor model? Specifically I read somewhere that if in a single factor model, your beta, wrt to say SnP is B, you take a position of ...
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1answer
165 views

Currency/Forex Hedging using Momemtum Strategy

Mainly the two ways I could find on currency hedging are using forwards (to lock in a future exchange rate) and options. However, I'm curious whether currency can be hedged via some commonly known ...
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1answer
1k views

Why is a martingale a risk-neutral measure

We have the risk-free valuation formula $$ \pi^X_i = B_T^{-1}B_iE_{P^*}[X|F_i]$$ Where $P^*$ is an equivalent martingale measure. Why is this martingale measure considered risk-neutral? All I know is ...
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1answer
150 views

why does index futures swing more than index?

why does index futures swing (in absolute) more than index, when index futures price is lower than index (Backwardation)? Say, SET50 Index(Thailand) is at 950, SET50 active Futures will be at around ...
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Constructing a hedging strategy for an American option

Question: Consider the following model, where $r=0$, and a dividend of 1 unit of currency is paid at time 1.5. $$ \begin{array}{|c|c|c|c|} \hline & S(0,\omega) & S(1,\omega)^* & S(2,\...
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1answer
518 views

How to price a quanto basket option?

EDIT: Maybe there is no way to get explicit solutions for basket options (maybe the Black-Scholes differential equation can't be solved directly ??). Q3: How do you price and hedge ( S1(T) + S2(T) - ...
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350 views

How to hedge two currency positions

Having two spot currency positions, short EUR/USD long GBP/USD We are looking for a way to diminish the risk of the spread going against us. The basic idea is ...
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Interview question on etf

If the ETF in the European market is tracking an oil company in the US, and now the oil price in the Middle East is likely to rise, how should I hedge this position? P.S- I am preparing for Flow ...
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1answer
176 views

What time series and length should be used for a second-order derivative?

Let's suppose that there is an option on a futures contract, the underlying asset for the future is an index, and the future is a cash settled contract. In this case you have a second-order ...
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573 views

Bond Duration hedging with long convexity

How do you build a duration-neutral bond portfolio which is long convexity? can you give me an example?
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1answer
1k views

taylor expansion of PnL

I have a question about the following derivation in this pdf (sample chapter from Bergomi - Stochastic Volatility Modeling). He derives the PnL for a delta hedged position as $$PnL = -[P(t+\delta,S+\...
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2answers
509 views

Ito lemma of Convertible Bond under Two-factor Model Interest Rate

@Behrouz Maleki has provided the PDE of two factor model in other post so could anyone please provide Ito lemma of this equation and how this PDE was derived from Vasicek model. as far as I know it ...
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1answer
867 views

Hedging and measuring repo rate risk

How is repo rate risk hedged? And is repo rate dv01 the usual greek for this? i am talking about repo risk in a derivative on a bond
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1answer
1k views

Hedging with interest rate futures, different duration

This is from Hull, problem 6.16. Suppose that it is February 20 and a treasurer realizes that on July 17 the company will have to issue \$5 million of commercial paper with a maturity of 180 days. If ...
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1answer
326 views

I have an interview for an assistant trader, need your help with some questions

Hello all hope you're doing fine! Would you please help me answering these questions? 1) We're short a call option and we delta hedge. We know that there will be a move in the underlying asset ...

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