Skip to main content

Questions tagged [high-frequency]

For questions dealing with market data sampled at high frequencies, such as tick data and intraday data.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
32 votes
7 answers
54k views

How to calculate historical intraday volatility?

Sorry for what must be a beginner question, but when I went to write code I realized I didn't understand exactly how historical volatility, or statistical volatility, is defined. Wikipedia tells me "...
Darren Cook's user avatar
  • 1,427
40 votes
9 answers
5k views

Has high frequency trading (HFT) been a net benefit or cost to society?

Various studies have demonstrated the very large and growing influence of high frequency trading (HFT) on the markets. HFT firms are clearly making a great deal of money from somewhere, and it stands ...
Tal Fishman's user avatar
  • 13.5k
21 votes
2 answers
11k views

Market impact, why square root?

The standard method of market impact is the square-root formula \begin{equation} \Delta P = c \cdot\sigma \cdot \sqrt{\frac{n}{\nu}} \end{equation} where $\Delta P$ is the price change from executing ...
Freelunch's user avatar
  • 1,086
33 votes
5 answers
11k views

What exactly is meant by "microstructure noise"?

I see that term tossed around a lot, in articles relating to HFT, and ultra high frequency data. It says at higher frequencies, smaller intervals, microstructure noise is very dominant. What is ...
Palace Chan's user avatar
  • 1,347
45 votes
9 answers
10k views

How 'High' is the frequency in HFT?

How many trades per second are we talking about? What kind of strategies are used in this time frame? Can the small guy play the game?
Terco's user avatar
  • 1,069
43 votes
8 answers
11k views

What broker/feed/APIsetup allows for recording the most accurate data (cheaply)?

I'm currently using IB's Java API and getting feeds through them. However the real-time feed is updated only every 250ms and the historical feed only every second. I'm primarily looking for ES data ...
4 votes
1 answer
743 views

Daily realized volatility and true daily volatility

Can someone help if I am thinking correctly? If $R(t,i)$ is the i'th log-return for $i = 1\ldots,M$ of day $t$ for $t = 1\ldots,T$. Can I assume that the daily realized volatility (denoted $RV(t)$) is ...
user62408's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
380 views

Is there a HAR that deals with the leverage effect?

The EGARCH is a special GARCH model that treats the leverage effect of the volatility. The HARV does not make a distinction between negative and positive returns. Is there a special HARV that deals ...
Hans's user avatar
  • 2,806
37 votes
4 answers
10k views

What types of neural networks are most appropriate for trading?

What types of neural networks are most appropriate for forecasting returns? Can neural networks be the basis for a high-frequency trading strategy? Types of neural networks include: Radial Basis ...
phoenix1886's user avatar
26 votes
3 answers
5k views

How to forecast volatility using high-frequency data?

There is a large literature covering volatility forecasts with high-frequency tick data. Much of this has surrounded the concept of "realized volatility", such as: "Realized Volatility and ...
Shane's user avatar
  • 9,245
22 votes
3 answers
11k views

Control for bid/ask bounce in high-frequency trade data?

The bid-ask bounce is the bouncing of trade prices between the bid and ask sides of the market. It introduces a systematic bias to the data which can cause serious problems in analysis. What methods ...
Shane's user avatar
  • 9,245
3 votes
2 answers
1k views

definition of mid price in literature

In literature, the mid-price is often used along with the terms "fair value", "true value" among others. I take it alot of the times it means the same thing because the mid-price doesnt necessarily ...
user123123's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
379 views

GARCH model using high frequency price return

I would like to forecast variance at time length $k\delta$ based on a price (return) time series of time step length $\delta$. I will apply a GARCH(1,1) model to subsamples at time intervals length $k\...
Hans's user avatar
  • 2,806
0 votes
1 answer
104 views

Optimal Price Metric for High-Frequency Volatility: Executed Price, Mid Price, or Weighted Mid Price?

In the context of high frequency trading, I'm exploring the application of the mean absolute deviation estimate for high-frequency volatility calculation. What would be the optimal choice for this ...
Less-Owl-4025's user avatar
33 votes
5 answers
14k views

What is a good broker for HFT?

Currently I trade trough IB. I run my HFT strategies (100 roundtrips per hour) but I think that latency is killing me and my profits are shrinking. I need the fastest possible brokers out there which ...
user40's user avatar
  • 2,707
30 votes
4 answers
11k views

Why do high frequency traders use rapidly cancelled limit orders?

In reading about the various practices and strategies of high frequency traders, one of the most mysterious to me is "fleeting orders," or orders that are cancelled almost immediately after they are ...
Tal Fishman's user avatar
  • 13.5k
29 votes
6 answers
36k views

Applications of Fourier theory in trading

What are fashionable applications of Fourier analysis in trading? I have heard vague ideas of applications in High Frequency Trading but can somebody provide an example, maybe a reference? Just for ...
Richi Wa's user avatar
  • 13.7k
24 votes
7 answers
35k views

Is the Interactive Brokers API suitable for hft?

By HFT here I mean anything with holding period less than 5 to 10 minutes. Any empirical/anecdotal evidence of using it successfully on even higher frequencies?
user40's user avatar
  • 2,707
18 votes
4 answers
2k views

HFT: What is the big differentiator in comparison to other time scales?

High Frequency Trading (HFT) seems to be the big money making mystery machine these days. The purported source of unlimited floods of gelt pouring into the investment shops using it. For me, HFT is ...
vonjd's user avatar
  • 27.5k
18 votes
2 answers
2k views

From a high frequency point of view, with a price prediction and assuming infinite leverage, how do you determine optimal trade size?

I have read about something like Kelly criterion for long term expectation maximization assuming a fixed starting bankroll. But if one can assume unlimited leverage, and one has a signal for a price ...
Palace Chan's user avatar
  • 1,347
14 votes
2 answers
11k views

How to annualize intra-day volatility on minute data?

I am trying to convert minute based volatility into annualized volatility in such a way that both are comparable. $Vol_{min} * \sqrt(t)$ does not seam to get them into the same scale if I annualize ...
Suminda Sirinath S. Dharmasena's user avatar
12 votes
2 answers
3k views

HFT - How to define and measure latency?

I have read and heard a lot about latency. But I can't find any solid information that explains how latency is defined and measured. When people say they have achieved millisecond or nanosecond ...
SmoothCriminel's user avatar
11 votes
3 answers
12k views

What mathematical theory is required for high frequency trading?

I am an applied math postdoc and I have been presented with the option of leaving academia to work in high frequency trading. I wanted to get a feel for the field and the theory underlying it so I ...
sonicboom's user avatar
  • 309
9 votes
2 answers
6k views

Fastest news feed APIs targeting high frequency trading?

The Dow Jones elementized news feed API seems to stand out but are there any other machine readable news feeds out there that provide very low latencies that high frequency operations may peruse? I am ...
Matt Wolf's user avatar
  • 14.5k
9 votes
2 answers
3k views

Which algorithm should I look into to kick off my research in algorithmic trading? [closed]

I have recently undertaken a research into automated algorithmic trading algorithms. The aim of the research is to focus on studying algorithmic trading and trying to improve a basic implementation ...
k9ty's user avatar
  • 191
9 votes
0 answers
344 views

Survey of market making strategies and research [duplicate]

I am undergoing a focused study of market making theory. So far, I've encountered the following papers: Market Making and Mean Reversion Adapting to a Market Shock: Optimal Sequential Market-Making ...
Randomblue's user avatar
9 votes
2 answers
3k views

How long do algorithmic trading strategies typically remain profitable?

As I understand it, an algorithmic trading strategy could lose profitability, if, for example: it's rediscovered by others employee turnover leaks the strategy to others market conditions change ...
MWB's user avatar
  • 291
8 votes
1 answer
3k views

Problems with dealing with GARCH models and intra-day data

A Short question would be "Which type of model from GARCH family is most suitable for modeling 5-minute data returns ?" but I've added some story to it. A Long time ago I was preparing my thesis, one ...
Qbik's user avatar
  • 1,018
8 votes
3 answers
2k views

What latency should I use for backtesting a high-frequency strategy?

We're developing an HFT strategy for highly liquid futures traded at Eurex. We are planning to colocate our server and to use data feed of QuantHouse and execution API of ObjectTrading. Backtesting is ...
l.m's user avatar
  • 81
7 votes
1 answer
2k views

Finding parameters of an utility function in a market making strategy to apply it in practice

I am reading this paper below about optimal bid-ask spread in a market making strategy. It finds an approximation for optimal solution, but I cannot understand how it's practice to set the parameters ...
sparkle's user avatar
  • 469
7 votes
2 answers
7k views

How to calculate volatility on intraday data?

I have several weeks of minute-by-minute stock data (start and end prices, volume). Everything I've read so far leads me to believe there isn't a standard method for volatility, which is leaving me ...
brykmoore's user avatar
6 votes
1 answer
3k views

Avellaneda-Stoikov empirical estimation verification

The solution of the model contains constant: $k = \alpha K$, it relates to: (i) probability of getting a fill ($\alpha$) and (ii) market impact ($K$). Estimating (i). The author proposes that the ...
nz_'s user avatar
  • 305
6 votes
2 answers
9k views

How to understand micro-price (aka, weighted mid-price)?

The definition of micro-price is S = Pa * Vb / (Va + Vb) + Pb * Va / (Va + Vb) where Pa is the ask price, ...
olivia's user avatar
  • 209
5 votes
1 answer
1k views

Modelling queue position

Is there any viable way for me to know the dynamics of my LOB position? Lets suppose the LOB is order based LOB, and i send a order to this level, can i know if the qty in front of me cancelled vs ...
koon93's user avatar
  • 183
5 votes
1 answer
10k views

Where can I find some examples of high frequency or stat arb trading algorithms beyond basic textbook pairs trading?

In particular, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Algorithmic_trading#Algorithms has several name algorithms. I understand most HFT algorithms are proprietary but I am looking for examples of HFT ...
Palace Chan's user avatar
  • 1,347
4 votes
2 answers
2k views

Technical Analysis in HFT

Has anyone here used technical analysis (think MACD, RSI) in HFT setting and can comment on the usage as an entry/exit signal? Best
nimbus3000's user avatar
4 votes
4 answers
735 views

Modelling HFT data

In the context of Market making, how important is recent trades? In general, would i be able to get away with just modelling the Limit Order Book (LOB) and the evolution of the LOB in order to ...
user123123's user avatar
4 votes
3 answers
819 views

Transaction Data with Participant ID

For my master thesis, I need high-frequency data with the market participant ID or which identifies the trading parties, respectively. I don't need the entire orderbook but just the matched orders ...
Arne's user avatar
  • 133
3 votes
2 answers
299 views

Align volume bars for multivariate analysis

Looking at the book "Advances in financial machine learning" the author proposes a way to sample high frequency financial data in several fashions which are not only the standard time bars. I was ...
AleB's user avatar
  • 61
2 votes
1 answer
1k views

What are the parameters’ units in the Avellaneda and Stoikov model?

I'm studying a draft of the paper “Dealing with the Inventory Risk: A solution to the market making problem” by Guéant et al from July 2012. According to the paper, the closed form solution to the ...
JMNQC's user avatar
  • 53
1 vote
0 answers
147 views

Ultra high frequency TSRV

I'd like to verify my approach to calculate high-frequency RV estimator, as introduced in Ait-Sahalia, Myklad, Zhang 2011. After reading the paper a couple of times, it seems to me, that the only ...
Jan Sila's user avatar
  • 732