Questions tagged [high-frequency]

For questions dealing with market data sampled at high frequencies, such as tick data and intraday data.

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HFT Architecture

Im an undergrad student trying to become more familiar with how HFT works. In specific, I was wondering what kind of hardware they use and how each piece contributes to the system. I've been led to ...
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2answers
206 views

Mitigating gateway delay

A trading system has $n$ colocated uplinks to TCP order entry gateways $g_1, \dots, g_n$ on a given exchange. Each gateway $g_i$ has a different order entry delay function $d_i(t)$ as a function of ...
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1answer
114 views

Inherent Limitations with Respect to HFT Hardware

I am attempting to compile some aspects of high frequency trading that pose issues to all players in the field i.e., things that cause problems regardless of how much money the firm has to spend on ...
3
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2answers
182 views

What impact does arbitrage have on realised volatility estimates?

Doing some research modeling/estimating volatility in the bitcoin market. There is quite a bit of scope for arbitrage within crypto-currency markets. Wonder if this has any impact on my volatility ...
3
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1answer
101 views

model high frequency bitcoin volatility

I am trying to model volatility of 1-minute returns of BTC, but it seems to me that the data do not behave traditionally. I tried fitting GARCH, eGARCH with ARMA (1,1) or (2,0), but I am not confident ...
3
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1answer
126 views

Exchange Infrastructure

Is there any reference document on how the infrastructure at an exchange works? I know the implementation at different exchanges are different and there is no one size fits all. But is there any ...
3
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1answer
123 views

history of market microstructure

I am doing an assignment which requires me to review changes in market microstructure across countries over the pass 20 years. SO I would like to get a timeline/implementation dates of market ...
3
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1answer
2k views

Latency arbitrage: what exactly is the arbitrage mechanism?

I'm reading about latency arbitrage in regards to direct exchange feeds vs. SIP feeds. SIP feeds are on average 1 millisecond slower than direct feeds, which allows HFTs to see an NBBO update before ...
3
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1answer
454 views

What is the best data structure/implementation for representing a time series in C#?

I'm looking for a tick by tick high performance container. So far I've been using List where Tick is a simple struct with a DateTime and double field. I'm using Linq for date lookups but it's ...
3
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1answer
782 views

High frequency price forecast model ARMA GARCH or another?

Can you reccomend model for high frequency data (1 second and less) (returns and volatility forecasting)? Most papers use ARMA, GARCH etc in 1 minute and lower time frame. PROBLEM ARMA does not know ...
3
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1answer
471 views

How would you correct a GARCH model to deal with non mean reverting volatility?

I am currently attempting to model and forecast volatility of bitcoin but have not been able to find a GARCH model that fits the data appropriately. I've used tick data sampled at 1 hour intervals ...
3
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1answer
256 views

Crossing the spread as a ML signal

In the optic of high-frequency trading, most of the standard trading algorithms work on the principle of mid-price prediction or mid-price movement prediction. However a big drawback of this technique ...
3
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2answers
273 views

Forecast of volatility

What are the well known methods for forecasting (daily - weekly - monthly) volatility of a stock price? How about a bond price? Let's say I have in my disposition the price time series at a very high ...
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0answers
212 views

Assets cointegration: optimal inventory for futures market

I'm interested in HFT cointegration stratagies, and recently found interesting article "Algorithmic Trading of Co-Integrated Assets" The article describes mean-reversion strategy for N-assets. ...
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0answers
202 views

Fitting High Frequency Indicators

I have a high frequency time series of the bid and ask prices of a stock recorded on every tick. For each data point I also have a certain indicators that predict the future movement of the price. The ...
3
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0answers
177 views

Derivation of variance of Zhou (1996) volatility estimator

Does anyone know how to derive the Variance of Bin Zhou's volatility estimator (Theorem 1) in 'High-Frequency Data and Volatility in Foreign-Exchange Rates' (1996) Zhou 1996 Any help would be ...
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0answers
232 views

Forecasting Equity returns using state-space models

I have data for 3 yrs of 5 min prices of various equities. I can construct a linear regression model and try to see the in-sample model performance. But I was wondering whether fitting a state-space ...
3
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1answer
280 views

Volatility estimation: sampling frequency and scaling

I have a year long stock data sampled at 5 min frequency and would like to estimate monthly volatility using it. I am thinking using GARCH or TGARCH for volatility estimation. However, I am not sure ...
2
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1answer
331 views

Understanding how market making helps investors

I'm reading about high frequency trading and market making. I'm trying to understand the following example from my book: Here is an example of how market making helps investors. Suppose that the best ...
2
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3answers
572 views

What are the unfair order execution/routing advantages HFT firms apparently have?

I originally thought that you have an orderbook per stock and orders would be filled on the time at which they arrive. Arrive first and you get the best price and the qty in the orderbook is reduced ...
2
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1answer
164 views

What makes open-outcry preferable to electronic trading and what are its consequences?

I recently visited the trading floor of CBOE where especially the pits of SPX and VIX are relatively crowded and open outcry is still performed. I was surprised to hear that the traded volume is non ...
2
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1answer
847 views

How to measure the Sharpe Ratio of a high frequency trading strategy?

The Sharpe Ratio is defined as Sharpe ratio = (Mean portfolio return − Risk-free rate)/Standard deviation of portfolio return. Unfortunately, this does not make ...
2
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1answer
162 views

How do market participants know intentions of other players

I'm reading a paper on order anticipation strategy and came across this line in the paper: We assume that all model parameters, including n and ...
2
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2answers
404 views

Logistic Regression of tick data

I've been given some data (it's financial tick data) and I want to predict based on some observed variables whether the next move will be up, down or unchanged. So I have been trying to use ...
2
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2answers
2k views

How to interpret Realized Volatility and TSRV using R

I am looking at some high frequency data and I would like to know how to interpret and compare Realized volatility (RV) and Two Scale Realized Volatility (TSRV). References below. Given X is the log ...
2
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1answer
2k views

Feature for Maching Learning(SVM) in High Frequecy Order Book?

I am trying to implement machine learning to predict the movement of bid and ask price but is unable to find the proper feature for training set. I am using Support Vector Machine for binary ...
2
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1answer
649 views

How low can HFT transaction costs go?

When evaluating an HFT strategy, transaction costs are clearly an important question. When looking at commercial discount brokers for retail clients, costs can be as low as 0.005 USD per share, but ...
2
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1answer
73 views

(R-studio) Incorporating overnight returns in high-frequency data

Turning here since I haven't been able to find any help online. I'm currently dealing with a high-frequency data set in R of some stock indicies and I'm currently trying to clean the data so that I ...
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2answers
77 views

Why can we neglect the mean in the variance when the time step is very small?

Can anyone tell me why we can neglect the mean in the variance when the time step is very small? See the following picture: Usually, we choose a time step of one day. Is it small enough?
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1answer
2k views

netfonds.no - High Frequency Data

I originally got the idea from Python for Finance. But there are nomerous other examples on how to get high Netfonds (here and here). They don't seem to work any more: http://hopey.netfonds.no/...
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1answer
394 views

Determination of Quote / Trade Ratio

What is the common criteria used to count a quote or trade in reference to the quote/trade ratio? Criteria: If it beats the best bid or offer. If it adds size to the best bid or offer. What if the ...
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0answers
27 views

TSRV parameters selection

I'm thinking about how to select the $J$, and particularly, $K$ parameters for the Two Scale Realized Volatility estimation? I cannot find any reference for that in the original paper - there it says $...
2
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0answers
32 views

HAR-RV model for predicting 1-min volatility

I would like to use HAR-RV model (Heterogenous AutoRegressive - Realized Volatility) to predict a 1 minute realised volatility using the HAR model. As regressors I intend to use RV of previous minute, ...
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0answers
96 views

Should a high-frequency market-making fair value be a point or bid/offer pair?

A single micro-price (e.g., volume weighted mid adjusted for recent trades) is simpler and can be used for pricing both our bid and our offer. But a bid fair and an offer fair have the desirable ...
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0answers
37 views

how to model NGARCH using 5min frequency data?

NGARCH model using 5-min High-frequency data in R I wanted to analyze some 5 minute frequency data of stock market. My teacher asked me to use NGARCH to model, but I didn't know how to program.Here ...
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0answers
246 views

Information Driven Bars (Advances in Financial Machine Learning)

My team and I are busy coding up a python implementation of the information driven bars (imbalance and run bars) mentioned in Chapter 2 of the text book Advances in Financial Machine Learning. There ...
2
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0answers
256 views

Hidden Markov Models for Higher frequency trading

I'm curious if anyone can validate my train of thought here with the utility of Hidden Markov models for modeling things happening on higher frequency trading activity versus lower frequency, and in ...
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0answers
64 views

Trades vs Cancel orders

In case of designing high frequency algorithms, do people treat all changes in the mid price similarly. What I mean is, if there is a change in the mid price due to a trade or there is a change in ...
2
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0answers
51 views

Best features and tools over a short time interval [closed]

For a short time interval, what are the features having the most impact on a stock price movement? In the same direction, what are the better tools to tell us the price movement tangent? As tools, I ...
2
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1answer
221 views

Understanding Forex HFT Arbitrage with different counter parties/ Brokers/ ECN

I came across this in a online lecture. But couldn't wrap my head around it. Lets say I have accounts with two brokers/ECN/STP. Now consider the following scenario for currency pair USD/JPY Broker1: ...
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0answers
266 views

Strange trading data coming from bitstamp

Through researching order execution algorithms I came upon something rather strange. My dev team wrote a program that captures live bitcoin trades on bitstamp through the WebSocket API for a single ...
2
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1answer
301 views

Best way to buy and sell large volumes of crypto

I had a few questions about how to properly execute a large order of crypto currency without moving the price much. I know a lot of funds employ a TWAP/VWAP algorithm to liquidate or purchase a large ...
2
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0answers
721 views

Netfonds.no: Continuing to understand how to get high frequency data

I first found out about netfonds about a year ago but I hadn't ever really gotten around to actually pulling data from there. I spent a little time today figuring out a way to pull data and here is ...
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0answers
133 views

Adjusting for your own orders in future backtests

I was asked this question in an interview and despite thinking about it for a while, I haven't been able to come up with a good answer. Suppose you have a strategy you are running where at certain ...
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0answers
54 views

Recreate Positions after downtime. Suggestions requested

We are trying to be able to get back to the Position state when our software goes down unplanned during the day. So far it seems we can get all our bought and sold quantity based on execution log we ...
2
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0answers
893 views

What skills and education are required for HFT? [closed]

I'm a university student and I'm quite interested in High Frequency Trading Algorithms. What courses should I take and what skills should I acquire so that I can work in this field? So far, I've been ...
2
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2answers
172 views

impact model what volatility to use

I am looking at the market impact paper here (http://www.cims.nyu.edu/~almgren/papers/costestim.pdf) and I had a question about volatility on page 11. On page 11 it is stated: "For volatility, we use ...
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4answers
577 views

Market making with resting orders?

I'm still confused on how to provide liquidity on the forex market using passive or resting orders and get the spread from that (selling at ask and buying from bid) And what's the dynamics on the LOB ...
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1answer
225 views

Why circuit breakers can't prevent a flash crash

Sorry if this is a silly question. It is my understanding that modern exchanges have "circuit breakers" which halt trading for a duration of minutes when there is significant volatility / price ...
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1answer
547 views

HFT market-making in dark pools?

Is it now common practice for HFT market-making algorithms to post liquidity in dark pools and exchanges at the same time? I ask because I have been reading some documentation (https://squeezemetrics....