Questions tagged [implied-volatility]

The volatility of the price of the underlying security that is implied by the market price of an option based on an option pricing model.

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Is the implied volatility surface relative or stationary?

Do different strike values of options attain their volatility value dependent on their % distance from the ATM price continuously, or is the volatility surface stationary during a single day?
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Jim Gatheral's ansatz

In the Ansatz section of Jim Gatheral's book Volatility Surface (page 32), he assumes $$\mathbb E[x_s|x_T]=x_T\frac{\hat w_s}{\hat w_T}$$ where $\hat w_t:=\int_0^t \hat v_s ds$ is the expected total ...
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86 views

What is upper left vol?

First time question, so please let me know if you have feedback for how I am asking. I am reading a market research piece and it makes reference to the performance of "vol, particularly the upper ...
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54 views

Practical Skew Model For Equity Options?

I'm looking for a simple model I can use to calibrate equity implied volatility surface. There are several models published in the literature, and most of them seem far too sophisticated for my ...
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78 views

Understanding the ZABR model (an extension of SABR)

http://janroman.dhis.org/finance/SABR/ZABR%20Andreasen.pdf In this acticle the SABR model is first presented in another form ( see equation 7 in the article ) and then extended to the so called ZABR ...
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Going from normal to Log-normal implied volatility

Let's denote the Implied normal volatility (Bachelier) as $\bar{v}$, and the implied log-normal (Black Scholes) as $v$. When everything else is known (spot, strike, maturity, rates etc) how can you ...
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503 views

Transforming 3M volatilities into 6M volatilities in EUR forecast curves

I have implemented a stripping algorithm to extract forward volatilities from cap/floor flat volatilities for different currencies. I am however struggling a bit when implementing a method to convert ...
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2k views

Forward implied volatility

Can one price accurately by only using vanilla options a derivative that is exposed/sensitive mainly to the forward volatility ? If it is impossible, why do we hear sometimes "being long a long ...
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Is there a method to interpolate the volatility smile?

I have a small question of interest. During my classes at the university I have learned about the Nelson-Siegel method to fit interest rate curves. With this method you are able to determine interest ...
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What are the main problems for calculating the implied volatility of in the money American put options?

As stated in the question I have a problem with calculating the implied volatility for in the money put options I have a data set of 2.6 million American style plain-vanilla call and put options. For ...
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36 views

Gatheral's SVI implementation in Java/Scala

I am trying to fit equity option implied vols using SVI model in Java, and I am using apache math commons library. Some of the option expiries fit very well, but others are completely off, and I am ...
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Fast implied volatility for american options

Peter Jäckel has developped a method to compute implied volatilites from option prices, called "by implication", see the papers : By Implication Let's be Rational on its website -- as well as a ...
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Why do I get a curved line when I plot “implied interest rate” on the strike price?

Currently, I am working on my thesis (MSc. Finance) and I run into an interesting “phenomenon”. I have option data for a non-dividend paying stock. In class I have learned, how to calculate the ...
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149 views

Dependence of implied volatility on spot-vol correlation

I have the following general SV model: $$ dS = \sigma S dW_S $$ $$ d\sigma = a(\sigma,t) dt + b (\sigma, t) dW_\sigma $$ $$ dW_S dW_\sigma = \rho dt $$ where $a , b$ are deterministic functions of $\...
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Difference between local volatility and implied volatility [duplicate]

I have read several articles about local volatility and implied volatility, but I am still confused with the difference between the two. Please correct me if I am wrong: Implied volatility is the ...
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1answer
60 views

simple SABR model & negative strikes

My goal is to calibrate a simple SABR model. I do have $tenor$, $expiry$, $forward$ and "market volatilities for strike spread" ranging from -150 to 150 bps. I think the model can only be ...
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63 views

MBS Market Duration & Convexity

Soft question...hopefully. I am working on a swaption hedging strategy. Part of this strategy calls for a forward looking indication of changes in implied volatility, using 1m10y implied as a proxy ...
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60 views

Understanding methodology behind the covariance bucket vega

I am reading "Dynamic Hedging" from Mr. Taleb. I understand that you cannot simply aggregate all the vegas of your option portfolio and classify this as the portfolio's vega. So, now I want to ...
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How to retrieve greeks and IVOL historically for listed options (using Bloomberg)?

Is there a way to get Prices, IVOL and greeks on historic option contracts (eg on the underlying RXM15) on Bloomberg, and follow this particular option with Strike K throughout its lifetime (eg on ...
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51 views

Why quote call options in terms of implied volatility of the Black-Scholes model?

I came across this seminal paper on SABR model where the value of the call option is computed (eq. A.52). After the dollar value of the option has been derived, a lot of effort is being put to ...
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1answer
76 views

Bjerksund and Stensland model, reasonable minimum value for Volatility?

I am looking at an implementation of Bjerksund and Stensland (2006), and notice that it doesn't work well for very small volatilities. What is a reasonable minimum volatility to use in an algorithm ...
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61 views

Black-Scholes volatility implied by stock prices only

I was solving Problem 2.47 from T.F. Crack's "Heard on the Street". I think that the answer given in the book is not correct and I would be thankful if you tell me, where I am mistaken. Question 2....
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440 views

Interest rates forward implied volatility models

I'm trying to find out which model to use to price a pur forward volatility product named VolBond marketed by structuring desks currently. Let me introduce the products first: Example 1: You pay 100 ...
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103 views

VXX Put pricing

Last week at Friday's close, the Dec 14 37.5 Put options were selling for \$.68 with VXX at \$40.29. This week at Friday's close, the Dec 21 37.5 Put options were selling for \$.38 with VXX at \$40.50....
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Volatility of a stock basket

to determine the volatility of a basket of stocks, I often use the following formula: $\sigma_{basket}=\sum_{i}\sum_{j}w_i w_j \sigma_i \sigma_j \rho_{ij}$ where the $\sigma$ are the constituents' ...
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Confusion about CEV model

Under the CEV model the stock price has the following dynamics: $dS_t=\mu S_tdt+\sigma S_t^\gamma dW_t$, where $\sigma\geq0, $ $\gamma\geq0$. According to Wikipedia, if $\gamma <1$ the ...
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Implied volatility as break-even delta hedge volatility

There have been some posts on this topic, but not what I am looking for, so a new post on an old topic.. I think some/most of us here are familiar with the following formula expressing implied ...
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Determinant of index implied vol

I find that unlike individual stocks, whose option trading and implied vol can be traced to the underlying liquidity and short-ability, the determinant of implied vol on index ETFs is quite confusing. ...
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Pricing forward start Cliquet option with implied volatility with Dupire

I have the following implied volatility matrix of a stock index downloaded the 15th February 2019, the value of the stock was 3188.44 at the time: ...
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1answer
131 views

Effect of Vol-of-Vol on VIX

What is the effect of vol-of-vol of an underlying on the VIX Index? The VIX is computed as hedging portfolio of log contracts to isolate pure volatility exposure without specifying an underlying ...
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1answer
109 views

Why isn't this IV calc correct?

I'm trying to calculate implied volatility for the following put option: Stock price = 185.55 Strike = 180 Option price = 3.00 Days to expire = 63 I've run the ...
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Negative rates, what is assumed for short caplets to derive implied volatilities on long maturities

I have been looking at Black implied volatility data for caps with the Euribor 6M underlying. With negative rates many of the shorter maturity caps have no listed volatilities, and this I completely ...
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GARCH(1,1) one-step ahead volatility forecast biased, higher than Parkinson's HL volatility

I am trying to create one-step ahead forecasts for the S&P500 using a GARCH(1,1) model. I am using the rugarch package in R. As you can see, the forecasted points are consistently higher than the ...
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Strategy for implied volatility

I encountered this question: "A trader observed that the implied vol of OTM calls and puts are higher than that of ATM option, what is the best strategy among: Calendar Spread, Bull Spread, Bear ...
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954 views

FX Option strikes from ATM, RR, BF quotes

I am trying to replicate the results in Consistent Pricing of FX Options, A. Castagna and F. Mercurio. However, when I calculate the strike prices for 25-delta put and call and ATM I cannot get the ...
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2answers
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Volatility smile shows individual Put and Call IV or combination

IV is calculated per strike AND option type basis(for example WTI 50 CALL its x and WTI 50 PUT its y). The question is when its shown in "Smile" its just shown on strike basis, so does that mean lower ...
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No arbitrage conditions for normal implied volatility

usually the term implied volatility refers to Black-Scholes implied volatility (also Log-Normal volatility): it is defined as a quantity which when plugged in the Black-Scholes formula returns the ...
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High-frequency historical IV data

Where can I buy historical IV data for specific individual stocks on specific days calculated at least once-per-min (preferably once-per-second)?
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1answer
373 views

CBOE Index Minute Data

I am doing a small research and looking for a place to purchase historical minute CBOE Index data. I am interested in: VIX - CBOE Volatility Index VVIX - CBOE VIX VOLATILITY INDEX VXV - CBOE VIX ...
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463 views

Variance swap volatility - ATMF vol, Skew and Curvature

In a pure diffusion setting, it is a well known result that the volatility $\sigma_T$ of a fresh-start variance swap of maturity $T$ as seen of $t=0$ verifies \begin{align} \sigma_T^2 &= \Bbb{E}_0^...
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Is there a simple, intuitive derivation (using Taylor series) of the following approximation to Vega-weighted Implied Volatility?

The approximation is: $$\sigma \approx \frac{\sum V_j\sigma_j}{\sum V_j}$$ Background information from the first answer to this post: "Say that you have a portfolio of options with prices $P_j$. ...
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468 views

“Extract” the density of the underlying, given the implied volatility “surface”

Suppose given implied volatility quotations $\widehat{\sigma}(T_i,K_j)$ of call options on an underlying $S$ for various expiries $T_i$'s and strikes $K_j$'s. I am interested in the following problem :...
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65k views

How can the implied volatility be calculated?

We all know if you back out of the B.S. option pricing model you can solve for what the option is "implying" about the underlyings volatility. Is there a simple, closed form, formula deriving Implied ...
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37 views

Alternatives to implied or historical volatility for calculating implied correlation

For my thesis, I'm trying to calculate implied correlation values from bivariate options. I train my model on 10 years of returns data, price the options, and then invert Stulz's Formula (basically ...
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1answer
315 views

SVI negative rates

I've used the SVI model in the past for equity option which worekd quite well. I came across a post on Wilmott where someone said hes using SVI for swaption as well. I would like to test the model and ...
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1answer
157 views

Implied volatility in Monte Carlo models

Suppose I want to get the implied volatility for a given option, whose process does not generate a closed-form formula. In that framework, how is the IV calculated, given the fact that bisection ...
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Can implied volatility be 0?

I am calculating IV for intraday options and sometimes I am getting the value as "0"? Is that possible? For example: Strike = 26700 PE Fut = 26962.55 Spot = 26902.55, TimeToExpiry = 797340sec. Price ...
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1answer
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Short time to maturity behaviour of implied volatility

There are several perturbative expansions in derivatives literature on the short-time to maturity behaviour of implied volatility. When it comes to implied volatility in (local) stochastic volatility ...
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Why historical volatility is calculated as N-days annualized?

Annualized historical volatility is always calculate with 10-, 20- days time window. I don't quite understand. Compare with annualized historical return, annualized historical return is never ...
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2k views

Which volatilities should I use for Quanto Options?

Quanto options pricing formula, as described in this paper is a function of two volatilities: one from the underlying asset and another from the exchange rate. How can I read the "right" volatilies ...