# Questions tagged [implied-volatility]

The volatility of the price of the underlying security that is implied by the market price of an option based on an option pricing model.

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### In building volatility curve for etf options, should I use synthetic forward price or cash price

Assuming option market moves faster than ETF cash price in intraday high frequency setting. That means at each time point, when implied volatility is calculated by black-schole model by using cash ETF ...
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### Should we calculate the implied volatility surface with Put+Call?

We have Sungard data (MarketPlace8), but for nearby maturities the ask-bid of the calls are all the same when we are out of the money (call), so should we calculate the implied volatilities of calls ...
554 views

### “Extract” the density of the underlying, given the implied volatility “surface”

Suppose given implied volatility quotations $\widehat{\sigma}(T_i,K_j)$ of call options on an underlying $S$ for various expiries $T_i$'s and strikes $K_j$'s. I am interested in the following problem :...
100 views

### Compute implied volatility surface of a put option from a call option

Suppose the function double bsCall(double S0, const double &K, double T, double r, double sigma) computes analytically the Black-Scholes price of a call option ...
1k views

### Value of Call Option as Volatility goes to Infinity

Why would the value of a call option go infinity as volatility goes to infinity? I understand how you could solve this question by taking $\sigma \rightarrow \infty$ in the solution to the black ...
239 views

### Intuitive explanation for the smile in FX

What is the intuitive reason for the smile in FX? For equities this usually down to crash risk.
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### what's the relationship between forecasted stock volatility and implied volatility?(option)

what's the relationship between forecasted stock volatility and implied volatility? I know that implied volatility is the volatility calculated by BS formula, is there any relationship between implied ...
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### What are popular metrics for Option Skew?

What are popular metrics to track skew? Would it be the difference between OTM option and ATM option IV? Would it be a percentage difference in IV? Also, if both are valid, would a % change be ...
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### Why does implied volatility increase when we lower the risk-free interest rate?

I don't understand it, when I calculate it I see it, but I can't explain it. Plus, $\frac{\partial C}{\partial \sigma}$ is positive so, could you explain me please ? Is it because the market is more ...
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### Measuring implied volatility

I'm a new in financial engeneering and trying to understand basic principles of volatility modelling. I wrote many papers and articles about different models (garch, local vol, stoch vol and ect.) and ...
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### What is the point of volatility curve fitting?

What is the point of fitting curves to the implied smile in the market? (Other than pricing exotics where the hedging instruments are vanillas). How does fitting a vol curve help you trade/market make ...
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I have bid/ask vols (straddles, risk-reversals and market strangles) for FX pairs, I want to create a mid/bid/ask volatility surface in strike/maturity space after a consistent smile calibration ...
168 views

### Deriving implied volatility programmatically

I'm working on a project to calculate the value of options using Python. I'm using the Black-Scholes model, and I can get accurate results by plugging in a given ...
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### Downward-sloping volatility skew in equity prices

I’m learning the market price for FRM, and I’m having a hard time understand a question in the assessment: From my understanding, the volatility skew for equity is the graph on the right upper corner:...
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### How many options would be required to dynamically replicate the VIX nowadays?

The VIX is a portfolio of OTM options on the SPX with non-zero quotes. From CBOE white-paper: Only SPX options quoted with non-zero bid prices are used in the VIX Index calculation. [...] As ...
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### Understanding the ZABR model (an extension of SABR)

http://janroman.dhis.org/finance/SABR/ZABR%20Andreasen.pdf In this acticle the SABR model is first presented in another form ( see equation 7 in the article ) and then extended to the so called ZABR ...
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### Local volatility and Stochastic Volatility

Please help me understand similarity and differences between local volatility and Stochastic Volatility both intuitively and mathematically.
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### The error term of Hagan's approximation of Black's vol in SABR

Hagans approximation of Black's implied vol in SABR is very! difficult to understand fully. But I want to ask in here if anyone can tell me more about the error term. Consider the paper: http://web....
84 views

### Fair Strike for Variance Swap with no Skew in IV Surface

I am reading through Derman's 1999 research notes, "More than you ever wanted to know about Volatility Swaps." In equation B4 of Appendix B, the author takes the Taylor Series of the variance swap ...
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### Different volatility surface ( Local vol, Stochastic vol etc.)

Despite many questions about local and stochastic volatility available on this forum, i still have a few doubts left. Essentially I am seeking validation whether I am interpreting things correctly. ...
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### Intraday and Intra-Week Pattern of Implied Volatility in FX market

Q1. How does implied vol changes from market opening time to market close time? I have read that it decreases during the day i.e. it opens high and closes low. what is intuitive and mathematical ...
156 views

### Relation between Implied and Historical Volatility of GBPUSD and USDGBP

Q1. How is the implied volatility of GBPUSD and USDGBP related to each other mathematically? Please explain this intuitively as well. Q2. How is the historical volatility of GBPUSD and USDGBP ...
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### What is the intuition behind “jumps” causing volatility skew?

Some models use jumps as a way to explain volatility skew. I understand that if jumps exist, then you are "mishedged" as you no longer can continuously hedge. Options have a gamma component and ...
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### Are vega vanna volga methods/models used in equity derivatives or only in FX and why?

Vega vanna volga models seem to be popular is the FX derivatives market and are often calibrated via 25 delta risk reversal, vega weighted butterfly, and ATM straddle quotes. I am wondering if they ...
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### Reading this ichimoku cloud how do you read this wdfc chart?

Having trouble reading the charts as the breakouts aren’t clear What do you see in this chart?
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### Implied vol vs Realised vol on Event Days

How implied vol varies vis-a-vis realised vol on an event days?
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I'm searching for an undergrad thesis in finance. I already have some ideas, but still wanted to ask: Is there a an interesting topic that jumps to your mind, when you think about implied volatility (...
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### CBOE Index Minute Data

I am doing a small research and looking for a place to purchase historical minute CBOE Index data. I am interested in: VIX - CBOE Volatility Index VVIX - CBOE VIX VOLATILITY INDEX VXV - CBOE VIX ...
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### Transforming 3M volatilities into 6M volatilities in EUR forecast curves

I have implemented a stripping algorithm to extract forward volatilities from cap/floor flat volatilities for different currencies. I am however struggling a bit when implementing a method to convert ...
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### What model do market makers in equity derivatives commonly use to price, hedge, and fit the IV surface?

What is the industry standard/common model used by market makers in equity derivatives to trade across the IV surface?
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### Why and how is Implied volatility directly related to stock price but inversely related to strike price?

I know that in equity markets there is a volatility smirk which results in higher IV for lower strike price options because of crashophobia and leverage related factors but I can't wrap my head around ...