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# Questions tagged [interest-rates]

An interest rate is the rate at which interest is paid by a borrower (debtor) for the use of money that they borrow from a lender (creditor).

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206 views

### Bachelier Pricing Formula for Interest Rate Binary Options

Similarly to the Black and Scholes formula, I am looking to replicate Bachelier's caplet formula with two digital options: (1) asset-or-nothing (forward rate in this case) and (2) cash-or-nothing. For ...
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### Fed Funds Rate: longer maturities

FFR published by Fed Bank of NY is the average rate US banks charge each other for the overnight loans of their reserves required by the Fed regulations. Since Fed acts similar to a clearing house ...
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### Bond (yield curve) dynamics in the Forward-LIBOR-market-model

The standard Libor-Forward-Market-Models provides a way of modelling the evolution of forward rates in time. However the model does not seem to be well suited for the modelling of zero-bonds. But ...
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### Reasoning for Bloomberg's short rate volatilty calculation

Bloomberg, in its documentation, explains that it calculates the short rate volatility for its Hull White implementation by multiplying the e.g. 10y IRS rate (divided by 100) by the 10y cap vol. Why? ...
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### A doubt about Evans and Jovanovic (1989) economic model for entrepreneurs with credit constraints

[I already posted this question on the math forum of stackexchange and I was advised that I should post this question here] In Evans and Jovanovic (1989) you will find a model for entrepreneurs with ...
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### Yield Curve Volatility

Let you have several issuers, and let each issuer have its yield curve built up with liquid plain vanilla fixed rate bonds. Each yield curve has its slope and its curvature, and they obviously change ...
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### Questions about Markit rates curve bootstrapping

I am reading the following two Markit documents concerning the bootstrapping of respectively the USD rates curve and the EUR, GBP, JPY, CHF, CAD, HKD, SGD, AUD and NZD rates curves. (Both versions are ...
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### Why do higher interest rates increase the value of the currency?

I've been trying to study about interest rates and foreign exchange. First of all when people say interest rate in this context do they mean interest rate set by the central bank like federal reserve (...
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### Are 3 month t-bill rates in FRED annualized?

Are the 3 month t-bill rates documented by FRED here annualized? For example, the rate for January 1997 is 5.03%. Does that mean one would get a 5.03% return in 3 months, or is that an annualized rate?...
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### Price of bond future, given a specific interest rate?

I'm interested in calculating what a theoretical price of the ZB or UB(Ultra Bond) futures would be priced at, given an interest rate of 1%. Or 0% If the 30Y interest rate is around 1%, what will ...
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### Black and Normal Model for Caplet using Python

I am able to Price Caplet using Black 76 model in Python. However, I am unable to price the same with Normal Model. Can anyone suggest what is missing ? I am valuing caplet that caps interest rate on ...
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### What is a central bank's shadow rate

I was reading a WSJ article about the European Central Bank shadow rate, which is -5.1% at the moment. The article says about the shadow rate that "Calculated with the rates on longer-dated credit ...
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### Riccati Equation in spot rate model

Given that $dr=(\eta-\gamma r)dt+\sqrt{\alpha r+\beta}dW$ Let $Z(r,t)=e^{A(t;T)-rB(t;T)}$, \begin{matrix} \frac{dA}{dt}=\eta B-\frac{1}{2}\beta {{B}^{2}} \\ \frac{dB}{dt}=\frac{1}{2}\alpha {{...
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### Does LIBOR in USD reflect short term interest rates in the U.S.?

The London Interbank Offered Rate (LIBOR) is an indicative average interest rate at which a selection of banks (the panel banks) are prepared to lend one another unsecured funds on the London money ...
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### Fed Funds Rate - why has it just started decreasing on the final day of each month (vs quarter)

I understand why the Fed Funds rate has historically dropped on the final day of each quarter, but in 2015 it appears that the effective Fed Funds rate now drops on the final day of each month as well....
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### Reproducing levels when PCA has been done on changes

I want to use PCA for rich/cheap analysis of interest rates. For this I did the PCA on the time series of daily difference in interest rates, which is stationary. I cant do pca on levels, as they are ...
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### Pricing a zero with Vasicek model

I'm trying to understand bond pricing with the Vasicek interest rate model. I'm using McDonald's book for this purpose (not homework). Recall that Vasicek dynamics are \begin{equation*} \mathrm{d}...
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### Relation between OIS rate and discounting rate

This is from book Modern Derivatives Pricing and Credit Exposure Analysis page 22 In an OIS, two parties exchange a fixed coupon (paid annually for longer-dated ...
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### Interest rate vs bond yield

In this Investopedia article, For example, when the Federal Reserve increased interest rates in March 2017 by a quarter percentage point, the bond market fell. The yield on 30-year Treasury ...
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### Implications of Black Scholes Plot

I'm pretty new to finances, but I'm heavily into scientific computation. For my scientific computations class, I need to have at least a basic understanding of finances for the presentation I'm going ...
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### Formula for the forward rates?

I'm reading a book about interest rate modelling. It states the following formula P(0,T) = exp(-sum of the forward rates) But I thought it's the average of the forward rates?
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### What is the intuition behind the fact that Modified duration = Macaulay Duration / (1+r)?

I understand the derivation of both:take dP/dR and divide by P which will give you both 1) modified duration OR 2) macaulay duration / (1+r) (notice the weighted average time built into the function ...
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### LIBOR Rates available in CSV, XML etc

Is there a website that offers current LIBOR rates for all tenors for free in machine readable formats?
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### Fair swap rate of an amortizing swap

Recently I came across the problem of amortizing swaps. This is an agreement, where fixed payments and floating payments (e.g. 3-months LIBOR + spread) are exchanged based on a notional that is ...
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### HJM in infinite dimensions

I recently started reading Filipovic's Consistency problems for HJM interest rate models and came across the Musiela reparametrization $$r_t(x)=f(t,x+t)$$ so the forward curve can be thought of as a ...
I have often seen a statement that we can model only a short rate process $r(t)$ and then use it to derive a term structure $R(t,T)$ for every $t$. Could someone please elaborate? Say, I’ve simulated $... 1answer 622 views ### Quantlib-Python: use zero rates to get the originally bootstrapped curve Let's say I am trying to build a curve using deposits, future and swaps with one of the three Quantlib methods in Python as below: ... 1answer 280 views ### Reference books for interest rates modeling? I'm interviewing for a rates modeling quant role in a sell side bank. The role is centered around pricing and risk management of rates trading carried out by the front office. I've been told to ... 1answer 248 views ### How are Interest Rate Swaps Quoted Im not sure if this is the right place to ask this question or whether Personal Finance & Money would be a better place. Basically I know that initially interest rate swaps are quoted based on the ... 1answer 405 views ### Hedging Ratios for Fixed Income Instruments If you buy a corporate bond and you want to hedge the interest rate risk, how would you know how many interest rate futures/swaps to hedge the bond with? The same with an MBS security, if you want to ... 1answer 884 views ### CMS options, cash-settled/physically-settled swaptions CMS options are traditionaly replicated using a theoritical "continuous" strip of swaptions (see for instance Hagan's paper "Convexity Conundrums : Pricing CMS Swaps, Caps and Floors"): In the paper,... 2answers 2k views ### Different ways to express a 2s10s steepener? Some off the top of my head 2s10s cash steepener, however this ages into a 1s9s over time 2s10s swap steepener, better/cleaner way? Are there other ways to express this curve strategy? Would you do ... 1answer 287 views ### ATM i.r. Caps - Black vol calibration I'm provided the forward curve and time 0 prices of ATM Caps. Volatility is 1-factor Gaussian HJM model with specification: $$\sigma(t, T) = \nu \exp \{ \beta (T − t) \}$$ Now, I need to ... 1answer 88 views ### Do we need a model for dynamics of IR to price a vanila swap? This question has been asked in several different forms, and the answer given seems to be always "no" because we can "simply read off the yield curve". However, since the yield curve (or "a yield ... 1answer 354 views ### Valuing derivatives under stochastic interest rates I would like to price a European option with maturity equals to 5 years. To do this, I'm using the Black-Scholes model with stochastic interest rates. Suppose I choose the CIR model for the risk-... 2answers 321 views ### Relationship between interest rate and corporate bond yield? I have been reading articles on liability driven investing, a technique used to increase the correlation b/w assets and liabilities of a pension plan. It appears that they use AA rated corporate bond ... 1answer 251 views ### HJM framework problem - showing that HJM drift condition implies that$b(z)=b+βz$and$(ρ)^2=α\$
Hi I am looking for some general clarification to Heath–Jarrow–Morton framework. I am analyzing a problem where the forward rate is modeled as $$f(t,T)=e^{\beta(T-t)} Z_t+h(T-t) \tag{1}$$ for some ...