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Constant maturity bond fund returns in downward sloping curve

Assume the following: we are running a constant maturity bond fund (10yrs) all zero coupon bonds to maintain the maturity, we buy bonds of 10y and sell the 9y bonds 1y later price of 10y bond is 100, ...
1 vote
0 answers
37 views

Drawdown distribution mentioned in Expert Trading Systems (John Wolberg)

In equation 2.13 of Chapter 2 (pg. 41), in his book "Expert Trading Systems: modeling financial markets with kernel regression," John Wolberg writes the probability of drawdown of $P$ ...
2 votes
0 answers
86 views

Stambaugh inference for Investment Analysis when History Lengths Differ

This pertains to Stambaugh in the JFE (vol. 45, 1997 pp 285-331), and I have a question about Proposition 1 results (page 292). (link) To set the background, let's take the smallest relevant ...
0 votes
0 answers
43 views

Real Options for investment valuation (Basics)

Thank you for checking out this post. I already asked a question once on this forum, and you did a great job helping me out with that topic, as I couldn’t have come across a solution myself. This time,...
0 votes
1 answer
359 views

Invested Capital: operating approach vs financing approach

I've googled and read many articles about "ROIC" and "Invested Capital", but I'm still confused about how to calculate them. The best explanation I've seen so far is: Invested ...
1 vote
2 answers
734 views

How to Calculate ROIC (Return on Invested Capital)

I am trying to calculate ROIC based on data I receive from Yahoo Financials. A comprehensive output of what I receive from the site is below, which elements of this can I put together to get ROIC? <...
0 votes
3 answers
196 views

Compute the (Net) Present Value

Let's have a project where we invest 1000 at the beginning of year 1 and 1000 at the beginning of year 2. At the end of year 2 the income is 2200 and the project is closed. Person A discounted with ...
5 votes
1 answer
668 views

How to (efficiently) calculate the maximum possible return of a perfect "crystal ball" investment strategy?

I am new to the world of investing, so please excuse the clumsy wording of the question... there is probably a better term for what I am looking for or maybe this is even a known/classic problem. If ...
0 votes
1 answer
59 views

Two specific questions about CAPM's assumptions and implications

I have two questions about the CAPM model: the first is theoretical while the second is related to observed market data. First question: let's say we have company A and company B and we want to ...
0 votes
0 answers
71 views

Question regarding calculating Geometric Standard Deviation

I know GSD can be calculated by taking exponent of standard deviation of log return. My question is whether 1 should be subtracted from exp or should 1 not be subtracted ie exp(stdev of log returns)-1 ...
1 vote
1 answer
128 views

Interperting Negative Sortino Ratios

I noticed when both assets sortino ratios are negative the asset with the worse return and worse downside deviation has better Sortino Ratio. Is there a way to fix this?
0 votes
1 answer
53 views

Open Interest on Stocks

According to the first bullet point in this explanation, "In the stock market, open interest is the number of buy orders submitted before the market opens. When the open interest is high, people ...
2 votes
1 answer
208 views

How to incorporate ESG in Portfolio Optimization?

I currently have a potential investment universe of several thousand stocks and would like to calculate an optimal portfolio that incorporates ESG criteria as well as risk and return. The model should ...
0 votes
0 answers
76 views

Why "hedging motives" and "heterogeneous preferences" are explanation for "under diversification puzzle"?

Han et al. 2021 documented something relating to the "under diversification puzzle": Standard explanations for under diversification include hedging motives and heterogeneous preferences, ...
0 votes
1 answer
120 views

Why individual investors are attracted to lottery stocks is a puzzle?

Han et al. 2021 mention one puzzle in investment is individual investors are attracted to stocks with high skewness, so-called lottery stocks(...). This behavior is not consistent with standard ...
0 votes
1 answer
94 views

Calculate interest

I'm kinda stuck with the following problem. I am given the terms in Month, a net-value, a residual value, and a monthly rate. Now my job is to calculate the interest. Usually I am giving the interest ...
0 votes
0 answers
107 views

Performance of dollar cost averaging

If we're investing money into a stock $S$ at a continuous rate, $C$, what is the probability distribution of the amount we have invested? For example, modelling a stock as GBM without contributions, $ ...
1 vote
0 answers
55 views

Change weights of the portfolio [closed]

I have spent a lot of time finding some trading alphas. Now, I have about 10 alphas to trade Future, I also optimized the portfolio by using Markowitz's Modern Portfolio Theory (MPT) to get weights. ...
0 votes
1 answer
63 views

What is the duration of a rolling 5 year investment?

I have difficulty with the duration of a 5 year investment (like GIC). In such an investment, the investment (GIC) rate is reset as the current market rates. So the market value is equal to the face ...
0 votes
1 answer
88 views

How much market data is required to confidently predict the yearly returns of a stock?

I am looking to passively/lump-sum invest stocks. If I averaged the yearly returns of a stock, how many years would I need before I could say with 95% confidence that the averaged value would ...
0 votes
0 answers
61 views

Looking for an optimal investment function from stock market model

...
4 votes
1 answer
301 views

Optimal investment strategy problem with competing bet-sizing options and limited budget

Apologies for a potentially naive question and unusual wording. I am from another field and would be very grateful for help! I am looking for the optimal investment strategy that maximizes an overall ...
0 votes
0 answers
31 views

Choose an investment option only knowing the costs, cost of capital and lifetime

A question in my course hasn't given us much to go on. I'm not sure if there is a specific model I could use to determine which project is the better one. 1st option costs 350.000, has a life ...
3 votes
1 answer
177 views

Fixed Income Index, ETF Replication

Can anyone please explain how fixed income index are actually replicated (in an ETF) by asset managers ? I looked online, everyone says they do sampling (stratified sampling) which makes sense but I ...
-1 votes
2 answers
177 views

The best "risk measure" for an investor who does not want to lose any of his seed money

Question There is an investor who is afraid of losing any of his seed money (initial investment). Variance of investment returns is not a problem to him. He is willing to take variance as long as he ...
0 votes
2 answers
683 views

Comparison of Carhart alphas (four-factor model)

I would like to compare two strategies through the alpha Carhart obtained. The idea is to find out which one is more profitable (or the least bad). For the first strategy, I obtained a significant ...
3 votes
1 answer
155 views

Possible application of Polya's Urn on Portfolio's Investments?

I wanted to find some more information of this topic, but I found very little. I might be interested in optimizing a stock investment portfolio. Maybe I could use beta or some other common risk ...
1 vote
1 answer
48 views

Citation for the definition of Return on Investment

I am writing a paper in an area where the concept of Return on Investment may not be clear. Is there a definitive source for its definition I can cite?
0 votes
0 answers
58 views

What share of the stock market is owned by whom

These days we were discussing whom you have to beat if you are trying to earn money in the stock market. I think the players are private stock holders actively managed investment funds ETFs maybe ...
0 votes
1 answer
60 views

What is this chart showing?

I am a software engineer studying business finance for the first time. I am really struggling with this chart. It's supposed to be the "two period model" showing the complete consumption tastes and ...
0 votes
1 answer
316 views

Constructing an arbitrage opportunity for a company involving Forwards

Let's say an investor enters a long forward contract on 100 units of underlying assets $S$ and maturity $T$ = 4 years. The asset $S$ pays no dividends and the spot price of one asset is $S_0$ = £5. ...
3 votes
1 answer
113 views

Why are changes in stock market wealth considered permanent?

Assume stock prices follow a random walk. If my investments go up by 1,000 dollars on the stock market today and I keep that money invested, in expectation, how much are my investments worth 1 year ...
0 votes
1 answer
90 views

Security Analysis By Benjamin Graham Example Doubt [closed]

So I was reading (trying to read) Security Analysis by Graham and I came across this example ("Example 1" in the image attached below) Being the noob at finance and quant that I am, I was unable to ...
2 votes
1 answer
99 views

How to calculate performance of a private equity investment?

Say an investment fund puts \$1 million into private equity investment in 3 installments (\$500k, \$250k, \$250k). You're given a data table which shows the date, contributions (\$500k, \$250k, \$...
1 vote
2 answers
474 views

NPV and efficient market hypothesis

If I have an opportunity of investment, let's call it investment (A), that costs $I$ in year 0 and gives me $CF_1$ in year 1, I will accept it only if $NPV>0$ $NPV = -I + \dfrac{CF_1}{1+k} > 0$ ...
1 vote
0 answers
170 views

Question regarding loan tape data when thinking about providing credit facility to bank

I have few questions regarding loan tape data such as this one: Data Say that I as a fund want to provide a credit facility to this bank and am given this loan tape data. (1) What observations / ...
7 votes
2 answers
1k views

How exactly are corporate bonds priced at issue

I am interested in Debt Capital Markets but I am struggling to understand how bonds, particularly corporate bonds, are priced initially. I know that a company will tap an investment bank as book ...
1 vote
0 answers
231 views

What should I learn/know before reading Investments by Bodie Kane Marcus?

I hope this is the appropriate place to post this. If not, I would really appreciate if someone could redirect me to the right site. I've been seeing a lot of recommendations for the book, ...
2 votes
1 answer
207 views

IPO Valuation: Share Pricing and Number of Shares

Does the number of shares matter for a company to go public? Suppose a company ABC went public and the initial valuation of the company shares to be sold stands at \$5000. Now, it can sell 1000 ...
1 vote
0 answers
105 views

Logic behind calculating a Carry Multiple associated with Startup Valuation [closed]

I'm reading a book called "The #1 Guide to Startup Valuation: How to value your startup in 12 easy steps" (p. 22-23) by Joachim Blazer. As one of the building blocks, namely "Return&...
1 vote
0 answers
118 views

Quantitative model for investing in ETFs [closed]

I want to build a model for asset allocation of my own personal pension in ETFs across four main asset classes: equity, bonds, commodity and property. I am familiar with Python and the basics of risk ...
2 votes
2 answers
220 views

Optimizing Investment Portfolio

I might be interested in optimizing an stock investment portfolio. With or without using programming, is there an article I should refer to optimize my portfolio and help me taking good investment ...
-3 votes
1 answer
77 views

Filter the NASDAQ stocks for investment [closed]

I manage an investment portfolio since 3 years now. It might be interesting to filter all the NASDAQ stocks to tell us which ones have the greatest profit potential. Is there an arxiv or whatever ...
2 votes
2 answers
153 views

Estimating realised gains given growth rate and churn

If one can estimate that the value of an investment portfolio will grow at $g$% per annum, and can estimate that approximately $c$% of that portfolio will be churned each year (sold and reinvested), ...
1 vote
0 answers
23 views

Is there a standard name for subtracting time dependent risk free rates from PnL(Equity) curve?

When we subtract the time dependent risk free rate (Federal funds rate) from an PnL (Equity) Curve, what is the curve called?
0 votes
1 answer
169 views

Comparing values of indicator between different stocks

I would like to ask whether there is a good way of analysing stock indicators that have no value limitations. For indicators like RSI we have a closed range ( 0 - 100 ) but in case of indicators like ...
7 votes
1 answer
364 views

Why should long-term investors care about flash crashes/ intra-daily volatility/HFT?

I am wondering about implications of the speed of intra-daily trading on the wealth of an long-term investor. I am not necessarily asking about the costs of HFT trading to society but instead I wonder ...
0 votes
1 answer
178 views

How did Dimson, Marsh and Staunton (2002) computed the equity index annual real return?

I was trying to read the triumph of the optimist, but it was almost impossible to see a well-written formula to show how the returns have been computed. In a simple sense, I do not know how the annual ...
0 votes
1 answer
75 views

How to determine how much a company can invest in M&A activity?

I am an engineer who is increasingly interested in business-related things, and I am reading and learning a lot about what you can derive e.g. from financial statements. One question I was wondering ...
-3 votes
5 answers
20k views

True or False? An option's price will always be greater than or equal to its intrinsic value

Since if the option's price is lower than its intrinsic value (eg. strike price - current stock price for puts), then an arbitrage opportunity arises from buying the option at bargain and then ...