Questions tagged [liquidity]

Liquidity is easy to define qualitatively (the easiness to buy or sell an asset), but difficult to measure.

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4
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2answers
241 views

Estimating an appropriate haircut for illiquid stocks

I am trying to determine an appropriate haircut for a basket of illiquid stocks that barely traded during the year. Can someone suggest me an approach to estimate the risk? My dataset has a lot of ...
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3answers
5k views

How do I calculate approximate equity liquidity?

I am a developer rather than a quant. I need to decide whether a given equity passes some basic liquidity threshold. It doesn't have to be precise, just good enough. I have a Bloomberg terminal data ...
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0answers
88 views

Settlement/Spot/(bid ask spread) ratio

Are there any studies on the average difference or ratio between Settlement (execution price) and the Spot price dependant on lot size. I'm looking for a function such as ...
6
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2answers
333 views

Impact on bid/offer due to volume/size of trades placed

When observing bid/offer in the market I came across a question. How much trading a bond would impact its spread for subsequent trades ie. what is the impact on bid/offer due to volume/size of ...
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0answers
89 views

Charting order depth over time periods

I do a lot of analysis on order flow, tape reading, as it gives insight into what market participants want, or may be willing to do. In comparison, price charts show what happened, and technical ...
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2answers
469 views

Disclosure of the liquidity provider identity in ITCH

If you look into the description of Nasdaq ITCH data, you see two types of order entries in the book: Message of Type A and F. Under type F, you will see the identity of the market participant (MPID). ...
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3answers
332 views

Share Repurchase and Bid ask Spread data

I am doing a Quantitative Finance PhD and would like some insight on data collection. I'm looking for open market share repurchase data (UK) over the past 2-3 decades. Simultaneously, their bid-ask ...
7
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3answers
899 views

Transaction Costs for Currency Pairs

I have been aggregating some tick data from Oanda's streaming API to try and get an idea of the relative cost and best time to trade different currency pairs. The idea was to plot the spread of the ...
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0answers
79 views

Is there evidence that illiquid stocks, held less by institutions, have more price momentum?

(One of) the standard explanation people gave for momentum is under-reaction of stockholders to firm-specific news. If this is true, then it seems that these stocks should have more momentum, and ...
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8answers
2k views

Measuring liquidity

While liquidity is one of the key figure of financial markets, It seems to be very difficult to measure. Volume is sometime used as a proxy but can sometimes be completly irrelevant. Could you point ...
8
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3answers
1k views

Papers and algorithms on bidding schemes for best order execution?

I'm building an automated option trading bot that executes common options multi-leg strategies (straddles, spreads) and I want to learn the best way to execute my orders. As you know, the bid-ask ...
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1answer
108 views

Liquidity and Prices

Do fewer transaction costs and higher liquidity relate to lower market prices? Are there any good resources that deal with these topics in more detail?
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2answers
1k views

Liquidity estimators: VWAP and IS

I am looking for some info on how to estimate liquidity (intraday). I have read some researches and created intraday measurements of liquidity on time yet not on price. What I mean by this is that I ...
8
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1answer
692 views

How to model time series of illiquid stocks - 400 observations (transactions) per 8 hours?

How to model time series which are illiquid - 400 observations (transactions) per 8 hours ? Are there models suitable for this situation which incorporate not only size of the transactions but also ...
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1answer
646 views

How could HFT help increase liquidity? [duplicate]

I have ready in several websites that HFT can help increase market liquidity, although this is contested in some articles. I am not familiar with the concept of market liquidity. What is the basis of ...
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3answers
856 views

Time Series or Regression

I'd like to research the impact of certain events and characteristics on the liquidity of the stocks over time. I've got a sample of 200 stocks and I use several measures of liquidity (Amihud, Bid-Ask ...
11
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1answer
550 views

Alternative liquidity measures

I'm going to write the MSc thesis on flight-to-liquidity phenomenon in stock markets and I'm interested in liquidity measures other than Amihud or bid-ask spread. What are some other popular measures ...
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1answer
100 views

Separated software and physical cash flows modelling and pricing to be used with negative interest rates?

The physical cash presence in the final transactions is one of the issues in the presently observed negative interest rates bonds. Such a situation has historically been modelled within the "liquidity ...
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1answer
211 views

transaction size and liquidity in simulation of US stocks

i am developing a simulation trading in US stocks. i have 1 transaction a day per stock, assumed for simplicity to be executed at the daily closing price. in order to determine a reasonable maximal ...
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5answers
2k views

Is it ever possible that---because of illiquidity---exercising an out-of-the-money option is better than directly buying the stock?

Is there a case, where due to illiquidity, exercising out-of-the-money options could be better than directly buying the stock? When a stock is too illiquid, there are some costs because of this ...
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2answers
1k views

definition for “the viscosity” in financial market data series

I am willing to calculate and monitor the evolution of extreme-viscosity in the financial markets data series. Wikipedia says "Put simply, the less viscous the fluid is, the greater its ease of ...
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2answers
462 views

illiquid american options pricing

What are the standard methods to price american call/put options on illiquid underlyings?
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2answers
510 views

How to define and measure liquidity or funding premium in credit markets?

Even companies with just a single non-callable corporate bond outstanding will often have CDS quote spreads that differ from the bond quote spread. During the 2008 crisis, there were dozens of cases ...
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2answers
728 views

What quant terms to use to search for papers about “stop-hunting” trading strategies?

Are there any papers about possible trading strategies you can apply when you know where a large cluster of orders is located in the order-book? These seem to fall in the liquidity-provisioning/...
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1answer
517 views

How do you calculate the implied liquidity of an option?

How does one calculate the implied liquidity of a specific option contract given a set of vanilla puts and calls with various strikes and maturities on a single underlying?
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1answer
282 views

Modeling liquidity effect on option prices

What are practically useful ways of modelling the effect of liquidity on options?

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